West Milford, New Jersey
West Milford is a township in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 25,850, reflecting a decline of 560 (-2.1%) from the 26,410 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 980 (+3.9%) from the 25,430 counted in the 1990 Census.
|West Milford, New Jersey|
|Township of West Milford|
Old Country Store at Long Pond Ironworks
|Motto: "A Clean Community"|
Map of West Milford Township in Passaic County. Inset shows Passaic County's location in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Milford, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 10, 1834|
|Named for||Milford, Connecticut|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council-Administrator)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Bettina A. Bieri (D, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator||Antoinette Battaglia|
|• Municipal clerk||Antoinette Battaglia|
|• Total||80.316 sq mi (208.018 km2)|
|• Land||75.090 sq mi (194.483 km2)|
|• Water||5.226 sq mi (13.534 km2) 6.51%|
|Area rank||10th of 566 in state
1st of 16 in county
|Elevation||827 ft (252 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||26,770|
|• Rank||96th of 566 in state
5th of 16 in county
|• Density||344.3/sq mi (132.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||467th of 566 in state
16th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||973 exchanges: 657, 728|
|GNIS feature ID||0882315|
West Milford started out as New Milford in what was then western Bergen County in the 18th century, having been settled by disenchanted Dutch from Milford, New Jersey (later renamed by the British as Newark). These same Dutch also built a town of New Milford in eastern Bergen County. When both New Milfords applied for post offices in 1828, a clerk in Washington, D.C. is said to have approved the other application first and assigned the name "West Milford" to the New Milford in western Bergen County in order to distinguish between the two locations.
West Milford became a municipality by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1834, when it was formed from the westernmost portions of both Franklin Township (now Wyckoff) and Saddle River Township (now Saddle Brook), while the area was still part of Bergen County. On February 7, 1837, Passaic County was created from portions of both Bergen County and Essex County, with West Milford as the western end of the newly formed county. The township was named for Milford, Connecticut.
There are old name places in the township including Postville, Utterville, Corterville, Browns, Awosting, Echo Lake, Macopin, Charlottenburg (now under the Charlotteburg Reservoir, the community was named after King George III's wife, Queen Charlotte), Clinton (or sometimes called Clinton Furnace, now under the Clinton Reservoir, and the furnace still stands), Moe Mountain, Oak Ridge (a nameplace, but town is under the Oak Ridge Reservoir), Newfoundland, Apshawa, New City, and Smith Mills. Newfoundland is divided by the Pequannock River, which divides Passaic and Morris Counties; a small part of Newfoundland lies within Jefferson Township. A large part of the township, including the New City Village area, is reservoir property owned by the City of Newark in Essex County for its water supply. Prior to the Second World War, the township was a resort area with trains coming from New York City to stations at Charlotteburg, Newfoundland, Oak Ridge in the south and Hewitt (also known as Sterling Forest station) and Awosting in the north. Railroad service in the south was from the New Jersey Midland starting around the 1850s and in the north around the 1870s from the Montclair Railroad, out of Montclair, New Jersey and later the Erie Railroad (before their merger with the Lackawanna Railroad).
Greenwood Lake is an interstate lake approximately 9 miles (14 km) long and covering 1,920 acres (780 ha), lying in both West Milford and Greenwood Lake, New York, across the New York state line. It was originally called Long Pond. It was dammed up to increase the size of the lake for water power down stream. During the resort era, several steamboats operated on the lake, the most famous and grand was the two deck steamer, Montclair. These steamboats met the trains and took passengers to the various resorts around the lake in both states.
There is a seaplane area on Greenwood Lake, a few large marinas and lakeside restaurants with docks. A public airport called Greenwood Lake Airport is located just south of the lake on top of a mountain ridge and has two landing strips; one is long enough to handle small jets. There is one private airport in the township on a private estate.
After World War II and for the next 20 years the area underwent a major change from a resort area to year-round residences. Before there were year-round houses, the summer residence of Cecil B. Demille was West Milford. Road maps of the 1950s showing the population on the backside said 2,000 winter and 10,000 summer.
