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U.S. Route 44 in Connecticut

U.S. Route 44 (US 44) in Connecticut is a 106-mile-long (171 km) east–west U.S. Highway traveling from the New York state line in Salisbury to the Rhode Island state line in Putnam.

U.S. Route 44 marker

U.S. Route 44
Route information
Maintained by ConnDOT
Length106.00 mi[1] (170.59 km)
Existed1935–present
Major junctions
West end US 44 in North East, NY
  Route 8 in Winsted
I-84 / US 6 / I-91 in Hartford
I-384 / US 6 in Manchester
Route 195 in Storrs
I-395 in Putnam
East end US 44 in West Glocester, RI
Location
CountiesLitchfield, Hartford, Tolland, Windham
Highway system
  • Routes in Connecticut
Route 43Route 45
US 44 at the exit where it departs from I-84 in East Hartford.

Route descriptionEdit

For most of its journey through Connecticut, US 44 is known as the Jonathan Trumbull Highway. It is also known by more local names, including Albany Turnpike in Canton, West/East Main Street and Avon Mountain Road in Avon, Albany Avenue through West Hartford into Hartford, Boston Turnpike from Bolton Notch to Ashford, and Providence Pike near the Rhode Island border.

Western ConnecticutEdit

After entering the state from the town of North East, New York just east of the village of Millerton, US 44 is a rural arterial road. It is briefly duplexed with Route 41 for 1.67 miles through the center of Salisbury. After crossing into North Canaan, it is duplexed with US 7 for 0.33 miles through the village of Cannan. After leaving the village, it enters Norfolk, where it has a brief (0.34 mile) duplex with Route 272 in the center of town. After passing through the western part of Colebrook it enters the town of Winchester. As US 44 enters the village of Winsted, it begins a 2.14 mile concurrency with Route 183, 0.33 miles of which is joined by Route 8 in a triplex. At the east end of the village, Route 8 leaves to the south on an expressway, while Route 183 leaves to the south about 100 yards later. US 44 continues southeast through the towns of Barkhamsted, and New Hartford before entering Canton. In Canton, US 44 becomes a 4 lane primary suburban arterial road as it is joined by US 202 for a 4.3 mile concurrency to the center of Avon. As US 202 leaves to the north, US 44 is joined for the next 0.74 miles by Route 10.

Hartford areaEdit

After climbing Avon Mountain, it enters West Hartford, passing along the northern part of the town and becoming an urban street as it entes the northern part of Hartford. After passing along Albany Avenue, and Main Street, US 44 turns east onto a pair of one-way streets (Morgan Street North and Morgan Street South) that straddle I-84 and US 6 and cross under I-91 with the only direct access being from Morgan Street South to I-91 South. US 44 then joins I-84 and US 6 for about 0.25 miles to cross the Connecticut River on the Bulkeley Bridge into East Hartford before exiting almost immediately onto Connecticut Boulevard. It briefly duplexes with US 5 on Main Street in East Harford center before turning east onto Burnside Avenue. After entering Manchester, it meets I-84 once again at Exit 60, and is joined in a concurrency for the next 7 miles by US 6, which leaves its I-84 concurrency at this point.

Eastern ConnecticutEdit

The road then enters Bolton, where it meets the east end of I-384 at Bolton Notch. US 44 and US 6 briefly join the stub end of the expressway before US 6 splits off to the southeast. US 44 becomes more of a secondary rural road as it enters Coventry, where it briefly overlaps with Route 31. It then enters Mansfield, where it meets Route 195, which provides access to the University of Connecticut. After passing through Ashford, and Eastford, it turns north at Route 101 in Pomfret, which provides a more direct route to Providence. Shortly thereafter, Route 169 joins for a 2.25 mile concurrency to the center of town. US 44 once again turns east, and then enters the town of Putnam. After a 0.64 mile concurrency with Route 12, it meets I-395 at Exit 47. 4.66 miles to the east, US 44 crosses the Rhode Island state line into the town of Glocester

HistoryEdit

Most of the alignment of modern US 44 in Connecticut was at one time part of an early network of turnpikes in the state during the 19th century. From the New York state line at Salisbury to the village of Lakeville, the route was the westernmost section of the Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike. Between North Canaan and New Hartford, modern US 44 was known as the Greenwoods Turnpike. The southeastward continuation of the Greenwoods road to the West Hartford-Hartford line was known as the Talcott Mountain Turnpike. From East Hartford to Eastford, the Boston Turnpike was chartered mostly along modern US 44 as the direct route from Hartford to Boston. The Boston Turnpike differed from modern US 44 by using a more direct route between Eastford and Pomfret Center along modern Route 244, while US 44 runs via the village of Abington. Past Pomfret Center, the Boston Turnpike diverged from modern US 44 heading northeast across the town of Thompson. The route through Putnam to the Rhode Island state line was a different turnpike road known as the Pomfret and Killingly Turnpike.

In 1922, the New England states designated route numbers on its main roads. Route 101 was assigned as the route used by the Pomfret and Killingly Turnpike (modern US 44) to Pomfret Center, then modern US 44 to Phoenixville via Abington (short portions of two other turnpike roads), then a road southward from Phoenixville to South Chaplin (modern Route 198), ending at New England Route 3. The direct road connecting Phoenixville to Bolton Notch was designated as Route 109. From Hartford to Bolton Notch, modern US 44 was at the time known as New England Route 3. West of Hartford, modern US 44 was designated as part of New England Route 17, which stretched in Connecticut from North Canaan to Stonington (via modern Route 2). Between the New York state line at Salisbury and North Canaan, the road was known as Route 121.

