Interstate 195 (Rhode Island–Massachusetts)

Interstate 195 (I-195) is an Interstate Highway running a combined 44.23 miles (71.18 km) in the U.S. states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts. It travels from a junction with I-95 in Providence, Rhode Island, east to a junction with I-495 and Route 25 in Wareham, Massachusetts. It runs east–west and passes through the cities of Fall River, Massachusetts, and New Bedford, Massachusetts. The portion of I-195 in East Providence is also known as the East Providence Expressway.

Interstate 195 marker

Interstate 195
East Providence Expressway
I-195 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-95
Maintained by RIDOT and MassDOT
Length44.23 mi[1][2] (71.18 km)
4.3 mi (6.92 km) in RI[1]
39.93 mi (64.26 km) in MA[2]
Existed1958[citation needed]–present
Major junctions
West end I-95 / US 6 in Providence, RI
 
East end I‑495 / Route 25 in Wareham, MA
Location
StatesRhode Island, Massachusetts
CountiesRI: Providence
MA: Bristol, Plymouth
Highway system
Rhode Island Routes
I-184RIRoute 195
Route 193MARoute 197
I-95I-95E, RIRoute 96
I‑95I-95E, MARoute 96

I-195 provides a direct highway route from Rhode Island to Cape Cod and, via I-95, from New York and Connecticut as well.

Route descriptionEdit

I-195 begins at I-95 at a semi-directional T interchange, which along with a new bridge over the Providence River, was part of the large Iway construction project. At this point US Route 6 (US 6) is also signed along I-195. The complex Iway interchange includes several ramps for local streets (labeled exit 1A and 1B) and an interchange with I-95, which is unnumbered. US 44 and US 1A join at the next interchange with Gano Street and Main Street, labeled exits 1C, 1D, and 1E. The road crosses the Washington Bridge over the Seekonk River into East Providence. US 44 leaves the freeway at Exit 1C in East Providence. Exit 1D is a partial interchange with Route 103 while Exit 2A provides access to several local streets in East Providence. Exits 2B-C provide access to Route 114, which is also where US 6 and US 1A leave the freeway. I-195 then leaves Rhode Island, having gone 4.30 miles (6.92 km).

I-195 enters Seekonk, Massachusetts and interchanges with Route 114A at exit 1. There are two interchanges in Swansea, exit 2 for Massachusetts Route 136 and exit 3 for US 6. Access to the town of Somerset and the village of Ocean Grove in Swansea is via Exit 4 (Route 103). I-95 crosses the Braga Bridge over the Taunton River, entering Fall Fiver. The bridge passes over Battleship Cove and the USS Massachusetts, after which exit 5 provides access to Route 79 and Route 138. Exits 6-7 provide access to downtown Fall River streets, while a brief concurrency with Route 24 exists between exit 8A (24 South) and 8B (24 North). Passing the Watuppa Ponds, I-195 enters Westport, where exit 9 is a partial interchange with Sanford Road, and exit 10 marks the northern terminus of Route 88. Exits 11 and 12 provide access to local roads in Dartmouth, while shortly after entering the port city of New Bedford there's a full cloverleaf interchange with the Route 140 freeway (exits 13A-B). Exits 14-18 are partial interchanges with several local New Bedford city streets. A bridge over the Acushnet River takes I-195 to the town of Fairhaven, where there is the northern terminus of Route 240 freeway at exit 18. Exit 19 is for North Street in Mattapoisett, exit 20 is Route 105 in Marion, and exit 21 is Route 28 in Wareham. I-195 ends at trumpet interchange with I-495 (exit 22B) and Route 25 (exit 22A) in Wareham, having 39.93 miles (64.26 km) in Massachusetts.

HistoryEdit

 
I-195 in Fall River, photo from 1968
 
MA-79 split (prior to reconstruction of MA-79 interchange) at I-195 near the Braga Bridge

Predating I-195 were two sections of road—Fox Point Boulevard and the Washington Bridge. The Washington Bridge, crossing the Seekonk River between Providence and East Providence, was opened on September 25, 1930, replacing an 1885 swing bridge with a higher bascule bridge. A new eastbound bridge opened in November 1968.[3]

Fox Point Boulevard, later George M. Cohan Boulevard, was a surface boulevard connecting the Washington Bridge west to the Point Street Bridge and downtown Providence. It was built with no cross traffic by using U-turn ramps in the median to reverse direction. This was the last part in Providence to be built as a freeway, opened in December 1968.

The first freeway section came off the west end of Cohan Boulevard and over the Providence River, ending at the one-way pair of Pine Street and Friendship Street, which opened in November 1958. The ramp to Pine Street has been closed, but the entrance from Friendship Street still exists. The I-95 interchange at this end opened in fall 1964; the Pine Street ramp was kept for a while.

The next section to be constructed was the part in East Providence. It opened to the last exit before the state line on December 15, 1959, and was extended into Massachusetts by August 1960.

Interstate 195 cut through the center of Watchemoket Square, which about thirty years earlier been the heart of downtown East Providence, but was on the decline in the 1950s.[4] Half of the square was demolished to make way for the highway.[4]

Before the Interstate Highway System numbering was decided upon, I-195 was planned as a relocation of US 6; in fact, all but the last section was signed as US 6 when built (the first section only eastbound though). In 1957, the number Interstate 95E was assigned, as all intercity routes were numbered before the three-digit Interstate numbering was chosen, and the Providence-New Bedford route was too long to be considered intracity. The I-195 designation was assigned in 1959 with the final numbering. At some time after 1976, the definition of I-195 was extended east to I-495 (which was itself extended).

I-195 still carries US 6, now in both directions, from I-95 to the last interchange before Massachusetts. It also carries US 1A and US 44 over the Washington Bridge and its approaches, though the former has almost no signs.

The Providence River Bridge carried traffic across the Providence River, to its western terminus with Interstate 95. It was demolished in 2010-2011 due to realignment of Interstate 195. The Providence Pedestrian Bridge opened in its place in 2019.

IwayEdit

I-195's stretch through Providence was reconstructed because of sharp curves and the way the road cuts through part of the city. The relocation made the segment safer for traffic, reunified the Jewellery District with Downcity Providence, and freed up more space. In the process, some 35 buildings, housing over 80 businesses and six residences were demolished.[5] The new stretch of highway is called the Iway by the Rhode Island Department of Transportation and includes a signature bridge over the Providence River[6] as well as a landscaped pedestrian walkway over the highway. It connects India Point Park to the Fox Point neighborhood. The IWay was opened in 2009 and estimated to have cost $446 million. The demolition of the old road was completed in 2012.[7][needs update]

Exit listEdit

Massachusetts interchanges were to be renumbered to mileage-based numbering in a project scheduled to begin in 2016, until the project was indefinitely postponed by MassDOT. On November 18, 2019, MassDOT announced the project would begin in late summer 2020.[8][9] Rhode Island interchanges will also be renumbered to a mileage-based system by 2020 in a plan announced by RIDOT in September 2017[10][11] and scheduled to begin on January 28, 2020.[12][13]

