List of governors of Hawaii

Governor of Hawaii
Ke Kiaʻaina o Hawaiʻi
Flag of the Governor of Hawaii.svg
Gubernatorial Standard
Governor David Ige (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
David Ige

since December 1, 2014
ResidenceWashington Place
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
PrecursorGovernor of Hawaii Territory
Inaugural holderWilliam F. Quinn
FormationAugust 21, 1959
(62 years ago)
 (1959-08-21)
DeputyLieutenant Governor of Hawaii
WebsiteOffice of the Governor
Flag of the Governor before Statehood in 1959

The governor of the State of Hawaii is the head of government of Hawaii,[1] and commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws;[2] the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Hawaii Legislature;[3] the power to convene the legislature;[4] and the power to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.[2]

Of the eight governors of the state, two have been elected to three terms, four have been elected to two terms, and one has been elected to one term. No state governor has yet resigned or died in office, nor did any territorial governor die in office. George Ariyoshi was the first Asian American to be governor of any U.S. state. The current governor is Democrat David Ige, who took office on December 1, 2014.

The longest-serving governors are John A. Burns (1962–1974) and George Ariyoshi (1974–1986), both of whom served 12 years each.

GovernorsEdit

The Republic of Hawaii was annexed by the United States in 1898. It was organized into Hawaii Territory in 1900, and admitted as a state in 1959. The Republic had only one president, Sanford B. Dole, who later was the first territorial governor.

Governors of Hawaii TerritoryEdit

Hawaii Territory was organized on June 14, 1900, remaining a territory for 59 years. Twelve people served as territorial governor, appointed by the president of the United States.

Governors of the Territory of Hawaii
No. Governor Term in office Appointed by Notes
1   Sanford B. Dole
    April 23, 1844 – June 9, 1926   
(aged 82)
June 14, 1900

November 23, 1903
William McKinley [a]
2   George R. Carter
    December 28, 1866 – February 11, 1933   
(aged 66)
November 23, 1903[6]

August 15, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt [b]
3   Walter F. Frear
    October 29, 1863 – January 22, 1948   
(aged 84)
August 15, 1907[8]

November 30, 1913
4   Lucius E. Pinkham
    September 19, 1850 – November 2, 1922   
(aged 72)
November 30, 1913[9]

June 22, 1918
Woodrow Wilson
5   Charles J. McCarthy
    August 4, 1861 – November 26, 1929   
(aged 68)
June 22, 1918[10]

July 5, 1921
6   Wallace Rider Farrington
    May 3, 1871 – October 6, 1933   
(aged 62)
July 5, 1921[11]

July 6, 1929
Warren G. Harding
7   Lawrence M. Judd
    March 20, 1887 – October 4, 1968   
(aged 81)
July 6, 1929[12]

March 2, 1934
Herbert Hoover
8   Joseph Poindexter
    April 14, 1869 – December 3, 1951   
(aged 82)
March 2, 1934[13]

August 24, 1942
Franklin D. Roosevelt [c]
9   Ingram Stainback
    May 12, 1883 – April 12, 1961   
(aged 77)
August 24, 1942[15]

May 8, 1951
[d]
10   Oren E. Long
    March 4, 1889 – May 6, 1965   
(aged 76)
May 8, 1951[18]

February 28, 1953
Harry S. Truman
11   Samuel Wilder King
    December 17, 1886 – March 24, 1959   
(aged 72)
February 28, 1953[19]

July 26, 1957
Dwight D. Eisenhower [e]
12   William F. Quinn
    July 13, 1919 – August 28, 2006   
(aged 87)
August 29, 1957[21]

August 21, 1959

Governors of the State of HawaiiEdit

Hawaii was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959, consisting of Hawaii Territory minus Palmyra Atoll. Since then, there have been eight governors.

The governor is elected to a four-year term commencing on the first Monday in the December following the election. The lieutenant governor is elected for the same term and, since 1964, on the same ticket as the governor.[1][22] The 1978 constitutional convention established a term limit of two consecutive terms for both offices.[1] If the office of governor is vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor; if the governor is out of the state or unable to fulfill duties, the lieutenant governor acts as governor during such absence or disability.[23]

Governors of the State of Hawaii[f]
No. Governor Term of office Party Election Lt. Governor[g]
1     William F. Quinn
    July 13, 1919 – August 28, 2006   
(aged 87)
August 21, 1959

December 3, 1962
(lost election)
Republican 1959   James Kealoha
2   John A. Burns
    March 30, 1909 – April 5, 1975   
(aged 66)
December 3, 1962

December 2, 1974
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1962 William S. Richardson
1966 Thomas Gill
1970 George Ariyoshi
3   George Ariyoshi
    (1926-03-12) March 12, 1926 (age 96)
December 2, 1974

December 1, 1986
(term limited)
Democratic 1974 Nelson Doi
1978 Jean King
1982 John D. Waiheʻe III
4   John D. Waiheʻe III
    (1946-05-19) May 19, 1946 (age 76)
December 1, 1986

December 5, 1994
(term limited)
Democratic 1986 Ben Cayetano
1990
5   Ben Cayetano
    (1939-11-14) November 14, 1939 (age 82)
December 5, 1994

December 2, 2002
(term limited)
Democratic 1994 Mazie Hirono
1998
6   Linda Lingle
    (1953-06-04) June 4, 1953 (age 68)
December 2, 2002

December 6, 2010
(term limited)
Republican 2002 Duke Aiona
2006
7   Neil Abercrombie
    (1938-06-26) June 26, 1938 (age 83)
December 6, 2010

