Duke Cheng of Qin

Duke Cheng of Qin (Chinese: 秦成公; pinyin: Qín Chéng Gōng, died 660 BC) was from 663 to 660 BC the thirteenth ruler of the Zhou Dynasty state of Qin that eventually united China to become the Qin Dynasty. His ancestral name was Ying (Chinese: ), and Duke Cheng was his posthumous title.[1][2]

Duke Cheng of Qin
Ruler of Qin
Reign663–660 BC
PredecessorDuke Xuan of Qin
SuccessorDuke Mu of Qin
Died660 BC
HouseHouse of Ying
FatherDuke De of Qin

Duke Cheng was the second of the three sons of his father Duke De of Qin. His older brother Duke Xuan of Qin succeeded his father as ruler of Qin in 676 BC. But when Duke Xuan died in 664 BC, he passed the throne to Duke Cheng instead of one of his nine sons. When Duke Cheng died four years later, he did the same and passed the throne to the third brother Duke Mu of Qin, even though he had seven sons.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b Sima Qian. 秦本纪 [Annals of Qin]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). guoxue.com. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "Annals of Qin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 364–365. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
Duke Cheng of Qin
 Died: 660 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Qin
663–660 BC
Succeeded by