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Wapping railway station

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Wapping is a station on the East London Line located on the northern bank of the River Thames in Wapping within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The station is served by National Rail London Overground services under the control of the London Rail division of Transport for London, however there is no standard red National Rail "double arrow" logo signage located at the station, instead only the Overground roundel.[3] The station is between Shadwell and Rotherhithe, and is in Travelcard Zone 2.[4]

Wapping London Overground
Wapping station building pre-open April2010.JPG
Wapping is located in Greater London
Wapping
Wapping
Location of Wapping in Greater London
LocationWapping
Local authorityLondon Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed byLondon Overground
OwnerTransport for London
Station codeWPE
Number of platforms2
Fare zone2
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 1.371 million[1]
2014–15Increase 1.569 million[1]
2015–16Increase 2.464 million[1]
2016–17Increase 2.484 million[1]
2017–18Increase 2.590 million[1]
Key dates
1869Opened as Wapping and Shadwell
1876Renamed Wapping
1884First Underground service
27 April 2010[2]Reopened
Other information
External links
WGS8451°30′16″N 0°03′21″W / 51.5044°N 0.0558°W / 51.5044; -0.0558Coordinates: 51°30′16″N 0°03′21″W / 51.5044°N 0.0558°W / 51.5044; -0.0558
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

After temporary closures for remodelling, the station reopened for preview services on 27 April 2010 for services to New Cross and New Cross Gate, and from 23 May 2010 trains to and from New Cross Gate were extended to West Croydon and Crystal Palace.[5]

HistoryEdit

ConstructionEdit

 
A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines in South East London, including the southern portion of the East London Line

The station occupies the north end of the former Thames foot tunnel built by Marc Isambard Brunel between 1825 and 1843, and subsequently adapted for railway traffic. Access to the station is by lift or a flight of stairs built into one of the original access shafts of the Thames Tunnel.[6]

London, Brighton and South Coast RailwayEdit

 
Locomotive exiting the Thames Tunnel and arriving at what is now Wapping station. Illustrated London News 8 January 1870.

The station was originally opened as the northern terminus of the East London Railway[7] on 7 December 1869 as Wapping and Shadwell, and the station was renamed Wapping on 10 April 1876,[8] when the line was extended northwards to Liverpool Street,[7] via a new station at Shadwell. The earliest trains were provided by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, whose system connected with the line at New Cross Gate.[9][7]

London UndergroundEdit

 
Wapping station as it appeared in 2006 with London Underground branding. The entrance has since been moved from the corner to the front.

Underground trains of the Metropolitan and the District Railways first served the station on 1 October 1884,[10] but the station was last served by District trains on 31 July 1905.[10][11]

In 1980 a London Underground plan to extend the Jubilee line to Woolwich Arsenal and Beckton was approved by parliament.[12] This included a station at Wapping, but was never built. The extension constructed in the 1990s followed a different route to the south of the River Thames.

The station was extensively remodelled between 1995 and 1998, when the entire East London Line—including Wapping station—was closed due to repair work on the tunnels under the Thames. Vitreous enamel panels by Nick Hardcastle,[13][14] showing the station and the area in former and modern times, were installed on the platforms.

London OvergroundEdit

 
London Overground train at the northbound platform of Wapping station in 2015. The station's narrow and curved platforms have been identified as a safety hazard.

The East London Line closed on 22 December 2007, and reopened on 27 April 2010 when it became part of the new London Overground system. During this time the station was heavily refurbished.

The proposed extension of the East London Line raised concerns that the station would have to be closed due to its platforms being too short (only four cars long) to accommodate the new rolling stock planned for the extended line (which could be six or eight cars long). The narrowness of the platforms was also a concern. The station does not fully meet the safety standards for an underground station but is permitted to operate under a derogation from Her Majesty's Railway Inspectorate.[15] Despite this, on 16 August 2004 then-Mayor of London Ken Livingstone announced that the station would remain open.[16] It is in Travelcard Zone 2.[17]

ServicesEdit

All times below are correct as of the December 2010 timetables.

London OvergroundEdit

East London LineEdit

On Mondays to Saturdays there is a service every 5–10 minutes throughout the day, while on Sundays before 13:00 there is a service every 5–9 minutes, changing to every 7–8 minutes until the end of service after that.[18] Current off peak frequency is:

ConnectionsEdit

Two London Buses routes serve the station: 100 and D3

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ BBC London:The new East London Line opens to the public Archived 18 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 27 April 2010
  3. ^ "London Overground Signs Standard – Issue 3" (PDF). Transport for London. 3 August 2009. p. 18. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  4. ^ Baker 2007, p. 22, section B1
  5. ^ "Mayor accused of railway 'stunt'". BBC News. 14 April 2010. Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
  6. ^ Day 1979, p. 33
  7. ^ a b c Day 1979, p. 31
  8. ^ Butt 1995, p. 241
  9. ^ "Key facts: East London line history". Transport for London. 25 November 2009. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  10. ^ a b Rose 2007
  11. ^ Day 1979, p. 32
  12. ^ Horne 2000, pp. 50–52.
  13. ^ "Editorial Artist and Illustrator in Sussex and London-Nick Hardcastle". nickhardcastle.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  14. ^ diamond geezer (6 June 2006). "Wapping". Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  15. ^ "The Future of Wapping London Underground station" (PDF). Tower Hamlets London Borough Council. 28 January 2003. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  16. ^ East London Line Archived 15 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Baker 2007, p. 22, section B1
  18. ^ Table 178 National Rail timetable, May 2016

BibliographyEdit

  • Baker, S.K. (April 2007) [1977]. Rail Atlas Great Britain & Ireland (11th ed.). Hersham: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-602-2. 0704/K.
  • Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  • Day, John R. (1979) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (6th ed.). Westminster: London Transport. ISBN 0-85329-094-6. 1178/211RP/5M(A).
  • Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
  • Rose, Douglas (December 2007) [1980]. The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0.
Preceding station       London Overground   Following station
East London Line
  Former services  
Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
(1884-1906)
(1913-39)
District line
(1884-1905)
towards Shoreditch
East London line
  Abandoned Plans  
Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
Phase 3 (1980) (never constructed)