Timeline of the Warring States and the Qin dynasty
9th century BCEdit
|897 BC||Horse breeder Feizi is given the fief of Qin in modern Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County|
|858 BC||Feizi dies and is succeeded by the Marquis of Qin|
|848 BC||The Marquis of Qin dies and is succeeded by Gongbo|
|845 BC||Gongbo dies and is succeeded by Qin Zhong|
|822 BC||Qin Zhong is killed in battle by the Xirong and is succeeded by Duke Zhuang of Qin|
8th century BCEdit
|778 BC||Duke Zhuang of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Xiang of Qin|
|770 BC||Duke Xiang of Qin sends an army to protect King Ping of Zhou|
|766 BC||Duke Xiang of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Wen of Qin|
|753 BC||Annalists are established in Qin|
|750 BC||Qin defeats the Xirong in battle and annexes the land they occupied|
|716 BC||Duke Wen of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Xian of Qin|
|704 BC||Duke Xian of Qin dies and is succeeded by Chuzi I|
7th century BCEdit
|698 BC||Chuzi I is assassinated and succeeded by Duke Wu of Qin|
|688 BC||The county (縣 xiàn) is mentioned for the first time in Qin|
|678 BC||Duke Wu of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke De of Qin|
|Qin starts practicing human sacrifice at burials|
|677 BC||Qin moves its capital to Yong in modern Fengxiang|
|676 BC||Duke De of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Xuan of Qin|
|664 BC||Duke Xuan of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Cheng of Qin|
|660 BC||Duke Cheng of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Mu of Qin|
|650 BC||Earliest archaeological evidence of crossbows|
|645 BC||Qin annexes Jin territory west of the Yellow River|
|623 BC||Qin deals a major defeat to the Xirong and expands further west|
|621 BC||Duke Mu of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Kang of Qin|
|609 BC||Duke Kang of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Gong of Qin|
|604 BC||Duke Gong of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Huan of Qin|
6th century BCEdit
|577 BC||Duke Huan of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Jing of Qin|
|544 BC||Sunzi is born|
|537 BC||Duke Jing of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Ai of Qin|
|513 BC||Penal laws are inscribed on iron tripod vessels in Qin|
|501 BC||Duke Ai of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Hui I of Qin|
5th century BCEdit
|500 BC||Cast iron tools|
|496 BC||Sunzi dies|
|492 BC||Duke Hui I of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Dao of Qin|
|479 BC||Kongfuzi dies|
|477 BC||Duke Dao of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Ligong of Qin|
|473 BC||Battle of Li River: Goujian of Yue attacks Fuchai of Wu while their forces are out on an expedition against Lu and Qi, resulting in the annexation of Wu|
|470 BC||Mozi is born|
|462 BC||Qin seizes Wangcheng|
|447 BC||Chu (state) conquers Cai|
|443 BC||Duke Ligong of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Zao of Qin|
|440 BC||Wu Qi is born|
|430 BC||The Xirong attack Qin|
|429 BC||Duke Zao of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Huai of Qin|
|425 BC||Duke Huai of Qin kills himself and is succeeded by Duke Ling of Qin|
|418 BC||Qi annexes Xue|
|415 BC||Duke Ling of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Jian of Qin|
|412 BC||Qin goes to war with Wei|
|408 BC||First recorded grain tax in Qin|
4th century BCEdit
|400 BC||Duke Jian of Qin dies and is succeeded by Duke Hui II of Qin|
|The commandery (郡 jùn) is mentioned for the first time in Wei|
|391 BC||Mozi dies|
|390 BC||Shang Yang is born|
|387 BC||Duke Hui II of Qin dies and is succeeded by Chuzi II|
|385 BC||Chuzi II is killed and succeeded by Duke Xian of Qin (424–362 BC)|
|Wei conquers Qin territory west of the Yellow River|
|384 BC||Qin officially bans the practice of human sacrifice at burials|
|381 BC||Wu Qi dies|
|375 BC||Han conquers Zheng|
|372 BC||Mencius is born|
|369 BC||Chu conquers Zou|
|Zhuang Zhou is born|
|362 BC||Duke Xian of Qin (424–362 BC) dies and is succeeded by Duke Xiao of Qin|
|350 BC||Qin moves its capital to Xianyang|
|Qin creates 31 counties to be administrated by centrally appointed magistrates|
|Qin abolishes the fixed land tenure system|
|344 BC||Qin standardizes weights and measures|
|340 BC||Qin retakes territory lost to Wei|
|338 BC||Duke Xiao of Qin dies and is succeeded by King Huiwen of Qin|
|Shang Yang is killed|
|336 BC||Qin issues its first currency|
|334 BC||Chu conquers Yue|
|326 BC||Qin starts celebrating the New Year|
|317 BC||Qin defeats the coalition army of Han, Zhao, and Wei|
|316 BC||Qin annexes Shu and Ba|
|315 BC||Qin captures 25 settlements from the Xirong|
|313 BC||Xun Kuang is born|
|312 BC||Qin defeats a Chu army|
