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U.S. Pro Tennis Championships

  (Redirected from United States Pro Championship)

The U.S. Pro Tennis Championships (also for a period known as the World Pro Championships) was the oldest professional tennis tournament played until its final year of 1999 and is considered as a part of the professional grand slam from 1927–1967 until the advent of Open Era. Pancho Gonzales holds the record for most wins with eight.[1] The tournament only had a men's draw.[citation needed]

U.S. Pro Tennis Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
TourUSA Pro Tour (1927-69)
Grand Prix Circuit (1970-89)
ATP World Tour (1990-)
Founded1927
Abolished1999
LocationUnited States
VenueMultiple
SurfaceGrass, Clay, Wood, Hard

American's first prominent professional player, Vinny Richards, arranged what became the first U.S. Pro by negotiating with Doc Kelton to have a tournament played on the Notlek courts, located at 119th Street and Riverside Drive in Manhattan, New York, on September 23–25, 1927.[2] Richards, tour pro Howard Kinsey and teaching pros from the eastern U.S. comprised the field, with Richards defeating Kinsey in the final in straight sets.

The tournament was subsequently held annually at various locations including the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, New York City, the South Shore Tennis Club in Chicago, in Rye, New York, at the Terrace Club in Brooklyn, the Chicago Town and Tennis Club in Chicago, at various clubs around Cleveland, Ohio, and Cleveland Arena in Cleveland. Its final permanent home was the Longwood Cricket Club in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, where it was held from 1964 to 1999. It became part of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour shortly after the advent of open tennis in 1968. Between 1970 and 1977 it was a prominent tournament of the Grand Prix Super Series. It then became a tennis event within the ATP Tour with reorganization of the top tier of pro tour tennis.

The tournament was later played on Har-Tru clay courts and was initially an important tune-up event for the U.S. Open. But when this Grand Slam tournament moved to hardcourts in 1978, the U.S. Pro did not follow suit, electing instead to hold its tournament during the U.S. clay court season in early summer instead of during its hitherto pre-Open era (late summer) time slot. Remaining a clay event into the 1990s, the U.S. Pro was a non-ATP exhibition event during the early 1990s. It was only in its final three years that the tournament was once again an ATP event and played on hardcourts.

