Wuhan University (WHU; simplified Chinese: 武汉大学; traditional Chinese: 武漢大學; pinyin: Wǔhàn Dàxué; colloquially 武大; Wǔdà) is in Wuhan, Hubei. It is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China, which has been selected as a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University. It was one of the four elite universities in the republican period[circular reference] and also one of the oldest universities in China. In 1948, University of Oxford in the United Kingdom wrote to the Ministry of Education in China, confirming that undergraduate students at Wuhan University with degrees in liberal art and science, who had an average grade above 80 would be awarded "the senior status of Oxford". Wuhan university is located at Luojia Hill, with palatial buildings blending Chinese and Western styles. It is regarded by many as one of the most beautiful campuses in China.
自强 弘毅 求是 拓新
Motto in English
|Self-improvement, Perseverance, Truth-seeking, Innovation|
|Type||National research university|
|Established||November 29, 1893|
|Campus||Urban, 3.5 km2|
Wuhan University has been perennially ranked among the top-tier universities in China. Nationally, it was ranked fourth in 2016 and third in 2017 due to its academic excellence. The university has many well-known research fields such as social and human science, remote sensing, surveying engineering, and hydraulic engineering which have been in the leading positions for decades. It is administered by the Ministry of Education of China and was selected by both Project 985 and Project 211 as a major receiver of state funding. So far, it is the only university in China to have been reported by the journal SCIENCE due to its 125 years of academic excellence (1893–2018).
The university dates back to the Ziqiang Institute (traditional Chinese: 自強學堂; simplified Chinese: 自强学堂; pinyin: Zìqiáng Xuétáng), which was founded in 1893 by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan provinces in the late Qing Dynasty.
It changed its name several times before it was named National Wuhan University in July 1928 and was among the first group of national universities in modern China. (There is a dispute on the establishment of Wuhan University: Some believe that its history should date back to 1913, when the National Wuchang Higher Normal College was founded.)
In the early time of its establishment, Ziqiang Institute provided four courses: Chinese, Mathematics, Nature, and Business. After combining the Institute of Minerals and the Institute of Chemical, courses provided were enlarged, with Nature Science and Engineering added. Chinese was extended to English, French, German, Russian, and Japanese.
In October 1902, Ziqiang Institute moved to Dongchang kou, Wuchang, and changed its name to Foreign Languages Institute (方言學堂), teaching Geography, History, Mathematics, Law, and Communication.
With the approaching Xinhai Revolution of 1911, the Foreign Languages Institute was forced to pause due to lack of funding. In October, the Wuchang Uprising and the end of the Qing dynasty made it impossible for the school to go back to normal. The Foreign Languages Institute stopped running.
In 1913, the Ministry of Education of Beiyang Government decided to found six higher normal colleges in China. Based on the original location, book resource, and faculties of Foreign Language Institute, the Wuchang State Superior Normal Institute (國立武昌高等師範學院) was founded.
In 1922, faculties were extended to Education Philosophy, Chinese, English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemical, History and Sociology, Biology, and Geography.
In August 1923, the school changed its name to the National Wuchang Normal University (國立武昌師範大學). In 1924, it changed its name to National Wuchang University (國立武昌大學).
In 1926, National Wuchang University merged with the National Wuchang Business University (國立武昌商科大學), Hubei University of Medicine (湖北省立醫科大學), Hubei University of Law (湖北省立法科大學), Hubei Arts and Humanity University (湖北省立文科大學), Wuchang Private Chinese University (私立武昌中華大學) to form National Wuchang Sun Yat-Sen University (國立武昌中山大學), alias National No. 2 Sun Yat-Sen University (國立第二中山大學), with Department of University, and subjects of Arts, Science, Law, Business, Medicine and Yu (文、理、法、經、醫、預), 17 faculties, 2 departments.
In 1928, the National Government in Nanjing formed National Wuhan University (國立武漢大學) on the basis of the original National Wuchang Sun Yat-Sen University, consisting of four colleges: Arts, Law, Science, and Engineering (文、法、理、工).
In February 1929, the jurist Wang Shijie became the first president of Wuhan University. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Wuhan University moved to Leshan, Sichuan Province and returned to Luojia Hill after the war.