Jeremiah "Jerry" Goodfellow, a white German shepherd and the senior canine member of the New Jersey Search and Rescue was inducted into the Animal Hall of Fame in 2009. Jerry lives with his owner and trainer, Sue Lavoie, on Union Valley Road in West Milford.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 80.316 square miles (208.018 km2), including 75.090 square miles (194.483 km2) of land and 5.226 square miles (13.534 km2) of water (6.51%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Apshawa, Awosting, Bearfort Waters, Beaver Pond, Boy Scout Lake, Browns, Buckabear Pond, Camp Hope, Cedar Pond, Charlotteburg, Clinton, Clinton Reservoir, Cooper, Dunker Pond, Echo Lake, Forest Hill Lake, Fox Island, Gordon Lakes, Green Valley Park, Greenwood Lake, Greenwood Lake Glens, Hacks Pond, Henion Pond, Hewitt, Himes Pond, Lake Lockover, Lakeside, Lindy Lake, Littletown, Lower Mt. Glen Lake, Macopin, Matthews Lake, Moe, Mount Laurel Lake, Newfoundland, Oak Ridge, Pettets Pond. Pine Crest Lake, Pinecliff Lake, Postville, Shady Lake, Smiths Mills, Surprise Lake, Terrace Pond, Upper Greenwood Lake, Upper Macopin, Upper Mt. Glen Lake, Uttertown, Vreeland Pond, West Milford Lakes, West Pond, Wonder Lake and Zeliff Pond.
Pequannock River WatershedEdit
Portions of the township are owned by the City of Newark, Essex County, for its Pequannock River Watershed, which supplies water to the city from an area of 35,000 acres (14,000 ha) that also includes portions of Hardyston Township, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Rockaway Township and Vernon Township.
A small residential development known as "New City Village" or "New City Colony" was built on the property early in the 20th century to house workers of the Newark water supply system. It included a school and health facility. Proposed alternative uses for the village never materialized and the buildings were demolished after falling into disrepair. The land is still owned by the City of Newark.
Newfoundland and Green PondEdit
Newfoundland is a neighborhood of West Milford located along the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway (NYS&W) tracks (freight service only) and Route 23. It is also a mailing address for Green Pond (just north of the Picatinny Arsenal in Rockaway Township, Morris County), a private lake community owned by Green Pond Corporation and Lake End Corporation, which lies in Rockaway Township where the Pequannock River divides Passaic County from Morris County.
The 2003 film The Station Agent was set, and filmed, largely in Newfoundland. There was an early silent movie produced in the township at the Mine Hole in the Hewitt section of the township. A still photo of that movie is published in the township's 1984 sesquicentennial book entitled The Day the Earth Shook and the Sky Turned Red.
1840-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930–1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,850 people, 9,625 households, and 7,084 families residing in the township. The population density was 344.3 per square mile (132.9/km2). There were 10,419 housing units at an average density of 138.8 per square mile (53.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.06% (24,315) White, 1.40% (362) Black or African American, 0.52% (134) Native American, 1.29% (334) Asian, 0.02% (4) Pacific Islander, 1.06% (273) from other races, and 1.66% (428) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.85% (1,512) of the population.
There were 9,625 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the township, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.7 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 96.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,692 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,308) and the median family income was $102,410 (+/- $7,418). Males had a median income of $62,925 (+/- $3,467) versus $45,449 (+/- $2,738) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,905 (+/- $2,289). About 1.7% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 16,029 people, 9,190 households, and 7,186 families residing in the township. The population density was 350.1 people per square mile (135.2/km2). There were 9,909 housing units at an average density of 131.4 per square mile (50.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.08% White, 1.23% African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.38% of the population.
There were 9,190 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the township the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $74,124, and the median income for a family was $80,264. Males had a median income of $51,105 versus $37,159 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,612. About 2.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
West Milford businesses are represented by the West Milford Chamber of Commerce, an organization of business men and women that has worked to improve and enhance the business community in West Milford since it was established in 1949.
For decades, West Milford was rural with only a couple of service stations, a couple of small eating establishments, and a bank or two. The community was mostly residential. In the mid-1960s a then-average-sized 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) A&P Supermarket was built. During the late 1990s, A&P closed this original store and built a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) supermarket a few miles away from the town center, next door to their former store. In 2015, the supermarket shut down.
In 1972, Warner Brothers opened up a wildlife theme park called Jungle Habitat. This park consisted of a drive through safari and a small park with various shows. Initially, this brought huge tourist revenue to the township. Shortly after the park opened, a tourist being driven through the safari in a taxi was attacked by a lion on October 19, 1972, bringing negative publicity to the park. The park was plagued by problems, including reports of dangerous animals escaping into West Milford.
Jungle Habitat was a mixed blessing due to the amount of summer and weekend traffic into this rural area made up of small two lane roads. Jungle Habitat wanted to expand and become a huge amusement park, but residents concerned with excessive traffic voted this proposal down in 1976, which resulted in an abrupt closing and exit. Some of the animals in the wildlife park were subsequently moved to the then-recently established drive through safari at Great Adventure in Jackson Township. The former site of Jungle Habitat, in recent years has become a location for various Township activities such as the annual Fourth of July Fireworks display.
West Milford Shopping CenterEdit
With the loss of tax revenue and the needs of the residents in mind, the township approved the addition of more businesses. In the 1970s, a 45,000-square-foot (4,200 m2) ShopRite supermarket was built, and was expanded in the mid-1980s. Shortly thereafter, other businesses opened in the West Milford Shopping Center.
Near the ShopRite, several restaurants and fast food establishments were built, including a McDonald's restaurant as well as the Abby Theater, the first four-screen multiplex cinema in northern New Jersey. The Abby Theater was opened in 1976 and designed by Milton Herson for Music Makers Theaters, with a seating capacity of 1,400. The theater was named for Abby Leigh, wife of Mitch Leigh, then board chairman of Music Makers. The Abby Theater closed down in 2009 after several unsuccessful business attempts, as the township did not have enough residents to keep the business in operation. It was slated to be demolished in order to make room for an expansion of the ShopRite supermarket in 2012. In 2016, T.J. Maxx opened in the former Abby Cinema.
In May 2009, Eden Farms, an 8-acre (3.2 ha) floral farm on Union Valley Road, became the first "preserved farm" in Passaic County. County officials used money from the Farmland Preservation Funds to purchase development rights to the farm. Owners George and Diana Cluff initially began working on the agreement in 2007. The deal prevents the farm from being built upon.
West Milford sports are overseen by the township department of Community Services and Recreation. The township has individual organizations that run each youth sports program, including Little League Baseball (WMLL), Police Athletic League (PAL) Basketball, PAL Soccer, West Milford-Star Athletics Cheerleading, Midget Football Association (WMMFA) Football, WMMFA Cheerleading, Amateur Baseball Association (WMABA) Baseball, and Girls Softball Association softball (WMGSA).
The Township of West Milford operates under the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council-Administrator plan adopted as of January 1, 2004. This plan is described as a "Faulknerized" version of the borough form of government, which was added to the Faulkner Act as the fourth optional form of municipal government in 1981 by the New Jersey Legislature.
The voters of West Milford Township adopted the Mayor-Council-Administrator Plan at a special election held on December 10, 2002, making it one of only three municipalities that use this form. Under the mayor-council-administrator plan, West Milford is governed by an elected mayor and council, with an appointed municipal administrator. The government consists of a Mayor and a Township Council made up of six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Township Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.
The Mayor holds executive power under the mayor-council-administrator plan and presides over meetings of the Township Council but does not vote except to break a tie. The Township Council enacts ordinances and resolutions, establishes policies, prepares the annual budget and levies taxes. The Township Administrator in the mayor-council-administrator plan oversees each of the departments established by ordinance and directs the business affairs of the Township.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of West Milford Township is Democrat Bettina Bieri, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Township Council are Council President Michele Dale (R, 2016), Ada Erik (R, 2017), Michael Hensley (R, 2018), Marilyn Lichtenberg (R, 2017), Luciano "Lou" Signorino (R, 2016), and Tim Wagner (R, 2018).
Federal, state and county representationEdit
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 26th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Pennacchio (R, Montville) and in the General Assembly by BettyLou DeCroce (R, Parsippany-Troy Hills) and Jay Webber (R, Morris Plains). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term. As of 2015[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Theodore O. Best, Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2016; West Milford), and Pat Lepore (D, 2016; Woodland Park). The last seat, vacated by Hector Lora who resigned to become mayor of Passaic, is still up for discussion as of December 2016. Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (2016) and Surrogate Bernice Toledo (2016).
