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Duke Ligong of Qin (Chinese: 秦厲共公; pinyin: Qín Lìgòng Gōng, died 443 BC) was from 476 to 443 BC the 22nd ruler of the Zhou Dynasty Chinese state of Qin that eventually united China to become the Qin Dynasty. His ancestral name was Ying (), and Duke Ligong was his posthumous title. Duke Ligong succeeded his father Duke Dao of Qin, who died in 477 BC, as ruler of Qin.[1][2]

Duke Ligong of Qin
Ruler of Qin
Reign476–443 BC
PredecessorDuke Dao of Qin
SuccessorDuke Zao of Qin
Died443 BC
IssueDuke Zao of Qin
Duke Huai of Qin
HouseHouse of Ying
FatherDuke Dao of Qin

In 461 BC, Duke Ligong dispatched an army of 20,000 men to attack the Rong state of Dali (in present-day Dali County, Shaanxi), and captured its capital.[1][2]

In 456 BC, the State of Jin attacked Qin, taking the city of Wucheng (武城, in present-day Hua County, Shaanxi).[1][2]

In 453 BC, the Zhao, Han, and Wei clans of Jin jointly attacked Zhi, the most powerful of Jin's four major clans, killed its leader Zhi Yao, and divided the territory of Zhi amongst themselves. The state of Jin was effectively partitioned into three new states. Some of the survivors of the Zhi clan fled to Qin.[1][2]

In 444 BC, Qin attacked Yiqu (in present-day Ning County, Gansu), another Rong state, and captured its king.[1][2]

Duke Ligong reigned for 34 years and died in 443 BC. He was succeeded by his son Duke Zao of Qin.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Sima Qian. 秦本纪 [Annals of Qin]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "Annals of Qin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 410–413. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
Duke Ligong of Qin
 Died: 443 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Duke Dao of Qin
Duke of Qin
476–443 BC
Succeeded by
Duke Zao of Qin