Li Da (philosopher)

Li Da (simplified Chinese: 李达; traditional Chinese: 李達; pinyin: Lǐ Dá; 2 October 1890 – 24 August 1966) was a Chinese Marxist philosopher. He led the Publicity Department of the Chinese Communist Party after the foundation of the party. Li left the Chinese Communist Party in the 1920s due to what he viewed as its turn to reformism. However, he maintained close ties with the party and its underground apparatus. Li translated many European Marxist works into Chinese. Li's most important work was Elements of Sociology, which had a great influence on Mao Zedong. Li helped popularize the New Philosophy that gained dominance in the Soviet Union in the 1930s. After the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, Li rejoined the Chinese Communist Party. He was heavily criticized and beaten at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, and died in 1966. He was posthumously rehabilitated after Mao's death.

Li Da
李达
Lida Philosopher.jpg
President of Wuhan University
In office
November 1952 – August 1966
Preceded byZhou Gengsheng
Succeeded byZhuang Guo
President of Hunan University
In office
December 1949 – January 1953
Preceded byYi Dingxin
Succeeded byZhu Fan
Personal details
Born(1890-10-02)2 October 1890
Yongzhou, Hunan, Qing Empire
Died24 August 1966(1966-08-24) (aged 75)
Wuhan, Hubei, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party
SpouseWang Huiwu
Children3, including Li Xintian
Alma materBeijing Normal University
University of Tokyo
OccupationPhilosopher, writer

FamilyEdit

Li was married to Wang Huiwu and they had three children. Their eldest daughter, Li Xintian (李心田), died of an illness during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Their second daughter was Li Xinyi (李心怡). Their only son was Li Xintian (李心天), who helped introduce and develop medical psychology in China.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yue, Huairang (3 May 2019). "著名心理学家李心天逝世,系中国共产党早期领导人李达之子". The Paper. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
Educational offices
Preceded by President of Wuhan University
1952–1966
Succeeded by
Zhuang Guo
Preceded by
Yi Dingxin
President of Hunan University
1949–1953
Succeeded by
Zhu Fan