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Unification of Hawaii

The Unification of Hawai'i (1782–1810) was a civil war in the Hawai'ian Islands fought over control of the entire island chain. At the time of European contact, the islands were divided amongst competing Ali'i, or high chiefs. The Island of Hawai'i was divided into several districts, Moloka'i, Lana'i, and Kaho'olawe were united under Maui, O'ahu was independent, and Kauai ruled Ni'ihau. The feudal Ali'i often fought wars to gain land and mana; however the introduction of European weapons gave some Ali'i an advantage over others, and they began aggressively taking over their neighbors.

Unification of Hawai‘i
Date1782–1810
LocationHawai'ian Islands
Result

Victory for Kamehameha I

Belligerents
Kingdom of Hawai'i Kingdom of Maui
Ka'u District
Kohala District
Hilo District
Kingdom of Kauai
Kingdom of O'ahu
Commanders and leaders
Kamehameha I
Keli'imaika'i
Ke'eaumoku Papa'iahiahi
Keawe-a-Heulu
Kame'eiamoku
Kekūhaupiʻo
Nahili
Kamanawa
Keeaumoku II
Isaac Davis
John Young
Kiwala'o
Keoua Kuahuula
Keawemauhili
Kahekili II
Kalanikupule
Kamakahelei
Kaumuali'i
Kahahana

First the big island was consolidated by Kamehameha I after overthrowing his uncle for control of the Kona Hawaii. Meanwhile, the Kingdom of Maui invaded and conquered O'ahu. With Hawai'i united under his rule, Kamehameha eventually invaded Maui. Before he could successfully invade the last two remaining islands, the paramount Chief of Kaua'i, Kaumuali'i, negotiated a peace that submitted the islands to Hawai'ian rule.[1]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rapp, Claudia (23 July 2004). A PARADISE LOST: MAPPING CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE FROM HAWAI’I. p. 259. Retrieved 16 September 2014.