|311 BC||King Huiwen of Qin dies and is succeeded by King Wu of Qin|
|309 BC||Qin creates the offices of chancellors of the right and left|
|307 BC||King Wu of Qin dies and is succeeded by King Zhaoxiang of Qin|
3rd century BCEdit
|297 BC||Song conquers Teng|
|296 BC||Zhao conquers Zhongshan|
|289 BC||Mencius dies|
|286 BC||Qi conquers Song|
|Zhuang Zhou dies|
|280 BC||Han Fei is born|
|278 BC||Qin sacks Ying, the capital of Chu|
|272 BC||Qin annexes Yiqu|
|266 BC||According to a noble in Wei, "Qin has the same customs as the Rong and Di [barbarians]. It has the heart of a tiger or a wolf... It knows nothing about traditional mores, proper relationships, and virtuous conduct."|
|262 BC||Battle of Changping: Qin deals a major defeat to Zhao|
|256 BC||Qin annexes Eastern Zhou|
|Li Bing constructs the Dujiangyan|
|250 BC||King Zhaoxiang of Qin dies and is succeeded by King Xiaowen of Qin and then King Zhuangxiang of Qin|
|249 BC||Chu conquers Lu|
|247 BC||7 May||King Zhuangxiang of Qin dies and is succeeded by King Zheng of Qin|
|246 BC||The Zhengguo Canal is constructed|
|238 BC||Xun Kuang dies|
|233 BC||Han Fei is killed|
|230 BC||Qin annexes Han|
|228 BC||Qin annexes Zhao|
|227 BC||Jing Ke fails to assassinate King Zheng of Qin|
|225 BC||Qin annexes Wei|
|223 BC||Qin annexes Chu|
|222 BC||Qin annexes Yan|
|221 BC||Qin annexes Qi|
|King Zheng of Qin becomes the First Emperor of Qin|
|Meng Tian starts construction of the Great Wall of China|
|220 BC||Construction of imperial highways begins|
|219 BC||The emperor gets mad at a mountain god, so he orders the mountain to be denuded and painted red|
|The Lingqu "magic transport" canal is constructed, linking the Changjiang to Dongting Lake|
|214 BC||Qin's campaign against the Xiongnu: Meng Tian defeats the Xiongnu and conquers the Ordos region|
|Qin's campaign against the Yue tribes: Qin expands into modern Guangdong, Guangxi, and Fujian, adding four new commanderies to the empire|
|Colonists are sent to Guilin, Xiang, and Nanhai|
|213 BC||Burning of books and burying of scholars|
|Colonists are sent to modern Guangdong and northern Vietnam|
|212 BC||Construction of the Epang Palace begins|
|Construction of the Qin Mausoleum begins|
|211 BC||An inauspicious comet is sighted, causing the emperor to kill everyone around the area where it fell|
|Colonists are sent to Ordos|
|210 BC||Xu Fu returns from his voyage to find the elixir of life and blames his failure on sea monsters so the emperor goes fishing|
|10 September||The First Emperor of Qin dies|
|October||Zhao Gao and Li Si enthrone the Second Emperor of Qin; the brother Fusu kills himself and Meng Tian is imprisoned|
|209 BC||Qin annexes Wey|
|Dazexiang uprising: Chen Sheng and Wu Guang rebel|
|208 BC||January||Dazexiang uprising: Chen Sheng and Wu Guang are assassinated but the rebellion continues under other leaders such as Liu Bang and Xiang Yu|
|August||Li Si is killed|
|207 BC||August||Battle of Julu: Qin general Zhang Han surrenders to Xiang Yu|
|October||The Second Emperor of Qin kills himself and Zhao Gao replaces him with Ziying, who stabs Zhao to death|
|November||Ziying surrenders to Liu Bang; so ends the Qin dynasty|
- Twitchett 2008, p. 31.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 33.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 32.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 25.
- Loades 2018.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 23.
- Ebrey 2005, p. 30.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 29.
- Whiting 2002, p. 62.
- Whiting 2002, p. 63.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 34.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 26.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 35.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 38.
- Peers 2013, p. 59.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 40.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 99.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 45.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 44.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 46.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 53.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 62.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 61.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 80.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 65.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 64.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 66.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 79.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 82.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 83.
- Twitchett 2008, p. 84.
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