Kameʻeiamoku

Kameʻeiamoku (died 1802) was a Hawaiian high chief and the Counselor of State to King Kamehameha I. He was called Kamehameha's uncle, but he was really the cousin of Kamehameha's mother, Kekuiapoiwa II.

Kameʻeiamoku
Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii.svg
On the right is Kameʻeiamoku
Died1802
Puʻuki, Lahaina, Maui
SpouseKamakaʻeheikuli
Kealiʻiokahekili
Kahikoloa of Kauaʻi
Puhipuhiʻili
Kauhilanahonua
IssueKepoʻokalani
Ulumāheihei Hoapili
Hoʻolulu
Loe-wahine
Kekikipaʻa
FatherKeawepoepoe
MotherKanoena

Birth and ancestryEdit

Along with his twin brother Kamanawa, Kameʻeiamoku's parents were the keiki aliʻi (prince or child of a chief[1]), Keawepoepoe and Kanoena (w). As the son of Kalanikauleleiaiwi and Lonoikahaupu, monarch's of several kingdoms between them, Keawepoepoe was an aliʻi (noble) of Hawaii, Maui, Oahu and Kauai.[2] As well being an aliʻi nui (great king or supreme monarch) Lonoikahaupu was a kahuna (priest) of the order of Lono (order of Nahulu or Holoa'e), one of two priestly orders, Kū (Kuali'i or Kauali'i) being the other.[3] Through this union Keawepoepoe received the kapu o pahenakalani (the prostrating kapu) which is how the Hawaii aliʻi received the kapu (a religious code of conduct) called the kapu moe.[2]

Fornander identifies their mother, Kanoena, as the daughter of Lonoanahulu from the Ehu ohana (family).[4] Almira Hollander Pitman refers to Kanoena in 1931 as Keawepoepoe's cousin.[5] However, in the Hawaiian Genealogy book volume 44: "Eia ka lani ke koi pae moku ka lauhulu paoki o ka aina", it shows Lonoanahulu marrying Hikuakanaloauuoo and having Manohili who marries Halao, which is the couple that has Kanoena. That would make Lonoanahulua Kanoena's grandfather.[6] Kamakau lists Mano-hili as one of the men who assisted Kameʻeiamoku in his attack on the Fair American.[7] Fornander also refers to Lonoanahulu, along with the Kameʻeiamoku and Kamanawa in regards to lands passed down to them from Liloa;

"Liloa, [king of Hawaii], gave Kekaha in Kona, Hawaii, to Laeanuikekaumanamana in perpetuity, and it descended to his grandchildren through Kualii, Kauluoaonana, Wahulu, Lonoanahulu, etc. to Kameeiamoku and Kamanawa. Umi likewise gave Kapalilua, in South Kona, to his child Kapunanahuanui-a-Umi, from whom it descended through Ua, Iwikaualii, lama to Keeaumoku".[8]

The Metcalfes, the Eleanora and the Fair AmericanEdit

In 1790, the American maritime fur trader Simon Metcalfe of the ship Eleanora mistreated Kameʻeiamoku when he boarded his ship. Metcalfe later fired his cannons on the villagers of Olowalu, killing about one hundred. In retaliation, Kameʻeiamoku attacked the next American ship to appear, the schooner Fair American, under the command of Thomas Humphrey Metcalfe, the son of Simon Metcalfe. All but one of the schooner's crew was killed, including Thomas Humphrey Metcalfe. The lone survivor was Welsh sailor Isaac Davis. Another sailor from the Eleanora, Englishman John Young, was sent ashore to find out what happened, and was also captured. Davis and Young would both become military advisors and translators for Kamehameha.[9]

Kameʻeiamoku participated in negotiating a treaty in February 1795 with George Vancouver for British support of Kamehameha.[10]

Kamehameha and the unification of the islandsEdit

Kameʻeiamoku and his twin Kamanawa were among the four great aliʻi warriors of Kona to support Kamehameha I in his rebellion against his cousin Kīwalaʻō; the other two being their half brother Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi, and Keawe-a-Heulu.[11] These were known as the "Four Kona chiefs".[12] They, along with Kamehameha's kumu (teacher) of Kapu Kuialua named Kekūhaupiʻo, were the center of the war council for Kamehameha when he took power in the battle of Mokuʻōhai in 1782, which strengthened his influence.

FamilyEdit

Kameʻeiamoku had three or four wives and at least three sons. His first wife, Kamakaʻeheikuli, was the mother of Kepoʻokalani (c. 1760–?) who was the double great-grandfather of the last two monarchs of the Kingdom. His second wife Kealiʻiokahekili was the mother of Ulumāheihei Hoapili (c. 1776–1840). His third wife Kahikoloa was mother of Hoʻolulu (1794–?).[13][14] Kameʻeiamoku's descendants succeeded him in assisting Kamehameha after his death in 1802 in Lahaina on Maui.[15]

LegacyEdit

Through his son Kepoʻokalani came the House of Kalākaua.[16] One of his other sons Hoʻolulu would be the father of Kinoʻole o Liliha who married the notable American businessman Benjamin Pitman. Daughter Kekikipaa would marry Kamehameha I, but then marry Keawemauhili and become the mother of High Chiefess Kapiʻolani.

He lives on the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii. On each side of the coat of arms was the figure of a chief in a feather cloak and a feather helmet. The one on the left, bearing a spear, was Kamanawa and the one on the right, with a Kahili (feather standard), was Kameʻeiamoku.[17] The land he was given in 1795 was used by his granddaughter Kuini Liliha, who donated it to Christian missionaries. It eventually became Punahou School in 1841.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mary Māmaka Kaiao Kuleana kope. "Hawaiian Dictionaries". University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 2019-08-02.
  2. ^ a b McKinzie 1986, p. 102.
  3. ^ Sahlins 1996, p. 256.
  4. ^ Fornander, Abraham (1880). An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I. Trubner & Company. pp. 154–. Kameeuiamoku and Kamanawa, the twin children of Keawepoepoe", "..I have had access to represent them as sons of Keawepoepoe and Kanoena ; the former a son of Kalanikauleleiaiwi and her Kauai husband Lonoikahaupu ; the latter a daughter of Lonoanahulu, of the great Ehu family.
  5. ^ Pitman 1931, pp. 151–152.
  6. ^ "Ulukau: Genealogy book volume 44: Eia ka lani ke koi pae moku ka lauhulu paoki o ka aina". Retrieved 2020-09-29.
  7. ^ Samuel Manaiakalani Kamakau (1992). Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii. Kamehameha Schools Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-87336-014-2.
  8. ^ Fornander, Abraham (1920). Fornander collection of Hawaiian antiquities and folk-lore ... Bishop Museum Press. p. 320.
  9. ^ "A Cultural History of Three Traditional Hawaiian Sites on the West Coast of Hawaiʻi Island" by Diane Lee Rhodes, on National Park Service web site
  10. ^ Cummins Speakman and Rhoda Hackler (1989). "Vancouver in Hawaii". Hawaiian Journal of History. Hawaiian Historical Society, Honolulu. 23. hdl:10524/121.
  11. ^ Day, Arthur Grove (1984). History Makers of Hawaii: A Biographical Dictionary. Mutual Publishing of Honolulu. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-935180-09-1.
  12. ^ Lawrence, Mary S. (1912). Old Time Hawaiians and Their Work. Ginn. p. 126.
  13. ^ McKinzie 1986, pp. 70–72.
  14. ^ "Kameeiamoku, (k)". Our Family History and Ancestry. Families of Old Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-03.
  15. ^ a b William De Witt Alexander, ed. (1907). "Historical Sketch of Oahu College". Oahu college: list of trustees, presidents, instructors, matrons, librarians. Hawaiian Gazette Company for Punahou School. p. 3.
  16. ^ Kalākaua Chart Archived 2008-02-16 at the Wayback Machine on the Royal Family of Hawaii official web Site
  17. ^ Taylor, Albert Pierce (1922). Under Hawaiian Skies: A Narrative of the Romance, Adventure and History of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu: Advertiser Publishing Company, Ltd. p. 326. OCLC 479709.

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