Etajima (江田島), also called Nōmi-jima [ja], Nomijima, Nomi Island, or Etajima-Nōmijima (江田島・能美島)[1] is an island in Hiroshima Bay located in southwestern Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The mess with island name originates from the ancient (and possibly legendary) strait at now town Ōgaki-chō Hitonose (大柿町飛渡瀬).

Etajima
Native name:
江田島 Etajima
沖美 - panoramio (3).jpg
Etajima is located in Japan
Etajima
Etajima
Location in Japan
Geography
LocationSeto Inland Sea
Coordinates34°12′5″N 132°26′21″E / 34.20139°N 132.43917°E / 34.20139; 132.43917Coordinates: 34°12′5″N 132°26′21″E / 34.20139°N 132.43917°E / 34.20139; 132.43917
Area91.32 km2 (35.26 sq mi)
Length19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Width10 km (6 mi)
Highest elevation542 m (1778 ft)
Highest pointmount 宇根山 (Uneyama)
Administration
Japan
PrefectureHiroshima Prefecture
cityEtajima
Demographics
Population24596
Pop. density269/km2 (697/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

GeographyEdit

The island is roughly Y-shaped, with the former Nōmi occupying center, the Okimi - north-western branch, Etajima - north-eastern branch, and Ōgaki - the southern branch. The island's highest peak, mount 宇根山 (Uneyama) 542 m (1,778 ft) high, is located on the western edge of Nōmi town.

TransportationEdit

Since 1973, the island is connected to the Japanese mainland of Honshu by the Hayase Ōhashi [ja] bridge passing through the Kurahashi-jima island. The island is served by the national route 487. Also, ferries are available from the cities of Hiroshima and Kure on Honshu island[2] and Matsuyama on Shikoku island.

HistoryEdit

The Imperial Japanese Naval Academy was moved to Etajima Island in 1888. While the academy still exists under the name Naval Academy Etajima, modern Etajima focuses rather on olive cultivation[3] and fish hatcheries in Etajima Bay north of the island.

Further readingEdit

  • Cecil Bullock, Etajima: the Dartmouth of Japan (London, 1942)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit