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List of monarchs of Hawaii

Monarchy of Hawaiʻi
Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii.svg
Details
Style See below
First monarch Kamehameha I
Last monarch Liliʻuokalani
Formation 1795
Abolition 1893
Residence ʻIolani Palace (1845–1893)

Kamehameha I established the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1795 after conquering most of the Hawaiian archipelago. In 1810, Kaumualii became a vassal of Kamehameha I, who therefore emerged as the sole sovereign of the island chain of Hawaiʻi. His dynasty lasted until 1872, and Kingdom of Hawaii lasted until 1893, when Queen Liliuokalani, of the Kalākaua Dynasty, was deposed by a pro-United States led overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii. On November 23, 1993, the Congress passed Public Law 103-150, also known as the Apology Resolution, acknowledging the American role in the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy. President Bill Clinton signed the joint resolution the same day.

Contents

Hawaiian Monarchs (1795–1893)Edit

Kamehameha Dynasty (1795–1872)Edit

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Kamehameha I
Spring, 1795 – May 8, 1819
  c. 1758
Moʻokini Heiau, Kohala, Hawaiʻi island
son of Keōua and Kekuʻiapoiwa
various May 8, 1819
Kamakahonu, Kailua-Kona, Kona, Hawaiʻi island
aged 61?
Kamehameha II
May 20, 1819 – July 14, 1824
  c. 1797
Hilo, Hawaiʻi island
son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani
(1) Kamāmalu
(2) Kīnaʻu
(3) Kekāuluohi
(4) Kalanipauahi
(5) Kekauʻōnohi
(6) Kekai Haʻakulou
July 14, 1824
Caledonian Hotel, London, England
aged 27
Kamehameha III
June 6, 1825 – December 15, 1854
  August 11, 1813
Keauhou Bay, North Kona, Hawaiʻi island
son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani
Kalama
Honolulu, Oʻahu
14 February 1837
two sons
December 15, 1854
Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 41
Kamehameha IV
January 11, 1855 – November 30, 1863
  February 9, 1834
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological son of Kekūanāoʻa and Kīnaʻu and hānai son of Kamehameha III and Kalama
Emma Rooke
Kawaiahaʻo Church, Honolulu, Oʻahu
19 June 1856
one son
November 30, 1863
Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 29
Kamehameha V
November 30, 1863 – December 11, 1872
  December 11, 1830
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological son of Kekūanāoʻa and Kīnaʻu and hānai son of Nāhiʻenaʻena (later) Hoapili and Kaheiheimālie
Never married December 11, 1872
ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 42
Lunalilo
January 8, 1873 – February 3, 1874
  January 31, 1835
Pohukaina, Honolulu, Oʻahu
son of Kanaʻina and Kekāuluohi
Never married February 3, 1874
Haimoeipo, Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 39

Kalākaua Dynasty (1874–1893)Edit

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Kalākaua
February 12, 1874 – January 20, 1891
  November 16, 1836
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological son of Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole and hānai son of Kinimaka and Haʻaheo
Kapiʻolani
December 19, 1863
January 20, 1891
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California, United States
aged 54
Liliʻuokalani
January 29, 1891 – January 17, 1893
  September 2, 1838
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological daughter of Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole and hānai daughter of Pākī and Kōnia
John Owen Dominis
ʻAikupika, Haleakala Estate, Honolulu, Oʻahu
September 16, 1862
November 11, 1917
Washington Place, Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 79

StylesEdit

Period Style Used by
1795–1852 Hawaiian: Aliʻi Nui
English: High Chief[1][2]
Meaning: Originally meaning "Great Chief" of a single island[3][4] (not the same as a European king)[3]
Kamehameha I,
Kamehameha II,
Kamehameha III
1852–1887 Hawaiian: Aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: Monarch of the Hawaiian Islands
Kamehameha III,
Kamehameha IV,
Kamehameha V,
Lunalilo,
Kalākaua
1863–1887 Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Ke Aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, the Monarch of the Hawaiian Islands
Kamehameha IV,
Kamehameha V,
Lunalilo,
Kalākaua,
Liliuokalani I
1887–1891 Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Moʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, King of the Hawaiian Islands
Kalākaua
1891–1893 Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Moʻi Wahine o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, Queen of the Hawaiian Islands
Liliuokalani

TimelineEdit

LiliuokalaniKalākauaLunaliloKamehameha VKamehameha IVKamehameha IIIKamehameha IIKamehameha IHouse of KalākauaHouse of Kamehameha 

Family TreeEdit

 
Lonomaaikanaka
 
Keawe II
1665–1754
Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi
 
 
 
Kalanikauleleiaiwi
 
 
 
Lonoikahaupu
Aliʻi of Kauaʻi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kaiʻinamao
Aliʻi of Kaʻū
 
Kamakaʻimoku
 
Keeaumoku Nui
Aliʻi of Kona
 
 
 
Keawepoepoe
 
Kanoena
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kalaniʻōpuʻu
1729–1782
Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi
 
Kalola
1735–1790
 
Keōua
?–1767
 
 
Kekuʻiapoiwa II
?–1809
 
 
 
Kamakaʻeheikuli
 
Kameʻeiamoku
?–1802
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kīwalaʻō
1760–1782
Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi
 
Kekuʻiapoiwa Liliha
1746–1815
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kepoʻokalani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keōpūolani
1778–1823
 
Kamehameha I
1758–1819
(1795–1819)
 
Kalākua
Kaheiheimālie

1778–1842
 
Kalaimamahu
?–1820
 
 
Kamanawa ʻŌpio
1785–1840
 
ʻAikanaka
1790–1868
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kamehameha II
1797–1824
(1819–1824)
 
Kamehameha III
1813–1854
(1825–1854)
 
Kaʻahumanu II
1805–1839
 
Kaʻahumanu III
1795–1885
 
 
Kapaʻakea
1815–1866
 
Keohokālole
1816–1869
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kamehameha IV
1834–1863
(1855–1863)
 
Kamehameha V
1830–1872
(1863–1872)
 
Kaʻahumanu IV
1838–1866
 
Lunalilo
1835–1874
(1873–1874)
 
 
Kalākaua
1836–1891
(1874–1891)
 
Liliʻuokalani
1838–1917
(1891–1893)
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roger S. Gottlieb (7 November 2003). This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment. Routledge. pp. 126–. ISBN 978-1-136-91539-0. 
  2. ^ Mary Māmaka Kaiao Kuleana kope. "Hawaiian Dictionaries". University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 2014-10-05. 
  3. ^ a b e. Craighill Handy (15 December 1989). Ancient Hawaiian Civilization: A Series of Lectures Delivered at THE KAMEHAMEHA SCHOOLS. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-1-4629-0438-9. 
  4. ^ Margaret Jolly (1989). Family and Gender in the Pacific: Domestic Contradictions and the Colonial Impact. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-521-34667-2. 

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit