Brindabani Sarang

  (Redirected from Vrindavani sarang)

Brindavani Sarang or Brindabani Sarang, also known as Sarang, is a Hindustani classical raga. It is also called Vridavani Sarang. This raga falls under the category of Sarang ragas.

Brindavani Sarang
ThaatKafi
Time of dayEarly afternoon, 12–3 Day Third Prahar
SeasonSummer
ArohanaSa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa
AvarohanaS n P M R S
PakadNi Sa Re Ma Re Pa Ma Re Ni Sa
Vadire
Samavadipa
SynonymBrindavani Sarang
SimilarMegh and Madhumad sarang (komal ni)

TheoryEdit

Brindabani Sarang is a Kafi thaat raga. It was created by Swami Haridas. The associated mythology being that he brought Lord Krishna to earth by singing this raga who took the form of an idol which can still be seen in Mathura. One of the famous Ragas for the Sarang raagang, it is a popular raag of this family, together with Shuddha Sarang, and Madhyamad Sarang. The name Brindavani Sarang is a testament to its popularity in the region around Mathura.

The notes Ga and Dha are not used in this raga. A characteristic of all Sarang is the way Rishab (Re) is sung. The Rishabh is not accorded embellishments, so it is sung without any meenḍ of adjacent swaras neither with any andolan. This preeminence of Re makes the swar the vadi of this Raga as also for all other varieties of this family (raagang).

Another dominant phrase is Sa - Ni - Pa, also used in many other ragas, notably the popular Kanhada family. The distinguishing factor being that the Ni in Kanhada's S-N-P takes a kaṇ of the Pa (of uttarang), with a ghaseeṭa effect, whereas the Ni of Sa-Ni-Pa in Sarang is rendered pure.

Brindavani Sarang's classification in thaat Kaafi is peculiar as it uses the shuddha form of "Ni" in its Aaroha, whereas the komala form of "ni" and "ga" is the main characteristic of the Kaafi thaat. So it is possible to make a mistake in identifying its thaat as Khamaj.[1]

This raga evokes the sringara rasa - romantic love.[2]

Arohana & AvarohanaEdit

Arohana: ni Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa

Avarohana: Sa ni(komal) Pa Ma Re Sa.

Ni swara is Shuddha in Arohana and Komal in Avarohana.

Vadi & SamavadiEdit

Vadi: re

Samavadi: pa

Pakad or ChalanEdit

Ni Sa Re Ma Re Pa Ma Re Ni Sa

Organisation & RelationshipsEdit

Thaat: Kafi (thaat)

Samay (Time)Edit

Madhyanah (noon), Afternoon

It is generally sung as a part of Mehfil.[citation needed]

SeasonalityEdit

It is generally regarded as a raaga of summer season.

RasaEdit

Shringar Rasa: The Rasa of Romance. It creates a romantic and mystic atmosphere.

Related RagaEdit

Madhumad Sarang where shuddha ni is dropped. It is still considered a chanchal raga. Megh malhar has same notes but it is Dhrupad anga raga and is serious in rendering, with a lot of meenḍ. Another distinguishing factor is that while Rishabh is used extensively in Megh Malhar (as also in Sarang), the Rishabh there takes a very strong meenḍ from Madhyam (Me), a salient in the singing of meenḍ-heavy Megh.

Important RecordingsEdit

Rashid khan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmayNk9PYVY
Bhimsen Joshi - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4owfAMyLDc
Jhuti Muti Mitwa[3] - Lata Mangeshkar - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_-5oCQHWTc
Hor vi neewaan howay - Kaafi Shah Hussain (Madhoo Lal Hussain) - Magical Siblings - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWMLcuzVCBk

Carnatic CompositionsEdit

Kamalaptakula by Tyagaraja

Soundara raajam aashraye and Rangapura Vihara by Muthuswami Deekshithar

Aathma Nivedanam by Thulaseevanam

Amburuhânanâ by Kalyani Varadarajan

Thillana in Brindavani Sarang by M. Balamuralikrishna

Film SongsEdit

Language:TamilEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
Pon Ondru Kanden Padithal Mattum Podhuma Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy T. M. Soundararajan, P. B. Sreenivas
Poo Varaiyum Idhayathil Nee P. B. Sreenivas
Thangamagal Vayatril Vaazhkai Padagu P. Susheela
En Aasaiyum Unnodu Thirudan
Thangachi Chinna Ponnu Karuppu Panam Sirkazhi Govindarajan, L. R. Eswari
Pudhiyadhor Ulagam Seivom Chandhrodhayam M. S. Viswanathan Sirkazhi Govindarajan
Nee Punniyam Seithaval Punniyam Seithaval Vani Jairam
Sonnalthane Theriyum Ranuva Veeran S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja
Nathaswara Osaiyile Devan Poovum Pottum R. Govarthanam T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Maalaigal Idam December Pookal Ilaiyaraaja K.J. Yesudas, K.S. Chitra
Manathil Ore Oru En Purushanthaan Enakku Mattumthaan P. Susheela
Methuva Thanthi Thalattu Mano, Minmini
Kallukkulle Vandha Eeram Enna Manithanin Marupakkam S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Mannaiyam Ponnaiyum Nadodi Pattukkaran
Poongatre Thendathey Kunguma Chimil S. Janaki
Oru Pokiri Raathiri Idhu Namma Bhoomi Mano, Swarnalatha
Jilla Mulukka Priyanka Mano, K. S. Chithra
Maadethile Kanni Veera S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Swarnalatha
Maragatha Vallikku Manakkolam Anbulla Appa Shankar Ganesh K.J. Yesudas
Ravivarman Vasanthi Chandrabose K.J. Yesudas, K. S. Chithra
Chandiranai Thottathu Yaar Ratchagan A. R. Rahman Hariharan, Sujatha Mohan
Velli Malarae Jodi S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Mahalakshmi Iyer
Konjum Mainakkale Kandukondain Kandukondain Sadhana Sargam
Radhai Manathil Snegithiye Vidyasagar K. S. Chithra, Sujatha Mohan,Sangeetha Sajith
Ennai Konja Konja Aathi Hariharan, Sujatha Mohan
Naan Varaindhu Vaitha Jayamkondaan Hariharan, Madhushree
Aathangarai Thoppukulla Rayilukku Neramachu S. A. Rajkumar Malaysia Vasudevan, S. P. Sailaja
Aantha Avasthai February 14 Bharadwaj Shreya Ghoshal
Aanandha Yaazhai Thanga Meenkal Yuvan Shankar Raja Sriram Parthasarathy
Malligaipoo Alagil Annai Vayal Sirpy S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Thendral Thendral Raasi P. Unnikrishnan, K. S. Chithra
Goomar Padmavati Sanjay Leela Bhansali Shreya Ghoshal, Divya Kumar
Nenjorathil Pichaikkaran Vijay Antony Deepak Doddera,Supriya Joshi
Veyil Mazhayae Mehandi Circus Sean Roldan Vignesh Ishwar,Susha

Language: HindiEdit

Song Movie Composer Lyricist Singer
Ghoomar Ghoomar[4] Padmaavat Sanjay Leela Bhansai A M Turaz Shreya Ghoshal

Language: MalayalamEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
Oru Narupushpamayi Mazha Ramesh Narayan Yesudas

Non Film SongsEdit

Song Language Album Composer Lyricist Singer Audio Label
Dhimi Dhimi Telugu Kaiwara Yogi Mahesh Mahadev Yogi Nareyana Priyadarshini, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam , Mahesh Mahadev PM Audios
Navarathriya Ee Kannada Navarthriya Navavaibhava Bharadwaj Mahesh Mahadev Priyadarshini, Mahesh Mahadev PM Audios
Namma Kannada Rajyotsava Kannada Namma Kannada Rajyotsava Mahesh Mahadev Mahesh Mahadev Priyadarshini, Mahesh Mahadev
Dhara Hogi Hindi Bandish Bandits Shankar Ehsaan Loy Sameer Samant Shankar Mahadevan Sony Music / Amazon Sellers Pvt. Ltd.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ramashreya Jha 'Ramrang'. "The Sarang Family". Rajan Parrikar Music Archive. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  2. ^ Yagnik, Hasu (2013). Shastriya Raag Darshan. Gurjar Granthratna Karyalay. ISBN 978-81-8480-826-1.
  3. ^ Rudaali
  4. ^ "Padmaavat Song" Ghoomar: Deepika Padukone, Shahid Kapoor, Ranveer Singh|Shreya Ghoshal,Swaroop Khan, retrieved 16 January 2020
  • Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.

External linksEdit