Assassination of Shinzo Abe

(Redirected from Tetsuya Yamagami)

Shinzo Abe, the former prime minister of Japan and a serving member of the House of Representatives, was assassinated on 8 July 2022 while speaking at a political event outside Yamato-Saidaiji Station in Nara City, Nara Prefecture, Japan.[3][4][5] While delivering a campaign speech for a Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) candidate, he was shot from behind at close range by a man with a homemade firearm.[1] Abe was transported by a medical helicopter to Nara Medical University Hospital, where he was pronounced dead.[6]

Assassination of Shinzo Abe
The vicinity of Kintetsu Yamato-Saidaiji station northern entrance on 8th July 2022.jpg
Road junction at Yamato-Saidaiji Station, several hours after the shooting
Map
Locationnear Yamato-Saidaiji Station, Nara, Nara Prefecture, Japan
Coordinates34°41′38.6″N 135°47′02.2″E / 34.694056°N 135.783944°E / 34.694056; 135.783944Coordinates: 34°41′38.6″N 135°47′02.2″E / 34.694056°N 135.783944°E / 34.694056; 135.783944
Date8 July 2022; 8 months ago (2022-07-08)
c. 11:30 am (JST)
TargetShinzo Abe
Attack type
Assassination by shooting
WeaponsHomemade firearm[1][a]
MotiveA grudge against the Unification Church, and Abe's alleged connection with it[2]
AccusedTetsuya Yamagami
Charges

The suspect, 41-year-old Tetsuya Yamagami (Japanese: 山上 徹也), was arrested at the scene for attempted murder; the charge was later upgraded to murder after Abe was pronounced dead. Yamagami told investigators that he had shot Abe in relation to a grudge he held against the Unification Church (UC), to which Abe and his family had political ties, over his mother's bankruptcy in 2002.[7][2] The alleged motive brought renewed interest from Japanese society and media regarding criticism against the UC's alleged practice of pressuring believers into making exorbitant donations.[8] Japanese dignitaries and legislators have been forced to disclose their relationship with the UC to the public.[9] Prime Minister Fumio Kishida reshuffled the cabinet earlier on 10 August 2022, but one of the few retaining ministers, Daishiro Yamagiwa, resigned on 24 October 2022 as the approval of the cabinet continued to plummet over the UC scandal.[10] The assassination triggered an announcement on 31 August 2022 that the LDP would no longer have any relationship with the UC and its associated organisations, and would expel its members if they did not break ties with the UC.[11] In addition, on 10 December, the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors passed two bills to restrict the activities of religious organisations such as the UC and provide relief to victims.[12]

Leaders from many countries expressed shock and dismay at Abe's assassination,[13] which was the first of a former Japanese prime minister since Saitō Makoto and Takahashi Korekiyo during the February 26 incident in 1936.[14] Prime Minister Kishida decided to hold a state funeral for Abe on 27 September.[15]

BackgroundEdit

 
Abe in March 2022

Shinzo Abe had served as Prime Minister of Japan between 2006 and 2007 and again from 2013 and 2020, when he resigned due to health concerns.[16] He was the longest-serving prime minister in Japan's postwar history.

Nobusuke Kishi, his maternal grandfather, was Prime Minister of Japan from 1957 to 1960, and like Abe, was the target of an assassination attempt. Unlike Abe, he survived.[17]

Abe was the first former Japanese prime minister to have been assassinated since Saitō Makoto and Takahashi Korekiyo, who were killed during the February 26 incident in 1936,[18] the first Japanese legislator to be assassinated since Kōki Ishii was killed by a member of a right-wing group in 2002, and the first Japanese politician to be assassinated during an electoral campaign since Iccho Itoh, then-mayor of Nagasaki, who was shot dead during his mayoral race in April 2007.[19][20]

Relationship between Abe's family and the Unification ChurchEdit

Abe, as well as his father Shintaro Abe and his grandfather Nobusuke Kishi, had longstanding ties to the Unification Church (UC), a new religious movement known for its mass wedding ceremonies.[21] Known officially as the Family Federation for World Peace and Unification (FFWPU), the movement was founded by Sun Myung Moon in Korea in 1954 and its followers are colloquially known as "Moonies". Moon was a self-declared messiah and ardent anti-communist.[22]

Nobusuke Kishi's postwar political agenda led him to work closely with Ryoichi Sasakawa, who had been jailed as a fascist war criminal at the end of the Second World War. As Moon's advisor, Sasakawa helped establish the UC in Japan in 1963 and assumed the roles of both patron and president of the church's political wing, International Federation for Victory over Communism (IFVOC, 国際勝共連合), which would forge intimate ties with Japan's conservative politicians.[23] In this way, Sasakawa and Kishi shielded what would become one of the most widely distrusted groups in contemporary Japan.[24]

Moon's organisations, including the UC and the overtly political IFVOC, were financially supported by Ryoichi Sasakawa and Yoshio Kodama.[25]

When the UC still had a few thousand followers, its headquarters was located on land once owned by Kishi in Nanpeidaichō, Shibuya, Tokyo, and UC officials frequently visited the adjacent Kishi residence. By the early 1970s, UC members were being used by the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) as campaign workers without compensation. LDP politicians were also required to visit the UC's headquarters in South Korea and receive Moon's lectures on theology, regardless of their religious views or membership. In return, Japanese authorities shielded the UC from legal penalties over their often-fraudulent and aggressive practices.[24] Subsequently, the UC gained much influence in Japan, laying the groundwork for its push into the United States and its later entrenchment.[26]

Such a relationship was passed on to Kishi's son-in-law, former foreign minister Shintaro Abe, who attended a dinner party held by Moon at the Imperial Hotel in 1974. In the US, the 1978 Fraser Report – an inquiry by the US Congress into American–Korean relations – determined that, Kim Jong-pil, founder and director of the Korean C.I.A. an associate of Yoshio Kodama[25] and from 1971 to 1975 Prime Minister of South Korea, had "organized" the UC in the early 1960s and was using it "as a political tool" on behalf of authoritarian President Park Chung-hee and the military dictatorship.[27] In 1989, Moon urged his followers to establish their footing in Japan's parliament, then install themselves as secretaries for the Japanese lawmakers, and focus on those of [Shintaro] Abe's faction in the LDP. Moon also stressed that they must construct their political influence not only in the parliament, but also on Japan's district level.[28]

Shinzo Abe continued this relationship, and in May 2006, when he was Chief Cabinet Secretary, he and several cabinet ministers sent congratulatory telegrams to a mass wedding ceremony organised by the UC's front group, Universal Peace Federation (UPF, 天宙平和連合), for 2,500 couples of Japanese and Korean men and women.[29][30][31]

In spring 2021, the chairman of the UPF's Japanese branch, Masayoshi Kajikuri [ja], called Abe and asked if the latter would consider speaking before an upcoming UPF rally in September if former US president Donald Trump also attended.[32][33] Abe replied that he had to accept the offer should that be the case; he formally agreed to his participation on 24 August 2021. At the September rally, held ten months before the assassination, Abe stated to Kajikuri that, "The image of the Great Father [Moon] crossing his arms and smiling gave me goosebumps. I still respectably remember the sincerity [you] showed in the last six elections in the past eight years." Kajikuri claimed that he originally invited three unnamed former Japanese prime ministers, but was turned down due to concern of being used as poster boys for UC's mission.[34][35]

According to research by Nikkan Gendai, ten out of twenty members in the Fourth Abe Cabinet had connections to the UC,[36] but these connections were largely ignored by Japanese journalists.[37] After the assassination, Japanese defence minister Nobuo Kishi, Abe's younger brother, was forced to disclose that he had been supported by the UC in past elections.[38][39][40][41][42]

Unification Church practices in JapanEdit

The Japanese government certified the UC as a religious organisation in 1964; the Agency for Cultural Affairs classifies the UC as a Christian organisation.[43] Since then the government was unable to prevent the UC's activities because of the freedom of religion guaranteed in the Constitution of Japan, according to Mitsuhiro Suganuma [ja], the former section head of the Public Security Intelligence Agency's Second Intelligence Department.[44]

According to historians, up to 70% of the UC's wealth has been accumulated through outdoor fundraising rounds. Steven Hassan, a former UC member, engaged in the deprogramming of other UC members,[45] describes these as "spiritual sales" (reikan shōhō, 霊感商法), with parishioners scanning obituaries, going door-to-door, and saying, "Your dead loved one is communicating with us, so please go to the bank and send money to the Unification Church so your loved one can ascend to heaven in the spirit world."[46]

Moon's theology teaches that his homeland Korea is the "Adam country", home of the rulers destined to control the world. Japan is the "fallen Eve country". The dogma teaches Eve had sexual relations with Satan and then seduced Adam, which caused mankind to fall from grace (original sin), while Moon was appointed to bring mankind to salvation. Japan must be subservient to Korea.[46][47] This was used to encourage their Japanese followers into offering every single material belonging to Korea via the church.[48]

According to journalist Fumiaki Tada [ja] and other former UC followers, the conditions for Japanese followers to participate in the UC's mass wedding were substantially more difficult than Korean people, on grounds of "Japan's sinful occupation of Korea" between 1910 and 1945. In 1992, each Japanese follower needed to successfully bring three more people into the church, fulfill certain quota of fundraising by selling the church's merchandise, undergo a 7-day long fasting, and pay an appreciation fee of 1.4 million yen. For Korean people, the fee for attending the mass wedding was 2 million won (about 200 thousand yen in September 2022). Most Korean attendees were not followers of the church to begin with, as UC considered it was an honour for a Japanese woman to be married to a Korean man, like an abandoned dog being picked up by a prince. If the Japanese followers wanted to leave their partners of the mass wedding or the church, they would be told that they be damned to the "hell of hell".[49][50]

In 1987, about 300 lawyers in Japan set up an association called the National Network of Lawyers Against Spiritual Sales (Zenkoku Benren) to help victims of the UC and similar organisations.[51][52] According to statistics compiled by the association's lawyers between 1987 and 2021, the association and local government consumer centers received 34,537 complaints alleging that UC had forced people to make unreasonably large donations or purchase large amounts of items, amounting to about 123.7 billion yen.[53] According to the internal data compiled by the UC which leaked to the media, the donation by the Japanese followers between 1999 and 2011 was about 60 billion yen annually.[54]

TimelineEdit

Abe's scheduleEdit

Abe was initially scheduled to deliver a speech in Nagano Prefecture on 8 July 2022 in support of Sanshirō Matsuyama [ja], an LDP candidate in upcoming elections to the House of Councillors.[55] That event was abruptly cancelled on 7 July[55] following allegations of misconduct and corruption related to Matsuyama,[56][57] and was replaced by a similar event in Nara Prefecture at which Abe was to deliver a speech in support of Kei Satō, an LDP councillor running for re-election.[58] The LDP division in Nara Prefecture stated this new schedule was not generally publicly known,[59] but NHK reported that the event had been widely advertised on Twitter and by sound truck.[60] Nara police and Satō's campaign staff inspected the site on the evening before the incident, and the head of the prefectural police had approved of the security plan a few hours before the incident; one prefectural assembly member later said, "I thought it was a dangerous place that made it easy to attack former Prime Minister Abe from the cars and bicycles that pass along the road behind him".[61]

At approximately 11:10 a.m. on 8 July, Satō began speaking at a road junction near the north exit of Yamato-Saidaiji Station in Nara City. Abe arrived nine minutes later, and began his speech at around 11:29 am.[60][59] He was accompanied by VIP protection officers from the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department alongside VIP protection officers from the Nara Prefectural Police.[62][63]

AssassinationEdit

 
Positions of Abe (purple) and Yamagami (blue) at the time of the shooting. Abe's security detail and other individuals are not shown. Not drawn to scale.[64]
External video
Reconstruction of the shooting
  2m26s to the shooting of the former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe: Videos reveal security holes, The Nikkei[64]

While Abe was delivering his speech, the alleged perpetrator, Tetsuya Yamagami, was able to approach within several metres, despite the presence of security.[65] At around 11:30 am, when Abe said, "Instead of thinking about why he [Satō] cannot do it ..." (「彼はできない理由を考えるのではなく…」),[66] he was shot at from behind with a homemade gun[a][1][71] resembling a sawn-off, double-barreled shotgun capable of firing six bullets at a time.[67][71][72] The first shot missed and prompted Abe to turn around, at which point a second shot was fired, hitting Abe in the neck and chest area.[73][74][75] Abe then took a few steps forward, fell to his knees, and collapsed. Abe's security detained the suspect, who did not resist.[76][77] According to security guards stationed during the assassination, the sound of the gunshot was very different from that of a conventional firearm, reminiscent of fireworks or tire blowout. This may explain the delay of response from Abe's bodyguards after the first round of gunshot.[78]

TreatmentEdit

Paramedics arrived on the scene at 11:37 am, and an ambulance later arrived at 11:41 am.[79] Six out of the twenty-four emergency responders at the scene later showed signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, according to the Nara City Fire Department.[79]

Police sources told NHK that Abe was initially conscious and responsive after being shot.[80] A doctor who arrived at the scene said there were no signs indicating Abe was conscious.[81] Shortly thereafter, he was transported to a local hospital by emergency helicopter with a wound to the right side of his neck and internal bleeding under his left chest, arriving approximately fifty minutes after being shot.[82] He was reported to have no vital signs when he arrived at Nara Medical University Hospital in Kashihara, likely due to cardiopulmonary arrest prior to his arrival.[83][3][84] At 2:45 pm, a press conference was held by Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, who stated that Abe was in critical condition and that "doctors [were] doing everything they [could]".[85]

Death declarationEdit

Abe's wife Akie arrived at the hospital at 4:55 pm.[86] Despite doctors' efforts, Abe was pronounced dead at the hospital at 5:03 pm, around five and a half hours after being shot.[6][87][88] He was 67 years old. Hidetada Fukushima, a doctor at the hospital, said the cause of Abe's death was blood loss, despite four hours of blood transfusions that saw the administration of 100 units of blood.[b][90][91] Fukushima said that Abe was hit by two bullets[92] and that one bullet was not found in Abe's body.[93] The police autopsy concluded Abe died from loss of blood after a bullet damaged an artery under his collarbone.[94]

VisitationsEdit

Several hours after the assassination, both former prime minister Yoshihide Suga[95] and Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno visited the hospital where Abe's body was being held.[96]

The body was subject to a judicial autopsy and departed from the hospital with Abe's widow at 5:55 a.m. on 9 July.[97] Five vehicles carrying various old professional acquaintances of Abe's, including former defence minister Tomomi Inada, took part in the motorcade conveying Abe's body back to his home in Tokyo. At 1:35 pm, the party arrived at Abe's Tokyo residence. On their arrival, Sanae Takaichi, the chairman of the LDP Policy Research Council, Tatsuo Fukuda, the chairman of the LDP General Council[98] and Hisashi Hieda, the chairman of Fujisankei Communications Group and a friend of Abe's, received them. Afterwards, Kishida visited for condolences, and former prime ministers Yoshirō Mori and Junichiro Koizumi, Hiroyuki Hosoda (Speaker of the House of Representatives), Akiko Santō (President of the House of Councillors), Toshihiro Nikai (former Secretary-General of the LDP), Kōichi Hagiuda (Abe's close aide and the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry), Tetsuo Saito (a politician of Komeito and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism), and Yuriko Koike (the Governor of Tokyo) also visited for condolences.[99]

SuspectEdit

Tetsuya Yamagami
山上 徹也
Born (1980-09-10) 10 September 1980 (age 42)[100]
Criminal charge
Capture status
Arrested, psychiatric assessment completed, under indictment
Military career
Service/branchJapan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Years of service2002–2005
RankLeading seaman

Tetsuya Yamagami (山上 徹也, Yamagami Tetsuya) was living in Nara. He was 41 years old during the assassination.

Personal lifeEdit

Yamagami was born on 10 September 1980 in Mie Prefecture[102] to affluent parents who ran a local construction business.[103] Described as quiet and reserved in high school,[104][105][106] he wrote in his graduation yearbook that he "didn't have a clue" what he wanted to do in the future.[107][108] In an interview with The Asahi Shimbun, a relative had stated that Yamagami had been struggling since childhood with the Unification Church, that his mother had become a member of.[109] After the death of his maternal grandfather, his mother inherited ownership of the family business.[110]

Yamagami graduated from Nara Prefectural Koriyama Senior High School in 1998 with plans of becoming a firefighter.[111][112] Yamagami did not attend university due to his family's financial problems.[113][114][115]

RelativesEdit

Yamagami's father committed suicide by jumping in 1984, when Yamagami was four years old.[116][111] Yamagami's older brother, who had a longtime struggle with lymphoma,[111] was not able to afford medical treatment; he died by suicide in 2015.[117][118] This tragedy greatly impacted Yamagami, according to his uncle.[119][118]

As of 14 January 2023, Yamagami's younger sister and mother refused to be interviewed by the media. They were about 37 and 70 years old respectively during the assassination. Yamagami's mother had been briefly living in Yamagami's paternal uncle's home for about a month since the assassination, before she moved to Osaka alone under the assistance of someone from the Unification Church.[120] Yamagami's mother's younger brother died in a traffic accident; Yamagami's maternal grandmother died in 1982 which shocked Yamagami's mother.[121] She is reportedly still a member of the Unification Church after the assassination and is apologetic for the church over her son's alleged crimes.[120]

Yamagami's uncle, the older brother of Yamagami's father, who provided many accounts about Yamagami's family, was 77 years old when the assassination took place. Originally working in the construction contractor industry, he obtained the attorney licence and started his own legal consulting firm in Osaka. Despite being a lawyer himself, he does not represent Yamagami during the latter's criminal proceeding.[122] After Yamagami's father's death by suicide in 1984, he had been providing financial aid for Yamagami's family for about 20 million yen, up until 2020 when Japan was hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.[122][123] Yamagami's mother often asked him for money in order to donate to the Unification Church while neglecting her children, to the point he once threw a cup of tea on her in a fit of rage.[121]

Japan Maritime Self-Defense ForceEdit

Yamagami joined the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) in August 2002; he was posted to Kure Naval Base and assigned to the destroyer JS Matsuyuki.[124][107][125] In February 2005, while in the military,[111] he attempted suicide in hope of offering his life insurance for his siblings.[119][114][126] In an investigation report written by the JMSDF, Yamagami stated that his "life had been ruined by the Unification Church", and that his "brother and sister are in need", wanting to "help them by giving them my life insurance".[111] He moved to the General Affairs Department at the JMSDF 1st Service School in Etajima.[127] He was discharged from the JMSDF in August 2005 as a quartermaster[124] with the rank of leading seaman.[104]

Career after the militaryEdit

After that Yamagami was working for at least 10 different companies for 17 years until the assassination.[128] In December 2006, he worked in a surveying company as a part-timer, and quit in June 2007. He remained unemployed for 2 years and during that period he obtained the licences of "Assistant Surveyor [ja]" and "Real Estate Notary [ja]". Since then he mostly took short-term part-time jobs or dispatched labour and quit swiftly over personnel issues, usually just after about half a year of employment. The longest job he remained in lasted about one year and a half.[128]

In October 2020, Yamagami started working as a forklift operator in Kyoto Prefecture for a manufacturer that operated in the Kansai region.[129] There he was described as quiet. He quit in May 2022 after claiming that he was "feeling unwell".[130][107][131] After that Yamagami briefly worked under another temporary staffing firm in Osaka Prefecture until he resigned in early June 2022.[128] Yamagami was unemployed at the time of his arrest.[130][103]

Criminal proceedingEdit

Yamagami was arrested at the scene on suspicion of attempted murder by Nara Prefectural Police; this later became murder after Abe was pronounced dead. Yamagami was transferred to the Nara Nishi Police Station upon his arrest.[132] He was described as being calm and having made no attempts to flee.[133][134][135] Yamagami had no prior criminal history.[136]

Before any formal charges were brought against Yamagami,[137][138] he was being held at the Osaka Detention House and had been psychiatrically evaluated to determine if he is mentally competent to be indicted.[139][140][138] The evaluation was initially set to end on 29 November, but was extended by a request from prosecutors to 6 February 2023. After an appeal by lawyers for Yamagami, the extension was reduced and set to end on 10 January.[141] On 24 December 2022, it was reported that the Nara District Prosecutor's Office determined that Yamagami was competent enough to stand trial on the murder charge, based on factors including the capability to make his own firearm allegedly used in the assassination.[142]

On 10 January 2023, Yamagami was transferred back to Nara Nishi Police Station to continue his detainment. An additional charge on Yamagami of violation of Firearm and Sword Possession Control Law was added by the Prosecutor's Office.[143] More criminal charges on Yamagami such as violations of Weapon Manufacturing Law [ja] and Public Election Law [ja] are still being considered by the prosecutors.[144] On 13 January 2023, Yamagami was formally charged with Abe's murder.[145]

While psychiatric assessment of a criminal suspect in Japan usually takes about 3 months, Yamagami's nearly half a year long assessment is considered unusual. Journalist of the News Post Seven [ja] speculated that the prosecutors were waiting for the public sentiment over the assassination to quiet down, due to the aftermath brought by the incident as well as the sympathy and admiration towards Yamagami from the society.[146]

Regarding the possible sentence should Yamagami be convicted of murder, Japanese media cited a similar case in 2007 in which a former gangster leader Tetsuya Shiroo was convicted of murdering Iccho Itoh during the latter's campaign for the re-election of the mayor of Nagasaki City. Shiroo was sentenced to death during the first trial in Nagasaki District Court on ground of "strong antisocial behavior which denies the foundation of democracy". This was overturned and reduced to life imprisonment in a second trial in Fukuoka High Court and Supreme Court as the judges preferred to be cautious of seeking capital punishment in a murder conviction which involved one single victim.[147]

MotiveEdit

Yamagami told investigators that his motive had been personal rather than political.[148][149][150][151] After joining the Unification Church around 1991 to 1998,[c][119] his mother had given the church about 100 million yen (US$720,000), a parcel of land she had inherited from her father, and the house where she lived with her three children; she subsequently declared bankruptcy in 2002.[153][154] She had continued donating to the church following the bankruptcy.[155] Yamagami's uncle recalled being contacted by Yamagami and his siblings to complain that they had no food at home, electric bills and house rent were often overdue, prompting the relative to deliver meals and money for living expenses.[121][122]

Yamagami blamed the Unification Church for his family's financial problems and held a grudge against the group.[156][157] Researching the church's connections to Abe in the months before the attack, he believed the former prime minister spread the church's influence in Japan.[158]

In a letter sent to journalist Kazuhiro Yonemoto [ja] on 7 July, the day before the incident, Yamagami introduced himself as "Mada Tari-nai" (まだ足りない, lit.'not enough'), a regular commenter under that handle on Yonemoto's blog posts,[159][160] and stressed that he "had spent [much time] trying to obtain guns".[161][162][163]

Kazuhiro Yonemoto is the editor of a blog reporting on problems experienced by the children of religious cult believers.[164][165] The letter was sent from Okayama and did not mention the name of the sender,[166][167] but a "statement of mutual agreement" between Yamagami's family and the Unification Church was enclosed.[163] The agreement arranged the repayment of 50 million yen by the Unification Church, Tetsuya Yamagami's name and address was handwritten on the agreement.[168][163]

In the letter, Yamagami wrote that his "connection with the Unification Church dates back about 30 years",[169][163] he also expressed a desire to kill the entire Moon family but noted that it was unrealistic.[170] He also noted that killing Hak Ja Han, the leader of the Unification Church, or her daughter, would not achieve his goal of getting the Unification Church dissolved.[170] He also wrote that Shinzo Abe was "not my enemy, originally, although I have had negative opinions about him. Abe was just one of the Unification Church's sympathizers who wields the most influence in the real world."[171] Yonemoto found the letter in his home mailbox on 13 July, five days after the assassination.[172] A draft copy of the letter was found on Yamagami's computer.[173][174]

Kazuhiro Yonemoto, who never had met Yamagami before, said: "I think he probably had no one to talk to and wanted to express his feelings to someone. He may have thought I was his friend because I operate the blog he posted on. I understand the suffering of believers' children. But I wish he had consulted with me directly before going that far."[164][175] Yonemoto initially refused to hand the letter over to police, and it was later seized.[163] Yamagami stated that his Twitter account was @333_hill in his letter to Yonemoto.[176][177] The account was made in October 2019, with Hak Ja Han scheduled to visit Aichi Prefecture the same month.[178]

Yamagami posted on Twitter that he was "willing to die to liberate every person involved in the Unification Church", and that he had "no concern about what will happen to the Abe administration as a result".[179][180] Yamagami's Twitter account was suspended from 19 July due to an unspecified violation of Twitter's company policies.[181][182] A Twitter account belonging to Yamagami was suspended in 2019 for violating Twitter's policies on "abusive language, threatening, or discriminatory language or behavior".[178][183]

An analysis of Yamagami's tweets indicates he was very political because of the Unification Church's involvement in Yamagami's family. The most discussed topics among his tweets were "North/South Korea", followed by "gender inequality", "left winger/liberalism" and "constitution/reinterpretation of self-defense". However, when it came to his emotional reaction to each topic, his hatred was championed by the "Unification Church", far away from his "family", then "North/South Korea" and "Shinzo Abe".[184]

Media reported that the difficult circumstances endured by Yamagami and his siblings were very similar to the "shūkyō nisei", otherwise known as the "religious second generations", a Japanese term categorising children being raised by parents who are enthusiastic with their religious practices while neglecting or abusing their children.[185] Abe's assassination brought the nisei issue under spotlight in Japan's mainstream media,[186] and more nisei victims began to be outspoken of their hardships and the inaction from the government, despite the anxiety to be identified as one of the nisei.[187]

PlanningEdit

Yamagami said his initial plan was to assassinate a high-ranking official of the Unification Church, but later decided to target Abe instead.[188][189][190] From around the time his mother went bankrupt, Yamagami wandered around the Unification Church building carrying a knife, looking for an opportunity to kill Hak Ja Han. He planned to kill Han with a Molotov cocktail when she visited Aichi Prefecture in 2019, but gave up because he could not enter the church building.[191]

Yamagami told investigators that he initially considered making a bomb and purchased a pressure cooker to create a bomb, but eventually decided to change his plan after realising it could maim or kill innocent bystanders when it exploded.[192] Instead, he made guns that he "could easily fix on a target".[193]

Yamagami allegedly decided to change his target to Abe after learning of his video speech to an event held by the Unification Church's front organisation in September 2021, in which Abe praised Hak Ja Han, the leader of the church.[194][195] He proceeded to stalk the former prime minister at various locations as he planned his attack over a period of several months.[196] On the day before the assassination, Yamagami travelled by Shinkansen and attended an LDP rally in Okayama Prefecture with the intent of killing Abe there; he was forced to backtrack due to entry protocols.[197] After Abe's schedule was changed to allow him to visit Nara City on 8 July, Yamagami kept track of his movements via Abe's website.[198][199][200]

Yamagami's residence is a five-minute walk from Shin-Ōmiya Station; the westbound next stop on the Kintetsu Nara line is Yamato-Saidaiji Station, where the assassination was carried out.[201]

In order to dry his homemade gunpowder, Yamagami rented an apartment between March and September 2021.[202] He later rented a garage in Nara from November 2021 to February 2022 for the same purpose, costing him 15,000 yen per month.[203] Yamagami was unemployed after resigning in June 2022, at that time he was 600,000 yen in debt with 200,000 yen in his savings account.[204][205] His one-room apartment's rent was 30,000 yen per month.[206] Making homemade weapons was a costly endeavour for Yamagami, who ran out of cash very soon, could not hold down a steady job, and was several hundreds of thousands of yen in debt, which pushed him to proceed with assassinating Abe in July 2022.[207][206]

Yamagami told police that he had test-fired his homemade gun in a facility linked to the Unification Church on 7 July, the day he went to Okayama to attend Abe's election campaign and assassinate him, he later gave up.[208][209][210] Six bullet holes were discovered by the investigators at the entrance of a building next to the Nara branch of the Unification Church.[211][212][196]

Weapon preparationsEdit

Yamagami allegedly built the weapon used in the shooting.[213][214] Police discovered seven homemade firearms similar to that weapon, two of them not finished,[215] as well as possible explosive devices, during a search of his home following his arrest.[216][149][217] They were later seized as evidence by bomb disposal officers after nearby residents were evacuated.[218][219][220]

Yamagami stated that he tested his improvised firearms by firing them at multiple wooden boards with an aluminium-covered tray for storing dry gunpowder that he produced from fertiliser,[221] which were later recovered from his vehicle.[222][223] Plastic-based shotgun shells were also seized by police.[224] Yamagami also claimed that he tested his firearms in mountains in Nara Prefecture.[225]

Yamagami started buying materials needed to make guns and gunpowder in spring 2021,[176] learning how to make guns and bombs from watching YouTube videos.[215][226] Websites about bomb-making and weapons manufacturing were discovered in Yamagami's browsing history.[227] He told investigators that he originally intended to carry out the assassination using explosives.[197] However, notes obtained from Yamagami's parents' home by the investigators reveal that he did not want to "cause trouble to the bystanders" and believed that an explosive may not kill Abe, so he instead began making his own gun.[228] The gun used in the shooting was fired by a battery igniting the gunpowder with an electrical current.[221]

IdolizationEdit

Since Yamagami's apprehension, he has been sympathised and hailed as an icon domestically and abroad. T-shirts printed with Yamagami's photo during Abe's assassination were being sold on Chinese online marketplaces and were worn by some Chinese people in public events. This is believed to be because of Abe's historical negationism by denying the Japanese war crimes committed in China, paying tributes to war criminals commemorated in Yasukuni Shrine, as well as making pro-Taiwan statements.[229]

In Japan, Yamagami's family has been receiving a considerable amount of gift money[d] and presents like foods, clothes and books via online gifting websites from his supporters according to his uncle.[231] When Yamagami's Twitter account noted in his letter for Yonemoto was leaked to the public on 17 July 2022, his Twitter followers surged from zero to over 45,000 within one day. Many of his tweets received a lot of likes and retweets, until his Twitter account was suspended on 19 July.[232] On 10 September 2022, during Yamagami's 42nd birthday, he received a lot of messages of celebration and admiration on social media with the hashtag "Tetsuya Yamagami birthday".[233] Japanese people cosplaying Yamagami's appearance during Abe's assassination were spotted in events like the rally against Abe's state funeral. These cosplayers were holding cardboards displaying the leaders they were against: Abe, Ali Khamenei, Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping.[234] Even before Yamagami was being officially tried, online petition website Change.org had received over 8,700 signatures which pleaded for reducing Yamagami's sentence as of 8 October 2022.[231] The sponsors of the petition denied the accusation from opponents that they approved murder, but sympathised Yamagami because Yamagami's suffering as a shukyo nisei was not an isolated case. They also saw that Yamagami was working hard to rehabilitate himself so society should give him one more chance instead of sentencing him to death.[235][236]

The preview version of REVOLUTION+1 [ja], a fictional-biographical film[e] based on the reports about Yamagami directed by Masao Adachi was premiered in small theatres across Japan on Abe's state funeral.[237] Some theatres cancelled the screening after receiving public complaints, citing reasons such as "disrespect of the deceased" and "justification of terrorism".[238]

Criminologist Nobuo Komiya [ja] warned that "more people began to justify [their radical actions] when dealing with their family and religious issues", and that Yamagami being "treated and followed like a revolutionary leader was alarming".[231] In a December 2022 editorial of the Japan Times which discusses about Abe's assassination and its aftermath, editor Kanako Takahara commented that the reasons that Yamagami was able to attract so much sympathy from society is because "the investigations show that [Yamagami] had a very traumatized experience" and "the anger or any emotions involved were simply transferred to the issues involving the Unification Church" while admitting what Yamagami allegedly did was wrong.[239]

AftermathEdit

Effects on the electionEdit

At 11:45 am, the Japanese government established a liaison office within the crisis management center of the Prime Minister's Office.[240][241] Kishida, who was campaigning in Sagae, Yamagata Prefecture, cancelled his remaining schedule and returned to Tokyo by 2:29 pm.[242][84] According to Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno, all other members of Kishida's cabinet were recalled to Tokyo except the foreign minister, Yoshimasa Hayashi, who was in Indonesia for the 2022 G20 Bali summit.[243] Kishida later ordered heightened security for high-ranking politicians in Japan.[244] Officers from the Security Police were deployed to protect Akie Abe after she arrived in Kyoto as a precautionary measure.[245]

Most political leaders cancelled all campaign events for the remainder of 8 July. Campaigning resumed the day after, on 9 July, with major party leaders vowing to not allow violence to disrupt the democratic process.[246][247] The LDP subsequently won a supermajority of seats in the House of Councillors in the 10 July elections.[248]

Effects on media broadcastEdit

NHK General TV, and four of Japan's five major commercial television networks, cancelled or postponed all scheduled programming to broadcast live news coverage for the rest of the day, as did several radio stations.[249][250][251][252] Of the shows impacted, the anime series Teppen—!!! had its second episode, scheduled to air on 9 July, cancelled entirely due to the plot of the episode revolving around an attempted assassination.[253][254][255][256]

National Police Agency changesEdit

On 20 August 2022, the National Police Agency announced that rules for conducting VIP protection will be revamped, which will also expand VIP protection training.[257]

The NPA announced that from August 26, 2022, they will examine all VIP protection plans from the prefectural police and will instruct them to make recommended changes if and when it is deemed necessary.[258] The NPA also announced that they will extend their "cyber patrol" force which was originally established to monitor online illegal drug trade and child pornography to also swiftly identify potential threats against VIP found on social media and take early counter measures.[259]

ResignationEdit

On 25 August 2022, Commissioner General Itaru Nakamura of the National Police Agency said that he will resign from his post to take responsibility for the shooting incident on Abe. The chief of the Nara Prefectural Police Tomoaki Onizuka and the director general of the National Police Agency's Security Bureau Kenichi Sakurazawa also announced their resignation.[260]

Unification Church-relatedEdit

Responses by the Unification ChurchEdit

The Unification Church distanced itself from the assassination and confirmed the involvement of Yamagami's mother with the Unification Church by Tomihiro Tanaka [ja], the chair of the church's Tokyo branch, during a press conference on 11 July.[261][262] Tanaka expressed his sorry and heartfelt condolences. He confirmed that Yamagami was not a believer in the Church, but his mother joined in 1998,[c] temporarily disappeared in 2009, and participated monthly in church events for the last half year. Tanaka stated that the mother was bankrupted around 2002, and there is no record of such donation requests. He said that is a mystery what could lead from the resentment against the Church to the murder, and the Church will cooperate with Police to establish a motive if asked.[261][263] Tanaka also downplayed the alleged close tie between the organisation and Abe, stating that the former prime minister, not being a registered member or advisor, only delivered speeches for their "friendly entity", the UPF.[264][265]

On 14 July, the UC released a statement claiming that before the assassination, they reached an agreement to refund 50 million yen donated by the suspect's mother from 2004 to 2015, and that they have no more record of new donations made by her after the refund.[266] On the other hand, the 50 million yen refunded was again donated to the UC, according to the suspect's relatives.[267]

At a press conference in Seoul on 19 July 2022, Chung Hwan Kwak, a prominent leader in the UC, apologised and stated that the organisation was responsible for Abe's death, saying: "I feel a deep responsibility [for the attack on Abe] because I heard that the motive of the attacker was associated with a grudge against donations [at the UC]. I sincerely apologize," he said. Kwak said that Sun Myung Moon enjoyed a close relationship with Abe's father and grandfather, stating: "Donations from Japan have greatly contributed to Moon's activities around the world". Kwak argued that he tried to reform the UC's Japanese branch and end the practice of spiritual sales, but that Jung Ok Yoo and other church leaders resisted and allowed the practice to continue. South Korean church officials and the Japanese branch, on the other hand, denied Kwak's claim.[268][269][270][271]

The UC claimed that negative media reports related to the assassination led to hate speech and death threats against their followers. According to a female receptionist working at the Shibuya office of the UC she has been receiving two to three trolling letters every day, some containing home rubbish and even replacement razors.[272] On 18 August 2022, the church organised a rally in Seoul against the Japanese media. About three thousand followers, comprising a considerable portion of Japanese women married to Korea[clarification needed] via the UC's mass weddings, were transported from their facility in Gapyeong County via coaches to participate in this protest. All participants refused to be interviewed by any Japanese media on site, with deliberate intervention from the staff of the church.[273][274] On 21 August, the UC released a statement on its Japanese site which condemned the media's scrutiny towards the organisation's political ties as a witch hunt, demanding apologies to their followers and threatening legal action.[275] On 27 October 2022, the lawyers representing the UC announced that they filed a civil case for defamation against TBS Radio, Nippon TV and the guests who commentated on their shows, Masaki Kito and Yoshifu Arita, demanding public apologies and a total of 33 million yen in damage.[276]

In an interview with All-Nippon News Network, Korean journalist Song Ju-yeol[f] (송주열) revealed that, according to an informant, the assassination had thrown the UC into a state of crisis. Negative attention towards the church could realistically impede their capability to raise the funds needed for operating the organisation globally, in which a major portion was contributed by their Japanese followers.[277] The 2023 new year greeting by Tomihiro Tanaka for a private meeting was leaked and reported by media, in that Tanaka addressed to their second generation followers to prepare for a climactic battle against religious persecution, as "2023 marked the 400th anniversary of persecution against Christianity in Japan beginning in 1623[g]".[278]

Responses from the Kishida CabinetEdit

The assassination resulted in renewed public interest into the relationship between the Unification Church and the LDP. On 31 July 2022, Kishida demanded the members of his party to "carefully explain" their relationship with the church to the public.[279] The alleged relationship caused the Kishida Cabinet's approval to drop, by 8% in July according to Yomiuri Shimbun[280] or by 13% according to NHK.[281] Both polls also showed that over 80% of respondents felt that the disclosure by the politicians of their relationship with the UC was insufficient. On 6 August, Kishida announced that he would reshuffle his cabinet on 10 August, much earlier than September 2022 as had been originally scheduled, and that all members of the next cabinet would be closely examined of their ties with the church.[282][283] Taro Kono, the newly appointed Minister of Digital Affairs in this reshuffle, established a "Spiritual Sales Review Committee" in the Consumer Affairs Agency to hold weekly meeting with experts in cult-related frauds, including Masaki Kito of the anti-cult lawyers network Zenkoku Benren.[284][285] In a 9 December 2022 consumer committee special meeting, Kono stated that he personally recognises the Unification Church as a "cult".[286]

On 24 October 2022, one of the retaining ministers in the reshuffled cabinet, Daishiro Yamagiwa, announced his resignation as the Minister of Economic Revitalization, after being criticised for his past engagements with the UC, announcing his ties with the UC only after the reshuffle to the public, and unsatisfactory responses regarding his participations in the UC-related events such as "I have no memory" or "I have no record" when being questioned by the media and opposition lawmakers.[10][287]

Civil responsesEdit

Almost a year before the assassination, in September 2021, the anti-cult lawyers group Zenkoku Benren sent an open protest letter to Shinzo Abe, after he had sent the video message to an online meeting of the Universal Peace Federation.[288] In the letter, the lawyers protested that his video message constituted an "endorsement," stating: "We urge you to think carefully about this for the sake of your own honour."[289][290]

On 11 July 2022, in Tokyo's Chiyoda Ward lawyers of Zenkoku Benren held a press conference in response to the assassination. After offering their condolences to Abe, they objected to the UC's claims that it reformed its practices in 2009 after it came under police investigation. Hiroshi Yamaguchi, an advocacy group representative, said that the UC's "explanation that there is no coercion of donations is a lie." The amount of damages reported by victims in Japan has been higher in recent years, the lawyers said, totalling 5.1 billion yen in more than 400 cases between 2017 and 2020. They emphasised that the activities of the UC are inseparable from front groups, including the UPF, they are all part of a "religious conglomerate" working toward the goal of "unifying" the world under their church. The advocacy group released a statement urging politicians to refrain from any actions that express support for the religious group.[291]

The Japan Federation of Bar Associations [ja] indicated that: "Neither administrative bodies or politicians in the administration did anything about the activities of the former Unification Church in the past 30 years".[292]

The National Family Association of Victims of the Unification Church (全国統一協会被害者家族の会), founded in 2003, received a surge of inquiries for helping their family members leave the UC. In June 2022, before the assassination, there were eight inquiries for the association; in July 2022, the number of inquiries jumped to 94; in August 2022, the number exceeded 100.[293]

Because there were previous instances of students lured into the UC via the workers of "CARP" (for Collegiate Association for the Research of Principles), a UC-front organisation which was not acknowledged by the university, lingering around the campus, Osaka University erected warning signs in the campus to urge students to avoid cult-related groups like CARP. The signs listed the common behaviours of the workers of such group like asking for personal contact or taking survey.[294][verification needed] Since 2004, Osaka University provided lectures to all first-year students about the problems with religious cults and how to deal with them on campus. Many other schools, including Waseda University, Keio University and Ritsumeikan University, warned first-year students about on-campus recruitment activities. According to World CARP Japan (WCJ), the Japanese organisation of CARP, there are about 30 CARP-circles active in universities across Japan, where they help clean up communities and teach primary school children.[295]

Examination of dissolving the Unification ChurchEdit

The assassination raised discussion of stripping the UC of its "legal entity of religious organization" status based on Article 81 "Dissolution Order" of the Religious Juridical Person Law [ja] which was only issued twice in Japan prior to Abe's assassination, the first being the Aum Shinrikyo in 1996 following the 1995 Tokyo subway sarin attack; the second being Myōkakuji (明覚寺) in Wakayama in January 2002 whose top officials had been convicted for employing fraudulent spiritual sales tactics to attract massive donations from their believers.[296][297] The rationales being that the UC was engaging in activities which were "clearly detrimental to the public welfare" and/or "out of line with the purpose of the religious organization."[48][298] Professor of constitutional law Shigeru Minamino [ja] said that stripping the religious status of an organisation does not violate the religious freedom guaranteed by the Constitution of Japan, but it would merely strip them of benefits such as tax break enjoyed by registered religious entity.[299] In October 2022, the leaders of the Aum Shinrikyo's succeeding unregistered religious groups, Aleph and Hikari no Wa, answered to media interviews that their religious activities had not been hindered by the government since the 1996 dissolution order.[300]

Since Abe's assassination, a woman under the pseudonym "Sayuri Ogawa" (小川 さゆり) as one of the former UC followers, who felt suffered financially and mentally, has become outspoken about her past experiences of how she felt being exploited by the church and her own parents. On 14 September 2022, she was arranged by the Japan News Network to speak face to face with the Minister of Justice Yasuhiro Hanashi on air and demanded passing new laws to regulate the malpractices of the UC and protect children from religious parents.[301] On 6 October 2022, she and her husband held a press conference to explain their view on the church and why they feel exploited, which was interrupted by a message sent by her parents via the UC, who accused her of lying pathologically due to her mental illness.[302] By the end of the press conference, she demanded the dissolution of the UC in tears.[303]

On 11 October 2022, the anti-cult lawyers group Zenkoku Benren formally submitted a request for disbanding the UC to the Prosecutor-General [ja], Minister of Justice and Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.[304] Initially the Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno responded that the request must be considered with utmost prudence with regards of the precedents.[305] On 16 October 2022, Prime Minister Kishida announced a probe of the UC would be launched regarding the allegations of their anti-social activities, and suggested the possibility of dissolving the UC depending on the report of the investigation.[297][306] On the next day, organisations of anti-cultism and cult victims initiated an online petition demanding government officials to strip the UC of its religious juridical person status.[307] As of 6 December 2022, the petition has garnered over 200 thousand signatures.[308]

Legislation to restrict donations to religious organisations and provide relief to their victimsEdit

On December 10, the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors passed two bills to restrict the activities of religious organisations such as the UC and provide relief to victims.[12][309] These bills were designed to address social problems caused by the Unification Church, and the political parties and the media saw these bills as a way to restrict "cults" in the process leading up to the legislation.[310][311][312][313]

The new law stipulates prohibited acts and duty of care for juridical persons, including religious organisations, when soliciting donations. Prohibited acts include the following: a juridical person must not induce the donor to borrow money or sell their home or fields in order to raise the funds for the donation, a juridical person must not accompany the donor to a place from which the donor is unable to leave, and a juridical person must not prevent the donor from consulting with someone. The duty of care is that the juridical person shall not suppress the free will of the soliciting subject and that the solicitation shall not make life difficult for the soliciting subject's family. If a juridical person commits a prohibited act, a correction order is issued, and a person who repeatedly violates the order is subject to imprisonment for up to one year and a fine of up to 1,000,000 yen. If a juridical person violates its duty of care, the name of the juridical person will be made public. It was also stipulated that contracts for donations or sales of goods through spiritual sales, i.e. inducing psychological fear or promising spiritual salvation, can be revoked up to 10 years after the contract is concluded and up to three years after the target of the solicitation becomes aware of the damage. In addition, it is also stipulated that donations contracted while the target of the solicitation is under brainwashing can be cancelled. The law also stipulates that the victim's family can also revoke the donation due to improper solicitation, and that the victim or his/her family can claim from the juridical person the amount of past damages as well as living expenses and child support that the child or spouse is entitled to in the future. The new law then defines spiritual sales, in which a contract can be rescinded, as soliciting donations or selling goods after taking advantage of the anxiety of the target of the solicitation or causing the target of the solicitation to become anxious.[12][309] Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety Taro Kono will have jurisdiction over these laws.[314]

These bills were supported by the ruling Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito, and opposition parties the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDP), Nippon Ishin no Kai, and Democratic Party for the People, and opposed by the opposition parties the Japanese Communist Party (JCP) and the Reiwa Shinsengumi.[309] The CDP had opposed the bills, seeking legislation to more strictly restrict religious organisations, but switched to support it after a clause to review the law two years later was specified in the bills. According to the CDP and some Unification Church victims, legislation to restrict religious organisations even more strictly is needed. The JCP had proposed another bill to restrict religious organisations and therefore opposed the bills.[313] Sayuri Ogawa, who was invited to spectate the parliament when the bills were being passed, was grateful of the new laws to be made in such a tight schedule of the parliament, but she also stressed that there are still many challenges ahead [surrounding the UC and its victims] with the most pressing one being passing new bill protecting children from religious abuse;[315] Lawyer Hiroshi Yamaguchi who represents Zenkoku Benren wished that there would have been more time to make a solid bill. He worried that under the new laws it would still be difficult to prove that the claimant's free will was being suppressed when accepting the transaction, also the definition of what allows the victim's child or spouse to demand restitution on behalf of their relative was too narrow to be practical.[313][310]

Wake and funeralEdit

 
Kirigaya Funeral Hall, where Abe's funeral was held

In the afternoon of 11 July, Abe's casket was transported to the Zōjō Temple in Shiba Park of the Minato ward of Tokyo, where several feudal shoguns are buried.[316][317] A wake for Abe began at 6:00 p.m.[316] Over 2,500 people attended, according to the LDP.[318]

A Buddhist funeral for Abe took place at Zōjō Temple on the next day. The ceremony, conducted by priests from the Jōdō-shū tradition, was restricted to Abe's family and select others from the LDP. Following the funeral, Abe's casket was transported through the Nagatachō district with large crowds watching the procession from the pavements.[319] The casket was driven past LDP headquarters,[320] the National Diet Building and the Prime Minister's Office before being taken to Kirigaya Funeral Hall in the Shinagawa ward for a private funeral.[137][321] During the funeral, Abe received a posthumous name that reflected his life on the political stage.[h] A farewell ceremony has been planned for sometime after the funeral and the traditional 49-day mourning period.[316] The location is planned to be within the Yamaguchi 4th district and within Tokyo.[319]

On 12 August 2022, the UPF held an international conference in Seoul which was attended by foreign dignitaries such as Mike Pompeo, Newt Gingrich, and Stephen Harper. None of the dignitaries from Japan attended. Part of the venue was dedicated to giving a memorial service for Abe. While not attending personally, Donald Trump and Mike Pence's video messages were also played during the event. The event stated that Abe died while participating in a movement for peace.[322][323][324]

State funeralEdit

State funeral of Shinzo Abe
 
Native name 故安倍晋三国葬儀
Date27 September 2022 (2022-09-27)
Time2:00 pm (JST)
VenueNippon Budokan
Location2-3 Kitanomarukōen, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Organised byGovernment of Japan
ParticipantsList of dignitaries

On 14 July 2022, six days after the assassination, the Kishida Cabinet formally decided a state funeral of Abe to be held on 27 September at the Nippon Budokan.[325] The cost of the entire ceremony would be paid by the national coffer,[326] drawn from the "annual contingency fund" which was meant for emergency situations like natural disasters.[327] On 26 August, the cabinet approved a budget of 249.4 million yen (about US$ 1.8 million in August 2022) which did not include the cost of security,[328] but in an estimation announced by the cabinet on 6 September, the grand total of the actual cost with inclusion of security (800 million yen), hosting foreign dignitaries (600 million yen) and other miscellaneous cost (10 million yen) would be at least 1.66 billion yen.[329][330] The cabinet made the decision without seeking consensus in the parliament, but attempted to convince the opposing lawmakers after they finalised the decision.[327] Kishida insisted pushing forward the state funeral on the grounds of Abe being the longest serving prime minister of Japan, as well as his achievements on domestic affairs and foreign policies.[331] On the other hand, Kishida reaffirmed that, similar to Yoshida's state funeral, the government would only plead with, but not mandate the public to mourn Abe during his state funeral.[332]

There was one precedent of a state funeral for a post-war Japanese leader, Shigeru Yoshida, held in 1967 which costed 18 million yen of tax money.[331] Originally the "State Funeral Decree" (国葬令) was enacted in 1926 by the end of Taisho period. Articles three and five stipulated that the "prime minister shall conduct a state funeral for any one who made exceptional contribution to the country not of the imperial family under the Emperor's decree". After the Second World War, the new Constitution of Japan went into effect in 1947, and the State Funeral Decree was declared null and void. Although the state funeral for Yoshida decided by the then Prime Minister Eisaku Satō lacked any constitutional basis, by that time, only the Japanese Communist Party opposed the decision. Post-war funerals for the Emperor of Japan, while technically following the custom of a state funeral, have been known as the "Ceremony of the Imperial Funeral [ja]" since 1947.[333][332][334]

AttendeesEdit

 
Police stationed for the funeral, 27 September 2022.

Kishida's determination to hold Abe's state funeral was described by the media as a form of "funeral diplomacy [ja]" to convey his will to inherit Abe's legacy domestically and internationally.[335] However, when compared to the state funeral of Elizabeth II held on 19 September, one week before Abe's state funeral, the media pointed out that the foreign dignitaries attending Abe's funeral were less influential, comprising mostly former heads of state,[15][336] and none of the incumbent leaders of the G7 attended.[337][338] Nippon TV cited an anonymous government official who explained that many leaders who attended Elizabeth II's funeral were unsure if it was appropriate to conduct two consecutive trips abroad in such a short period of time.[15] All-Nippon News cited another official who commented that there were almost no notable foreign dignitaries who could attend, and that Kishida was wrong for being overly optimistic of his "funeral diplomacy" plan.[339] Among those who received but eventually turned down invitations were Barack Obama,[340] Donald Trump,[15] Joe Biden, Angela Merkel,[341] and Emmanuel Macron.[342] Justin Trudeau cancelled his schedule three days before the funeral as Hurricane Fiona, a category 4 tropical cyclone, was causing serious damage across Atlantic Canada.[343]

Representatives from 218 foreign countries, regions and international organisations attended the funeral, which included heads of state and government as well as ambassadors and cabinet members.[344]

On 20 September 2022, former Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan stated that he would not attend Abe's state funeral. Kan's predecessor, former Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama also did not attend Abe's state funeral.[345]

Reactions to the state funeralEdit

Polling data of the state funeral for Shinzo Abe
Agency Survey Date Positive (%) Negative (%) Source
NHK July 16–18
49 38
[346][347]
Sankei & FNN July 23–24
31.0 19.1 14.8 32.1
[348][349]
Nikkei & TV Tokyo July 29–31
47 43
[350][351]
Kyodo July 30–31
17.9 27.2 23.5 29.8
[352]
NHK Aug. 5–7
36 50
[353]
Yomiiuri & NNN Aug. 5–7
49 46
[354][355]
JNN Aug. 6–7
42 45
[356]
Jiji Aug. 5–8
30.5 47.3
[357]
Kyodo Aug. 10–11
42.5 56.0
[358]
ANN Aug. 20–21
34 51
[359]
Mainichi Aug. 20–21
30 53
[360]
Sankei & FNN Aug. 20–21
40.8 51.1
[361][362]
Asahi Aug. 27–28
41 50
[363]
Yomiiuri & NNN Sep. 2–4
38 56
[364]
JNN Sep. 3–4
38 51
[365]
NHK Sep. 9–11
32 57
[366]
Asahi Sep. 10–11
38 56
[367][368]
Jiji Sep. 9–12
25.3 51.9
[369]
Nikkei & TV Tokyo Sep. 16–18
33 60
[351]
ANN Sep. 17–18
30 54
[370]
Kyodo Sep. 17–18
13.8 24.7 20.2 40.6
[371][372]
Mainichi Sep. 17–18
27 62
[373]
Sankei & FNN Sep. 17–18
31.5 62.3
[374][375]
Surveys after the State Funeral
Asahi Oct. 1–2
35 59
[376]
JNN Oct. 1–2
42 54
[377]
Yomiuri, NNN Oct. 1–2
41 54
[378][379]
Kyodo Oct. 8–9
13.4 23.5 23.1 38.8
[380][381]
Jiji Oct. 7–10
24.4 49.5
[382]
NHK Oct. 8–10
32.6 54.2
[383]
ANN Oct. 15–16
30 57
[384]
Mainichi Oct. 22–23
18 60
[385]

A state funeral is a stark break from recent funerals for other post-war Japanese leaders, which have been jointly organised and paid for by the Cabinet and the LDP.[386] The Cabinet's decision has been met with mixed reactions, as there is currently no legal founding that clarifies eligibility or how a state funeral should be conducted.[386] An injunction requesting a suspension to the Cabinet's decision and budget for the event had been filed at the district courts in Tokyo, Saitama, Yokohama and Osaka by civil groups on 21 July, which states the lack of parliamentary approval and infringement of a constitutional right to freedom of belief.[387] All these lawsuits were dismissed by all courts on 9 September.[388] On 12 September, the Japan Congress of Journalists [ja] (JCJ) issued an appeal letter in opposition to Abe's state funeral, citing unfavorable polling data of the state funeral across the news agencies. The letter condemned the 2015 Japanese military legislation (legalisation of Japan's right to collective self-defense), one of Abe's controversial legacies during his tenure, which was described by JCJ as destroying the Constitution and peace diplomacy of Japan, but Kishida attempted to praise such legacy via a state funeral paid by taxpayers' money.[389][390] Anti-cult journalist Eito Suzuki [ja] expressed his concern that Abe's state funeral could be used by the Unification Church to lure more victims into their organisation because of Abe's overt endorsement of their leader Hak Ja Han.[332] On 22 September, in a third press conference held by the Unification Church in response to the assassination and spiritual sales, they would announce their support for Abe's state funeral out of "tremendous respect" for Abe.[391]

Opponents of the state funeral organised public rallies. One on 22 July, about 400 people gathered before the Prime Minister's Office.[392] A second one on 16 August had more than a thousand people marching peacefully on the street of Shinjuku in Tokyo.[393][394] A third one on 31 August organised by the opposition parties saw more than 2500 people protesting before the National Diet Building.[395] On 19 September, two separate anti-state-funeral rallies occurred in Shibuya[396] and Sapporo.[397] On 21 September 2022, a man, believed to be in his 70s, set himself alight near the Prime Minister's Office, after apparently writing an anti-state funeral note.[398][399][400]

On the day of the state funeral, about 200,000 police officers were deployed around Budokan to maintain law and order. About 3,000 opponents of the state funeral, led by opposing parties, marched from the Diet to Budokan. On their way, they clashed physically with proponents, while police officers attempted to separate the two parties outside of Budokan.[401][402]

In the immediate aftermath of the shooting, many people were in favour of a state funeral, partly due to the shock. As the controversial relationships of the conservative ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and the UC were revealed in an investigation, public opinion began to voice "opposition to state funerals". Koji Nakakita, a professor of political science at Hitotsubashi University, commented on the reason for the increase in public opinion against the state funeral, saying, "The biggest problem is the issue of the former Unification Church. When the shooting occurred, some people sympathized with it as 'blasphemy against democracy'. However, the tide turned sharply when the problems of the cult came to the surface." He pointed out that Abe and others had received cooperation from the cult during the national elections, commenting, "Was the former Unification Church used to win?"[403]

MisinformationEdit

Video capturing the surrounding area of the assassination from the sky by the television station was widely shared online by conspiracy theorists as a proof of Abe's death by sniper rifle, instead of Yamagami's homemade gun, from the roof of the nearby shopping mall Sanwa City Saidaiji. The conspiracy theory claimed that there was a white tent spotted on the roof of the mall in the video, and that tent was used as a hideout by the sniper. The management company of Sanwa City Saidaiji clarified that the tent was set up for the purpose of cleaning the ventilation ducts, and denied the possibility that it could have been used by anyone without authorisation.[404] A comedian admitted that he was responsible for spreading this conspiracy theory online. After receiving criticism, he published an apology video on YouTube.[405]

Several media outlets misidentified the video game developer Hideo Kojima as the assassin.[406][407][408] The misreporting allegedly stemmed from jokes on the online message board 4chan and Twitter that were taken as fact and subsequently published by the far-right French politician Damien Rieu [fr],[409][410] the Greek news outlet ANT1, and the Iranian website Mashregh News.[406][411] ANT1 additionally reported that the suspect was "passionate about Che Guevara".[412] ANT1 uploaded the broadcast to its YouTube account, but later removed it.[413] Rieu took down the original tweet and issued an apology.[414][409] Kojima's company, Kojima Productions, condemned the false reports and threatened legal action against those perpetuating the rumour.[415][406][408]

Some social media users also falsely claimed that a fabricated tweet by Abe, detailing supposed information that could incriminate Hillary Clinton, led to his death.[416][417]

Copycat threatsEdit

Thirty minutes after the shooting, a threatening phone call was made to Matsuyama's office, where Abe had been initially scheduled to deliver a speech.[418] A suspect was arrested on 9 July for making threats.[419]

The Hyogo prefectural police are investigating a death threat and resignation demand for Akashi Mayor Fusaho Izumi,[420] who previously served as an aide to the assassinated lawmaker Kōki Ishii.[421]

Hours after the shooting, online assassination threats were made in Singapore and Taiwan against their respective leaders, Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong and Republic of China president Tsai Ing-wen. In Singapore, a 45-year-old man was arrested after his threats online were reported to the police.[422] In Taiwan, the threat came from a 22-year-old man in Tainan, who was arrested at his home in Yongkang District.[423]

Thailand additionally tightened security around its government officials and planned to increase security at the upcoming Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit, due to be hosted in Bangkok on 17–18 November.[424]

ReactionsEdit

DomesticEdit

 
Nara Medical University Hospital, where Abe was pronounced dead

Incumbent prime minister Fumio Kishida called the assassination an "unforgivable act" and an "act of cowardly barbarism".[425][426] Noting that Abe was shot while delivering a campaign speech, Kishida also denounced the assassination as an attack on Japan's democracy and vowed to defend a "free and fair election at all costs".[427]

Before Abe's death was announced, Governor of Tokyo Yuriko Koike stated that "no matter the reason, such a heinous act is absolutely unforgivable. It is an affront against democracy."[428] Kazuo Shii, chairman of the Japanese Communist Party, called the assassination "barbaric", an attack on free speech and an act of terrorism in a post to Twitter.[429] Tomohiko Taniguchi, a former advisor to Abe, compared his death to the assassination of John F. Kennedy in terms of likely social impact in Japan.[430]

Tomoaki Onizuka, head of Nara Prefecture Police, acknowledged security lapses at the political rally where Abe was killed, and pledged to identify and resolve the flaws, "It is undeniable that there were problems with the security for former prime minister Abe, and we will immediately identify the problems and take appropriate measures to resolve them".[431]

On 11 July, Kishida's cabinet decided to award Abe Junior First Rank (Ju Ichi'i (従一位)), as well as the Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum and Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum (Dai Kun'i Kikkashō Keishoku (大勲位菊花章頸飾)) effective 8 July,[432] making Abe the fourth former prime minister since Yasuhiro Nakasone to be conferred the Collar under the current Constitution.[433][434][435]

InternationalEdit

 
US President Joe Biden writes a letter offering his condolences following the assassination.

In response to the shooting and Abe's subsequent death, representatives of numerous countries, including present and former world leaders, expressed their condolences.[436][437]

Anthony Albanese, prime minister of Australia, said that Japan had emerged as "one of Australia's most like-minded partners in Asia" under Abe's leadership. Albanese also mentioned Abe's foreign policy contributions, adding that the "Quad and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership are in many ways the results of his diplomatic leadership". Albanese said that Abe's legacy was "one of global impact, and a profound and positive one for Australia".[438] Landmarks in Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and Perth were lit up in red and white, and flags were flown at half-mast on the day of the funeral.[439]

National days of mourning were declared in Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Cambodia, Cuba and Sri Lanka, with all countries flying their flags at half-mast on their respective days of mourning. In Bangladesh, a day of state mourning was declared for 9 July.[440] Jair Bolsonaro, president of Brazil, ordered three days of national mourning in Brazil, which is home to the world's largest population of Japanese descent outside of Japan.[441] Narendra Modi, prime minister of India, announced that India would observe a day of national mourning on 9 July; Modi's reaction was regarded by some as an extremely personal one compared to other world leaders particularly for his addressal of the former Prime Minister as "Abe-san" in his blog where he paid tributes.[442][443][444][445] Nepal and Bhutan declared their respective days of mourning for 9 July.[446][447] Cambodian prime minister Hun Sen announced 10 July as a day of national mourning with entertainment venues being closed for that day.[448][449] Cuba observed a day of national mourning on 11 July.[450] On 12 July, Sri Lanka observed a day of national mourning with its flag flown at half-mast on state buildings.[451] While formal mourning days were not proclaimed in Thailand, the government did fly flags at half-mast on 8 July, and the Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha paid a visit to the Japanese Embassy in Bangkok to pay respects in person.[452][453]

United States President Joe Biden ordered flags of the United States to be flown at half-staff until 10 July 2022,[454][455] and visited the Japanese embassy to sign a condolence book.[456] Secretary of State Antony Blinken made an unscheduled stop in Tokyo per request from President Biden, en route from the G20 Summit to the US, then met with PM Kishida to offer condolences in person, and shared letters that President Biden had written to the Abe family.[457][458][456][459] Secretary of the Treasury Janet Yellen cancelled her visit to the Port of Yokohama during her visit to Japan, which was scheduled prior to the assassination of Abe.[460] Yellen, alongside the Ambassador to Japan Rahm Emanuel, attended Abe's wake at Zōjō Temple on 11 July. Back in the US, members of both the Democratic and Republican parties offered tributes to Abe.[435][459][461]

The European Council released a photo and video library in memory of Abe, featuring the former prime minister's diplomatic interactions with leaders across the EU.[462][third-party source needed]

Israeli President Isaac Herzog paid tribute to Abe as "one of Japan's most preeminent leaders in modern times", noting that he had been "deeply impressed" by Abe's "leadership, vision and respect for Israel" during his visit to the Jewish state in 2018.[463]

Releasing a joint statement, the leaders of the Quad nations of Australia, India, and the United States noted that the organisation would redouble its work towards "a peaceful and prosperous region" in honour of Abe. The White House noted that Abe played a formative role in the founding of the Quad partnership and worked tirelessly to advance a shared vision for a free and open Indo-Pacific.[464] In his official statement regarding the assassination, Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau seconded the calls made by the Quad.[465]

President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Tsai Ing-wen announced that the nation would observe a national day of mourning on 11 July, with the flag of Taiwan flown at half-mast.[466] Taipei 101 was also illuminated in multiple messages mourning the death of Abe.[467][468] Lai Ching-te, Taiwan Vice-President, visited Abe's residence as a special envoy of President Tsai to mourn Abe, along with Frank Hsieh, Taiwan's envoy to Japan, on 11 July. Lai became the highest-ranking Taiwanese official to visit Japan in 50 years after Japan severed its diplomatic relationship with Taiwan in 1972 in favour of China.[469]

Individuals, non-governmental organisations and sportsEdit

The University of Southern California (USC) paid special condolences to Abe, who attended the university for three semesters studying English and Public Policy during a study abroad program. USC's president Carol Folt personally sent her own condolences.[470]

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) president, Thomas Bach, recognised Abe for being instrumental in securing the 2020 Summer Olympics for Tokyo before his tenure ended in 2020 as well as his "vision, determination and dependability" that enabled the IOC to make an unprecedented decision to postpone the Olympics by a year. The Olympic flag was flown in Lausanne at half-mast for three days.[471]

Despite official condolences sent by the Chinese and South Korean governments, many Chinese and South Korean internet users were unsympathetic to Abe's death. This stemmed from grievances concerning historical colonialism and war crimes by Imperial Japan, and towards nationalist Japanese politicians – including Abe – who denied or questioned some accounts of the atrocities.[472][473][474] In Japan, the assassination led to a renewed level of scrutiny of the ties between the Unification Church and the Liberal Democratic Party, with the newspaper Mainichi Shimbun running an editorial denouncing the LDP's ties to the organisation; anti-Unification Church slogans trended in Japan on social media platforms, and an online petition was launched seeking to deny Abe state honours due to his ties to the group.[475] As of August 2022, approval for the Kishida government had fallen by 12%, and polling suggested that a majority of Japanese citizens were opposed to Abe being given a state funeral.[476]

The UN Security Council paid tribute to Abe, saying, "He will be remembered as a staunch defender of multilateralism, respected leader, and supporter of the United Nations."[477]

The American magazine Time unveiled the cover of its next issue, prominently featuring Abe's portrait in black and white. This will be Abe's fourth time featured on the magazine, with Time writing Abe would be "remembered for remaking Japan".[478]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b While many sources report the weapon to be a shotgun,[67] the Nara Prefectural Police Department reported that the weapon was a pistol.[68][69] According to the police, the suspect called his homemade gun used in the assassination a "shotgun" (散弾銃).[70]
  2. ^ In Japan, one unit of normal blood transfusion is about 200 millilitres. However, in the case of acute blood loss, the patient is instead administered "red blood cell transfusion" which is 140 millilitres per unit, in other words Abe was administered 14,000 cc (14 L) of blood.[89]
  3. ^ a b Unification Church's Tokyo chair claimed that Yamagami's mother first joined their church in 1998 during the 11 July press conference, Yamagami's paternal uncle claimed that it was around 1991 while being interviewed by press on 15 July. Yamagami's alleged Twitter account claimed that the Unification Church stole his family's wealth when he was 14, adding to Yamagami's birth year of 1980, this would suggest the financial woe of his family caused by the UC began no later than 1994.[152]
  4. ^ Over 1 million yen of gift money sent from all over Japan as of October 2022 according to Yamagami's uncle.[230]
  5. ^ The protagonist of the film is named "Tatsuya Kawakami" (川上 達也) instead of "Tetsuya Yamagami" (山上 徹也).
  6. ^ Also romanised as Song Joo-yeol. His name is localised as "ソン・ジュヨル" (Son Ju Yoru) by Japanese media.
  7. ^ There are records of systemic persecution against foreign missionaries in Japan which predates Tokugawa Hidetada's 1605–1623 ruling, such as the Bateren Edict issued in 1587. The "Expulsion of all missionaries from Japan" was issued in 1614 by Tokugawa Hidetada.
  8. ^ Shiun-in Den Sei Yo Shō Jō Shin Jū Dai Kōji (紫雲院殿政譽清浄晋寿大居士)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kim, Chang-Ran (8 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe shot while making election speech in Japan". Reuters. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b Fisher, Marc (12 July 2022). "How Abe and Japan became vital to Moon's Unification Church". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Man taken into custody after former Japanese PM Abe Shinzo collapses". NHK World. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  4. ^ "Former Japanese PM Abe Shinzo showing no vital signs after apparently being shot". NHK World. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe shot dead". CNN. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  6. ^ a b "安倍氏は午後5時3分に死亡確認" [Mr. Abe confirmed dead at 5:03 pm] (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  7. ^ Introvigne, Massimo (27 October 2022). "'Cult deprogrammer' lawyers and Abe's assassination". Asia Times. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  8. ^ 旧統一教会と政治家 選挙支援どこまで (in Japanese), Tokyo Broadcasting System, 4 August 2022, retrieved 31 July 2022 – via YouTube
  9. ^ 新たに31人が旧統一教会と関係 進まぬ多様性 政治と宗教の距離 (in Japanese), Tokyo Broadcasting System, 4 August 2022, retrieved 8 August 2022 – via YouTube
  10. ^ a b "Japanese economic minister steps down over church links". Reuters. 24 October 2022. Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  11. ^ 旧統一教会と関係絶てない議員「同じ党で活動できない」自民党・茂木幹事長 (in Japanese). Yahoo news Japan. 31 August 2022. Archived from the original on 31 August 2022.
  12. ^ a b c 旧統一教会の被害者救済新法成立 不当な寄付勧誘に罰則 (in Japanese). The Nikkei. 10 December 2022. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  13. ^ "Reactions to Shinzo Abe shooting". Reuters. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  14. ^ "Giappone, l'ex premier Shinzo Abe ucciso in un attentato" [Japan, former premier Shinzo Abe killed in an attack] (in Italian). Il Sole 24 Ore. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  15. ^ a b c d 【解説】安倍元首相の国葬 生活に影響も...「弔問外交」G7からは"元職"目立つ? (in Japanese), Nippon TV, 21 September 2022, retrieved 26 September 2022 – via Yahoo News
  16. ^ Sieg, Linda; Takenaka, Kiyoshi (27 August 2020). "Ailing Abe quits as Japan PM as COVID-19 slams economy, key goals unmet". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 August 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Attempted Assassination Of Japanese Prime Minister Kishi (1960)". British Pathé. 14 April 2014 – via YouTube.
  18. ^ Landers, Peter. "Shinzo Abe Shooting Recalls Japan's Prewar History of Political Violence". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  19. ^ Brooke, James (26 October 2002). "Anticorruption Lawmaker Slain in Japan; Rightist Detained". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Japan mayor dies in suspected gangster shooting". Reuters. 18 April 2007. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  21. ^ Chang, May Choon (11 July 2022), "South Korean church known for mass weddings in spotlight after Abe's killing", The Straits Times, retrieved 5 December 2022
  22. ^ "Shinzo Abe: Unification Church distances itself from assassination 11.07.2022". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  23. ^ Andrew Marshall, Michiko Toyama: In The Name of the Godfather, Tokyo Journal, October 1994. Pages 29–35
  24. ^ a b Richard, Samuels J. (December 2001), "Kishi and Corruption: An Anatomy of the 1955 System", Japan Policy Research Institute (Working Paper No. 83)
  25. ^ a b Ann Crittenden: Moon's Sect Pushes Pro‐Seoul Activities, The New York Times, 25 May 1976
  26. ^ "Why did Abe appear in a Unification Church video?". Hankyoreh. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  27. ^ Halloran, Richard (16 March 1978). "UNIFICATION CHURCH CALLED SEOUL TOOL". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  28. ^ "「安倍派中心に関係強化を」旧統一教会 創始者・文鮮明氏が信者に政界工作説く", TV Asahi (in Japanese), 7 November 2022, retrieved 8 November 2022
  29. ^ About the Founders, Universal Peace Federation, archived from the original on 23 July 2022, retrieved 23 July 2022
  30. ^ "Prime Minister Abe sent congratulatory telegrams to Unification Church". japan-press.co.jp. Archived from the original on 7 April 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  31. ^ Hirotoshi Itō (14 July 2022). "「擁護はできないが、統一協会への恨みは理解できる」元信者が弁護士会見で明かしたこと" ["I can't defend it, but I understand the grudge against the Unification Church," a former believer revealed at a lawyer's press conference.]. Gendai Ismedia Kōdansha (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 25 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  32. ^ "Ex-PM Abe sends message of support to Moonies-related NGO". japan-press.co.jp. 18 September 2021. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  33. ^ Fisher, Marc (7 July 2022). "How Abe and Japan became vital to Moon's Unification Church". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 13 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  34. ^ 旧統一教会の"献金"内部資料を独自入手 毎年200億円以上が韓国へ… (in Japanese), Tokyo Broadcasting System, 30 July 2022, archived from the original on 3 August 2022, retrieved 2 August 2022
  35. ^ Suzuki, Eito (30 July 2022), 旧統一教会のフロント組織「勝共連合」会長が安倍元首相との"ビデオ出演"交渉の裏話を激白 (in Japanese), Bungeishunjū, archived from the original on 4 August 2022, retrieved 2 August 2022
  36. ^ "旧統一教会と「関係アリ」国会議員リスト入手! 歴代政権の重要ポスト経験者が34人も". Nikkan Gendai. 16 July 2022. Archived from the original on 22 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  37. ^ "Killing of Shinzo Abe shines spotlight on politicians' links with Moonies", Financial Times, 11 July 2022, archived from the original on 12 July 2022, retrieved 11 July 2022
  38. ^ "Qu'est-ce que la secte Moon, sous le feu des projecteurs après l'assassinat de Shinzo Abe au Japon ?". Sud Ouest (in French). 29 July 2022. Archived from the original on 29 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  39. ^ "Abogados nipones llaman "organización ilegal" a la Iglesia de la Unificación". swissinfo.ch (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  40. ^ "Au Japon, la boîte de Pandore s'ouvre peu à peu après la mort de Shinzo Abe". l'Opinion (in French). 27 July 2022. Archived from the original on 29 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  41. ^ "Japan defense minister had help from Unification Church in elections". The Japan Times. 26 July 2022. Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  42. ^ "Japan defense minister had help from Unification Church in elections". Mainichi Daily News. 26 July 2022. Archived from the original on 28 July 2022. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  43. ^ "Unification Church says former Japan PMs Kishi, Abe 'supported' its peace movement". Mainichi Shimbun. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  44. ^ "The LDP's Tangled Ties to the Unification Church". thediplomat.com.
  45. ^ Allen, Rachael (1 June 2021). "The Man Who Wants to Free Trump Supporters From 'Mind Control'". Slate.
  46. ^ a b Fisher, Mark (13 July 2022). "How Abe and Japan became vital to Moon's Unification Church". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 13 July 2022.
  47. ^ Yoshihide Sakurai: "Geopolitical Mission Strategy: The Case of the Unification Church in Japan and Korea". Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 37/ 2, 2010. Pages 317–334.
  48. ^ a b "旧統一教会と政治の関係 "解散命令"信教の自由と関係ない", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 29 August 2022, retrieved 29 August 2022 – via YouTube
  49. ^ "【旧統一教会】元信者多田氏が暴露「合同結婚式で"尻をたたき合う"儀式」「参加資格は信者勧誘+献金ノルマ+断食+140万円」", Mainichi Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 2 September 2022, retrieved 3 September 2022
  50. ^ ""元信者"妻たちが語る旧統一教会の実態", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 4 September 2022, retrieved 4 September 2022 – via YouTube
  51. ^ "自己破産させられた信者はたくさんいる. 2世の苦しみがどんなにつらいか. 霊感商法弁護団が会見" [There are many believers who have been bankrupted by themselves. How painful the suffering of the second generation is. An inspirational commercial law defence team meets]. Bengo4.com (in Japanese). 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022 – via Yahoo! News Japan.
  52. ^ 全国霊感商法対策弁護士連絡会 [National Inspirational Commercial Law Countermeasures Lawyer Liaison Committee] (in Japanese). National Network of Lawyers Against Spiritual Sales. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022.
  53. ^ 窓口別被害者集計(1987年~) (in Japanese). National Network of Lawyers Against Spiritual Sales. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022.
  54. ^ "旧統一教会の名称変更「お祭り騒ぎ」「新しい人が入りやすく」元信者が証言 政治家と教団の関係に信者家族は憤り「問題意識なくがっかり」", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 2 August 2022, retrieved 12 September 2022 – via YouTube
  55. ^ a b "安倍元首相が松山氏の応援取りやめ 参院選長野県区 女性問題など週刊誌報道受け" [Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe suspends support for Nagano district House of Councilors candidate Matsuyama over sexual/female scandals, per weekly news reports]. Shinano Mainichi Shimbun [ja] (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  56. ^ "参院選 自民党・松山三四六候補が不倫の末、中絶同意書に偽名で署名していた" [House of Councilors LDP candidate Sanshirou Matsuyama had an affair, signed letter of consent for an abortion with false name] (in Japanese). Bunshun Online. 6 July 2022. Archived from the original on 7 July 2022. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  57. ^ "自民ものまねタレントに「900万円踏み倒し」の過去 法廷で偽証を求められた知人が告発" [LDP impersonator is accused of soliciting false testimony from an acquaintance in case of previous 9 million yen debt]. Daily Shincho (in Japanese). 6 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  58. ^ "自民党奈良県連「脅しみたいのはこれまでなかった」" [LDP's Nara Prefecture chapter: "The apparent threat up to now is no more"] (in Japanese). FNN Prime Online. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  59. ^ a b "安倍元首相の奈良入り「一般への周知はしていない」 自民県連が会見" [LDP Prefecture Chapter Interview: Former Prime Minister Abe's Nara schedule was not generally known]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  60. ^ a b 自民奈良県連が会見 "演説7日急きょ決定 開始直後に発砲" [LDP Nara Prefecture Chapter Interview: Speech on the 7th decided upon suddenly, gunfire immediately after commencing]. NHK News Web (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  61. ^ "Various flaws found in police security plan for site where ex-PM Abe was shot". Mainichi Shimbun. 15 July 2022. Archived from the original on 22 July 2022. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  62. ^ "警察庁「警備体制が十分だったか確認の必要がある」 安倍元首相銃撃の現場には奈良県警と警視庁SP" [National Police Agency "It is necessary to confirm whether the security system was sufficient" Nara Prefectural Police and Metropolitan Police Department SP at the scene of the shooting of former Prime Minister Abe]. news.ntv.co.jp (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  63. ^ "演説現場でも警視庁SPらが警護 逮捕の元海上自衛隊員の男 "特別な思想的背景"把握せず 安倍元総理銃撃" [Even at the speech site, the Metropolitan Police Department SP and others did not grasp the "special ideological background" of a former Maritime Self-Defense Force member who was arrested for guarding] (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  64. ^ a b 映像で見えた警備の穴 安倍元首相銃撃までの2分26秒 (in Japanese), The Nikkei, July 2022, archived from the original on 15 July 2022, retrieved 15 July 2022
  65. ^ Sugiyama, Satoshi (8 July 2022). "Before fatal shooting, Japan's Abe was up close with the crowd". Reuters. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  66. ^ "安倍元首相、銃撃の詳細判明 最初の発砲に振り向き、2度目で倒れる" [Former Prime Minister Abe details of shooting Turns to the first shot and collapses the second time]. Sankei News (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  67. ^ a b "Shooting of Japan's Ex-Leader Shocks Nation Where Guns Are Rare". Bloomberg News. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  68. ^ "Japanese police say former prime minister shot with pistol, weapon may have been made by shooter". Sora News 24. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  69. ^ Teh, Cheryl. "The man arrested over the shooting of former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe told police he was 'dissatisfied' with Abe: report". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  70. ^ 独自「火炎瓶持って…」供述で判明した旧統一教会"襲撃計画"安倍元総理を狙った理由 (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 12 July 2022, retrieved 9 August 2022 – via YouTube
  71. ^ a b Ismay, John; Chivers, C. J. (8 July 2022). "An improvised firearm was used to assassinate Abe". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  72. ^ "More details revealed on the gun, bullets used in Abe shooting | The Asahi Shimbun: Breaking News, Japan News and Analysis". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  73. ^ Ye Hee Lee, Michelle; Mio Inuma, Julia. "Japan reels after assassination of Shinzo Abe, as investigation into gunman, security begins". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  74. ^ Rich, Motoko; Inoue, Makiko; Hida, Hikari; Ueno, Hisako (8 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe Is Assassinated With a Handmade Gun, Shocking a Nation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  75. ^ Rutwich, John (8 July 2022). "Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is assassinated at a campaign rally". NPR. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  76. ^ "Shinzo Abe: Japan ex-leader assassinated while giving speech". BBC. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  77. ^ Sang-Hun, Choe (8 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe of Japan Dies After Being Shot During Speech". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  78. ^ 【安倍元首相銃撃】既製の銃とは異なる"特殊な銃声"で警護員気づかなかったか (in Japanese), Nippon TV, 8 August 2022, retrieved 9 August 2022 – via YouTube
  79. ^ a b "6 emergency responders in Abe assassination showing signs of PTSD". Mainichi Shimbun. 30 July 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  80. ^ Regan, Helen; Ogura, Junko; Jozuka, Emiko. "Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in critical condition following shooting". CNN. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  81. ^ "「奇跡が起こってくれ、という一心でその場に」 安倍元首相の銃撃現場に駆けつけた医師が語った全て" ["On the spot, with the urge to make a miracle happen": All the doctors who rushed to the shooting scene of former Prime Minister Abe]. Yahoo! News Japan (in Japanese). Aera dot. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  82. ^ "命奪った2発の銃弾 心臓到達、大量出血にすべなく". Yahoo!ニュース (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  83. ^ Hayes, Andy. "Former Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe shot while giving speech". Sky News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  84. ^ a b Nakamaru, Ryotaro (7 July 2022). "Former Japan PM Abe Unconscious After Shooting; Man in Custody". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  85. ^ "Shinzo Abe shot: former Japan prime minister in critical condition, says PM Kishida – live updates". The Guardian. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  86. ^ "【速報】安倍昭恵さんが病院到着 安倍元首相は今も心肺停止" [[Breaking news] Akie Abe arrives at the hospital Former Prime Minister Abe still has cardiopulmonary arrest]. FNNプライムオンライン. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  87. ^ "Shinzo Abe: Japan's ex-leader dies after being shot – local media". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  88. ^ "安倍晋三元首相死亡 奈良県で演説中に銃で撃たれる" [Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe dead, shot while giving a speech in Nara Prefecture] (in Japanese). NHK News Web. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  89. ^ "安倍晋三元首相の失血死...約4時間半に渡る救命措置「輸血100単位以上」の凄惨", Gentosha (in Japanese), 10 July 2022, retrieved 26 August 2022
  90. ^ "Shinzo Abe: Former Japanese prime minister dies after being shot while giving speech". Sky News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  91. ^ Rich, Motoko (8 July 2022). "Abe received over 100 units of blood in transfusions over four hours as he hemorrhaged from a wound in the heart, said Hidetada Fukushima, the professor in charge of emergency medicine at Nara Medical University Hospital". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  92. ^ "安倍元首相、輸血100単位以上も無念の失血死". 産経ニュース (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  93. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃 首に2つの銃創「手術中に弾丸は体内では見つかっていない」病院が会見". Yahoo!ニュース (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  94. ^ "Police: Abe died from loss of blood due to single bullet". NHK. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  95. ^ "【速報】菅前首相が病院に 搬送の病院前から中継". FNN Prime Online (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022.
  96. ^ "病院に入る松野官房長官" [Secretary of State Matsuno entering the hospital]. Jiji Press (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022.
  97. ^ "安倍昭恵夫人、後部座席で前を見据え頭を下げる 前後に関係車両5台、稲田朋美元防衛相らの姿も" [Mrs. Akie Abe looks forward in the back seat and lowers her head. Five related vehicles and former defence minister Tomomi Inada are also seen before and after.]. Nikkan Sports (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  98. ^ "安倍元首相、無言の帰宅 銃撃死から一夜、各党遊説再開" [Former Prime Minister Abe returns home silently.]. Jiji Press (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022.
  99. ^ "安倍元首相、無言の帰宅 岸田首相、森・小泉氏ら弔問" [Former Prime Minister Abe, silent return home Prime Minister Kishida, condolences by Mr. Mori and Koizumi]. Jiji Press (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  100. ^ "「宗教で家庭が崩壊」献金1億円超、死の影に追われた容疑者の半生". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 15 July 2022. Archived from the original on 15 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  101. ^ "Japan prosecutors indict Yamagami for murder of ex-Prime Minister Abe". Reuters. 13 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023. Nara District Public Prosecutors Office indicted Tetsuya Yamagami, 42, on murder charges as well as for violating gun laws
  102. ^ "安倍元首相を殺害した山上容疑者の「素顔」 近隣住民「非常におとなしかった」" ["Real face" of Yamagami who killed former Prime Minister Abe: Neighbors told he was "very quiet"]. Sponichi Annex (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  103. ^ a b "父は急死、母は宗教団体へ多額の金 安倍氏銃撃容疑者の生い立ち" [His father died suddenly and his mother went to a religious group with a large amount of money: Abe's shooting suspect's background]. The Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  104. ^ a b "銃撃容疑者 自衛官時代に、小銃組み立てや射撃訓練を受けた可能性" [Suspected gunner May have received rifle assembly and shooting training during his time as a self-defense officer]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  105. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃の容疑者 高校時代は応援団所属、おとなしい性格" [Suspect in shooting of former Prime Minister Abe was a member of cheerleading squad in high school and had a quiet personality]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  106. ^ "海自に3年、射撃経験も 同級生「寡黙な印象」―安倍氏銃撃で逮捕の山上容疑者". Jiji Press (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  107. ^ a b c "Abe murder suspect quit most recent job after he felt 'tired'". The Japan Times. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  108. ^ "山上容疑者は県内有数の進学校出身…卒業アルバムには笑顔の写真、将来は「わからん」" [Yamagami is from one of the prefecture's leading high schools — smiling photo in his graduation album, he "doesn't know" about his future]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  109. ^ "父は急死、母は宗教団体へ多額の金 安倍氏銃撃容疑者の生い立ち:朝日新聞デジタル". 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Retrieved 13 February 2023.
  110. ^ Johnson, Jesse (12 July 2022). "As Japan mourns Abe's death, details of shooting suspect begin to emerge". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2002.
  111. ^ a b c d e "山上容疑者を凶行に駆り立てた一族の「壮絶歴史」". 東洋経済オンライン (in Japanese). 9 September 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  112. ^ "Ex-classmates: Suspect in Abe killing was shy, private and nice". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  113. ^ "母親の献金で生活苦に 成績優秀も大学断念 - 緊急連載 白昼の凶弾安倍元首相銃撃事件(中)|奈良新聞デジタル". nara-np.co.jp (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 18 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  114. ^ a b "自殺未遂をした山上容疑者、母親の献金で困窮…兄と妹に「自分の生命保険金を渡そうと思った」". 読売新聞オンライン (in Japanese). 16 July 2022. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  115. ^ "山上容疑者、経済難で大学進学できず" (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 15 July 2022. Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  116. ^ "山上徹也41歳はなぜテロリストになったのか?…"進学校"同級生の証言「クラスで『団長』のあだ名がついた」《写真あり》". 週刊文春 電子版. 13 July 2022. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  117. ^ "《安倍元首相銃殺》「母親が宗教に傾倒し、大病を患う兄が自殺」山上徹也容疑者が自殺未遂に至った"不遇な家庭環境"と事件直前の"悪質レビュートラブル"" [Former Prime Minister Abe shot dead; Suspect's mother was devoted to religion, and his brother who was seriously ill committed suicide – "Unfavorable family environment" that led to Tetsuya Yamagami's suicide attempt and "malicious review trouble" just before the incident.] (in Japanese). Bunshun Online. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 13 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022 – via Yahoo! News Japan.
  118. ^ a b "「どうして兄ちゃん死んだんや」7年前の葬儀、涙を流していた山上容疑者" ["Why did my brother die?" Yamagami, who was weeping at the funeral seven years ago]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 14 July 2022. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  119. ^ a b c 「疲労困ぱい立っていられない」山上容疑者"母の近況"を伯父明かす 献金額も… (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 15 July 2022, archived from the original on 17 July 2022, retrieved 15 July 2022 – via YouTube
  120. ^ a b 山上徹也容疑者、接見の妹に「大変だからもう来なくていい」...母は今も旧統一教会を信仰, Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 14 January 2023, retrieved 17 January 2023
  121. ^ a b c 母親は旧統一教会に「破産後も献金続けていた」...山上容疑者の伯父が証言, Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 15 July 2022, retrieved 23 January 2023
  122. ^ a b c 弁護士だった山上容疑者のおじ、統一教会とどう対峙したのか 最後の仕事を語る, Bengo4.com (in Japanese), 1 September 2022, retrieved 24 January 2023
  123. ^ 山上容疑者伯父に聞く 母入信の背景「長男が小児がん、抗がん剤で失明。これが一番大きい」, Sponichi Annex (in Japanese), 16 July 2022, archived from the original on 15 July 2022
  124. ^ a b "海自護衛艦で勤務 逮捕の山上容疑者と同一人物か" [Worked on a sea self-defense ship: Is it the same person as Mr. Yamagami who was arrested?]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  125. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃の男、海自呉基地で勤務" [Man who Shot Former Prime Minister Abe served at Kure Naval Base] (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  126. ^ "Suspect in Abe slaying tried to kill self so kin would get payout". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  127. ^ 「週刊文春」編集部 (13 July 2022). "山上徹也 伯父が告白150分「父の自殺と母の統一教会1億円」". 週刊文春 電子版. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  128. ^ a b c "山上容疑者、転職10回超 「人間関係に嫌気」交友希薄", Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese), 6 August 2022, archived from the original on 6 August 2022
  129. ^ "部屋から「ギコギコ」と異音、職場では「お前がやれや」とトラブル…安倍氏銃撃の容疑者". Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  130. ^ a b "「夜にギコギコという音が聞こえた」 銃撃事件容疑者の隣室の男性" ["I heard a rattling noise at night." A man in the room next to the suspected shooting case]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  131. ^ "Former Japan PM Abe dies after being shot during election speech". Kyodo News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  132. ^ Rich, Motoko (8 July 2022). "A 41-year-old man is in custody, accused of shooting Mr. Abe". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  133. ^ "Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe unconscious after being shot in Nara". The Japan Times. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  134. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃 41歳男"殺そうと思って狙った"【速報中】" [Former Prime Minister Abe Shooter, 41-year-old man, "I intended to kill him."]. NHK NEWS WEB (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  135. ^ "【速報】山上徹也容疑者は元海上自衛隊員 安倍首相、心肺停止" [[Breaking news] Tetsuya Yamagami is a former Maritime Self-Defense Force member Prime Minister Abe, cardiopulmonary arrest]. FNN Prime Online (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  136. ^ "【速報】41歳の山上徹也容疑者を殺人未遂で逮捕 犯罪歴確認なし" [[Breaking news] 41-year-old Tetsuya Yamagami arrested for attempted murder No criminal history confirmed]. FNN Prime Online. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  137. ^ a b "Japanese people say their final goodbyes to former leader Shinzo Abe at his funeral". NPR. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  138. ^ a b 考志, 山本 (10 August 2022). "安倍氏銃撃事件 山上容疑者「鑑定留置」のナゼ". イザ! (in Japanese). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  139. ^ "Man held over Abe shooting to be detained longer for mental competence exam". The Japan Times. 17 November 2022. Archived from the original on 17 November 2022. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  140. ^ "Abe shooter to undergo mental competence exam before indictment". Mainichi Shimbun. 24 July 2022. Archived from the original on 24 July 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  141. ^ Japan court shortens Abe murder suspect's psychiatric evaluation Reuters
  142. ^ "Prosecutors to indict Abe's suspected shooter after psychiatric evaluation", The Japan Times, 24 December 2022, retrieved 24 December 2022
  143. ^ 安倍元総理銃撃事件 山上徹也容疑者 鑑定留置を終えて大阪拘置所から奈良西署へ移送, MBS News (in Japanese), 10 January 2023, retrieved 10 January 2023
  144. ^ 山上容疑者を銃刀法違反容疑で追送検 奈良県警 取り調べに応じる, Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese), 11 January 2023, retrieved 23 January 2023
  145. ^ "Yamagami found competent, to face trial for Abe's murder". The Asahi Shimbun. 13 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  146. ^ 山上徹也被告「事件の報じられ方」に関心 鑑定留置長期化は“世論の沈静化”が狙いか, News Post Seven (in Japanese), 16 January 2023, retrieved 17 January 2023 – via Yahoo News
  147. ^ 不遇な人生嘆き「本来の敵ではない」安倍氏に凶弾...真相解明の舞台、法廷へ, Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 14 January 2023, retrieved 23 January 2023
  148. ^ "Police: Suspect 'intended to kill' former PM Abe". NHK. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  149. ^ a b "Shinzo Abe: Explosives found at shooting suspect's home – reports". BBC News. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  150. ^ "安倍元首相、銃撃され死亡 67歳、選挙応援演説中―元海自隊員の41歳男逮捕、「特定の団体に恨み」・奈良" [Former Prime Minister Abe, shot dead 67 years old, in an election support speech - A 41-year-old man of a former Maritime Self-Defense Force member was arrested in Nara, with "a grudge against a specific group"]. Jiji Press (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  151. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃で山上容疑者「ある特定の宗教団体に恨み」" (in Japanese). FNN Prime Online. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  152. ^ "山上徹也容疑者とみられるTwitter投稿1363件「憎むのは統一教会だけ。結果として安倍政権に何があってもオレの知った事ではない」", Mainichi Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 18 July 2022, retrieved 18 September 2022
  153. ^ "関係者「母親は旧統一教会に献金1億円」、土地・自宅売却で破産" [Official: "His mother made 100 million yen in donations to former Unification Church, became bankrupt after selling their land and home"]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 13 July 2022. Archived from the original on 13 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  154. ^ "Abe shooting suspect's mother donated ¥100 million to Unification Church, uncle says". The Japan Times. 15 July 2022. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  155. ^ "Abe shooter's mother continued religious donations even after bankruptcy". Nikkei Asia. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  156. ^ "銃撃容疑者「母親が宗教にのめり込み破産」 安倍氏に一方的恨みか" [Shooting Suspect: "Mother became involved in religion and went bankrupt," unilateral resentment toward Abe?]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  157. ^ "当初の狙いは宗教団体の幹部襲撃か「母親がのめり込み恨みがあった」 安倍元首相銃撃事件の容疑者が供述" [Suspect in the shooting of former Prime Minister Abe stated that his initial aim was to attack a religious leader or that he had a grudge against his mother because she had become obsessed with him.]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  158. ^ "【速報】"特定の宗教団体"は母親と関係 「のめり込み破産」新たな供述" [[Breaking news] "Specific religious group" has a relationship with mother "Devotion bankruptcy" new statement]. FNN Prime Online (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  159. ^ "「私の一生を歪ませ続けた」 山上容疑者の手紙詳報" ["I continued to distort my life" Yamagami's letter details]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 17 July 2022. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  160. ^ "山上容疑者の手紙[全文]・書き込み = 安倍元首相銃撃" [Yamagami's letter [full text] ・ Writing = Former Prime Minister Abe shooting]. theheadline.jp (in Japanese). 18 July 2022. Archived from the original on 18 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  161. ^ "山上容疑者、事件直前の手紙の真意は…識者分析「迷い断ち切ろうとしたのでは」" [Mr. Yamagami, the true meaning of the letter just before the incident is ... Analysis by an expert "I think I tried to cut off the hesitation."]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan. 18 July 2022. Archived from the original on 18 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  162. ^ "「銃欲しい」「本来の敵でない」 銃撃示唆手紙、統一教会への恨みも" ["I want a gun" "Abe is not the real enemy" Shooting suggestion letter, grudge against the Unification Church]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 17 July 2022. Archived from the original on 18 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  163. ^ a b c d e "Letter touches on plan to kill Abe, who 'wields the most influence'". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  164. ^ a b "旧統一教会批判ブログのジャーナリスト「相談してほしかった」山上容疑者から犯行示唆の手紙 - 社会 : 日刊スポーツ". nikkansports.com (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  165. ^ 「週刊文春」編集部 (2 August 2022). "「彼に本を差し入れたい」山上徹也が手紙を送ったジャーナリストが語る"統一教会とカルトの子"". 週刊文春 電子版. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  166. ^ "Suspect signaled Abe killing in letter to Unification Church critic". The Japan Times. 17 July 2022. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  167. ^ "押収パソコンに手紙データ 容疑者、安倍氏銃撃2日前作成か" (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 19 July 2022. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  168. ^ "山上容疑者、生い立ちと旧統一教会への恨みつづる…安倍氏は「最も影響力のあるシンパ」". 読売新聞オンライン (in Japanese). 17 July 2022. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  169. ^ 安倍元首相銃撃事件 事件起こすこと示唆の手紙 直前に投函か (in Japanese), NHK, 17 July 2022, archived from the original on 19 July 2022
  170. ^ a b "山上容疑者 SNSで安倍政権"評価"も…"複雑な胸の内"「本来の敵ではない」". テレ朝news (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 18 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  171. ^ "手紙やSNSに心境をつづる? 安倍元首相の殺害へと向かった経緯とは… 犯行前日に犯人の男が送ったとみられる「手紙」の内容". 報道ランナー (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 21 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  172. ^ "安倍氏の死の意味「考える余裕ない」、旧統一教会トップらは皆殺し不可能…事件前に手紙", Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 17 July 2022, archived from the original on 17 July 2022, retrieved 17 July 2022
  173. ^ "Electronic draft of Abe shooter's letter found on computer". The Japan Times. 19 July 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  174. ^ "Twitter suspends account of man suspected in Abe shooting". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  175. ^ 山上容疑者、殺害示唆する手紙送付か 旧統一教会へ恨み記し、安倍元首相は「本来の敵ではない」 (in Japanese), Nikkan Sports, 17 July 2022, archived from the original on 17 July 2022, retrieved 17 July 2022
  176. ^ a b "Abe shooting suspect Yamagami acted calmly, purposefully ahead of incident". Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 10 August 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  177. ^ "教会憎んだ息子「オレは母を信じたかった」 安倍元首相銃撃1カ月". Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  178. ^ a b "Yamagami's earlier Twitter account showed desire to kill". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  179. ^ "Suspect willing to die to 'liberate' members of religious group". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  180. ^ 日本放送協会. "宗教団体への恨み SNSで繰り返し投稿か|NHK 関西のニュース". NHK NEWS WEB. Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  181. ^ "Twitter suspends account of man suspected in Abe shooting". Asahi Shimbun. 20 July 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  182. ^ "「銃が欲しい。喉から手が出るほど」安倍元首相銃撃の山上容疑者がこだわり続けたもの 「権威」を狙った凶行の背景とは|信濃毎日新聞デジタル 信州・長野県のニュースサイト". 信濃毎日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 24 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  183. ^ "Abe shooting suspect reportedly tweeted intention to kill 3 years ago". The Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 31 July 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  184. ^ "山上徹也容疑者の全ツイートの内容分析から見えた、その孤独な政治的世界(伊藤 昌亮) @gendai_biz". 現代ビジネス (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  185. ^ "Over 37,000 sign petition urging freedom of belief for Unification Church followers' kids", Mainichi Shimbun, 30 July 2022, retrieved 13 December 2022
  186. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃の波紋 "宗教2世"の苦悩", NHK (in Japanese), 25 August 2022, retrieved 10 October 2022
  187. ^ "『祝福2世』と呼ばれた女性「大人になっても苦労している2世信者は多い」 旧統一教会会長がほとんど言及しなかった"2世信者問題"" 'Second-generation believers continue to face hardship as adults,' voice from the 'blessed second generation'. The 'second-generation problems' not touched on by the Unification Church chairperson, Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 12 August 2022, retrieved 8 October 2022
  188. ^ "Suspected Abe assassin cited religious group grudge as reason". The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  189. ^ 宗教団体トップの襲撃難航「狙いを安倍氏に切り替えた」 銃撃容疑者 [Attack on the top of a religious group Difficult to attack "I switched my aim to Mr. Abe"]. 毎日新聞 (Mainichi Shimbun) (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  190. ^ 共同通信 (9 July 2022). "当初狙いは宗教団体幹部だったと元海自隊員" [A former member of the Sea Self-Defense Force said that the initial aim was to be an executive of a religious organisation.]. 共同通信 (Kyodo News) (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  191. ^ 独自「火炎瓶を持って」供述で判明した旧統一教会襲撃計画 安倍元総理を狙った理由 (in Japanese). TV asahi. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022.
  192. ^ "Alleged Abe killer toyed with bomb attack before opting for gun". The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 22 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  193. ^ "Abe shooter to undergo mental competence exam before indictment". Mainichi Daily News. 24 July 2022. Archived from the original on 24 July 2022. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  194. ^ FNNプライムオンライン. "「メッセージ動画を見てつながりがあると思った」山上容疑者が新供述 90m離れた駐車場に弾痕…強い威力か". 文春オンライン. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  195. ^ 動機は?旧統一教会「家庭の破綻は把握」山上容疑者「安倍総理のビデオレター見た」 (in Japanese). TV asahi. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022.
  196. ^ a b "5月に仕事を辞めた山上容疑者、預金は20万円…安倍氏の演説予定知り岡山から奈良へ". 読売新聞オンライン (in Japanese). 16 July 2022. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  197. ^ a b Regan, Helen; Jozuka, Emiko; Maruyama, Mayumi (10 July 2022). "What we know about the man suspected of shooting Shinzo Abe". CNN. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  198. ^ 山上容疑者、岡山の演説会場も訪れていた「とにかく殺そうとつけ回していた」 [Yamagami also visited the speech venue in Okayama. "Stalking him to kill"]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  199. ^ "容疑者、事件前日は安倍氏の遊説先・岡山に滞在 銃撃の機会探ったか" [Suspect stayed in Okayama, Abe's destination the day before the incident Did you look for a shooting opportunity?]. 毎日新聞 (Mainchi Shimbun) (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  200. ^ 銃撃の容疑者「安倍氏、特定団体につながりと思い込み」 [Suspected shooting "Mr. Abe, believing that he is connected to a specific group"]. Nikkei Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  201. ^ - YouTube 「家を破産させられた」具体的な動機明らかに 安倍元総理銃撃事件 (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 9 July 2022, archived from the original on 14 July 2022, retrieved 10 July 2022 – via YouTube
  202. ^ "Suspect in Abe assassination set to undergo mental examination". The Japan Times. 23 July 2022. Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  203. ^ 銃撃、ガレージで「火薬乾かす」 (in Japanese), Kyodo News, 20 July 2022, archived from the original on 20 July 2022, retrieved 21 July 2022
  204. ^ "「ハイツ借りた」 山上容疑者、火薬乾かす目的と供述 - 安倍元首相銃撃|奈良新聞デジタル". nara-np.co.jp (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  205. ^ "容疑者負債60万、困窮し犯行か 安倍元首相襲撃、「7月に決意」". 47NEWS (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  206. ^ a b "Abe murder suspect fell into debt making homemade guns". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  207. ^ "山上容疑者、借金100万円以上・口座残金20万円…武器製造で生活費尽きる前に銃撃か", Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 19 July 2022, archived from the original on 22 July 2022, retrieved 21 July 2022
  208. ^ 「前日、宗教団体施設に向けて撃った」 容疑者、動作や威力確認か ["The day before, I shot at a religious group facility." Suspect, action and power confirmation]. 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  209. ^ INC., SANKEI DIGITAL (10 July 2022). <独自>「前日の朝、宗教団体の施設撃った」 襲撃向け試射か. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  210. ^ "Abe killer tested homemade gun at religious group's facility: sources". Mainichi Shimbun. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  211. ^ - YouTube 【独自】銃撃男の母親 旧統一教会に「本当に心酔」 大学友人語る変化…1億円献金か (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 14 July 2022, archived from the original on 14 July 2022, retrieved 14 July 2022 – via YouTube
  212. ^ "Suspect test-fired gun used to kill Abe near Unification Church facility: sources". The Japan Times. 16 July 2022. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  213. ^ 山上容疑者「数か月前から事件を計画していた [Former Prime Minister Abe, shot dead 67 years old, in an election support speech-A 41-year-old man of a former sea self-member was arrested, "a grudge against a specific group" Nara: Current affairs dot com] (in Japanese). Nippon TV. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  214. ^ 【独自】山上容疑者「殺すため銃を作った」、宗教団体の名前挙げ不満も…安倍元首相銃撃 [[Original] Yamagami suspect "I made a gun to kill", complaining about the name of a religious group ... Former Prime Minister Abe shooting]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  215. ^ a b "More details revealed on the gun, bullets used in Abe shooting". The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  216. ^ 容疑者の元海上自衛隊員 供述は 安倍元首相 演説中に銃撃 [The suspect's former Maritime Self-Defense Force confession was shot during a speech by former Prime Minister Abe.] (in Japanese). FNNプライムオンライン. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  217. ^ 容疑者宅から手製の銃のようなもの数丁押収 [Seized several handmade guns from the suspect's house] (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  218. ^ 再び爆発物の可能性 容疑者宅周辺で避難呼びかけ 奈良県警 [Possibility of explosives again Call for evacuation around the suspect's house Nara Prefectural Police]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  219. ^ 山上徹也容疑者の自宅マンションから不審物を運び出す奈良県警の警察官=8日午後6時32分、奈良市(沢野貴信撮影 [Nara Prefectural Police officer carrying out a suspicious object from the suspect's home apartment = 6:32 pm on the 8th, Nara City (photographed by Takanobu Sawano)]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  220. ^ Ueno, Hisako (8 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe Shot: Update from Hisako Ueno". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  221. ^ a b "Battery fired homemade gun used by Abe's suspected assassin". Mainichi Shimbun. 25 July 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  222. ^ "Abe killer tested homemade gun at religious group's facility: sources". Mainichi Shimbun. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  223. ^ "Abe shooting suspect claims to have test-fired guns ahead of attack". The Japan Times. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  224. ^ "Large number of shotgun-style shells found at Abe shooter's home". Mainichi Daily News. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 15 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  225. ^ "Abe shooter test-fired guns in mountains around 10 times". The Japan Times. 24 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  226. ^ "Abe shooter's arsenal included huge amount of gunpowder". The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  227. ^ 【速報】自作の銃について「銃1丁には3本の筒、1本の筒には6発の弾」「複数作った」と説明 山上容疑者 [[Breaking news] About the self-made gun "3 cylinders in 1 gun, 6 bullets in 1 cylinder" "I made multiple" Yamagami suspect] (in Japanese). FNNプライムオンライン. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  228. ^ 容疑者実家に"恨み"ノート…安倍氏「ビデオレター」が銃撃の動機か? (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 12 July 2022, archived from the original on 13 July 2022, retrieved 13 July 2022 – via YouTube
  229. ^ "把殺人犯當英雄?中國人在漫展cos「山上徹也」 推特、Reddit狂罵噁心". ettoday.net (in Traditional Chinese). Archived from the original on 21 July 2022. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  230. ^ 【安倍元総理銃撃】山上徹也容疑者「鑑定留置中に全国から差し入れ、現金100万円超も」...鑑定医と自由に語った5か月半, MBS News (in Japanese), 10 January 2023, retrieved 10 January 2023
  231. ^ a b c 現金や食料...大量の差し入れ 山上容疑者支持の動きに専門家警鐘, The Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese), 8 October 2022, archived from the original on 8 October 2022, retrieved 9 October 2022
  232. ^ "山上容疑者のツイッター凍結 「憎悪や攻撃誘発禁止」の規約に違反?", Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese), 19 July 2022, retrieved 8 January 2023
  233. ^ 山上容疑者に「誕生日おめでとう」「愛してる」同情を超えて礼賛へ...国葬前に “人気” 上昇中, News Flash (in Japanese), 15 September 2022, retrieved 17 January 2023
  234. ^ "安倍元首相の国葬が開始、国会前では抗議集会", Bengo4.com (in Japanese), 27 September 2022, retrieved 9 October 2022
  235. ^ 「山上徹也さんにどうか寛大な処遇を」減刑求め、署名1万1000筆超を提出, Bengo4.com (in Japanese), 13 January 2023, retrieved 20 January 2023 – via Yahoo News
  236. ^ 山上被告の刑の減軽求め...署名が1万超え 代表者が署名にかける思い「助けたい、死刑にはしたくない」, Abema (in Japanese), 16 January 2023, retrieved 20 January 2023 – via Yahoo News
  237. ^ "Film Modeled on Abe Shooting Suspect Draws Controversy", Jiji Press, 9 October 2022, retrieved 10 October 2022
  238. ^ "「テロ容認するのか」山上容疑者モデルの映画に批判殺到、上映中止も", The Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese), 30 September 2022, retrieved 10 October 2022
  239. ^ McKenna, Shaun; Takahara, Kanako (7 December 2022), "Deep Dive Episode 139: The Church, the State and Kishida's headache", The Japan Times, retrieved 21 January 2023
  240. ^ "Press Conference by the Chief Cabinet Secretary on the Attack Perpetrated against Former Prime Minister ABE Shinzo". japan.kantei.go.jp (Press release). Cabinet Public Affairs Office, Cabinet Secretariat. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  241. ^ Rich, Motoko; Dooley, Ben (8 July 2022). "Suspect Is in Custody After Shinzo Abe Is Wounded". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  242. ^ 8日の岸田首相の動静 [PM Kishida's movement on 8th] (in Japanese). Nikkei. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  243. ^ 東京に戻るよう閣僚に指示と官房長官 [Directed ministers to come back to Tokyo – Chief Cabinet Secretary] (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  244. ^ "Japan PM Kishida orders tightened security for top politicians". NHK. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  245. ^ "【速報】昭恵夫人は京都から奈良へ移動" [[Breaking news] Mrs. Akie moves from Kyoto to Nara] (in Japanese). Asahi News. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  246. ^ "Party heads back on the campaign trail day after Abe killed". The Asahi Shimbun. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  247. ^ McCurry, Justin (9 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe's body arrives in Tokyo as election campaign resumes in shadow of killing". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  248. ^ Saric, Ivana (10 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe's political party wins supermajority in parliamentary elections". Axios. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  249. ^ 民放各局が報道特番 ドラマ、バラエティー延期 安倍氏銃撃受け [Commercial TV broadcasters had special news reports, postponed dramas & variety programs. Due to Mr. Abe's shooting]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  250. ^ TBS「石子と羽男ーそんなコトで訴えます?ー」(TBS Drama: ISHIKO and HANEO: You're Suing Me?) [@ishihane_tbs] (8 July 2022). "#ひるおび、#ゴゴスマ、#Nスタ の電波ジャックは中止となりました。" [[Notice] The radio broadcasts for #Hiruobi, #Gogosuma, and #N-sta have been cancelled.] (Tweet) (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022 – via Twitter.
  251. ^ TBS「石子と羽男ーそんなコトで訴えます?ー」 [@ishihane_tbs] (8 July 2022). 「石子と羽男-そんなコトで訴えます?-」初回の放送は延期となりました。初回スタートは7月15日(金)よる10時となります。 (Tweet) (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022 – via Twitter.
  252. ^ Schilling, Mark (8 July 2022). "Japanese Media Ditch Schedules to Focus on Shinzo Abe Shooting". Variety. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  253. ^ "Teppen—!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Laughing 'til you Cry Anime Cancels Airing of 2nd Episode". Anime News Network. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  254. ^ Melvyn, Tan (8 July 2022). "Teppen!!! Comedy Anime Will Not Air 2nd Episode". Anime Trending. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  255. ^ アニメ「てっぺん!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!」第2話の放送取りやめ 安倍元首相銃撃事件に配慮か [Canceled broadcasting of the second episode of the anime "Teppen !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!" Considering the shooting case of former Prime Minister Abe?] (in Japanese). Sports Nippon. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  256. ^ 町田啓太の〝自衛隊ドラマ〟に安倍元首相銃撃余波! 犯人が元海自でフジ騒然 [Keita Machida's "Self-Defense Forces Drama" and former Prime Minister Abe's shooting aftermath! The criminal is a former Maritime Self-Defense Force] (in Japanese). Tokyo Sports. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  257. ^ "Police to revise rules for VIP protection after Abe shooting". Kyodo News. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  258. ^ "VIP protection now a key task for NPA after Abe's murder", Asahi Shimbun, 9 January 2023, retrieved 9 January 2023
  259. ^ 要人警護に特化したサイバーパトロール開始、「襲撃の予兆」SNSから収集, Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 8 January 2023, retrieved 23 January 2023
  260. ^ Auto, Hermes (25 August 2022). "Japan police chief resigns over Abe assassination | The Straits Times". The Straits Times.
  261. ^ a b "「山上容疑者の母は会員」「献金額たどれず」 旧統一教会が会見". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  262. ^ Johnson, Jesse; Otake, Tomoko (11 July 2022). "Unification Church says Abe shooting suspect's mother is follower". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  263. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃事件 宗教団体代表"容疑者は団体に在籍せず"" [Former Prime Minister Abe shot, religious group head: "Suspect is not a member of the group."]. NHK NEWS WEB (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  264. ^ "【速報】「安倍元総理は当団体の顧問になったことはない」安倍元総理が銃撃され死亡 容疑者の母親が信者の宗教団体「世界平和統一家庭連合」が会見「献金問題は捜査中で言及は避ける」". Yahoo!ニュース (in Japanese). MBS News. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022 – via Yahoo! News Japan.
  265. ^ "宗教団体が会見「団体への恨みから殺害に至るまで距離があって困惑」 信者の容疑者母親の献金について「たどり切れていない」" [Religious group holds press conference: "We are puzzled by the distance between the grudge against the group and the murder" and "We have not been able to trace the donations to the mother of the suspect, who is a member."]. Yahoo! News Japan (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  266. ^ "1億円献金"銃撃男の母親は今…乗せた?タクシー運転手「表札見たら山上」 (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 15 July 2022, archived from the original on 15 July 2022, retrieved 15 June 2022 – via YouTube
  267. ^ 安倍元首相銃撃 容疑者の母親 宗教団体に1億円近く献金か (in Japanese). NHK. 14 July 2022. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022.
  268. ^ "아베 사망, 통일교 무리한 헌금 탓" 전 통일교 2인자 곽정환 주장 ["Abe died due to excessive donations to the Unification Church," asserts Kwak Jeong-hwan, former second leader of the Unification Church] (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 20 July 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022.
  269. ^ 旧統一教会"元No.2"が謝罪「安倍元総理の死に責任」…献金も痛烈批判「教団は堕落」 [Former Unification Church "former No. 2" apologizes "responsible for the death of former Prime Minister Abe" ... Donations are also severely criticized "the cult is corrupt"] (in Japanese). TV Asahi. 20 July 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022.
  270. ^ "【解説】旧統一教会の元ナンバー2が会見で謝罪 背景に"教団の分裂?"日本の教団は"経済部隊"なのか | 特集" [[Commentary] Former No. 2 of the former Unification Church apologized at the press conference "Division of the cult?" Is the Japanese cult an "economic unit"?]. MBS News (in Japanese). 20 July 2020. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  271. ^ 旧統一教会 元幹部が教団批判「完全に道を外れた, All-Nippon News Network, 19 July 2022, archived from the original on 20 July 2022 – via YouTube
  272. ^ "旧統一教会内部へ "事件後初"TVカメラ...女性職員語る 連日の"恐怖体験"", All-Nippon News Network (in Japanese), 25 August 2022, retrieved 28 August 2022
  273. ^ "Unification Church members accuse Japanese media of bias over Abe killing", Reuters, 18 August 2022, retrieved 19 August 2022
  274. ^ 「宗教弾圧を中断しろ」旧統一教会の"日本人信者"集結 ソウルで集団デモ (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 18 August 2022, retrieved 19 August 2022 – via YouTube
  275. ^ 【"統一教会"ニュースまとめ】山本議員「マザームーン」発言 "呼び方分からず"呼んだと回答 (in Japanese), Nippon TV, 22 August 2022, retrieved 23 August 2022
  276. ^ "旧統一教会 民放2社と弁護士ら "名誉毀損"と賠償求め提訴", NHK News (in Japanese), 27 October 2022, retrieved 29 October 2022
  277. ^ 【旧統一教会】韓国で教団が危機感か「創始者の死去時よりも深刻」 (in Japanese), All-Nippon News Network, 20 August 2022, archived from the original on 20 August 2022, retrieved 20 August 2022 – via YouTube
  278. ^ “統一教会”会長「宗教迫害の絶頂迎える覚悟」...元2世信者らが怒り「原因が自分たちであることに向き合っていない」 (in Japanese), Nippon TV, 12 January 2023, retrieved 29 January 2023 – via Yahoo News
  279. ^ 岸田総理「政治家の立場から丁寧に説明していくことは大事」旧統一教会と政治の繋がり巡り (in Japanese), Tokyo Broadcasting System, 31 July 2022, archived from the original on 9 August 2022, retrieved 9 August 2022 – via YouTube
  280. ^ "岸田内閣支持率57%、旧統一教会との関係「説明果たしてない」87%...読売世論調査", Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese), 8 August 2022, archived from the original on 8 August 2022, retrieved 9 August 2022
  281. ^ 岸田内閣「支持」46% 内閣発足後最低に 「不支持」28% (in Japanese), NHK, 8 August 2022, archived from the original on 9 August 2022, retrieved 9 August 2022
  282. ^ "岸田首相、内閣改造と自民党役員人事を正式表明 10日にも実施へ", Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese), 6 August 2022, archived from the original on 8 August 2022, retrieved 9 August 2022
  283. ^ Takenaka, Kiyoshi; Lies, Elaine (9 August 2022), "Japan PM says new cabinet members must 'review' ties with Unification Church", Reuters, retrieved 9 August 2022
  284. ^ "消費者庁に霊感商法の検討会設置へ 河野太郎担当相", Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese), 12 August 2022, retrieved 12 August 2022
  285. ^ "紀藤弁護士「省庁横断できないなら特命大臣置くべき」消費者庁の霊感商法対策会議がスタート", Bengo4.com (in Japanese), 29 August 2022, retrieved 29 August 2022 – via Yahoo News
  286. ^ 旧統一教会「カルトに該当」河野担当相 (in Japanese). Jiji Press. 9 December 2022. Archived from the original on 9 December 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  287. ^ "【急転】"旧統一教会の記憶"戻らず…山際大臣辞任 水面下の更迭劇「とにかく遅い」", TV Asahi (in Japanese), 25 October 2022, retrieved 6 November 2022
  288. ^ "Unification Church-affiliated group commemorates Abe in South Korea". Kyodo News+. 12 August 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  289. ^ "Lawyers in Japan say Unification Church lying about not extorting donations from followers". Mainichi Daily News. 13 July 2022. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  290. ^ 公開抗議文 衆議院議員 安倍晋三 先生へ 統一教会 家庭連合. National Network of Lawyers Against Spiritual Sales. 17 September 2021. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  291. ^ "統一教会 安倍晋三 元首相 銃撃事件 声明" [Unification Church Shinzo Abe Former Prime Minister Shooting Case Statement] (in Japanese). National Network of Lawyers Against Spiritual Sales. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  292. ^ "Editorial: Time for Japan's LDP to wind up relationship with Unification Church". Mainichi Shimbun. 27 July 2022. Archived from the original on 28 July 2022. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  293. ^ ""家族を脱会させたい…" 旧統一教会の信者家族らが相談に訪れる 「全国統一教会被害者家族の会」", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 27 August 2022, archived from the original on 18 November 2022, retrieved 28 August 2022 – via YouTube
  294. ^ ""旧統一教会" 関連の学生団体「CARP」が各地に 大学生へのアプローチは… 大阪大学では「正体を偽って勧誘、それが問題」と注意喚起 「ご飯食べられるよ、とか言われたら行っちゃう」の声も", Kansai TV News (in Japanese), 22 August 2022, retrieved 31 August 2022 – via YouTube
  295. ^ "Ex-member: Church used close-knit circle to lure followers". The Asahi Shimbun. 29 August 2022.
  296. ^ "かつて解散になった宗教法人「法の華」「明覚寺」 ――その背景と統一教会との共通点", Yahoo News (in Japanese), 16 September 2022, retrieved 17 October 2022
  297. ^ a b Japan PM eyes launching probe into controversial Unification Church, Kyodo News, 16 October 2022, retrieved 17 October 2022
  298. ^ "旧統一教会に「解散命令」は出るのか...専門家は「弱みを握られている政治家は教会を生きながらえさせるのでは」と疑問視", Smart Flash (in Japanese), 14 August 2022, retrieved 2 September 2022 – via Yahoo News
  299. ^ "検証第4弾・旧統一教会②内部資料入手...地方政界進出の思惑", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 28 August 2022, retrieved 2 September 2022 – via YouTube
  300. ^ "解散命令で何が?元オウム幹部が初証言", All-Nippon News Network (in Japanese), 28 October 2022, retrieved 29 October 2022 – via YouTube
  301. ^ "葉梨法務大臣に直接訴え.../旧統一教会宗教2世「救ってほしい」", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 14 September 2022, retrieved 16 October 2022 – via YouTube
  302. ^ "【LIVE】"貧困や孤立"山上徹也容疑者と同じ環境...旧統一教会の元2世信者の女性が会見 外国特派員協会", Tokyo Broadcasting System, 6 October 2022, retrieved 16 October 2022 – via YouTube
  303. ^ "元2世信者の会見中止を「両親の署名入り」で求めた旧統一教会の思惑 マインドコントロール研究所所長が指摘", Nikkan Gendai (in Japanese), 12 October 2022, archived from the original on 16 October 2022, retrieved 16 October 2022 – via Yahoo News
  304. ^ "Japan lawyers' group requests court order to dissolve Unification Church", Mainichi Shimbun, 12 October 2022, retrieved 22 December 2022
  305. ^ "松野官房長官、「解散命令」慎重に判断 旧統一教会", Jiji Press (in Japanese), 12 October 2022, retrieved 16 October 2022 – via Yahoo News
  306. ^ "政府 旧統一教会の調査検討、岸田総理 月曜表明の見通し", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 16 October 2022, retrieved 16 October 2022 – via YouTube
  307. ^ "旧統一教会の「解散求める」署名活動スタート、元2世信者ら呼びかけ「法人格取り消して」", Bengo4.com (in Japanese), 17 October 2022, retrieved 18 October 2022 – via Yahoo News
  308. ^ 旧統一教会の解散求める署名20万超、文科省に提出 鈴木エイト氏「教会にとって脅威だ」, Bengo4.com (in Japanese), 9 December 2022, retrieved 17 January 2023 – via Yahoo News
  309. ^ a b c 旧統一教会被害者救済新法が成立 「霊感」使った寄付勧誘に刑事罰. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 10 December 2022. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  310. ^ a b カルト被害防止・救済の法制化に向けて政府からヒアリング 旧統一教会被害対策本部、消費者部会合同会議 (in Japanese). Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan. 24 August 2022. Archived from the original on 24 August 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  311. ^ どうなる救済新法、マインドコントロール下での勧誘焦点. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 11 November 2022. Archived from the original on 12 November 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  312. ^ 旧統一教会巡るカルト規制 “先進国”フランスの教訓は? (in Japanese). 9 December 2022. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  313. ^ a b c 旧統一教会の被害者救済法案成立へ 厳格な規制求めた立憲民主党はなぜ与党に急に「妥協」したのか. Tokyo Shimbun (in Japanese). 9 December 2022. Archived from the original on 9 December 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  314. ^ 新法の「触らぬ神」路線=古賀攻. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 7 December 2022. Archived from the original on 9 December 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  315. ^ "小川さん「子の被害救済法制定を」 元2世信者らが意見表明―参院特別委", Jiji Press (in Japanese), 10 December 2022, retrieved 13 December 2022
  316. ^ a b c "Wake of former Prime Minister Abe held at Tokyo temple". NHK. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  317. ^ Sugiyama, Satoshi; Shalal, Andrea (11 July 2022). "Mourners throng Abe's wake as his party secures sombre Japan election win". Reuters. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  318. ^ "Japan honors ex-PM Abe with highest decoration, wake held in Tokyo". Kyodo News. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  319. ^ a b Lies, Elaine (12 July 2022). "Japan bids sombre farewell to slain Shinzo Abe, its longest-serving premier". Reuters. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  320. ^ Jalil, Zubaidah Abdul; Wingfield-Hayes, Rupert (12 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe: Japanese mourners pay last respects to ex-PM at funeral". BBC. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  321. ^ Yeung, Jessie; Mogul, Rhea (12 July 2022). "Japan holds Shinzo Abe's funeral". CNN. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  322. ^ 【"統一教会"大規模会合】各国の閣僚経験者など出席 教団幹部ら安倍元首相を"追悼" (in Japanese), Nippon TV, 12 August 2022, retrieved 12 August 2022 – via YouTube
  323. ^ 旧「統一教会」系団体が大規模"国際会議"開催で各国の有力者がソウルに集結 「安部元総理の暗殺はひどい損失」トランプ氏もメッセージ (in Japanese), Tokyo Broadcasting System, 12 August 2022, retrieved 12 August 2022 – via YouTube
  324. ^ "Unification Church-affiliated group commemorates Abe in South Korea", The Japan Times (in Japanese), 12 August 2022, retrieved 13 August 2022
  325. ^ "安倍元首相の「国葬」9月27日実施で最終調整 政府" [Government finalizing plan for former Prime Minister Abe's "state funeral" to be held on September 27]. NHK NEWS (in Japanese). 20 July 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  326. ^ "首相「国葬」を表明 「警備体制に問題あった」", Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese), 14 July 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022
  327. ^ a b "Why people are opposed to Abe's state funeral", The Japan Times, 16 September 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022
  328. ^ "安倍氏の国葬、2億4940万円支出を閣議決定 警備費は含まず", Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese), 26 August 2022, retrieved 29 August 2022
  329. ^ "国葬費は「16.6億円」...2.5億円から一転6.6倍に 自民道議、反対派に「黙ってろ」", All-Nippon News Network (in Japanese), 6 September 2022, retrieved 7 September 2022
  330. ^ "Japan's state funeral for Shinzo Abe to cost more than £10m". The Guardian. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  331. ^ a b <Q&A>安倍晋三元首相の「国葬」が行われる理由は?費用はどうなる?, Tokyo Shimbun (in Japanese), 15 July 2022, retrieved 14 September 2022
  332. ^ a b c "賛否割れ...国葬の是非は?", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 18 September 2022, retrieved 18 September 2022 – via YouTube
  333. ^ Saito, Katsuhisa (12 September 2022), "国葬の歴史を振り返る:恩師吉田茂の弔いで合意形成に尽力した佐藤栄作首相", Nippon.com (in Japanese), retrieved 18 September 2022
  334. ^ Rupert Wingfield-Hayes (26 September 2022). "Shinzo Abe: Why a state funeral for Shinzo Abe is controversial". BBC news. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  335. ^ "「国葬」岸田首相 "弔問外交" 各国首脳との個別会談30超". NHK (in Japanese). 21 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  336. ^ Oi, Mariko (24 September 2022). "Abe funeral: Japan asks why state event is costing more than the Queen's". BBC News. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  337. ^ "Trudeau to skip Abe's state funeral". NHK. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  338. ^ "国葬参列、G7首脳級はハリス米副大統領のみに 26日から弔問外交". Asahi Shimbun. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  339. ^ 賛成30%反対54%賛否分かれたまま…安倍元総理“国葬”前夜 厳戒態勢で交通に影響も(2022年9月26日). ANNnewsCH. 26 September 2022. Archived from the original on 27 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022 – via YouTube.
  340. ^ "安倍氏国葬に前駐日米大使 オバマ元大統領は見送り". Tokyo Shimbun (in Japanese). 17 September 2022. Archived from the original on 17 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  341. ^ "安倍氏国葬 主要国トップが続々欠席で暗雲 米バイデン大統領はエリザベス女王の国葬には出席を正式発表". Smart FLASH (in Japanese). 12 September 2022. Archived from the original on 20 February 2023. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  342. ^ "Emmanuel Macron a chargé Nicolas Sarkozy de représenter la France aux funérailles de Shinzo Abe", Le Parisian (in French), 13 September 2022, retrieved 23 September 2022
  343. ^ "Prime minister delaying trip to Japan due to incoming hurricane". CBC News. 23 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  344. ^ "Abe State Funeral to be Attended by 4,300 People". 22 September 2022.
