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Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 – 23 July 1274) was the 24th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea from 1260 to 1274.

Wonjong of Goryeo
고려 원종
King of Goryeo
(1st reign)
Reign1260 – 1269
PredecessorGojong of Goryeo
SuccessorYeongjong of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
(2nd reign)
Reign1269 – 1274
PredecessorYeongjong of Goryeo
SuccessorChungnyeol of Goryeo
Born5 April 1219
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died23 July 1274 (1274-07-24) (aged 55)
Kingdom of Goryeo
ConsortQueen Jeongsun
IssueChungnyeol of Goryeo
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherGojong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Anhye
ReligionBuddhism
Wonjong of Goryeo
Hangul
원종
Hanja
元宗
Revised RomanizationWonjong
McCune–ReischauerWŏnjong
Courtesy name
Hangul
일신
Hanja
日新
Revised RomanizationIlsin
McCune–ReischauerIlsin

Contents

BiographyEdit

He ascended the throne with the help of Kublai Khan. During his reign, Goryeo became a vassal of the Mongol-founded Yuan dynasty in China.

He was also the last Goryeo ruler to use the title "temple name" before restoration of the title in the Joseon dynasty period, as the Goryeo rulers henceforth used the title "chung" (loyalty), following the demands of Kublai Khan.

In 1269, the military leader Im Yon engineered a coup d'état to remove Wonjong. Kublai Khan dispatched 3,000 troops to oust the forces of the rebel. Wonjong visited the imperial court in 1271 after his re-accession.

Wonjong was the eldest son of the previous king, Gojong.

FamilyEdit

  • Father: King Gojong of Goryeo (3 February 1192 – 21 July 1259) (고려 고종)
    • Grandfather: King Gangjong of Goryeo (10 May 1152 – 26 August 1213) (고려 강종)
    • Grandmother: Queen Wondeok of the Kaesong Wang clan (1167 – 1239) (원덕왕후 왕씨)
  • Mother: Queen Anhye of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1 June 1232) (안혜왕후 왕씨)
    • Grandfather: King Huijong of Goryeo (21 June 1181 – 31 August 1237) (고려 희종)
    • Grandmother: Queen Seongpyeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1247) (성평왕후 왕씨)

Consorts:

  1. Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Kim clan (1222 – 29 July 1237) (정순왕후 김씨)
    1. King Chungryeol of Goryeo (3 April 1236 – 30 July 1308) (고려 충렬왕)
  2. Princess Gyeongchang of the Kaesong Wang clan (경창궁주 왕씨)
    1. Wang Yi, Prince Siyang (? – 22 January 1266) (왕이 시양후)
    2. Wang Jong, Prince Sunan (왕종 순안공)
    3. Princess Gyeongan (경안궁주)
    4. Princess Hamnyeong (함녕궁주)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 원종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Wonjong of Goryeo
Born: 5 April 1219 Died: 23 July 1274
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gojong
King of Goryeo
1260–1269
Succeeded by
Yeongjong
Preceded by
Yeongjong
King of Goryeo
1269–1274
Succeeded by
Chungnyeol