|Founders||Sir Richard Branson
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Sir Richard Branson
Josh Bayliss (CEO)
|Revenue||£19.5 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
Virgin Group's date of incorporation is listed as 1989 by Companies House, who class it as a holding company; however Virgin's business and trading activities date to the 1970s. The net worth of Virgin Group was estimated at £5–5.5 billion as of November 2014.[needs update]
The brand name "Virgin" arose when Richard Branson and Nik Powell formed a record shop. They considered themselves virgins in business. Branson has described the "V" in the logo as an expressive tick, representing the Virgin seal of approval.
The original logo was a completely different design intended to be used for the record company that was founded by Richard Branson and Nik Powell. According to Richard Branson in interviews and on the Virgin website, the more recent signature logo was based on one that a designer scribbled on a napkin after a design meeting.   After signing the Sex Pistols to the label it was clear that there would need to be a rethink on the design. Today the Virgin logo is a standardised font named NASA which is used throughout all of the Virgin products.
Virgin Group has its headquarters at The Battleship Building in the Paddington district of the City of Westminster. Previously it was in The School House in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.
The Virgin Group of companies have a complex structure that contains elements of a generic conglomerate and a keiretsu, and sometimes it simply licences its brand. Examples of licensing are Virgin Records (now owned by Universal Music Group) and Virgin Media (now owned by Liberty Global).
In mid-May 2013, the Virgin Group expressed its intention to seek out opportunities in Australia's healthcare industry to consolidate on the Group's Australian fitness centres. The Group also runs over 100 National Health Service (NHS) services in the United Kingdom and the healthcare division of medical services group Assura after entering the British healthcare industry in 2011.
Virgin Group announced the establishment of Virgin Cruises on 4 December 2014 with financial backing from Bain Capital. The cruise line would be led by CEO Tom McAlpin, would have two new large ships built and be based in the Miami/Fort Lauderdale area.
Subsidiaries and investmentsEdit
|Virgin Active||20%||Gym Chain|
|Virgin Australia Holdings||8%||Travel|
|Virgin Experience Days||100%||Entertainment|
|Virgin Health Bank||100%||Health|
|Virgin Hyperloop One||High-speed rail|
|Virgin Limited Edition||100%||Hospitality|
|Virgin Pulse||100%||Business Services|
|DS Virgin Racing||100%||Motorsport|
|Virgin Rail Group||51%||Travel|
|Virgin Trains East Coast||10%||Travel|
|Virgin Voyages||100%||Cruise line|
Formerly owned venturesEdit
- Absolute Radio: formerly Virgin Radio UK, rebranded in 2008
- Air Nigeria: Nigerian national airline launched as Virgin Nigeria, shares sold in 2010
- Virgin Airship and Balloon Company: Operating hot air balloons and airships for advertisers
- Liquid Comics: comic book producer formerly known as Virgin Comics—sold to management in 2008
- Vie at Home: cosmetics retailer formerly known as Virgin Vie, sold to management in 2009
- Virgin America: North American airline, sold to Alaska Air Group on 14, Dec 2016
- Virgin Brides: retailer specialising in bridal wear
- Virgin Cars: online car retailer, ceased trading in 2005
- Virgin Balloon Flights: offering hot air balloon flights to the public
- Virgin Charter: online marketplace of private aircraft seat bookings
- Virgin Cinemas: sold to UGC in 1999
- Virgin Digital Help: technical support
- Virgin Drinks: drink manufacturer
- Virgin Electronics: electronics retailer
- Virgin Energy: joint venture energy provider, sold to EDF Energy
- Virgin Express: airline based in Brussels, merged with SN Brussels Airlines in 2006 to form Brussels Airlines
- V Festival - British music festival sponsored by the Virgin Group
- V Festival: an Australian version of the V Festival
- Virgin Festival: a North American version of the V Festival
- Virgin Films: film production company
- Virgin Games: sold to Gamesys in 2013
- Virgin Green Fund: shut down in 2014
- Virgin Interactive: Game Developer and publisher, bought by various companies, and renamed Avalon Interactive in 2003
- Virgin Limousines: a former limousine service that operated mostly in the USA and Canada. It operated for 14 years, until November 2010.
- Virgin Media (including Virgin Mobile UK): UK Cable TV, broadband internet and Fixed and Mobile telephony provider—bought by Liberty Global
- Virgin Mobile Australia: mobile phone service provider in Australia—shares sold to Optus in 2006
- Virgin Mobile Canada: mobile phone service provider in Canada—shares sold to Bell Mobility in 2009
- Virgin Mobile France: mobile phone service provider in France—shares sold to Numericable-SFR in 2014
- Virgin Mobile India: mobile phone service provider in India—shares sold to Tata Teleservices in 2015
- Virgin Mobile USA: mobile phone service provider in the USA—shares sold to Sprint Corporation in 2009
- Virgin Money Australia: sold to Bank of Queensland
- Virgin Money US: sold in 2010
- Virgin One account: shareholding sold to co-owner (RBS) in 2003
- Virgin Sun Airlines: scheduled and charter airline, closed in 2001
- Virgin Play: Spanish game distributor and publisher, filed for liquidation and closed in 2009
- Virgin Trains ExpressCoach: former operator of inter-city bus & coach services
- Virgin CrossCountry: former operator of the Cross Country railway franchise in the United Kingdom, services transferred to Arriva in 2007 (51%)
- Virgin EMI Records: soundtrack label—owned by Universal Music Group
- Virgin Records: American music soundtrack label
- Virgin Racing: Formula One motor racing team
- Virginware: clothing retailer
- Virgin Wines: online wine market, sold to Direct Wines in 2005
- "About us". Virgin.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Richard Branson. Losing My Virginity. ISBN 1-8522-7684-3.[page needed]
- "Extra: Richard Branson Full Interview - Freakonomics".
- ANash (15 August 2016). "The Virgin logo".
- "Our company information Archived 31 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.". Virgin Group. Retrieved 14 October 2013. "The Battleship Building, 179 Harrow Road, London W2 6NB"
- "Our company information Archived 31 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.." Virgin Group. Retrieved 14 January 2009. "The School House 50 Brook Green London, W6 7RR England"
- Kitney (20 May 2013). "Virgin Group eyes slice of Australia's $65bn healthcare market". The Australian. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- Sampson, Hannah (23 June 2015). "Virgin Cruises to base first 2,800-passenger ship in Miami". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Stieghorst, Tom (4 December 2014). "Richard Branson to enter cruise business". USA Today. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Armstrong, Ashley (13 November 2014). "Virgin Money float triggers £50m payment to George Osborne's coffers". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 19 May 2015.