In 1926, most of New England Route 3 became U.S. Route 6. In the 1932 state highway renumbering, New England Route 17 was broken up into two newly assigned routes: modern Route 2 east of Hartford, and part of Route 101 west of Hartford. Route 101 was reconfigured in 1932 from its 1920s alignment to continue west of Phoenixville along former Route 109, then overlapping with US 6 to Hartford. Route 101 then used the western half of former New England Route 17 to North Canaan where it ended. The road from North Canaan to Salisbury was renumbered in 1932 to Route 199 to match the route number in New York at the time. In 1935, US 44 was designated and utilized Route 101 across the states of Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. Route 199 was also incorporated into the new route, connecting with the New York state line.

In the 1940s, US 44 was relocated along a portion of the Wilbur Cross Highway for several years with the former surface alignment becoming US 44A. The change was later reversed. US 6 was also relocated in East Hartford and Manchester to use I-84 and the overlap between US 6 and US 44 is now only between Manchester and Bolton Notch.

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
LitchfieldLakeville0.000.00  US 44 west – Millerton, AmeniaContinuation into New York
1.181.90  Route 112 east – Lime Rock
Salisbury3.064.92  Route 41 south – SharonSouthern terminus of CT 41 overlap
4.737.61  Route 41 north – Sheffield, MANorthern terminus of CT 41 overlap
North Canaan8.8814.29  Route 126 south – Falls Village
Canaan11.1918.01  US 7 north – Sheffield, MA, Great Barrington, MANorthern terminus of US 7 overlap
11.5218.54  US 7 south – Falls Village, CornwallSouthern terminus of US 7 overlap
Norfolk18.3829.58  Route 272 north – New Marlborough, MANorthern terminus of CT 272 overlap
18.7230.13  Route 272 south – TorringtonSouthern terminus of CT 272 overlap
20.1432.41  Route 182 east – Colebrook
Winsted26.7443.03  Route 183 north – ColebrookNorthern terminus of CT 183 overlap
27.4144.11  Route 263 west – Goshen
28.3645.64  Route 8 north – Colebrook, Otis, MANorthern terminus of CT 8 overlap
28.8346.40  Route 8 south – Torrington, WaterburySouthern terminus of CT 8 overlap
28.8846.48  Route 183 south – TorringtonSouthern terminus of CT 183 overlap
Barkhamsted31.9651.43  Route 318 east – Barkhamsted
New Hartford34.4355.41  Route 219 – Nepaug, Barkhamsted
HartfordCanton38.7762.39  Route 179 – East Hartland, Collinsville
38.96–
39.05
62.70–
62.84
  US 202 west – TorringtonWestern terminus of US 202 overlap
41.0766.10  Route 177 south – Unionville
42.2968.06  Route 167 – Simsbury, Unionville
Avon44.2871.26   US 202 east / Route 10 north – SimsburyEastern terminus of US 202 overlap. Northern terminus of CT 10 overlap
45.0272.45  Route 10 south – FarmingtonSouthern terminus of CT 10 overlap
West Hartford49.2979.32  Route 218 east – Bloomfield, Windsor
Hartford51.0382.12  Route 189 north – Bloomfield
51.9083.52  Route 187 north – Blue Hills, Bloomfield
53.8086.58   I-84 / US 6 west – WaterburyWestern terminus of I-84 / US 6 overlap
East Hartford54.0386.95   I-84 / US 6 east – Manchester, BostonEastern terminus of I-84 / US 6 overlap
55.0588.59  US 5 south – WethersfieldSouthern terminus of US 5 overlap
55.4189.17  US 5 north – South WindsorNorthern terminus of US 5 overlap
Manchester59.12–
59.33
95.14–
95.48
   I-84 / US 6 east – Vernon, HartfordWestern terminus of US 6 overlap. I-84 Exit 60
61.9199.63  Route 83 – Vernon, East Glastonbury
TollandBolton65.07104.72  Route 85 south – Hebron, Colchester
65.86105.99  I-384 west – Manchester, East Hartford
66.23106.59  US 6 east – Willimantic, ProvidenceEastern terminus of US 6 overlap
Coventry69.15111.29  Route 31 north – RockvilleNorthern terminus of CT 31 overlap
70.25113.06  Route 31 south – CoventrySouthern terminus of CT 31 overlap
Mansfield73.99119.08  Route 32 – Willington, Willimantic
76.58123.24  Route 195 – Tolland, StorrsTo University of Connecticut
WindhamAshford81.71131.50   Route 74 west to I-84 – Willington
82.77133.21  Route 89 – Mount Hope, Westford
Eastford86.91139.87  Route 198 – Eastford, Chaplin
Pomfret91.46147.19  Route 97 – Hampton, Pomfret
93.59150.62  Route 101 east – Dayville
94.09151.42  Route 169 south – BrooklynSouthern terminus of CT 169 overlap
96.24154.88  Route 97 south – Abington
  Route 169 north – Woodstock
US 44 continues south and east. CT 169 continues north and south. CT 97 continues west from intersection.
Northern terminus of CT 169 overlap
Putnam99.90160.77  Route 12 south – KillinglySouthern terminus of CT 12 overlap
100.34161.48  Route 171 west – Woodstock
100.54161.80  Route 12 north – ThompsonNorthern terminus of CT 12 overlap
101.34163.09  I-395 – Worcester, NorwichExit 47 (I-395)
102.21164.49  Route 21 – Killingly, Thompson
106.00170.59  US 44 east – West Glocester, ProvidenceContinuation into Rhode Island
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Connecticut Department of Transportation, "Highway Log" (PDF). (1.80 MiB) as of December 31, 2009

External linksEdit

KML is from Wikidata
  U.S. Route 44
Previous state:
New York
Connecticut Next state:
Rhode Island