Union for Peru

Union for Peru (Spanish: Unión por el Perú) is a Peruvian political party founded by Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, an ex-UN Secretary General, in 1994 to run for the Presidency of Peru in the 1995 general elections. Originally a social democratic party, the party became the main political home of the Peruvian ethnocacerist movement in the late-2010s after a group led by former Army Major Antauro Humala joined the party. Humala later formed the Patriotic Front in 2018 and contested the 2021 general elections.

Union for Peru
Unión por el Perú
AbbreviationUPP
LeaderAntauro Humala
PresidentAldo Estrada Choque
Secretary-GeneralJosé Vega Antonio
FounderJavier Pérez de Cuéllar
Founded21 September 1994; 27 years ago (1994-09-21)
HeadquartersLima, Peru
IdeologyPopulism
Ethnocacerism[1][2][3]
Left-wing nationalism
Third Position
Factions:
Progressivism
Reformism[4]
Historical:
Social democracy
Social liberalism
Political positionSyncretic
(Economic: Far-left
Social: Far-right)
Historical:
Centre to centre-left
National affiliationNational Solidarity Alliance (2010-2011)
Colors    Indigo, Red, Orange
Congress
0 / 130
Governorships
0 / 25
Regional Councillors
4 / 274
Province Mayorships
1 / 196
District Mayorships
17 / 1,874
Website
upp.pe*

HistoryEdit

Union for Peru was founded in 1994 by the former Secretary General of the United Nations, the diplomat Javier Pérez de Cuéllar together with Daniel Estrada Pérez and José Vega Antonio, to participate in the elections generals of 1995, against the-then dictator Alberto Fujimori, who was running for reelection.

At the elections held on 9 April 2000, the party nominated former Fujimorist first vice president Máximo San Román as its presidential candidate, but he performed poorly in the elections placing last with 0.3% of the popular vote but in the legislative elections, the party won 2.6% of the popular vote and only 3 out of 120 seats in the Congress of the Republic, a decrease of 14. During this parliamentary period, UPP made an alliance with the Popular Action bench in the legislature and both showed their opposition to the dictatorship of Alberto Fujimori.

Shortly after Alberto Fujimori won the 2000 elections amid accusations of electoral fraud, he decided to resign after the "Vladivideos" scandal and call general elections for 2001.

At the legislative elections held on 8 April 2001, the party won 4.1% of the popular vote and 6 out of 120 seats in the Congress of the Republic. However, they did not present a presidential candidate for that year's elections.

In the 2006 elections, Union for Peru aligned itself with the Peruvian Nationalist Party and endorsed Ollanta Humala, who faced Alan García in the presidential runoff election. In the congressional election, the alliance won with 21.2% of popular vote, and 45 out of 120 seats in the Congress. However, after the elections, the alliance split and the Nationalist sat on their own bench with Union for Peru sitting in their own bench too.

In the 2011 elections, the party joined forces with the National Solidarity Party to form the National Solidarity Alliance to support the presidential candidacy of former Lima Mayor Luis Castañeda Lossio. The alliance placed fifth at both the presidential and parliamentary election, attaining 9 out of 130 seats, with Vicente Zeballos and Martin Belaunde Moreya as the only two elected congressman from Union for Peru. The party would retain its alliance with the National Solidarity Party for the 2016 elections as well, jointly nominating Hernando Guerra García but the ticket withdrew due to its low support at national polls and fears of losing its status as a political party. In the 2020 snap parliamentary elections, the party won 6.8% of the vote and 13 seats out of 130 seats in the Congress after almost four years of absence in Congress. In the 2021 elections, the party nominated the party Secretary-General José Vega for the Presidency, but, he was disqualified on 29 December 2020, because of incomplete information regarding income on the nominees registration form, but he was reinstated on 6 February 2021.[5] On the Election Day, Vega places 14th with 0.7% of the vote, while in the Congressional election, the party lost all of its 13 seats and only won 2.1% of the vote and the party is expected to lose its party registration.[6][7][8]

The party's current Secretary-General is José Vega Antonio.

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Year Candidate Party / Coalition Votes Percentage Outcome
1995 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar   Union for Peru 1 624 566
21.81
2nd
2000 Máximo San Román   Union for Peru 36 543
0.33
9th
2006 Ollanta Humala   Union for Peru

UPP-PNP

1st Round:
3 758 258
1st Round:
30.62
1st Round:
1st
2nd Round:
6 270 080
47.37
2nd Round:
2nd
2011 Luis Castañeda   National Solidarity Alliance

SN-C90-TPP-SU-UPP

1 440 143
9.83
5th
2016 Hernando Guerra García National Solidarity-UPP Electoral Alliance Ticket withdrawn N/A N/A
2021 José Vega   Union for Peru 99,321
0.70
14th

Elections to the Congress of the RepublicEdit

Election Votes % Number of seats  /  Position
1995 611 804 14.0%
17 / 120
  17 Minority
2000 254 582 2.6%
3 / 120
  14 Minority
2001 390 236 4.1%
6 / 120
  3 Minority
2006 2 274 739 as part of PNP - UPP electoral alliance. 20 were from UPP. 21.1%
45 / 120
  14 Minority
2011 1 311 766 as part of National Solidarity Alliance. Only 2 from Union for Peru. 10.2%
9 / 130
  18 Minority
2016 List withdrawn N/A   N/A
2020 1 001 716 6.8%
13 / 130
  13 Minority
2021 266 349 2.07%
0 / 130
  13 Extra-parliamentary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "¿Qué es el movimiento etnocacerista?". ArchivoRevista Ideele (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  2. ^ Cifuentes, Cristina (2020-11-15). "Antauro Humala: El líder antisistema de la política peruana". La Tercera. Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  3. ^ "Partido religioso da la sorpresa en Perú: ¿es una amenaza para las reivindicaciones de género?". CIPER Chile (in Spanish). 2020-02-19. Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  4. ^ https://upp.pe/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/IDEARIO-UPP-IX.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ PERÚ, NOTICIAS EL COMERCIO (2021-02-06). "Elecciones 2021: JNE revocó exclusión de plancha presidencial de José Vega y dispuso verificación de hojas de vida de UPP | nndc | POLITICA". El Comercio Perú (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-07.
  6. ^ PERÚ, Empresa Peruana de Servicios Editoriales S. A. EDITORA. "Elecciones 2021: un total de 16 partidos políticos perdería su inscripción". andina.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-23.
  7. ^ "Elecciones 2021: un total de 16 partidos políticos perderían su inscripción en el ROP". elperuano.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-23.
  8. ^ PERU21, NOTICIAS (2021-05-05). "Elecciones Generales de Perú de 2021: Estos partidos perderían inscripción al no pasar valla del 5% tras comicios del 11 de abril nndc | POLITICA". Peru21 (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-23.