In 2004, the New Jersey Legislature passed the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act, which regulates the New Jersey Highlands region. West Milford was included in the highlands preservation area and is subject to the rules of the act and the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Council, a division of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. All of the territory in the protected region is classified as being in the highlands preservation area, and thus subject to additional rules.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 17,588 registered voters in West Milford, of which 3,397 (19.3% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 5,070 (28.8% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 9,111 (51.8% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 68.0% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 87.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 58.4% of the vote (7,003 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.3% (4,832 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (154 votes), among the 12,074 ballots cast by the township's 18,268 registered voters (85 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.1%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 7,672 votes (56.5% vs. 37.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 5,515 votes (40.6% vs. 58.8%) and other candidates with 161 votes (1.2% vs. 0.8%), among the 13,575 ballots cast by the township's 18,016 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.3% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 7,920 votes (60.9% vs. 42.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 4,783 votes (36.8% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 109 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,000 ballots cast by the township's 16,932 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.8% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.3% of the vote (5,380 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 29.2% (2,264 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (122 votes), among the 7,885 ballots cast by the township's 18,420 registered voters (119 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 5,261 votes (60.8% vs. 43.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,720 votes (31.5% vs. 50.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 525 votes (6.1% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 84 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,646 ballots cast by the township's 17,322 registered voters, yielding a 49.9% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
The West Milford Township Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. West Milford has six elementary schools (grades K-6), one middle school (grade 7-8), and one high school (grades 9-12). Further, the district supports a Center for Adult/Community Education. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's eight schools had an enrollment of 3,782 students and 280.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.47:1. The school system has 361 certified staff members, over 50% of whom have a master's degree or higher. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are the six K-6 elementary schools — Apshawa Elementary School (269 students), Maple Road Elementary School (325), Marshall Hill Elementary School (314), Paradise Knoll Elementary School (311), Upper Greenwood Lake Elementary School (301) and Westbrook Elementary School (399) — along with Macopin Middle School (626) for grades 7-8 and West Milford High School (1,237) for grades 9-12.
Our Lady Queen of Peace was a Catholic school located in the community of Hewitt until it was closed in June 2010 by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson in the face of declining enrollment. OLQP School celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2009, and had its Fourth Grade teacher, Lorraine Ford, named as a finalist for the 2008 New Jersey Nonpublic School Teacher of the Year award.
The old Newfoundland, two-room schoolhouse was the Village Square Inn Restaurant until it closed in 2010. The old Hillcrest School is now the township's community center. The few one-room schoolhouses are all gone; the last one was the Hewitt School, destroyed by fire set by vandals (it had been the former Methodist church before a new, larger church was built).
The New Jersey Midland Railway ran a trackage right-of-way through West Milford in 1872 developing the Newfoundland station, which and later served passengers on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad (NYS&W), which still serves freight along the line
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 198.30 miles (319.13 km) of roadways, of which 163.20 miles (262.64 km) were maintained by the municipality, 26.61 miles (42.82 km) by Passaic County and 8.49 miles (13.66 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
NJ Transit provides bus service between the township and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 194 and 196 routes, with seasonal service to Mountain Creek in Vernon Township on the 304 route.
The township provides its own bus service, on two routes. One that runs by Upper Greenwood Lake, and operates Monday-Friday, and one that runs between Oak Ridge & Newfoundland, which runs Wednesdays only.
In popular cultureEdit
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with West Milford include:
- Chuck Burgi (born 1952), drummer and session musician.
- Jasper Francis Cropsey (1823–1900), Hudson River School landscape painter, referred to as "America's Painter of Autumn".
- Lennie Friedman (born 1976), offensive lineman with the Cleveland Browns.
- Sam Garnes (born 1974), former safety for the New York Giants and New York Jets.
- Jeremy Glick (1970–2001), passenger/hero of United Flight 93 on September 11, 2001.
- Billy Howerdel (born 1970), founding member, guitarist, songwriter, and producer for the bands A Perfect Circle and Ashes Divide.
- Derek Jeter (born 1974), shortstop for the New York Yankees.