StateCountyLocation[2]mi[1][2]kmOld exitNew exit[14][15]Destinations[14]Notes
Rhode IslandProvidenceProvidence0.000.00   I-95 north / US 6 west – Boston, MAWestern terminus of US 6 concurrency; exit 36A on I-95
0.400.641APoint StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
0.801.29  I-95 south – New YorkWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; exit 36C on I-95
1BEddy StreetWestbound exit only; serves Rhode Island Hospital
Providence River0.80–
1.00
1.29–
1.61
Providence River Bridge (Iway)
Providence1.101.7721AGano Street / India StreetEastbound exit only
1.302.0921C  US 44 west (South Main Street / US 1A south)Western terminus of US 1A-44 concurrency; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.502.4131DGano Street – India PointWestbound exit and entrance; exit proposed to be replace by exit 1E[16]
Seekonk River1.60–
1.80
2.57–
2.90
Washington Bridge
East Providence1.802.901EWaterfront AvenueProposed replacement for westbound exit 1D[16]
41B-C  US 44 east (Taunton Avenue) – RiversideEastern terminus of US 44 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
1.903.0651D  Route 103 east (Warren Avenue)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; western terminus of Route 103
2.40–
3.10
3.86–
4.99
62AWarren Avenue / Broadway / Pawtucket Avenue – East ProvidenceSigned southbound for US 44 and Route 103
3.305.3172B  Route 114 south – BarringtonEastbound exit and westbound entrance
3.505.6382C    US 6 east / US 1A north to Route 114 north (Pawtucket Avenue) – Seekonk, MAEastern terminus of US 6-1A concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
 4.30
0.000
6.92
0.000
Rhode IslandMassachusetts state line
MassachusettsBristolSeekonk0.5810.9351  Route 114A – Seekonk, Barrington, RI
Swansea4.6217.43725  Route 136 south – Warren, RI, Newport, RINorthern terminus of Route 136
7.47012.02238   US 6 to Route 118 – Swansea
Somerset9.84915.850410  Route 103 / Lee's River Avenue – Somerset, Ocean GroveSigned as exits 4A (west) and 4B (east) westbound[14]
Taunton RiverCharles M. Braga Jr. Memorial Bridge
Fall River11.98419.286511   Route 79 / Route 138 – Taunton, North Tiverton, RI
12.43920.019612Pleasant Street (westbound) / Hartwell Street (eastbound) – Downtown Fall RiverShared ramp with exit 6[14]
12.71120.456713  Route 81 south (Plymouth Avenue)Northern terminus of Route 81
13.76922.1598A14A  Route 24 south – Tiverton, RI, Newport, RIWestern terminus of Route 24 concurrency
14.60923.5118B14B  Route 24 north – Taunton, BostonEastern terminus of Route 24 concurrency
Westport15.35424.710915Sanford Road – North WestportEastbound exit only[14]
16.34326.3021016   Route 88 south to US 6 – Horseneck BeachNorthern terminus of Route 88
Dartmouth19.43331.2741119Reed Road – Hixville, DartmouthSigned as exits 11A (south) and 11B (north) westbound[14]
21.97935.3721222Faunce Corner Road / Faunce Corner Mall Road – North DartmouthSigned as exits 12A (south) and 12B (north) westbound[14]
New Bedford23.77338.2591324   Route 140 to US 6 – New Bedford, Dartmouth, TauntonSigned as exits 13A (south) and 13B (north);[14] exits 2A-B on Route 140
24.62739.6331425Penniman StreetEastbound exit[14] and westbound entrance
25.08740.3741526  Route 18 – Downtown New BedfordSouthbound exit (Route 18 south) and northbound entrance (Route 18 north)
25.36740.8241627Washburn StreetEastbound exit[14] and entrance
25.63241.2511728Coggeshall StreetWestbound exit[14] and entrance
Fairhaven27.25143.8561829  Route 240 south – FairhavenNorthern terminus of Route 240
PlymouthMattapoisett30.91649.7541931North Street – Mattapoisett, North RochesterAccess via North Street; signed as exits 19A (south) and 19B (north)[14]
Marion35.13356.5412035  Route 105 – Marion, Rochester
Wareham39.23363.1392139  Route 28 – Wareham, South Middleboro
39.91164.23122A40A  Route 25 east – Cape CodWestern terminus of Route 25
39.9364.2622B40B  I‑495 north – MarlboroSouthern terminus of I-495
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Google (January 19, 2016). "East Providence Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d MassDOT Planning Division. "Massachusetts Route Log Application". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
  3. ^ [1] Archived November 5, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b O'Connor, Kevin P. (27 November 2008). "A place that may regain its glory". Fall River, Massachusetts: The Herald News. Gatehosue Media. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  5. ^ Sabar, Ariel (October 3, 1999). "Highway Blues". The Providence Journal. Archived from the original on August 22, 2002. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
  6. ^ Staff (2006). "Moving and setting the Iway I-195 Providence River Bridge". Rhode Island Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. Retrieved September 26, 2006.
  7. ^ "195 Relocation Background". Providence College. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  8. ^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts (2015). "COMMBUYS - Bid Solicitation FAP# HSIP-002S(874) Exit Signage Conversion to Milepost-Based Numbering System along Various Interstates, Routes and the Lowell Connector". Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  9. ^ Robert H. Malme (2016). "Massachusetts Interstate Current and Future Exit Lists". Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  10. ^ WPRI Eyewitness News (2016). "RI Set to Renumber All Its Highway Exit Signs". Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  11. ^ RIDOT (2017). "Rhode Island Highway Exit Renumbering Program". Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  12. ^ "Travel Advisory: RIDOT Resumes Highway Mile-Marker Numbering Program" (Press release). Rhode Island Department of Transportation. January 21, 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  13. ^ Andrade, Kevin G. (December 2, 2019). "Wintry weather delays renumbering of exits on Route 195". Providence Journal. Archived from the original on December 4, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "I-195 Renumbering" (PDF). Massachusetts Department of Transportation. December 5, 2019. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  15. ^ "Rhode Island Mile-Marker Exit Program". Rhode Island Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on December 4, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  16. ^ a b https://www.providencejournal.com/news/20190814/70-million-plan-would-add-lane-to-washington-bridge-close-gano-street-exit

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata