|Ali'i Nui of Ka'ū|
|Died||1791 (aged 28–29)|
This meant his older half-brother Kīwalaʻō was in line to inherit the kingdom.
He was not happy, however, to receive no lands after his father died in 1781. He challenged his cousin Kamehameha I, resulting in the Battle of Moku'ohai. He escaped the battle to relatives in the Kaʻū district to the South in 1782. Although Kamehameha controlled the West side of the island, repeated raids never resulted in a clear victory for either side.
In 1790, after escaping another attack, his party was caught in an eruption of Kilauea, and lost two thirds of his army to lava. He was killed in 1791 when Kamehameha invited him to the Puʻukoholā Heiau in Kohala. He was captured in what is sometimes called the Battle of Kawaihae, and Keōua's body offered to sanctify the new temple.
He may have mutilated himself before landing so as to render himself an inappropriate sacrificial victim. As he stepped on shore, one of Kamehameha's chiefs threw a spear at him. By some accounts he dodged it, but was then cut down by musket fire. Caught by surprise, Keōua's bodyguards were killed.
- Kamehameha Genealogy on Hawaiian Roots web site
- Houston, Victor S. K. (1931). "Kamehameha the Great". In Ford, Alexander Hume (ed.). The Mid-Pacific Magazine, Volume 42. T.H., A.H. Ford; Pan-Pacific Union, Pan-Pacific Research Institution. pp. 129–132.
- Elizabeth Kekaaniauokalani Pratt (2009) . History of Keoua Kalanikupuapa-i-nui: father of Hawaii kings, and his descendants. T. H., republished by Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 978-1-104-76661-0.
- Herbert Henry Gowen (1977) . The Napoleon of the Pacific: Kamehameha the Great. Revell, republished AMS Press. ISBN 978-0-404-14221-6.
- Hawaiian Genealogy on Kekoʻolani family web site