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Smithfield, Rhode Island

Smithfield is located in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It includes the historic villages of Esmond, Georgiaville, Mountaindale, Hanton City, Stillwater and Greenville. The population was 21,430 at the 2010 census. Smithfield is the home of Bryant University, a private four year college.

Smithfield, Rhode Island
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°55′18″N 71°32′58″W / 41.92167°N 71.54944°W / 41.92167; -71.54944
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountyProvidence
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • Town CouncilSuzanna L. Alba (D)
Sean M. Kilduff (D)
T. Michael Lawton (D)
Dina Cerra (D)
Maxine A. Cavanagh (R)
 • Town ManagerRandy Rossi
Area
 • Total27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)
 • Land26.6 sq mi (68.9 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
Elevation
400 ft (122 m)
Population
 • Total21,430
 • Density805.6/sq mi (311.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
02828, 02917
Area code(s)401
FIPS code44-66200[1]
GNIS feature ID1219817[2]
Websitesmithfieldri.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Greenville Bank at the turn of the twentieth century

The area comprising modern-day Smithfield was first settled in 1660 by several British colonists, including John Steere as a farming community and named after Smithfield, London. The area was within the boundaries of Providence until 1731 when Smithfield was incorporated as a separate town. Chief Justice Peleg Arnold lived in early Smithfield, and his 1690 home stands today. There was an active Quaker community in early 18th century Smithfield that extended along the Great Road, from what is today Woonsocket, north into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts. This Quaker community, and its members, became influential in the abolition movement, with members such as Effingham Capron and Abby Kelley Foster, and also gave rise to other Quaker settlements including one at Adams, Massachusetts where Susan B. Anthony was born as an early member. Elizabeth Buffum Chace is a well-known person from Smithfield who was influential in both abolition of slavery, and the women's rights movement. In the 19th century several mills were built in the town. In the mid-19th century the towns of North Smithfield, Rhode Island, and Lincoln, Rhode Island, became separate towns. The colonial ghost town of Hanton City is located within the boundaries of present-day Smithfield, but was a completely separate community in the eighteenth century. A Revolutionary war soldier, from the Smithfield side of the Massachusetts border, Captain James Buxton,[3] ended up as a Massachusetts militiaman and Continental Army veteran, who was deeded 300 acres in Worcester County by Governor John Hancock. For this reason Buxton was lost to the history of Rhode Island Revolutionary soldiers.(see South Uxbridge history). Buxton served at Valley Forge among other battles.

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 71.9 km² (27.8 mi²). 68.9 km² (26.6 mi²) of it is land and 3.1 km² (1.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.25% water.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
17903,171
18003,120−1.6%
18103,82822.7%
18204,67822.2%
18306,85746.6%
18409,53439.0%
185011,50020.6%
186013,28315.5%
18702,605−80.4%
18803,08518.4%
18902,500−19.0%
19002,107−15.7%
19102,73930.0%
19203,19916.8%
19303,96724.0%
19404,61116.2%
19506,69045.1%
19609,44241.1%
197013,46842.6%
198016,88625.4%
199019,16313.5%
200020,6137.6%
201021,4304.0%
Est. 201521,632[4]0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the 2010 United States Census, Smithfield has 21,430 residents with a median age of 42 years and 16.9% of the population under the age of 18. The racial makeup as of 2010 was 95.7% White, 1.2% African Americans, 0.15% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races and 1.03% of two or more races. Hispanic and Latino of any race made up 2.17% of the population.[6] The median household income is $71,305 and 4.1% of the population live below the poverty line.[7]

EducationEdit

Smithfield contains four public elementary schools (Anna McCabe, Raymond LaPerche, Old County Road School, and William Winsor Elementary School), a middle school (Vincent J. Gallagher Middle School) and a public high school, Smithfield High School which was ranked 17th out of 52 high schools in Rhode Island in 2006.[8] St. Phillip's School, a private Roman Catholic academy offering education in grades K-8, is situated in Greenville.[9] Mater Ecclesiae College, a Catholic college, is also located in the town in a facility that was formerly the St. Aloysius Orphanage.[10]

Bryant UniversityEdit

 
Bryant University's campus

Bryant University, a private university with programs in business and the arts and sciences, is located in Smithfield.

In 1971, the University moved to its current campus in Smithfield when the founder of Tupperware, Earl Silas Tupper, a Bryant alumnus, donated the current 428 acres (1.73 km2) of land to be the new campus. The famous Bryant Archway was also relocated. The old Emin Homestead and Captain Joseph Mowry homestead occupied much of the land that makes up the present day Smithfield campus. The land was purchased and farmed for three generations between the late 19th century and the mid-20th century. Today, many descendants of the original Emin settlers still live near the Bryant campus. The school also claims a handful of family members as alumni and offers a scholarship for accounting students as a tribute to the Emin family. Historical pictures of the Emin Homestead can still be found in the Alumni house.[11]

EconomyEdit

Principal employersEdit

According to Smithfield's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[12] the principal employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Fidelity Investments 3,900
2 Bryant University 656
3 Town of Smithfield 494
4 Citizens Bank 400
5 FGX International 385
6 Alexion Pharmaceuticals 300
7 The Village at Waterman Lake 300
8 Stop & Shop 300
9 Target 200
10 Sperian Protection Americas 195

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ *The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume, 15 page 7 Mrs. Ella S. Anderson Freeman. DAR ID Number: 149020 4 James Buxton (1745–1817) commanded a company in Col. Benjamin Tupper's regiment, Massachusetts troops. He was born and died in Smithfield, R. I. Also No. 127831. View full context
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "Rhode Island: 2010 Summary Population and Housing Characteristics" (PDF). Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  7. ^ "Census Community Facts". Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  8. ^ /, PSK12.com. "Ranking of High Schools in Rhode Island". www.psk12.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Saint Philip School". www.stphilipschool.com.
  10. ^ "Me College – College vs. Job Experience options". www.mecollege.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  11. ^ "providencejournal.com: Local & World News, Sports & Entertainment in Providence, RI". providencejournal.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Town of Smithfield CAFR" (PDF). smithfieldri.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  13. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  14. ^ "ARNOLD, Peleg, (1751 - 1820)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  15. ^ "Sullivan Ballou Letter". PBS. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  16. ^ "CAPRON, Adin Ballou, (1841 - 1911)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  17. ^ "Elizabeth Buffum Chace and Lillie Chace Wyman". Quahog.org. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  18. ^ "MACHTLEY, Ronald K., (1948 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  19. ^ "MOWRY, Daniel, Jr., (1729 - 1806)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  20. ^ "Don Orsillo is right at home in the kitchen". Boston Globe. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  21. ^ "State of Rhode Island, Office of the Governor". Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  22. ^ "Biographical Sketches". Wisconsin Blue Book. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  23. ^ J.H. Beers & Company (1908). Representative Men and Old Families of Rhode Island: Genealogical Records and Historical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and of Many of the Old Families. J.H. Beers & Company. p. 1643.
  24. ^ "David Wilkinson". ASME. Retrieved March 28, 2014.

External linksEdit