- Carol-Lynn Parente, executive producer of Sesame Street and winner of seven Emmy Awards for her work on the program.
- Laurene Powell Jobs (born 1963), widow of Steve Jobs and founder and chair of Emerson Collective.
- Danielle Rose Russell (born 1999), actress who has played supporting roles in films such as A Walk Among the Tombstones (2014), Aloha (2015), Pandemic (2016) and Wonder (2017).
- Kevin Walker (born 1965), former linebacker for the Cincinnati Bengals.
- Donna Weinbrecht (born 1965), First woman to win the first gold medal awarded in the first Olympic mogul competitions.
- Tom Wopat (born 1951), actor who played Luke Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor, Township of West Milford. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Administration Contacts, Township of West Milford. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Clerk's Office, Township of West Milford. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 121.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of West Milford, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for West Milford township, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 12. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for West Milford township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 11, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for West Milford, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for West Milford, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Stewart, Holly. "Where we're at", Suburban Trends, July 19, 2012. Accessed January 15, 2013. "In the 18th century, West Milford was part of Bergen County; it was comprised of the westernmost areas of Franklin and Saddle River townships. It was settled by Dutch who moved north from the place we now call Newark; as they had called their former home 'Milford,' they wished to call the new place 'New Milford,' but another faction of the same migrants had already done the same in a community near the Hudson River. When both locales petitioned for a post office in 1828, a federal clerk is said to have applied the adjective 'west' to one in order to distinguish them."
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 211. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Greenwood Lake Tour Guide, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Airport Information, Greenwood Lake Airport. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Hagstrom Maps
- Local search dog inducted into hall of fame
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching West Milford, MapIt. Accessed August 16, 2015.
- Highlands Preserve, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 15, 2017. "This county park, located in the Township of West Milford, is largely undeveloped. It contains multiple hiking trails.... The hiking trails meander through the Preserve and are connected to the A. Abram S. Hewitt State Forest."
- Primerano, Jane. "Newark appealing watershed taxes against Jefferson", AIM Jefferson, May 8, 2015. Accessed July 2, 2015. "Besides West Milford and Jefferson, Newark owns watershed land in Hardyston, Vernon, and Rockaway Townships and Kinnelon Borough, Leach said."
- CITY OF NEWARK v. VERNON TP., Leagle from Tax Court of New Jersey, April 1, 1980. Accessed July 2, 2015. "The City of Newark appeals the denial of the Sussex County Tax Board of its claim for a reduction of assessments of 5,424 acres of vacant watershed land in the Township of Vernon for the years 1973, 1974 and 1976.... Generally, the lands are part of the 35,000-acre Pequannock Watershed (approximately two times the size of Newark), which was purchased by Newark at the turn of the century to provide a water supply. The watershed, which contains five major bodies of water, is located in Vernon and Hardyston in Sussex County, Jefferson, Rockaway and Kinnelon in Morris County, and West Milford in Passaic County."
- "Newark makes decision to block off New City Road". North Jersey.com. December 11, 2009. Retrieved 2016-03-23.
- DeStefano, Robert. "Choo choo choosing a home with personality", The West Milford Messenger, May 26, 2005. Accessed January 15, 2013. "They moved into the old Newfoundland building last July, and are hard at work to make it their comfortable, if slightly offbeat, living quarters.... In 2002 the building gained celebrity status when the independent film The Station Agent was filmed there."
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 23, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 274, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 15, 2013. "West Milford is the most northerly and westerly township in the county, and contained in 1850, a population of 2,624; in 1860, 2,402; and in 1870, 2,660."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- "Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I", United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for West Milford township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for West Milford township, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for West Milford township, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- About Us, West Milford Chamber of Commerce. Accessed November 30, 2011.
- Laplaca, Bryan. "Back in the Day - Oct. 8, 1997: 'Hal from North Bergen' sued Bloomingdale", Suburban Trends, October 15, 2012. Accessed September 22, 2014. "The man in the picture is Abraham Levy who was in the intensive care unit of Chilton Hospital in Pompton Plains. He was bitten by a lion while visiting Jungle Habitat in West Milford.... Two eyewitnesses to the mauling of Levy on Oct. 9, 1972 blasted the Habitat management for allowing what they called dangerous conditions to exist."