  345. ^ "立憲民主党の菅直人元首相が国葬欠席「過去の例からも適切とは私には考えられません」". Nikkan Sports. 20 September 2022. Archived from the original on 22 December 2022. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  346. ^ "安倍元首相の「国葬」「評価する」49%「評価しない」38% NHK世論調査". NHK政治マガジン (in Japanese). NHK. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  347. ^ "内閣支持率". NHK選挙WEB (in Japanese). NHK. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  348. ^ "【産経・FNN合同世論調査】国葬 自民支持層は7割「よかった」若者層ほど高い評価". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 25 July 2022. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  349. ^ "質問と回答(7月23、24日)". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 25 July 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  350. ^ "安倍氏国葬、反対47%賛成43% 銃撃は投票影響せず64%". The Nikkei (in Japanese). 1 August 2022. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  351. ^ a b "支持率を追う 日経世論調査アーカイブ" (in Japanese). The Nikkei. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  352. ^ "世論調査(共同通信データ)". Tokyo Shimbun. 2 August 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  353. ^ "内閣支持率". NHK選挙WEB (in Japanese). NHK. 8 August 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  354. ^ "岸田内閣支持率57%、旧統一教会との関係「説明果たしてない」87%…読売世論調査". 読売新聞 (in Japanese). 8 August 2022. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  355. ^ "NNN世論調査 安倍氏国葬"評価"49%". 日テレNEWS (in Japanese). 8 August 2022. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  356. ^ "【速報】安倍元総理の国葬 「反対」45%で「賛成」42%を上回る JNN世論調査". TBS NEWS DIG (in Japanese). TBS. 7 August 2022. Archived from the original on 7 August 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  357. ^ "安倍氏国葬「反対」47% 旧統一教会解明「必要」77%―時事世論調査". 時事ドットコムニュース (in Japanese). Jiji Press. 11 August 2022. Retrieved 11 August 2022.
  358. ^ "世論調査(共同通信データ)". Tokyo Shimbun. 16 August 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  359. ^ "旧統一教会と政治の関係 「説明が足りない」8割". TV Asahi (in Japanese). 22 August 2022. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  360. ^ "安倍氏国葬に「賛成」30%、「反対」53% 毎日新聞世論調査". Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 21 August 2022. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  361. ^ "内閣支持率54・3% 8・1ポイント減 政権発足後初めて6割下回る". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 22 August 2022. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  362. ^ "質問と回答(8月20、21日)". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 22 August 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  363. ^ "朝日新聞世論調査―質問と回答〈8月27、28日実施〉". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 29 August 2022. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  364. ^ "内閣支持ほぼ横ばいの50%、国葬の実施決定「評価せず」56%…読売世論調査". 読売新聞 (in Japanese). 4 September 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  365. ^ "内閣支持率急落48.1% 政権発足後最低に 「不支持」が「支持」を上回る JNN世論調査". TBS NEWS DIG (in Japanese). TBS. 5 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  366. ^ "内閣支持率". NHK選挙WEB (in Japanese). NHK. 12 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  367. ^ "安倍元首相の国葬賛否、反対56% 8月比で賛成減る 朝日世論調査". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 12 September 2022. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  368. ^ "朝日新聞世論調査-質問と回答〈9月10、11日実施〉". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 12 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  369. ^ "内閣支持32%、発足後最低 国葬反対51%―時事世論調査". 時事ドットコムニュース (in Japanese). Jiji Press. 15 September 2022. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  370. ^ "2022年9月調査". TV Asahi (in Japanese). Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  371. ^ "内閣支持が急落、最低の40% 不支持46%、初めて逆転" (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 18 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  372. ^ "世論調査(共同通信データ)". Tokyo Shimbun (in Japanese). 22 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  373. ^ "安倍氏国葬、広がらぬ国民の理解 世論調査で「反対」が増えるワケ". Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 19 September 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  374. ^ "岸田内閣支持率42・3% 12ポイント急落 不支持率と逆転". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 19 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  375. ^ "質問と回答(9月17、18日)". Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 19 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  376. ^ "内閣不支持、初の50%に 国葬「評価しない」59% 朝日世論調査". Asahi Shimbun Digital (in Japanese). 2 October 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  377. ^ "安倍元総理の実績「評価する」71% 国葬実施「良くなかった」54%【JNN世論調査】". TBS NEWS DIG (in Japanese). TBS. 2 October 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  378. ^ "国葬実施「よくなかった」54%、今後の国葬実施「よくない」58%...読売世論調査". Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 2 October 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  379. ^ "【世論調査】岸田内閣"支持率"続落45% 最低更新". 日テレNEWS (in Japanese). Nippon TV. 2 October 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  380. ^ "岸田内閣支持率5ポイント減35% 共同通信世論調査 細田衆院議長の説明「不十分」87% 物価高打撃78%". The Nikkei (in Japanese). 9 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  381. ^ "安倍元首相の国葬「評価せず」61%". Saga Shimbun [ja] (in Japanese). 9 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  382. ^ "内閣支持続落27% 初の3割割れ、不支持43%―時事世論調査". 時事ドットコムニュース (in Japanese). Jiji Press. 13 October 2022. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  383. ^ "2022年10月 政治意識月例電話調査" (PDF) (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  384. ^ "世論調査|報道ステーション" (in Japanese). テレビ朝日. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  385. ^ "安倍氏国葬「実施するべきではなかった」60% 毎日新聞世論調査". 毎日新聞 (in Japanese). 毎日新聞社. 23 October 2022. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  386. ^ a b "Decision to hold state funeral for Abe ignites debate over taxpayer funding". The Japan Times. 16 July 2022. Archived from the original on 30 July 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  387. ^ "Abe state funeral divides Japanese". Taipei Times. 23 July 2022. Archived from the original on 30 July 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  388. ^ "安倍氏の国葬差し止め、訴えを「却下」 訴訟の前提欠く 東京地裁", 朝日新聞 (in Japanese), 12 September 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022
  389. ^ JCJが国葬反対声明 「弔意を強制する行事」 (in Japanese), Kyodo News, 12 September 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022 – via Yahoo News
  390. ^ "We Oppose the State Funeral for Former Prime Minister" (PDF), Japan Congress of Journalists, 12 September 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022
  391. ^ "旧統一教会・勅使河原秀行氏、安倍元首相の国葬について「国を挙げて葬儀をすることは賛成」", Nikkan Sports (in Japanese), 22 September 2022, retrieved 26 September 2022 – via Yahoo News
  392. ^ "安倍元首相の国葬決定に抗議 官邸前でデモ「国民に服喪強制」", Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese), 22 July 2022, retrieved 20 August 2022
  393. ^ "1,000-plus people march in Tokyo to protest ex-PM Abe's state funeral: organizers". Mainichi Shimbun. 18 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  394. ^ "「理由が見当たらない」安倍元総理『国葬』反対デモ 約1200人が参加". All-Nippon News Network (in Japanese). 16 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022 – via YouTube.
  395. ^ "国会議事堂前で国葬反対の抗議活動 2500人超参加か", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 1 September 2022, archived from the original on 1 September 2022, retrieved 1 September 2022
  396. ^ "「誰であっても国葬は嫌」安倍元総理の国葬反対デモ 数千人の市民集まる", Tokyo Broadcasting System (in Japanese), 19 September 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022 – via YouTube
  397. ^ "「安保関連法」成立から7年 札幌で大規模デモ 安倍元総理の国葬にも反対の声", HTC Hokkaido News (in Japanese), 19 September 2022, retrieved 19 September 2022 – via YouTube
  398. ^ "Japanese man sets himself on fire in Abe funeral protest". ABC News. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  399. ^ "Japan man sets himself on fire in apparent protest of Abe funeral". BBC News. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  400. ^ "Shinzo Abe: man sets himself alight in protest at state funeral for killed Japan PM". The Guardian. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  401. ^ "国葬反対デモ「賛成派」と衝突も 2万人の警察官で厳戒警備 28日も交通規制へ", Fuji News Network (in Japanese), 28 September 2022, retrieved 28 September 2022
  402. ^ "Japanese police hold protesters back outside Shinzo Abe's state funeral", The Guardian, 27 September 2022, retrieved 28 September 2022 – via YouTube
  403. ^ "(考 国葬)安倍氏と教団の関係、調査不可欠 一橋大教授・中北浩爾氏". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 17 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  404. ^ "安倍元首相銃撃事件「ビル屋上にスナイパー小屋」→誤り。動画やツイートが拡散、当事者が法的措置を検討", BuzzFeed (in Japanese), 18 August 2022, retrieved 19 August 2022
  405. ^ "ほんこんが安倍氏めぐる〝スナイパー小屋〟拡散を謝罪 有田芳生氏「完璧なる妄想」", Tokyo Sports (in Japanese), 20 August 2022, retrieved 24 August 2022
  406. ^ a b c Bankhurst, Adam (9 July 2022). "Kojima Productions Threatens Legal Action Against Those Who Claim Hideo Kojima Was Linked to Shinzo Abe Assassination". IGN. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  407. ^ Zwiezen, Zack (8 July 2022). "Hideo Kojima Misidentified As Shinzo Abe Assassin By News Channel, Politicians". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  408. ^ a b "Shinzo Abe killing: Hideo Kojima threatens to sue over false posts". BBC News. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  409. ^ a b Saint-André, Elsa de La Roche. "Damien Rieu a-t-il publié des photos d'un créateur de jeux vidéo "d'extrême gauche" en l'accusant d'être l'assassin de Shinzo Abe?". Libération (in French). Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  410. ^ "Assassinat de Shinzo Abe : Damien Rieu attaqué en justice pour diffusion de fausses informations ?". TF1 INFO (in French). 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  411. ^ Gault, Matthew (8 July 2022). "News Outlets Mistakenly Identify Abe Assassin as Hideo Kojima". Vice. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  412. ^ Michaels, Stephen (8 July 2022). "The Awful Reason Hideo Kojima Is Trending". SVG. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  413. ^ Loveridge, Lynzee (9 July 2022). "Hideo Kojma's Kojima Production Company Condemns 'Fake News'". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  414. ^ Loveridge, Lynzee (9 July 2022). "French Politician Damien Rieu Apologizes For Falsely Identifying Hideo Kojima as Shinzo Abe's Killer". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  415. ^ Kojima Productions (Eng) [@KojiPro2015_EN] (9 July 2022). "#KojimaProductions strongly condemns the spread of fake news and rumors that convey false information. We do not tolerate such libel and will consider taking legal action in some cases" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022 – via Twitter.
  416. ^ "Fact Check-Image of a tweet by Shinzo Abe about Hillary Clinton is fabricated". Reuters. 9 July 2022. Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  417. ^ "No, Shinzo Abe Didn't Tweet This About Hillary Clinton Before His Death". Snopes.com. 11 July 2022. Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  418. ^ 「次はおまえだ」長野自民候補に脅迫電話か 安倍氏銃撃30分後 ["Next is you" A threatening call to the Nagano Liberal Democratic candidate or Mr. Abe 30 minutes after the shooting]. 毎日新聞 (in Japanese). 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  419. ^ "'You're next.' LDP candidate threatened after attack on Abe | The Asahi Shimbun: Breaking News, Japan News and Analysis". The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  420. ^ "兵庫・明石市長に殺害予告メール 安倍元首相銃撃参考に「銃自作」". 毎日新聞 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 29 July 2022. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  421. ^ "Mayor receives death threat; sender refers to Abe shooting | The Asahi Shimbun: Breaking News, Japan News and Analysis". The Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 31 July 2022. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  422. ^ "Man arrested after threatening PM Lee on Facebook following shooting of former Japan PM Shinzo Abe". CNA. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  423. ^ Chang, Jung-hsiang; Lin, Ko (9 July 2022). "Tainan man arrested for making death threats against President Tsai". Focus Taiwan. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  424. ^ "Security in Thailand tightened after Abe's killing". Bangkok Post. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  425. ^ Ng, Eileen (8 July 2022). "Assassination of Japan's Shinzo Abe stuns world leaders". Associated Press News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  426. ^ Inoue, Makiko (8 July 2022). "Fumio Kishida, Japan's prime minister, said: "An act of cowardly barbarism has stolen Prime Minister Abe's life. It is absolutely unallowable, and I once again condemn it with the strongest words."". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  427. ^ Sugiyama, Satoshi; Kim, Chang-Ran (8 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe's assassin used a handmade firearm". Reuters. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  428. ^ Lies, Elaine (8 July 2022). "In mostly gun-free nation, Japanese stunned by Abe killing". Reuters. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  429. ^ Shii, Kazuo [@shiikazuo] (8 July 2022). (神戸で記者団に)安倍晋三元首相への襲撃は、自由な言論をテロで封殺しようという許し難い蛮行であり、強い憤りをもって抗議する。 安倍さんのご回復を強く願ってやみません。 (Tweet) (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022 – via Twitter.
  430. ^ 'An equivalent of JFK's assassination day': Shinzo Abe's special adviser on former Japanese prime minister's death - CNN Video, 8 July 2022, archived from the original on 10 July 2022, retrieved 10 July 2022
  431. ^ Lee, Michelle Ye Hee (9 July 2022). "Japan probes Abe assassination motive as police chief admits 'problems'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  432. ^ 元内閣総理大臣安倍晋三氏を従一位に叙すること並びに大勲位菊花章頸飾及び菊花大綬章の授与について [Regarding the awarding of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to the first rank and the awarding of the Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum and Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum]. kantei.go.jp (Press release). Prime Minister's Office of Japan. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  433. ^ 安倍元首相に最高位勲章 中曽根氏に続き4人目 [Highest-rank to former PM Abe, fourth after Mr. Nakasone]. Kyodo News. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  434. ^ "Japan honors Shinzo Abe with highest decoration as wake held in Tokyo". The Japan Times. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  435. ^ a b "Japan honors ex-PM Abe with highest decoration, wake held in Tokyo". Kyodo News. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  436. ^ Watsom, Kathryn (8 July 2022). "World leaders mourn assassination of "friend" Shinzo Abe". CBS News. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  437. ^ De Guzman, Chad (8 July 2022). "How the World Is Reacting to Shinzo Abe's Death". Time. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  438. ^ "Reactions to Shinzo Abe shooting". Reuters. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  439. ^ "'True friend to Australia': Australian landmarks lit up to honour Shinzo Abe as Quad nations vow to continue legacy". SBS News. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  440. ^ "Bangladesh to observe state mourning Saturday in memory of Shinzo Abe". Dhaka Tribune. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  441. ^ "Brazil's Bolsonaro 'outraged' by Japan ex-PM Abe's killing, orders three-day mourning". Reuters. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  442. ^ Suliman, Adele; Ye, Hee Lee; Inuma, Mio (8 July 2022). "'Shocked' and 'saddened' world leaders react to Shinzo Abe's assassination". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  443. ^ "Saddened beyond words at tragic demise of one of my 'dearest friends': PM Modi on Abe's death". The Times of India. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  444. ^ ""This is really personal," How the World Reacted to PM Modi's Heartfelt Tribute to Shinzo Abe". News18. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  445. ^ "'My Friend, Abe San': PM Modi pens heartfelt tribute to ex-Japan PM Shinzo Abe". Hindustan Times. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  446. ^ "Nepal condoles death of Shinzo Abe, announces day of national mourning". Theprint. The Print. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  447. ^ Press Release. "Press Release – Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Mfa.gov.bt. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  448. ^ "Cambodia declares one-day mourning to mark respect for former Japanese PM". Khmer Times. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  449. ^ "Karaoke, entertainment clubs, bars, discos, and beer gardens shut today to mourn assassinated former Japanese PM". Khmer Times. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  450. ^ "Cuba decrees official mourning for Shinzo Abe's murder". Prensa Latina. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 15 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  451. ^ "Japan leader Shinzo Abe assassination ‖ Sri Lanka observes day of national mourning". The Hindu. 12 July 2022. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  452. ^ "Thailand flies flags at half-mast in mourning for Shinzo Abe". nationthailand. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  453. ^ Leah (11 July 2022). "Thailand flies flags at half-mast today in memory of Shinzo Abe". The Thaiger. The Thaiger. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  454. ^ "A Proclamation on the Death Of Abe Shinzo" (Press release). White House. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  455. ^ Shear, Michael (8 July 2022). "President Biden ordered on Friday that United States flags at federal facilities around the world be flown at half-staff for three days in honour of Shinzo Abe". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  456. ^ a b "U.S. top diplomat Antony Blinken to visit Japan to offer condolences over Abe". The Japan Times. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  457. ^ "Secretary Antony J. Blinken Remarks to Traveling Press Yokota Air Base Tokyo, Japan" (Press release). U.S. Department of State. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  458. ^ ブリンケン国務長官による岸田総理大臣表敬 [Courtesy visit to PM Kishida by Secretary of State Blinken] (Press release) (in Japanese). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  459. ^ a b Michelle Ye Hee Lee (11 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe's family holds private wake for slain former Japanese leader". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  460. ^ "Yellen cancels public event in Japan after Abe assassination". Reuters. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  461. ^ Tully-Mcmanus, Katherine. "Hill mourns Abe, an ally assassinated". Politico. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  462. ^ "Council of EU - Newsroom". Europa. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  463. ^ Spiro, Amy. "Israeli leaders express shock at assassination of ex-Japanese PM Shinzo Abe". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  464. ^ ""Our Hearts Are With People Of Japan": Quad Mourns Death Of Shinzo Abe". NDTV.com. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  465. ^ "Statement by the Prime Minister on the assassination of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe". Prime Minister of Canada. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  466. ^ "Taiwan to fly flags at half-staff in honor of killed ex-Japanese leader Shinzo Abe - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  467. ^ "Taiwan lost a friend, Tsai says after Abe shot dead - Taipei Times". Taipei Times. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  468. ^ "Taipei 101 lights up in tribute to slain ex-Japan leader Abe - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  469. ^ "Taiwan vice president arrives in Japan to mourn Abe". Taiwan News. 11 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  470. ^ "Angelenos Stunned At Assassination of Shinzo Abe, Who Attended USC In The '70s". LAist. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  471. ^ "IOC Mourns the Demise of Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe". News18. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  472. ^ "Assassination of Japan's Shinzo Abe stuns world leaders". AP NEWS. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  473. ^ Palin, Megan (9 July 2022). "'Pop Champagne': Shinzo Abe's death celebrated in China and South Korea". news.com.au. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  474. ^ "Shinzo Abe's death celebrated by nationalists in China and South Korea". The New Zealand Herald. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  475. ^ Adelstein, Jake (31 July 2022). "Shinzo Abe's Assassin Succeeds in Twisted Plot to Expose Japan's Deep Ties with 'Cult'". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 4 August 2022. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  476. ^ McCurry, Justin (1 August 2022). "Revelations since Shinzo Abe death shed light on Moonies' influence". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 August 2022. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  477. ^ "UN Pays Tribute to Assassinated Former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe". Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  478. ^ "'Shinzo Abe 1954-2022': Time magazine pays tribute to ex-Japan PM". Hindustan Times. 9 July 2022. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.