By the end of 1946, the university had six faculties: liberal arts, law, sciences, engineering, agriculture and medicine. Wuhan University enjoyed a very high academic status, with Wang Shijie, Wang Xinggong, and Zhou Gengsheng as its successive presidents.
Scholars such as Gu Hongming, Zhu Kezhen, Wu Baoliang, Zha Qian, Gui Zhiting, Ye Yage, Li Siguang, Wen Yiduo, Huang Kan, Yu Dafu, Shen Congwen, Zhu Guangqian, Liu Ze, Liu Yongji, Ye Shengtao, Yang Duanliu, and Li Jiannong taught here successively. According to the university, in 1948, the University of Oxford wrote an official letter to the Ministry of Education of the Chinese National Government, stating that Bachelors of liberal arts and sciences that graduated from Wuhan University with average grades above 80 could enjoy "the senior status of Oxford".
In 1952, after a general reshuffle of the colleges and departments of the higher education institutions throughout the country, Wuhan University became a university of liberal arts and sciences directly under the administration of the Ministry of Higher Education. Professor Li Da, delegate to the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party and a celebrated philosopher, economist and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, held the post of president of the university for 14 years. The Wuhan University School of Medicine and Tongji University Medical School jointly formed Central-south Tongji Medical College (later Wuhan Medical College), then Tongji Medical University.
On August 2, 2000, with the approval of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, the new Wuhan University was established as a combination of four major universities close together: the former Wuhan University, the former Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (WUHEE), the former Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (WTUSM), and the former Hubei Medical University (HBMU).
- Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (WUHEE) (simplified Chinese: 武汉水利电力大学; traditional Chinese: 武漢水利電力大學; pinyin: Wǔhàn Shuǐlì Diànlì Dàxué; colloquially 武水; Wǔshuǐ).
- Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (WTUSM) (simplified Chinese: 武汉测绘科技大学; traditional Chinese: 武漢測繪科技大學; pinyin: Wǔhàn Cèhuì Kējì Dàxué; colloquially 武测; Wǔcè).
- Hubei Medical University (HBMU) (simplified Chinese: 湖北医科大学; traditional Chinese: 湖北醫科大學; pinyin: Húběi Yīkē Dàxué; colloquially 湖医; Húyī).
in simplified Chinese
in traditional Chinese
|1893||Ziqiang Institute||自强学堂||自強學堂||Zìqiáng Xuétáng|
|1902||Foreign Languages Institute||方言学堂||方言學堂||Fāngyán Xuétáng|
|1913||National Wuchang Superior Normal College||国立武昌高等师范学校||國立武昌高等師範學校||Guólì Wǔchāng Gāoděng Shīfàn Xuéxiào|
|1923||National Wuchang Normal University||国立武昌师范大学||國立武昌師範大學||Guólì Wǔchāng Shīfàn Dàxué|
|1924||National Wuchang University||国立武昌大学||國立武昌大學||Guólì Wǔchāng Dàxué|
|1926||National Wuchang Zhongshan University||国立武昌中山大学||國立武昌中山大學||Guólì Wǔchāng Zhōngshān Dàxué|
|1928||National Wuhan University||国立武汉大学||國立武漢大學||Guólì Wǔhàn Dàxué|
|1949||(Original) Wuhan University||(老) 武汉大学||(老) 武漢大學||(lǎo) Wǔhàn Dàxué|
|2000||(New) Wuhan University||(新) 武汉大学||(新) 武漢大學||(xīn) Wǔhàn Dàxué|
In 2018, Wuhan University's student body consisted of 29,405 full-time undergraduates and 19,699 full-time master's degree candidates, 7,163 Ph.D candidates and 2,453 international students.
Wuhan University is ranked among the top 10 universities in China.
