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Yongzhou is a prefecture-level city in the south of Hunan province, People's Republic of China, located on the southern bank of the Xiang River, which is formed by the confluence of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers, and bordering Guangdong to the southeast and Guangxi to the southwest. With a history of 2000 years, Yongzhou is one of the four ancient counties in Hunan. Its total area is 22,441 square kilometres (8,665 sq mi), and it has a total population of nearly 5.8 million people.[citation needed]

Yongzhou
永州市
Prefecture-level city
YongZhou.JPG
Location of Yongzhou City jurisdiction in Hunan
Location of Yongzhou City jurisdiction in Hunan
Yongzhou is located in Hunan
Yongzhou
Yongzhou
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates (Yongzhou government): 26°25′12″N 111°36′47″E / 26.420°N 111.613°E / 26.420; 111.613Coordinates: 26°25′12″N 111°36′47″E / 26.420°N 111.613°E / 26.420; 111.613
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
SeatLengshuitan District
Area
 • Total22,441.43 km2 (8,664.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total5,180,200
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code425000
Area code(s)0746
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-11
Licence plate prefixes湘M
Websiteyzcity.gov.cn
Yongzhou
Chinese永州
PostalYungchow
Literal meaningEternal Prefecture

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Maps of "Hoang-tcheou-fou" and "Yong-tcheou-fou" in "Hou-quang" from Du Halde's 1735 Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit missionaries.

During late imperial China, Yongzhou was also the seat of a prefecture.

Geography and climateEdit

Yongzhou is the southernmost prefecture-level division of Hunan, and is located at the confluence of the Xiao (Xiaoshui) and Xiang Rivers. Within its borders is the Nan Mountains (Nan Ling), which increases the complexity of climatic variation. It borders Chenzhou to the east, Hezhou (Guangxi), Guilin (Guangxi) and Qingyuan (Guangdong) to the south, and Hengyang and Shaoyang to the north. Its area spans around 22,400 km2 (8,650 sq mi).

Yongzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 17.78 °C (64.0 °F), although within the prefecture-level city this ranges from 17.6 to 18.6 °C (63.7 to 65.5 °F).[1] Winters are mild and brief, beginning somewhat dry and turning wet and gloomy as the season progresses. Spring is very rainy, especially in May, which is the wettest month. Summer is very hot and humid, with moderate levels of rain, and generous sunshine; on average, July and August are the only two months where the area receives more than half of possible sunshine. Autumn is the driest season. From January to May, on average, more than half of the days each month receive some precipitation. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 6.1 °C (43.0 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July. The annual precipitation is around 1,426 mm (56 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February and March to 58% in July, the city receives 1,491 hours of sunshine annually.

Administrative divisionsEdit

GovernmentEdit

The current CPC Party Secretary of Yongzhou is Li Hui and the current Mayor is Zhao Yingyun.

TransportationEdit

Notable citizensEdit

Yongzhou is the home of Chinese supermodel Liu Wen.

Sister citiesEdit

Country City State / Region Since
  Sri Lanka   Nuwara Eliya[3] Central Province 2009
  Malaysia   Klang[4] Selangor

Courthouse incidentEdit

Three judges were killed and three court staff were injured by submachine gun in the 2010 Yongzhou courthouse shooting.[5] The assailant was apparently angry at the Chinese justice system about the results of his divorce settlement.[6]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 永州城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  2. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  3. ^ Nuwara Eliya strengthens ties with Chinese Yongzhou city Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Sri Lanka News
  4. ^ "List of Sister cities of Hunan". Hunan Government. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Three judges shot dead at a court in Hunan, China". BBC News. 1 June 2010.
  6. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (June 1, 2010). "Fatal Shooting at Chinese Courthouse". New York Times.