- Hudson, Edward. "Habitat Neighbors Fear Possible Animal Escapes", The New York Times, December 16, 1972. Accessed September 22, 2014.
- Staff. "Impressive Score; Music Makers Composes Showstopper: Five-fold Screen Growth in Six Years.", Boxoffice Magazine, August 23, 1976. Accessed January 28, 2015.
- Green, Jeff. "ShopRite in West Milford gets green light for expansion", The Record (Bergen County), September 28, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Hancharick, L.S. "ShopRite expansion approved New retail space will take place of defunct theater", The West Milford Messenger, November 21, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Eden Farms forever preserved, West Milford Messenger, June, 2009
- Eden Farms gains preserved status, Suburban Trends, May, 2009.
- Links, Township of West Milford. Accessed April 14, 2012.
- Government, West Milford Township. Accessed July 1, 2008.
- Allee, Rod. "Dueling mandates approved by voters", The Record (Bergen County), December 18, 2002. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Zimmer, David M. "Mayor-Council-Administrator", Suburban Trends, April 26, 2010. Accessed October 1, 2014. "Voters approved the Mayor-Council-Administrator form of government during a special election in December 2002, making West Milford only one of three towns in New Jersey to operate under this charter."
- West Milford Township Government, West Milford Township. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Town Council, Township of West Milford. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Township of West Milford. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Passaic County 2016 Directory, Passaic County, New Jersey, March 2016. Accessed July 28, 2016. As of date accessed, Bieri is listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end year of 2018.
- November 3, 2015 Summary Report Passaic County Official Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated November 12, 2015. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- November 4, 2014 Summary Report Passaic County Official Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated November 12, 2014. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- November 5, 2013 Summary Report Passaic County, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated November 15, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2016.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Clerk-Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- John W. Bartlett, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Theodore O. Best Jr., Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Ronda Cotroneo, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Terry Duffy, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Pat Lepore, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- 2014 County Data Sheet, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- County Clerk, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Richard H. Berdnik, Passaic County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- County Surrogate, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Kleimann, James. "Passaic County general election results 2014", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 4, 2014. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- 2014 Passaic County Directory, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 27, 2015.
- Assembly Committee Substitute for Assembly, No. 2635, New Jersey Legislature, June 7, 2004. Accessed October 31, 2014.
- DEP Guidance for the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act-Highlands Region Counties and Municipalities; Highlands Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, updated July 8, 2014. Accessed October 31, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Passaic, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- "Governor - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- District information for West Milford School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- School Data for the West Milford Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Apshawa School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Maple Road Elementary School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Marshall Hill Elementary School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Paradise Knoll Elementary School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Upper Greenwood Lake Elementary School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Westbrook Elementary School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Macopin Middle School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- West Milford High School, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Schools, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the West Milford Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Zimmer, David M. "Our Lady Queen of Peace School to close in June", Suburban Trends, March 29, 2010. Accessed January 15, 2013. "The Our Lady Queen of Peace (OLQP) School on Union Valley Road in the Hewitt section of West Milford will officially be closing at the end of the year, due to a lack of enrollment and operating revenue."
- Wojcik, Michael. "Inspiring Students to Learn; West Milford Catholic school teacher honored by NCEA", Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed January 15, 2012. "Ford's teaching excellence has earned her many other honors in the realm of Catholic education, among them finalist for the 2008 N.J. Non Public Teacher of the Year Award and a nomination for the NCEA's Distinguished Teacher of the Year Award in 2007."
- Hadowanetz, Wasco. National Register of Historic Places Registration: Backwards Tunnel, National Park Service, November 17, 2005. Accessed January 1, 2017.
- Kaminski, Edward S. New York, Susquehanna & Western Railroad in New Jersey, p. 19. Arcadia Publishing, 2010. Accessed January 1, 2017. ISBN 978-0-7385-7367-0.
- Passaic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Passaic County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Passaic County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed August 16, 2015.
- Bus Schedule, Township of West Milford. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- Kolton, Tara. "Simpler Times, filmed in downtown Pompton Lakes, returns to the Garden State", Suburban Trends, April 20, 2015. Accessed March 21, 2017. "Simpler Times, the 33-minute comedy starring Jerry Stiller and written/directed by Pompton Lakes native Steve Monarque, was filmed primarily in Pompton Lakes and West Milford."
