Kalanikauleleiaiwi was a Chiefess on the island of Hawaiʻi in the late 17th century and early 18th century. She was considered to be the co-ruler of the island of Hawaiʻi with her half-brother, Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku, the 21st King of Hawaii. Their shared mother was Keakealaniwahine, the ruling Queen of Hawaii. Their son, Keʻeaumoku Nui, was considered the highest rank of Piʻo and the rightful successor in rank to his father and mother.
|House||House of Keawe|
Kalanikauleleiaiwi was considered to have higher rank than her half-brother and co-ruler, owing to her paternal descent from the Oʻahu dynasty of Kākuhihewa. Her father was their mother's half-brother Kāneikaiwilani, who was the son of Iwikauikaua and Kauākahikuaʻanaʻauakāne of Oʻahu. Both her parents shared the father High Chief Iwikauikaua of Oʻahu (whose symbol was a torch burned at midday, later copied by his descendant Kalākaua).
Her family background has been compared to that of Keōpūolani, with the political power and influence of Kaʻahumanu. She had four husbands and was the great-grandmother of king Kamehameha I who founded the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi.
Marriages and descendantsEdit
Kalanikauleleiaiwi had four husbands and had children by all of them.
Her first marriage was with Kaulahea II, the king of Maui, in her early youth. For unknown reasons, she left him and returned to the island of Hawaiʻi. Their daughter was Kekūʻiapoiwa. Kekūʻiapoiwa remained on Maui and married her half-brother Kekaulike, founding the Kekaulike Dynasty of Maui which produced many chief politicians and nobles in the early days of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi.
On returning to the land of her mother, she married her half-brother, to whom she bore a son and a daughter Kekelaokalani I.
Her fourth and last husband was the High Chief Lonoikahaupu, one of the highest ranking chiefs of Kauaʻi and a fifth generation descendant of Kahakumakapāweo. With him she had her last children, Keawepoepoe and Kanoena, who were the parents of Kameʻeiamoku and Kamanawa; another son of Keawepoepoe (with different mother) was Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi. These three, together with Keawe-a-Heulu, were the four principal chiefs that assisted Kamehameha I to conquer and consolidate the Hawaiian Islands, and who became his counsellors after the conquest.
Her descendants are among the forefathers of several Hawaiian royal houses:
|Ancestors of Kalanikauleleiaiwi|
- Abraham Fornander (1880). An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origin and Migrations. Volume 2. Republished by Charles E. Tuttle Company, 1969. pp. 131–132.