Taewang (태왕; 太王), literally meaning "Greatest King", was an imperial title used in Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, by rulers such as Gwanggaeto the Great and Jangsu. Taewang was equivalent to "emperor" and indicated the independent worldview of Goguryeo, which, based on epitaphs dating to the 4th and 5th centuries, had concepts of Son of Heaven (天帝之子) and independent tianxia. The title Seongwang (성왕; 聖王), literally meaning "Holy King", was also used in Goguryeo.
Bronze bowl discovered in a Silla royal tomb, inscribed with "Taewang", referring to Gwanggaeto the Great
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They called their king "taewang" ("the greatest king"). Taewang was a title equivalent to "emperor" and referred to the ruler of the entire world of Goguryeo. In short, the practice of calling their king "taewang" was based on Goguryeo's independent worldview.
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