December 1, 2014
(not candidate for election)[h]
Democratic 2010 Brian Schatz
(resigned December 26, 2012)
Vacant
Shan Tsutsui
(took office December 27, 2012)
(resigned January 31, 2018)
8   David Ige
    (1957-01-15) January 15, 1957 (age 65)
December 1, 2014

present[i]
Democratic 2014
Vacant
Doug Chin
(took office February 2, 2018)
2018 Josh Green

Living former governors of HawaiiEdit

As of March 2022, five former U.S. governors of Hawaii are currently living, the oldest being George Ariyoshi (served 1974-1986, born 1926). The most recent U.S. governor of Hawaii to die was William F. Quinn (served 1959-1962), on August 28, 2006.[25] The most recently serving governor to die was John A. Burns (served 1962-1974), on April 5, 1975.[26]

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
George Ariyoshi 1974–1986 (1926-03-12) March 12, 1926 (age 96)
Neil Abercrombie 2010-2014 (1938-06-26) June 26, 1938 (age 83)
Ben Cayetano 1994–2002 (1939-11-14) November 14, 1939 (age 82)
John D. Waiheʻe III 1986-1994 (1946-05-19) May 19, 1946 (age 76)
Linda Lingle 2002-2010 (1953-06-04) June 4, 1953 (age 68)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Dole resigned to take a seat on the United States District Court for Hawaii Territory.[5]
  2. ^ Carter's term was to have ended November 23, 1907, but he had stated he did not wish to serve again, so his replacement was appointed early.[7]
  3. ^ Poindexter remained in office for several months after his term expired until his successor was confirmed.[14]
  4. ^ Stainback had little power until October 24, 1944, as his predecessor had declared martial law on December 7, 1941, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, delegating executive authority to the military.[16] During the military rule, the territory was governed by Lieutenant Generals Walter Short, Delos Emmons, and Robert C. Richardson, Jr.[17]
  5. ^ King resigned immediately when denied a second term by President Eisenhower.[20]
  6. ^ Data is sourced from the National Governors Association, unless supplemental references are required.
  7. ^ All lieutenant governors have represented the same party as their governor.
  8. ^ Abercrombie lost the Democratic nomination to David Ige.[24]
  9. ^ Ige's second term will expire on December 5, 2022; He will be term limited.

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Office of the Governor". Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  • "Previous Governors of Hawaiʻi". Office of the Governor. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  • "Hawaii: Past Governors Bios". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
Constitution
Specific
  1. ^ a b c HI Const. art. V, § 1
  2. ^ a b c HI Const. art. V, § 5
  3. ^ HI Const. art. IV, § 16
  4. ^ HI Const. art. IV, § 10
  5. ^ "Confirmed by the Senate". The New York Times. November 24, 1903. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  6. ^ "Carter Takes the Oath". The Washington Post. November 24, 1903. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  7. ^ "Gov. Carter will Quit". The New York Times. June 9, 1907. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
  8. ^ "New Governor of Hawaii". The Washington Post. August 16, 1907. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  9. ^ "Approved as Hawaii Governor". The New York Times. November 30, 1913. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  10. ^ All about Hawaii. Star-Bulletin Printing Co. 1960. p. 148. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  11. ^ All about Hawaii. Star-Bulletin Printing Co. 1960. p. 157. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  12. ^ "Judd is Inaugurated". The New York Times. July 6, 1929. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  13. ^ "Poindexter Takes Office As Governor of Hawaii". The Christian Science Monitor. March 2, 1934. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  14. ^ Dyke, C.Y. (1960). Biographical Sketches of Hawaii's Rulers. First National Bank of Hawaii. p. 35. Retrieved February 23, 2008.
  15. ^ Court Of Claims, United States; Company, West Publishing (1988). "Federal Supplement". 66. West Pub. Co.: 985. Retrieved February 22, 2008. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ Israel, Fred L. (August 1967). "Military Justice in Hawaii 1941–1944". Pacific Historical Review. 36 (3): 243. JSTOR 3637150.
  17. ^ Rankin, Robert S. (May 1944). "Martial Law and the Writ of Habeas Corpus in Hawaii". The Journal of Politics. The Journal of Politics, Vol. 6, No. 2. 6 (2): 213. doi:10.2307/2125272. JSTOR 2125272.
  18. ^ "Hawaii Swears in Long as Governor". The New York Times. May 9, 1951. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  19. ^ "Hawaii Inaugurates King As Its Eleventh Governor". The New York Times. March 1, 1953. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  20. ^ "Hawaii Governor, Denied 2nd Term, Resigns Suddenly". Los Angeles Times. July 26, 1957. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  21. ^ "Gov. Quinn Takes Office in Hawaii". The New York Times. August 30, 1957. Retrieved February 23, 2008.
  22. ^ Tuttle, Jr., Daniel W. (June 1967). "The 1966 Election in Hawaii". The Western Political Quarterly. The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2. 20 (2, part 2): 563. doi:10.2307/446083. JSTOR 446083.
  23. ^ HI Const. art. V, § 4
  24. ^ "Hawaiian Governor Loses Primary by Wide Margin; Senate Race Is Undecided". The New York Times. August 11, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  25. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (2006-08-31). "William F. Quinn, 87, Governor Elected as Hawaii Became State, Is Dead". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  26. ^ "John A. Burns, Former Governor Of Hawaii, 66, Is Dead of Cancer". The New York Times. 1975-04-06. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-02-22.

External linksEdit