He was a son of the Chiefess Kalanikauleleiaiwi and her husband Kauaua-a-Mahi, son of Mahiolole, the great Kohala chief of the Mahi family. He had a brother called Alapainui ("Alapai the Great") and sister Kekuiapoiwa I who became a queen of Maui.
- Edith Kawelohea McKinzie. Hawaiian Genealogies: Extracted from Hawaiian Language Newspapers.
- Abraham Fornander (1880). An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origin and Migrations. Volumen br. 2. Charles E. Tuttle Company, 1969. str. 131–132.
- "Imaginary Portrait of Kalanikauleleiaiwi by Brook Kapukuniahi Parker". Luatechnologies.tumblr.com. 2012-02-23. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-07-30.