Contents

Past winnersEdit

SinglesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score Venue Surface
Professional Era
1927   Vinny Richards   Howard Kinsey 11–9, 6–4, 6–3[3] Notlek courts, Brooklyn Grass
1928   Vinny Richards   Karel Koželuh 8–6, 6–3, 0–6, 6–2[3] West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, Queens Grass
1929   Karel Koželuh   Vinny Richards 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 4–6, 7–5[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1930   Vinny Richards   Karel Koželuh 2–6, 10–8, 6–3, 6–4[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1931   Bill Tilden   Vinny Richards 7–5, 6–2, 6–1[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1932   Karel Koželuh   Hans Nüsslein 6–2, 6–2, 7–5[3] South Shore Country Club, Chicago Clay
1933   Vinny Richards   Frank Hunter 6–3, 6–0, 6–2[3] Westchester Country Club, Rye, New York Grass
1934   Hans Nüsslein   Karel Koželuh 6–4, 6–2, 1–6, 7–5[3] South Shore Country Club Clay
1935   Bill Tilden   Karel Koželuh 0–6, 6–1, 6–4, 0–6, 6–4[3] Terrace Club, Brooklyn Clay
1936   Joe Whalen   Charles Wood 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–3[3] Tudor City Tennis Club, New York Clay
1937a   Karel Koželuh   Bruce Barnes 6–2, 6–3, 4–6, 4–6, 6–1[3] Greenbrier, White Sulfur Springs, West Virginia Clay
1938   Fred Perry   Bruce Barnes 6–3, 6–2, 6–4[3] Chicago Arena, Chicago Canvas (i)
1939   Ellsworth Vines   Fred Perry 8–6, 6–8, 6–1, 20–18[3] Beverly Hills Tennis Club, Los Angeles Hard
1940   Don Budge   Fred Perry 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3[3] Chicago Town and Tennis Club, Chicago Clay
1941   Fred Perry   Dick Skeen 6–4, 6–8, 6–2, 6–3[3] Chicago Town and Tennis Club Clay
1942   Don Budge   Bobby Riggs 6–2, 6–2, 6–2[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1943   Bruce Barnes   John Nogrady 6–1, 7–9, 7–5, 4–6, 6–3[3] Fort Knox Clay
1944 Not held
1945   Welby Van Horn   John Nogrady 6–4, 6–2, 6–2[3] Rips Tennis Courts, Manhattan Clay
1946   Bobby Riggs   Don Budge 6–3, 6–1, 6–1[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1947   Bobby Riggs   Don Budge 3–6, 6–3, 10–8, 4–6, 6–3[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1948   Jack Kramer   Bobby Riggs 14–12, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1949   Bobby Riggs   Don Budge 9–7, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1950b   Pancho Segura   Frank Kovacs 6–1, 1–6, 8–6, 4–4 rtd[3] Skating Club, Cleveland Clay (i)
1951   Pancho Segura   Pancho Gonzales 6–3, 6–4, 6–2r[3][4] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1952   Pancho Segura   Pancho Gonzales 3–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–4, 6–0[3] Lakewood, Cleveland Hard (i)
1953   Pancho Gonzales   Don Budge 4–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–2[3] Lakewood, Cleveland Hard (i)
1954   Pancho Gonzales   Frank Sedgman 6–3, 9–7, 3–6, 6–2[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1955   Pancho Gonzales   Pancho Segura 21–16, 19–21, 21–8, 20–22, 21–19v[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1956   Pancho Gonzales   Pancho Segura 21–15, 13–21, 21–14, 22–20v[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1957   Pancho Gonzales   Pancho Segura 6–3, 3–6, 7–5, 6–1[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1958   Pancho Gonzales   Lew Hoad 3–6, 4–6, 14–12, 6–1, 6–4[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1959   Pancho Gonzales   Lew Hoad 6–4, 6–2, 6–4[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1960   Alex Olmedo   Tony Trabert 7–5, 6–4[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1961   Pancho Gonzales   Frank Sedgman 6–3, 7–5[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1962   Butch Buchholz   Pancho Segura 6–4, 6–3, 6–4[3] Cleveland Arena Hard (i)
1963   Ken Rosewall   Rod Laver 6–4, 6–2, 6–2[3] West Side Tennis Club Grass
1964   Rod Laver   Pancho Gonzales 4–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–4[3] Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1965   Ken Rosewall   Rod Laver 6–4, 6–3, 6–3[3] Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1966   Rod Laver   Ken Rosewall 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 8–10, 6–3[3] Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1967   Rod Laver   Andrés Gimeno 4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 7–5[3] Longwood Cricket Club Grass
Open Era
1968   Rod Laver   John Newcombe 6–4, 6–4, 9–7 Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1969   Rod Laver   John Newcombe 7–5, 6–2, 4–6, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1970   Tony Roche   Rod Laver 3–6, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1971   Ken Rosewall   Cliff Drysdale 6–4, 6–3, 6–0 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1972   Bob Lutz   Tom Okker 6–4, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1973   Jimmy Connors   Arthur Ashe 6–3, 4–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1974   Björn Borg   Tom Okker 7–6, 6–1, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1975   Björn Borg   Guillermo Vilas 6–3, 6–4, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1976   Björn Borg   Harold Solomon 6–7, 6–4, 6–1, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1977   Manuel Orantes   Eddie Dibbs 7–6, 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1978   Manuel Orantes   Harold Solomon 6–4, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1979   José Higueras   Hans Gildemeister 6–3, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1980   Eddie Dibbs   José Luis Clerc 6–2, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1981   José Luis Clerc   Hans Gildemeister 0–6, 6–2, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1982   Guillermo Vilas   Mel Purcell 6–4, 6–0 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1983   José Luis Clerc   Jimmy Arias 6–3, 3–6, 6–0 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1984   Aaron Krickstein   José Luis Clerc 7–6, 3–6, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1985   Mats Wilander   Martín Jaite 6–2, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1986   Andrés Gómez   Martín Jaite 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1987   Mats Wilander   Kent Carlsson 7–6, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1988   Thomas Muster   Lawson Duncan 6–2, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1989   Andrés Gómez   Mats Wilander 6–1, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1990c   Martín Jaite   Libor Němeček 7–5, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1991   Andrés Gómez   Andrei Cherkasov 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1992   Ivan Lendl   Richey Reneberg 6–3, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1993   Ivan Lendl   Todd Martin 5–7, 6–3, 7–6 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1994   Ivan Lendl   MaliVai Washington 7–5, 7–6 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1995 Not completed due to rain
1996 Not held
1997   Sjeng Schalken   Marcelo Ríos 7–5, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1998   Michael Chang   Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1999   Marat Safin   Greg Rusedski 6–4, 7–6(13–11) Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf

Notes:

a This tournament, the first pro event open to amateur players, is considered by some as both the U.S. Pro Tennis Championship and first "U.S. Open" event (then the U.S. Open was again held from 1938 to 1941 at Greenbrier but as a separate event from the U.S. Pro held in Chicago or in L.A).

b These tournaments from 1950–1962, considered as the U.S. Pro for the season, were billed the World Pro Championship with the exception of 1951, where a separate U.S. Pro and World Pro in Cleveland were held.

r For 1951, the tournament was played under Round Robin format with Segura 4–0 and Gonzalez 3–1 as final standings.

v For 1955-56, the matches were played under Van Alen scoring system.

c From 1990 to 1995, the U.S. Pro event appears to have been an exhibition and not part of the ATP tour.

DoublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1970   Roy Emerson
  Rod Laver
  Ismail El Shafei
  Torben Ulrich
6–1, 7–6
1971   Roy Emerson
  Rod Laver
  Tom Okker
  Marty Riessen
6–4, 6–4
1972   John Newcombe
  Tony Roche
  Arthur Ashe
  Robert Lutz
6–3, 1–6, 7–6
1973[5]   Stan Smith
  Erik Van Dillen
  Ismail El Shafei
  Marty Riessen
4–6, 6–4, 7–5
1974   Robert Lutz
  Stan Smith
  Hans-Jürgen Pohmann
  Marty Riessen
3–6, 6–4, 6–3
1975   Brian Gottfried
  Raúl Ramírez
  John Andrews
  Mike Estep
4–6, 6–3, 7–6
1976   Ray Ruffels
  Allan Stone
  Mike Cahill
  John Whitlinger
3–6, 6–3, 7–6
1977   Robert Lutz
  Stan Smith
  Brian Gottfried
  Bob Hewitt
6–3, 6–4
1978   Víctor Pecci
  Balázs Taróczy
  Heinz Günthardt
  Van Winitsky
6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1979   Syd Ball
  Kim Warwick
  Heinz Günthardt
  Pavel Složil
Not played
1980   Gene Mayer
  Sandy Mayer
  Hans Gildemeister
  Andrés Gómez
1–6, 6–4, 6–4
1981   Raúl Ramírez
  Pavel Složil
  Hans Gildemeister
  Andrés Gómez
6–4, 7–6
1982   Craig Wittus
  Steve Meister
  Freddie Sauer
  Schalk Van Der Merwe
6–2, 6–3
1983   Mark Dickson
  Cássio Motta
  Hans Gildemeister
  Belus Prajoux
7–5, 6–3
1984   Ken Flach
  Robert Seguso
  Gary Donnelly
  Ernie Fernandez
6–4, 6–4
1985   Libor Pimek
  Slobodan Živojinović
  Peter McNamara
  Paul McNamee
2–6, 6–4, 7–6
1986   Hans Gildemeister
  Andrés Gómez
  Dan Cassidy
  Mel Purcell
4–6, 7–5, 6–0
1987   Hans Gildemeister
  Andrés Gómez
  Mats Wilander
  Joakim Nyström
7–6, 3–6, 6–1
1988   Jorge Lozano
  Todd Witsken
  Bruno Orešar
  Jaime Yzaga
6–2, 7–5
1989   Andrés Gómez
  Alberto Mancini
  Todd Nelson
  Phil Williamson
7–6, 6–2
1990–96 Not held
1997   Jacco Eltingh
  Paul Haarhuis
  Dave Randall
  Jack Waite
6–3, 7–6(7–3)
1998   Jacco Eltingh
  Paul Haarhuis
  Chris Haggard
  Jack Waite
6–3, 6–2
1999   Guillermo Cañas
  Martín García
  Marius Barnard
  T. J. Middleton
5–7, 7–6(7–2), 6–3

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. p. 752. ISBN 978-0942257700.
  2. ^ "24 Sep 1927, Page 7, The Brooklyn Daily Eagle". bklyn.newspapers.com.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an "U. S. Pro Championships". www.tennis.co.nf.
  4. ^ "05 Jul 1951, Page 20, The Brooklyn Daily Eagle". bklyn.newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Connors Upsets Ashe". The Logansport Press. Logansport, IN. United Press Int. 1973-07-24. Retrieved 2015-10-11.