- Biography, ChuckBurgi.com. Accessed May 26, 2016.
- Alfano, George. "$30,000 ALLOCATED TO COOLEY HOUSE", The Record (Bergen County), February 19, 1987. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Mayor Stewart Perry said he had estimates of between $73,000 and $96,000 to move the home, which belonged to 19th-Century artist Jasper Francis Cropsey. Cropsey lived in the Greenwood Lake home, and was a painter of the Hudson River School and a noted architect."
- DiTrani, Vinny. "FRIEDMAN WORKS HIS WAY BACK -- NFL IN SIGHT AFTER MAJOR KNEE SURGERY ", The Record (Bergen County), May 14, 2000. Accessed July 24, 2007. "It was just another hurdle the West Milford native had to clear..."
- Guererro, Millie. "NY Giant shares his passion for football with local kids", West Milford Messenger, April 23, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Garnes moved to West Milford seven years ago and has just recently been able to reach out to the community and give back the knowledge he obtain throughout his career by forming a football clinic that he is expanding into neighboring towns."
- Sampson, Peter J. "W. MILFORD MAN TOLD WIFE OF PLAN TO STORM COCKPIT", The Record (Bergen County), September 13, 2001. Accessed July 20, 2008.
- Makin, Robert. "Album Reviews", Courier-News, June 1, 2000. Accessed October 25, 2015. "Keenan formed the band with West Milford-raised guitarist Billy Howerdel, who performed on 'Aenima.'"
- Genader, Ann. "Township council to honor Derek Jeter?", Aim West Milford, November 27, 2009. Accessed April 14, 2012. "One of the homes he presently owns is Tiedemann Castle on the West Milford/Greenwood Lake, N.Y. border."
- Rohan, Virginia. "Former fan now in charge of 'Sesame Street'", The Record (Bergen County), August 13, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Born in Queens, Parente largely grew up in West Milford, having moved there from Long Island when she was 8."
- Lattman, Peter; and Miller, Claire Cain. "Steve Jobs's Widow Steps Onto Philanthropic Stage", The New York Times, May 17, 2013. Accessed July 23, 2013. "Ms. Powell Jobs, 49, grew up in West Milford, N.J., and earned an undergraduate degree from the University of Pennsylvania."
- Kolton, Tara. "Young actress from West Milford lands role in upcoming Cameron Crowe movie", Suburban Trends, January 20, 2014. Accessed September 10, 2016. "Fourteen-year-old Danielle Russell, of West Milford, has recently returned after spending three-and-a-half-months in Hawaii on the set of writer/director Cameron Crowe's latest movie, which counts among its star-studded cast Bradley Cooper, Rachel McAdams, Emma Stone, Bill Murray, Alec Baldwin and John Krasinski."
- Fox, Ron. "WEST MILFORD'S WALKER STILL A FACE IN THE CROWD", The Record (Bergen County), February 25, 1991. Accessed July 1, 2008.
- Laplaca, Bryan. "Back in the Day - April 24, 1988: Sparta man survived shark attack", Suburban Trends, April 22, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2015. "West Milford's Kevin Walker was the second selection in the third round for the Cincinnati Bengals. He was the first football player from the township's high school to be drafted into the NFL's ranks."
- Anderson, Dave. "Sports of The Times; The Olympics Don't Need Us vs. Them", The New York Times, February 16, 1992. Accessed August 29, 2012. "That's what Donna Weinbrecht of West Milford, N.J., did in winning the first women's gold medal in a new Olympic sport, freestyle mogul skiing."
- via Associated Press. "Hazzard actor Tom Wopat faces DUI", MSNBC, March 17, 2006. Accessed July 1, 2008. "Wopat, 54, of West Milford, was released into the custody of his girlfriend, Maer said."
- Official website
- West Milford Township Public Schools
- West Milford Township Public Schools's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the West Milford Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- West Milford Chamber of Commerce website
- The West Milford Messenger (local newspaper)
- Upper Greenwood Lake Property Owner's Association
- BBC News Article - West Milford housecat chases black bear up a tree