Schools and collegesEdit
- School of Philosophy (哲学学院)
- School of Chinese Classics (国学院)
- College of Chinese Language and Literature (文学院)
- School of Foreign Languages and Literature (外国语言文学学院)
- School of Journalism and Communication (新闻与传播学院)
- School of Art (艺术学院)
- School of History (历史学院)
- School of Economics and Management (经济与管理学院)
- School of Law (法学院)
- School of Marxism (马克思主义学院)
- Department of Sociology (社会学系)
- School of Political Science and Public Management (政治与公共管理学院)
- College of Education (教育科学研究院)
- School of Information Management (信息管理学院)
- School of International Education (国际教育学院)
- School of Mathematics and Statistics (数学与统计学院)
- School of Physics and Technology (物理科学与技术学院)
- College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences (化学与分子科学学院)
- College of Life Science (生命科学学院)]
- School of Resource and Environmental Sciences (资源与环境科学学院)
- Institute for Advanced Studies (IAS) (高等研究院)
- School of Power and Mechanical Engineering (动力与机械学院)
- School of Electrical Engineering and Automation (电气与自动化学院)
- School of Urban Design (城市设计学院)
- School of Civil Engineering (土木建筑工程学院)
- School of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering (水利水电学院)
- Electronic Information School (电子信息学院)
- School of Computer Science (计算机学院)
- School of Cyber Science and Engineering (国家网络安全学院)
- School of Geodesy and Geomatics (测绘学院)
- School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering (遥感信息工程学院)
- School of Printing and Packaging (印刷与包装系)
- School of Medicine (医学院机关)
- Medical Research Institute (医学研究院)
- School of Basic Medicine Sciences (基础医学院)
- School of Health Sciences (健康学院)
- Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Hubei General Hospital (第一临床学院)
- Zhongnan Hospital (第二临床学院)
- School of Stomatology (口腔医学院)
- School of Pharmaceutical Sciences (药学院)
- Medicine Vocational and Technical School (医学职业技术学院)
The university has rolling physical features with the scenic Luojia Hill and the beautiful East Lake. Its campus is heavily wooded and green, with fragrant flowers everywhere year-round. Wuhan University is widely known as one of the most beautiful universities in China, especially for its cherry blossom garden. A cherry blossom festival is held every spring.
Most stylish old buildings were designed by F. H. Kales (1899–1979). Educated in MIT, Kales was a pioneer to blend western architectural styles with traditional Chinese elements, which is most evident from his roof designs.
Wuhan University boasts a campus covering an area of 5508 mu and has a floor area of 2.42 square kilometres. The university's libraries have a collection of approximately 5.4 million volumes and subscriptions to more than 10,000 Chinese and foreign periodicals.
Wuhan University has established cooperative relationship with more than 300 universities and research institutes in over 40 countries and regions.
Art and cultureEdit
- Luojia Golden Fall Art Festival
- Luojia Golden Fall International Cultural Festival
- Students' Associations Cultural Festival
- Campus Supermarket of Cultural Activities
- Guo Moruo, Chinese author, poet, historian, archaeologist, and government official from Sichuan, China
- Chen Tanqiu, Chinese revolutionary, founding member of the Communist Party of China
- Shen Congwen, Chinese writer
- Wen Yiduo, Chinese poet and scholar
- Li Long Lam, Hong Kong Archaeologist
- Li Siguang, the founder of China's geomechanics
- Ling Shuhua, Chinese modernist writer whose short stories became popular during the 1920s and 30s
- Wan Exiang, professor of international law at Wuhan University, vice president of the Supreme People's Court of China, and vice president of the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang
- Su Xuelin, Chinese author and scholar
- Xiaokai Yang, Chinese-Australian economist.
- Wang Tieya, an eminent Chinese jurist and former judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
- Li Haopei, Chinese jurist, diplomat and academic
- Chao Yao-dong, Taiwanese politician, economist and former Minister of Economic Affairs (1981–84)
- Wu Mi, one of the founders of Chinese comparative literature
- Chi Li, contemporary Chinese writer
- Zheng Lihui, a Chinese gymnast, was part of the Chinese team that won the gold medal in the team event at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney
- Xiao Hailiang, a Chinese diver who became an Olympic champion in the 3m Springboard Synchronized event at the 2000 Summer Olympics
- Li Da, Chinese Marxist philosopher
- Karim Massimov, Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2007–2012)
- Lei Jun, founder of Xiaomi Tech, one of China's largest technology companies
- Liu Jingnan, GPS engineer, member of Chinese Academy of Engineering, former president of Wuhan University
- Xiaolin Wu, computer engineer, invented programming line algorithm, co-developed neural network facial recognition system (with Xi Zhang), twice featured in MIT's "Technology Review", member of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
- Yi Zhongtian, writer, historian and professor at Xiamen University
In 2009, the university had been cited as part of a scandal involving corruption by its administrators.
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