Winsted is a census-designated place and an incorporated city in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is part of the town of Winchester, Connecticut. The population was 7,321 at the 2000 census.
Sarah E. Harvey, Winsted, Connecticut, ca. 1877, Princeton University Art Museum
|• Town manager||Robert Geiger|
|• Mayor||A. Candy Perez|
|• Total||4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)|
|• Land||4.7 sq mi (12.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||709 ft (216 m)|
|• Density||1,563.6/sq mi (603.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
06063, 06094, 06098
|GNIS feature ID||0212198|
Settled in 1750, the city of Winsted was formed at the junction of the Mad River and Still River, and was one of the first mill towns in Connecticut. Manufactured products started with scythes at the Winsted Manufacturing Company in 1792. The city is within the town of Winchester, and its name derives from the fact that it is the business center for the towns of Winchester and Barkhamsted.
Winsted, along with New Haven, Connecticut, was a center for the production of mechanical clocks in the 1900s. The Gilbert Clock Company, located along the Still River north of town, was founded in 1871 by William L. Gilbert (1806‑1890) and became one of the largest clock companies in the world around the start of the 20th century.
The Winsted post office contains an oil on canvas mural, Lincoln's Arbiter Settles the Winsted Post Office Controversy, painted by muralist Amy Jones in 1938. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.
The Gilbert School is a private secondary school that serves as the public high school for the town of Winchester.
In 1955, Hurricane Connie and Hurricane Diane passed over Connecticut within one week, flooding the Mad River and Still River through downtown. The Mad River, which parallels Main Street, caused flooding up to 10 feet deep through the center of town. This damaged the buildings between Main Street and the river such that all buildings on that side of Main Street through the center of town were subsequently removed and Main Street widened to four lanes. The buildings on the north side of Main Street for the most part survived and were repaired. Further downstream, the Still River flowed between the buildings of the Gilbert Clock Company. The flooding caused extensive damage to their buildings, and this was the final blow to a company which was already in poor financial condition.
The Northwestern Connecticut Community College was founded in 1965 by Winsted residents, including Ralph Nader's older brother, Shafeek. It occupies the original Gilbert School building. NCCC was one of the first four community colleges in Connecticut, and is accredited by both the Connecticut Board of Governors for Higher Education and by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Inc. The Northwestern Community College Foundation was incorporated in 1981 to support the mission of Northwestern Connecticut Community College to provide higher education to students pursuing post-secondary study. NCCF generates private funds for the purpose of benefiting the students attending NCCC and the community of Winsted.
In 2013, Henry Centrella, the former city Finance Director, was served a complaint, which stated that over $2.2 million was misappropriated during his 30-year tenure.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), of which, 4.7 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (3.31%) is water. Winsted is at the confluence of the Still River and Mad River. This Mad River is one of seven rivers with the same name in New England, one other of which is also in Connecticut.
The city is laid out in a horseshoe-shaped valley ringed by seven hills; two other hills stand amid this, making a total of nine named hills.
There are five stone churches in a crescent from east to west, with the Soldier's Monument on Camp Hill in their exact center.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,321 people, 3,072 households, and 1,889 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,563.6 people per square mile (604.0/km2). There were 3,370 housing units at an average density of 719.7 per square mile (278.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 93.28% White, 1.53% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.20% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.02% of the population.
There are 3,072 households of which 27.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $40,202, and the median income for a family was $51,044. Males had a median income of $37,837 versus $25,990 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,804. 7.3% of the population and 4.3% of families were below the poverty line. Of the total population, 9.2% of those under the age of 18 and 7.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The closest major airport is Bradley International Airport (BDL), outside of Hartford. Amtrak stations within a 30-mile radius include Windsor (WND), Hartford (HFD), Berlin (BER), and Springfield, Massachusetts (SPG). Greyhound Lines also has a bus station.
- Crane Brinton, historian
- James P. Glynn, congressman
- John Groppo, businessman and politician
- David Halberstam, journalist and author
- Mason Hale, educator
- Samuel B. Horne (1843-1928), Medal of Honor recipient in the American Civil War, entered service in Winsted and is buried there
- Arphaxed Loomis, congressman
- Ralph Nader, author and activist
- Rose Nader, activist
- Henry R. Pease, senator
- Charles H. Smith, historian of science
- James Wakefield (1825-1910), former U.S. Representative
- "Town of Winchester, Connecticut Government". Web page. Town of Winchester. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "Town of Winchester web site". Web page. Town of Winchester. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
- Although Winsted is recognized by the state as an incorporated city (it is listed as such in the State Register and Manual), it was removed from the rolls of Census-recognized incorporated cities sometime between 1970 and 1980. The Census Bureau decided to stop recognizing Winsted as an incorporated place because the city does not maintain a separate, active existence from the town of Winchester, and because the nature of its relationship with the town of Winchester makes it more of a special-purpose district than a general-purpose municipality.
- 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
- Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. 1. New York: Routledge. p. 1540. ISBN 9780415968263.
- "State of Connecticut Complaint". Web page. State of Connecticut. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Greyhound bus station
- Northwest Connecticut Transit District
- Northwest Connecticut Transit District weekday bus service
- Northwest Connecticut Transit District dial-a-ride service
- "Samuel B. Horne". Retrieved July 19, 2014.
- "WAKEFIELD, James Beach, (1825 - 1910)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 10, 2012.