Symbiote (comics)

The Klyntar (colloquial: Symbiotes) are a fictional species of extraterrestrial symbiotes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The Symbiotes bond with their hosts, creating a symbiotic bond through which a single entity is created. They also are able to slightly alter their hosts' personalities, and/or memories by influencing their darkest desires and wants, along with amplifying their physical and emotional traits and personality, granting them super-human abilities.

Venom vs. carnage.jpg
The two most enduring symbiotic characters, Venom (right) and its offspring Carnage, battling each other in the cover of Venom vs. Carnage #1 (July 2004). Art by Clayton Crain.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceBlack Costume, The Amazing Spider-Man #252, The Spectacular Spider-Man #90, and Marvel Team-Up #141 Symbiote, The Amazing Spider-Man #258 (May 1984)
Created byRoger Stern, Tom DeFalco, Mike Zeck, David Michelinie
Place of originGorr's unnamed planet; later moved to Klyntar
Notable membersSee List of symbiotes
Inherent abilitiesSymbiosis with a host provides superhuman strength, speed, agility, and endurance; gains characteristics of host; amplifies original powers and traits of hosts

The symbiotes have appeared in various media. Venom appears in Spider-Man 3 and Venom, along with other symbiotes. A version of All-Black the Necrosword also appears in Thor: Ragnarok, part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

Publication historyEdit

The first appearance(s) of a symbiote occurs in The Amazing Spider-Man #252, The Spectacular Spider-Man #90, and Marvel Team-Up #141 (released concurrently in May 1984), in which Spider-Man brings one home to Earth after the Secret Wars (Secret Wars #8, which was released months later, details his first encounter with it). The concept was created by a Marvel Comics reader,[1] with the publisher purchasing the idea for $220. The original design was then modified by Mike Zeck, becoming the Venom symbiote. The concept would be explored and used throughout multiple storylines, spin-off comics, and derivative projects. [2]

Fictional historyEdit

Symbiotes were originally created by an ancient malevolent primordial deity named Knull. When the Celestials began their vast plan to evolve the universe, Knull, seeing that his "Kingdom" was being touched, retaliated by constructing All-Black, the first symbiote, and decapitated a Celestial. Then, the other Celestials banished Knull along with the severed Celestial head deeper in the Void. After that, he started using the head with its Cosmic energies as a Forge for the symbiotes, where they got the weaknesses of sound and fire – the head would later become Knowhere.[3] He then went embarking on a genocide against the other gods.[4] When battling the other gods, he crashes on a desolate planet where All-Black left him and went to Gorr, since Gorr was full with hate and tried to kill the other god and Knull.[5] Knull then reawakens and created an army of symbiotes that he used to conquer planets and devour entire civilizations, establishing in the process the Symbiote Imperium. However, when a dragon-like composite went to the medieval Earth, Thor defeated it and destroyed the connection between Knull and the symbiotes. Upon Knull's severed connection to the symbiotes, the symbiote hive-mind began to explore notions of honor and nobility as they bonded to benevolent hosts. The symbiotes subsequently rebelled against their god, imprisoning him at the heart of an artificial planet in the Andromeda Galaxy they called Klyntar, which is their species name. Ashamed of their dark past, the symbiotes desired to spread and maintain peace throughout the Cosmos by seeking out worthy hosts from various species in order to create an organization of noble warriors.[4] However, these altruistic goals were imperfect, as the Klyntar symbiotes could be corrupted by hosts with harmful chemical imbalances or problematic personality attributes, turning them into destructive parasites who would spread lies and disinformation about their own kind in order to make other peoples fear and hate the Klyntar species as a whole.[6]

The corrupted Klyntar became more widespread than their benevolent counterparts, establishing a spacefaring culture dedicated to infecting and overtaking whole planets and reestablishing the Imperium. The corrupted Symbiotes forced their hosts to perform death-defying feats in order to feed off of the resulting surges of hormones like adrenaline and phenethylamine. These hosts would die quickly, either because of the wear from constant stress and exertion or as a result of the inherent danger in the stunts performed.[7]

At some point it was believed that a symbiote-run planet was devoured by Galactus. Due to their genetic memory, all symbiotes now loathe both Galactus and his former herald, the Silver Surfer.[8] however it was later revealed that their loathe for the Silver Surfer was because he had time traveled to a time where the Klyntar were rebelling against Knull and the Silver Surfer had the God of the Symbiotes bleed.[9] ZZZXX, a symbiote with a predilection for eating brains, was also captured by the Shi'ar, and imprisoned and studied for years until it was released and employed as a Praetorian Guard by Gabriel Summers.[10] The corrupted symbiotes had invaded the Microverse and tried to absorb the Enigma Force, but they were defeated by the avatar of the force, after they had caused destructive effects on this world and its people.[11] One member of the symbiote race had arrived on the Savage Land, where it remained trapped for years to the point of madness and bonded to Conan, during a confrontation between the Savage Avengers and Kulan Gath.[12]

The cover of Secret Wars #8, which details Spider-Man's first encounter with the black costume. Pencil art by Mike Zeck.

During the Kree-Skrull War, the Kree wanting to replicate the Skrull's shapeshifting abilities, they got a newborn symbiote which had been outcast from the other symbiotes, on the planet where Knull had created the symbiotes.[13] They recruited Tel-Kar to be bonded to the young symbiote and modified both Tel-Kar and the symbiote so he could have full control over it. He infiltrated into the Skrulls using the symbiote's shapeshifting ability, but got discovered. He deleted the symbiote's memories and separated himself from it.[14] The symbiote then reunited with the parasitic symbiotes, while retaining little memory of its first host. When the corrupted symbiotes found out that this symbiote wanted to commit to its host rather than use it up, they called it insane and trapped it in a canister to be condemned to die on a planet that would later become part of Beyonder's Battleworld where Spider-Man freed the symbiote and bonded with it.[15] Spider-Man returned to Earth with the symbiote, where it later bonded with Eddie Brock in a church calling themselves Venom;[16] during this time, it spawned seven offspring and a clone, its first child later having three of its own. All of the symbiotes being Carnage, Scream, Lasher, Phage, Agony, and Riot.

The Venom symbiote gradually grew more and more monstrous and psychotic, that Eddie at some point separated himself from the symbiote causing it to release a telepathic scream, making the other corrupted symbiotes to come to invade the Earth. Then Eddie, Spider-Man and Scarlet Spider teamed up to fight the invasion and in the end, Eddie rebonded to Venom and released another powerful scream that made the symbiotes commit suicide.

When bonded to Flash Thompson as part of Project Rebirth, who originally struggled to control it, the symbiote developed some slight affection for him.[17] It is later established that the host's mental state affects the symbiote just as much as the other way around,[18] as Venom's first child, the Carnage symbiote is as psychotic as its host Cletus Kasady and the Venom suit's explosiveness got worse after bonding with Angelo Fortunato and Mac Gargan after Brock, both of which were career criminals. Likewise, the various symbiotes bonded to heroes are not shown to be as twisted, though they occasionally struggle with aggression.

A swarm of Brood that had been overtaken by symbiotes later invade the S.W.O.R.D. satellite and possess all of its inhabitants including Deathbird with her unborn child in order to expand the Symbiote Imperium, but Spider-Man, who got bonded to a second symbiote and his class from Jean Grey's School defeats the symbiotes.[19]

The Klyntar were later raided by the Poisons with help from Haze Mancer – a symbiote poacher – resulting in the apparent death of the Agents of the Cosmos and the abduction of all the symbiotes.[20] The abducted symbiotes were later modified by the Poisons so they could use on the superheroes on Earth in order for the Poisons to consume. After the defeat of the Poisons, the surviving symbiotes were returned to Klyntar.[21]

When the body of Grendel, the dragon-like composite symbiote defeated by Thor, is discovered on Earth,[22] this reawakens Knull enough to allow him to control the creature before being stopped by the combined efforts of Venom and Spider-Man (Miles Morales).[23] And later incinerated by Eddie denying Knull the chance to escape Klyntar.[24]

After some months, a cult got hold of Cletus's damaged body – after being free from the Poison shell and falling through the atmosphere – inside a chamber and had planned to revive him by using the Grendel's remnants which they stole from Maker.[25] This cult, who worships Knull and Carnage as Knull's prophet, was led by Scorn. They implanted the remnants inside Cletus reviving him and at first he resembled Ancient Venom (Venom possessed by Knull), until the Carnage pieces were absorbed by the ancient symbiote and got Scorn's remnants by killing her. When Cletus came in contact with Knull, he got a new purpose and that was to free Knull and the only way left was to get every single Codex – the symbiote remnants containing the genetic information of the host – left inside the bodies of every single host, dead or alive who came in physical contact with the symbiotes on Earth in order to overload the symbiote hive mind and scatter the Klyntar.[26]

Knull slowly began reawakening as a result of Carnage's efforts on Earth and the symbiotes of Klyntar began succumbing to his control once more. When Sleeper was drawn to Klyntar, the symbiotes attacked and tried to assimilate it into the hive-mind. Escaping, Sleeper realized that Eddie was in danger and returned to Earth as quickly as it could. When Knull fully awakened, he destroyed Klyntar and seized control of its constituent symbiotes, coalescing them into a horde of symbiote-dragons.[27]


The symbiotes when originally created, they were used as tools by Knull in order to conquer the universe and at the time they had a symbiote dialect.[28] When were freed from Knull's control and learning about compassion, they established the lie about their nature in order to redeem themselves. They formed the Agents of Cosmos, which are symbiotes bonded to benevolent hosts forming noble warriors, in order of maintaining peace across the universe. However, some symbiotes were corrupted by malevolent hosts returning them into monsters and reestablishing the Symbiote Imperium first formed by Knull and these symbiotes were cut from the Klyntar hive mind. The Symbiote Imperium would conquer planets and infecting the inhabitants in order to drain and consume them whole.

The symbiotes in general don't have an actual culture. As seen with Venom and Carnage, the symbiote's personality and psychology dependends largely of the host's nature, as the link between the host and the symbiote gives the symbiote context and meaning to their life.[29]

As for the Nameless, a group of Kree explorers infected by the Exolon parasites, after being infected by the parasites, which consumed their souls, they lost all sense of time and sentience and started doing gruesome self-inflicting pain rituals in order to remember their past lives.[30]


The symbiote bonding with a host, which it needs to survive

The symbiotes are an alien species of inorganic,[31] amorphous and multicellular[32] symbiotic parasites formed from Knull's "Living Abyss" after he had experimented with his abilities. The Symbiotes function as living extradimensional tesseracts, requiring living hosts to anchor them to the fabric of space and time. They empower a host's natural abilities to the point where they far exceed that of normal members of the host's species as well as recording the genetic material of each of its hosts in a genetic codex. These abilities include the following:

  • Superhuman strength (strong enough to lift 50 tons or more), speed, endurance, agility, healing factor, and intelligence.[33]
  • Genetic memory, recalling information from previous hosts.[34] They also leave traces of themselves, dubbed codex, in the bodies of their hosts attached to the host's DNA, in order to send information to the hive mind.[25]
  • The ability to negate damage caused by terminal illnesses and permanent injuries. While symbiotes can somewhat heal their hosts, they generally seek to force their hosts to depend on them and thus ensure the symbiotes' survival. For example, Eddie Brock was able to survive indefinitely with terminal cancer,[35] and Scott Washington was able to walk despite being paraplegic.[36] Similarly, Flash Thompson and Cletus Kasady had received "legs" when bonded with the Venom symbiote and Carnage symbiote when they lost their legs. Wraith was able to use his Exolon powers to cure the Kree who were infected by the Phalanx.[37][38]
  • Can reproduce asexually with a limited number of seeds inside their mass. Such as Venom which gave birth to seven "children", while its first child Carnage had three.[39]
  • Senses that extend over its entire surface, enabling hosts to "see" what is behind or otherwise not in their line of sight (like a Spider-Sense).[39][40]
  • Able to change shape and size at will. This ability functions regardless of the host's actual stature and bodily dimensions, as the symbiotes are living tesseracts. This includes expanding to any size as long as they have something to grow on, such as a host or an object.[41][42] Symbiotes can form multi-layered shields against powerful attacks,[43] also get inside of small areas, such as electric wires and the insides of cars to completely disable them.[44][45] This shapeshifting allows the symbiote to change its color and texture to allow it to blend into the environment as a form of camouflage or change the host's outward appearance (including mimicking clothes and the appearances of other beings).[46]
  • Able to sense the thoughts and will of the host. When Spider-Man was originally selected, he had been thinking about Spider-Woman's costume in the Secret Wars. The symbiote acted on this and formed a similar costume to hers and Knull's emblem, which is the one seen on Spider-Man and Venom.[47]
  • Venom and all its descendants possess the ability to bypass Spider-Man's Spider-Sense; because the original symbiote was attached to Peter Parker (Spider-Man) first, it took his genetic information and spider-powers, thanks to the Symbiote's Parasitic Inheritance. This means that the symbiote attacking Peter would essentially be Peter attacking himself, which wouldn't set off his Spider-Sense[16][39] (during the Clone Saga, this became complicated, as Venom did set off Ben Reilly's Spider-Sense, however this has been attributed to Ben being cloned from Peter prior to his first encounter with the Venom Symbiote).[48]
  • Can excrete matter that enters in its body like bullets turning those into the green saliva.[49]
  • The symbiotes are immortal as shown with Venom 2099 which was still alive in the year 2099[50] and All-Black which was created in the beginning of the Universe and was still alive in King Thor's timeline.[51]
  • Can merge with other symbiotes or straight up absorb one another. Similarly as Hybrid was formed or when Carnage absorbed another symbiote from the Negative Zone, regenerating itself.[52] The symbiote can also absorp the codexes of other symbiotes, getting their genetic memory such as when Spider-Man bonded to two other symbiotes and they absorbed the Venom's codex, looking exactly like Venom.[25][19][21][53]
  • The symbiotes can put their hosts in a comatose state as shown with Zak-Del[54] and Eddie Brock.[55]
  • The symbiotes can prolong its hosts' lives by replacing the hosts failing organs with simulacrums manifested from its living abyss but can not do so indefinitely.

Because they record the genetic material of each of its hosts, there are also additional powers that have been demonstrated, but are not necessarily universal to all symbiotes:

  • Block part of the host's mind.
  • Form fangs or simple bladed weapons out of their limbs. The first appearance of this was the Carnage symbiote.[39]
  • Form tendrils and tentacles of various lengths from their body.[56]
  • Form wings, as shown when Venom came in contact with Knull and grew a pair of web-like wings,[57] even though in some cases the symbiote did form gliding wings as shown with Venom-Punisher and Hybrid.
  • The purified Klyntar possess Cosmic Awareness, allowing the Agents of Cosmos to the people in need.[58]
  • Project the surface of the symbiote to attack at a distance.[56]
  • Can sustain its humanoid body even without a host, but for a period of time.[59]
  • Stick to walls (adapted from Spider-Man).
  • Produce acid, toxins, and venoms, such as in the venomous bite Venom delivered to Sandman [60](Shown with Venom, Agony and Venom 2099).
  • Produce webbing from its own mass and (adapted from Spider-Man).[61]
  • Sense the presence of other beings within a certain distance.[39]
  • Protect hosts from Ghost Rider's Penance Stare[62] and the Inheritors's Life Absorption Touch.[63]
  • Can generate and manipulate an ice-like substance (adapted from Iceman), use telepathy and telekinesis (adapted from Marvel Girl), create powerful kinetic blasts (adapted from Cyclops), increase strength and intelligence (adapted from Beast) and grant the host with the ability to fly (adapted from Angel).
  • Create storage portals inside of them (this allowed Peter Parker to stow and access his camera).[64]
  • Filter breathable air for its host, allowing them to breathe underwater (seen in Vengeance of Venom), inhale poisonous fumes, and even survive in the vacuum of space.[65]
  • Transfer symbiote traits to its host, such as when Carnage ate Karl Malus and then he became a symbiote-human hybrid.[66]
  • The Venom symbiote also has empathic abilities, and is able to project desires and needs into the thoughts of its host or potential hosts; this ability can also aid Venom in detecting the truth from those he interrogates.[67]
  • In some realities, the symbiote feeds on the baser emotions of its host, creating an increasingly hostile personality. The longer the host is exposed to the symbiote, the more overpowering this state of mind becomes.[68]
  • Each symbiote has its own abilities: such as Venom's venomous bite; Toxin's ability to change his shape and form into a Spider-Man-like build (slim, but strong) and Venom-like build (big and muscular) depending on its mood; Scream can use its web-like hair as a weapon; Agony can spit acid and manipulate matter; Phage creates bladed weapons, Lasher uses tendrils on its back; Riot is particular to bludgeoning weapons and agility; Payback can produce electricity; Scorn can fuse itself with technology; All-Black can grant it's host immortality and Sleeper possesses Chemokinesis, the ability to manipulate chemicals, providing limited telepathy and excelled cloaking abilities through pheromones.
  • Some symbiotes have shown to be immune to sonic and fire through modification as shown with Anti-Venom, Red Goblin,[69] Mayhem,[70] Payback[71] and Grendel.
  • It can change the mood of its host by manipulating the brain chemicals.[72]
  • It can replicate itself as seen with Carnage[73] and All-Black[74] in the mainstream universe and Venom in Spider-Man Reign.

However, the symbiotes possess weaknesses which can be fatal, to the point of death. Some of these weakness include:

  • Symbiotes have a natural weakness to sonic-based attacks and heat-based attacks, after Knull unintentionally gave while forging them. However, symbiotes have a growing resistance to sound and fire due to their evolution. Still, there has not been an invulnerable symbiote in mainstream continuity, because the newest breeds can be harmed by incredible amounts of sonic waves and heat.[75] Symbiotes like Krobaa are also seemingly vulnerable to light. The Symbiotes in the Ultimate Marvel are only vulnerable to the heat produced by high voltage electricity.
  • Symbiotes have shown vulnerability to chemical and biological attacks, such as when Iron Man created a cure to a virus-like bio-weapon based on the Venom symbiote that was created by Doctor Doom.[76] Venom and Carnage, have shown susceptibility to chemical inhibitors.[77] Whether a symbiote can mutate and reduce the effect of these weaknesses is unknown.[78]
  • Potential hosts with advanced healing factors, such as Wolverine, have shown resistance to symbiosis.[79]
  • In some incarnations, the symbiote is depicted as requiring a certain chemical (most likely phenethylamine) to stay sane and healthy, which has been said to be found abundantly in two sources: chocolate and human brain tissue. Thus, the host is forced to either consume large amounts of chocolate or become a cannibal who devours the brains of those they kill. This peculiar trait has only been witnessed in the Venom symbiote.[80] However, both Carnage and Toxin have threatened their enemies with aspirations to "eating their brains", as well as various other body parts. When Toxin teamed up with Spider-Man and Black Cat, he struggled to keep himself together, telling Spider-Man that he was only "joking" about eating the robbers' brains. Similary, the Exolons feed on the immortal soul of the hosts resulting in the hosts becoming immortal, however, descending their hosts into madness, as well making them forget all of their old memories, unless they inflict pain to themselves to keep their memories longer, as shown with Zak-Del and the Nameless.[81]
  • On at least one occasion, Spider-Man was able to exhaust the Venom symbiote by taking advantage of the fact that it made its webbing out of itself; after the symbiote had already used a great deal of webbing to bind him to a bell, Spider-Man forced Venom to use further webbing so that it would exhaust itself, like blood dripping from a wound (although the sheer amount of webbing that the symbiotes would need to use for this weakness to be exploited makes its use in a fight limited).[16]
  • The symbiotes are unable to bond to more than one host as shown when Venom tried to bond to both Eddie and Peter at the same time[82] and again with Flash and Eddie,[83] even though the Carnage symbiote didn't display this weakness when bonded to people in Doverton Colorado.
  • Another weakness that they have is their hunger for feelings. In the storyline Planet of the Symbiotes, Eddie Brock releases a cry of pain and agony so great that the entire symbiote race commits mass suicide.[84] However, how they kill themselves is not clear.
  • The Xenophages, a race of extraterrestrial shapeshifters which prey on symbiotes, possess the ability to spew an unknown incendiary chemical that can paralyze symbiotes and enhance their taste.[85]
  • Numerous occasions have shown that when a corrupted symbiote remains bonded to a host for too long, the symbiote will eventually consume the body of the host leaving the host a dead husk as shown with the soldiers who were bonded to the Grendel symbiotes[86] and with Peter Parker in two What If?!.[87][88]
  • When Eddie Brock was diagnosed with cancer, Martin Li used his Lightforce healing ability to cure Eddie from his cancer, accidentally making the white blood cells in Eddie's blood to combat the Venom's symbiote remnants creating a new non-sentient Symbiote called Anti-Venom. This symbiote had the ability to cure every sickness (including Spider-Man's powers) and it was also corrosive to the symbiotes as shown when Eddie and Flash nearly killed Venom,[89] Mania,[90] the Poisons[91] and Red Goblin.[69] There have been no symbiotes shown to be immune to Anti-Venom.
  • The symbiotes have been shown to be vulnerable to the abilities of the telepaths.[19][92]
  • A new and still mysteriously extraterrestrial race known as Poisons, apparently nature's answer to the symbiotes, prey on them through direct contact infection, which forms an unstoppable one-sided union that the symbiote wants no part of.[93]

List of symbiotesEdit

Major symbiote charactersEdit

The following symbiotes have appeared throughout several years of Spider-Man's history, appeared in multiple media such as film and video games and were main characters/villains in story arcs.

Name First appearance Notable host Description
Venom The Amazing Spider-Man #300 (April 1988) Eddie Brock Chronologically introduced in Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #8, merged with Spider-Man, and notably Eddie Brock. Mac Gargan then went on to be the symbiote's host for a while, later it was acquired by the government and was being used by Flash Thompson under the alias Agent Venom until it separated from Flash and moved on to Lee Price, only to eventually return to Eddie Brock. It is revealed in Venom: First Host that a Kree soldier named Tel-Kar is chronologically the first to wear the suit, before Spider-Man. He is ranked by S.H.I.E.L.D. as one of the biggest threats along with Magneto, Doctor Doom and Red Skull.[94]
Carnage The Amazing Spider-Man #361 (April 1992) Cletus Kasady A child-spawn of Venom bonded to serial killer Cletus Kasady through his bloodstream. The symbiote would occasionally be separated from Cletus and bonding to other hosts, such as Ben Reilly and Karl Malus, only to be reunited with Kasady again. Some time later Cletus got separated from Carnage and Norman Osborn got bonded to the Carnage symbiote in order to defeat Spider-Man.
Toxin Venom Vs. Carnage #2 (September 2004) Jubil van Scotter A spawn of Carnage in the 1,000th generation that bonded with police officer Patrick Mulligan, becoming a hero. This was the first symbiote that Spider-Man considered an ally and becomes a bit of a mente to Spider-Man. Later forcibly bonded to Eddie Brock by the Crime Master sometime after Patrick was beaten to death by Blackheart.[95]
Anti-Venom The Amazing Spider-Man #569 (October 2008) Flash Thompson Created when the codexes of the Venom symbiote in Eddie Brock's body were combined with his white blood cells by the mystical energies of Mister Negative. Anti-Venom possesses curative abilities and its touch is corrosive to the Venom symbiote. Unlike other symbiotes, the Anti-Venom suit is non-sentient. The suit is seemingly destroyed in the 2011 "Spider-Island" story arc.[96] However, in 2017's "Venom Inc." Dr. Steven recreates the symbiote and it bonds with Flash Thompson, creating the same look as Agent Venom but with inverted colours.
Knull Venom Vol. 4 #3 (August 2018) No host. A primordial god of darkness that manifested the first symbiote from his shadow in order to kill a Celestial and used the head's cosmic properties to form a suit of symbiote-armor when embarking on his deicidal crusade. While stranded on Gorr's desolate world, Knull discovered he could infect "lesser creatures" with the living abyss, therefore creating the symbiotes to conquer the universe. He's considered the God of the Symbiotes and also the unidentified entity seen in Thor: God of Thunder #6.

Other symbiote charactersEdit

The following symbiotes have made only a few other appearances in comic books and are usually excluded from adaptations in other media.

Name First appearance Description
Dreadface Fantastic Four #360 (January 1992) A symbiote capable of mind-controlling subjects by touch. The alien was captured aboard the ship of Devos the Devastator but escaped during an altercation between Devos and the Fantastic Four. Dreadface is presumed destroyed.
Scream Venom: Lethal Protector #4 (May 1993) In an attempt to create "super-cops" to police their new Utopia, the Life Foundation probed the Venom symbiote and extracted the last five of its "seeds" – the materials used to create its spawn. These were cultured and bonded to five of the Life Foundation's best security personnel to form the Guardians: Donna Diego (Scream), Carl Mach (Phage), Leslie Gesneria (Agony), Trevor Cole (Riot), and Ramon Hernandez (Lasher).

In the comics none of the five symbiotes were originally given names. However, in the Venom: Planet of the Symbiotes toy line, the yellow symbiote was named Scream and the green symbiote was named Lasher. The name Scream was eventually used in Marvel Super Hero Island Adventures #1 and the Spider-Man Back in Black Handbook. The toyline also featured a four armed symbiote named Riot that was loosely based on the unnamed symbiote in the comic What if Scarlet Spider killed Spider-Man?. The name Phage comes from an unrelated character from the comic Venom The Hunted and Venom: Along Came A Spider toyline.[97] The other symbiote names became popular among fans but did not appear in an official Marvel work until the 2011 Carnage U.S.A. mini-series.

Mach, Cole, Hernandez, and Gesneria were all murdered by Diego after she decided that symbiotes were "evil"; the murdered guards' symbiotes fused to create Hybrid.[98] Diego would later herself be killed by a powerless Eddie Brock, when the latter was also eliminating the "evil" of the symbiotes from the Earth.

Rune-Venom Rune vs Venom #1 (December 1995) A leftover symbiote from the Planet of the Symbiotes arc bonds with Rune and begins to frame Venom for the murder of civilians. He was later defeated by Venom, after Rune consumed his symbiote due to its influence.
Hybrid Venom: Along Came A Spider #1 (January 1996) The character was introduced as the fusion of four symbiotes (Lasher, Phage, Agony and Riot), bonded to prison guard Scott Washington. Years later, Scream and Hybrid are hunted and killed by Eddie Brock who was eliminating the "evil" of the symbiotes from the Earth.[99] The Hybrid symbiote was able to survive and was taken in by the US Government, forcibly separated, and bonded to four soldiers to battle Carnage: Rico Axelson (Phage), James Murphy (Agony), Howard Ogden (Riot), and Marcus Simms (Lasher).[98][95] The four soldiers come to be known as the Mercury Team. While on another rampage, Carnage kills the Mercury Team without their symbiotes.[100] The four symbiotes temporarily bond with Deadpool to fight Carnage. After Carnage's defeat, Deadpool unbonds with the symbiotes and the symbiotes bond to Mercury Team's dog.[101]
Krobaa Venom: Seed of Darkness #1 (July 1997) This symbiote got bonded to a scientist who drove him mad and went on a destructive rampage across city. Eddie used his camera's flash to defeat the creature.
Neo-symbiote Spider-Man Family Vol. 2 #3 (August 2007) When Mac Gargan encountered Scorpion (Carmilla Black), was outraged due to her using the Scorpion name and attacked her. However, Carmilla used her stinger to create a neo-symbiote form Venom's webbing and proved to be harmful to the Venom symbiote. In the end, the symbiote died, due to Camilla's body being too toxic to sustain it.
Exolon Annihilation Conquest: Wraith #2 (October 2007) The Exolon – created by Knull[102] – are parasites which feeds on the souls of living creatures. These parasites eventually infected some Kree explores turning them into the Nameless and inhabiting The Exoteric Latitude thousands of years ago. Zak-Del eventually gets infected and becomes one of them.
Venom Symbiote Virus Mighty Avengers #7 (January 2008) When Doctor Doom got a sample of the Venom symbiote, he created a virus-like symbiote bio-weapon, but it was accidentally spread on New York, which bonded to various New Yorkers and heroes such as: Spider-Man, Spider-Woman, Black Widow, Wolverine, Doctor Strange, Hawkeye and eventually Wasp. Iron Man eventually finds a cure and frees everyone from the symbiote virus.
Payback True Believers (September 2008) Bonded to a more evolved cousin of normal race of symbiotes. Is currently a vigilante and head of the True Believers.
ZZZXX X-Men: Kingbreaker #2 (March 2009) He is a unique brain-eating member of the Symbiote species that was discovered several years ago by Shi'ar Emperor D'Ken. Unlike other symbiotes, ZZZXX was a mutant symbiote[103] and didn't bother to ask permission or care to know his host. After being experimented and tamed, it got bonded to Raza Longknife and became a Praetorian Guard. Then, the Nova Corps captured him and then surgically removed the symbiote from Raza. The symbiote was then used as a weapon against an evil version of Charles Xavier from the Cancerverse, who became a planet-size brain, which proved to be a feast for the symbiote.
Scorn Carnage #5 (August 2011) Originally a piece of Carnage recovered after his apparent destruction by Sentry. The piece was used to develop an advanced prosthetic arm used by Dr. Tanis Nieves. After she rejected its attempt to bond with her, it became attached to Shriek but grew fearful of her. Dr. Nieves accepted its desire to return to her and bonded with the symbiote to become Scorn. Because the symbiote's first host was a prosthetic arm, it can bond to technology. Dr. Tanis was later corrupted by the presence of Knull, the creator of the symbiotes, and built a cult in order to release him from his prison. She freely submitted herself to Cletus who killed her in order to absorb her codex inside her.
Symbiote Warriors Venom Vol. 2 #13 (April, 2012) Four clones of X-23 created by Blackheart and bonded to symbiote pieces – seemingly from Toxin. They are all killed by Laura.
Black Berserkers Thor: God of Thunder #1 (January 2013) Creatures created by Gorr using All-Black in order to help him in his quest to kill all of the universe's gods.
All-Black The Necrosword Thor: God of Thunder #2 (January 2013) The first symbiote ever created from the shadow of the evil deity Knull and tempered using the divine power of a slain Celestial head. It takes the form of a sword made from living darkness and responds to intense negative emotions, often corrupting its user into committing divine atrocities. After taking The All Black from Knull, Gorr is corrupted by the symbiote and continues the "God killing spree" started by Knull and becomes Gorr the God Butcher. After Gorr's plan to kill all of the universe's gods fails, Odinson, Thor and King Thor kill him and cast the Necrosword into a black hole. Then in King Thor's timeline, King Thor uses it to stop Galactus from consuming Earth. Then the All-Black bonds to an injured Galactus, who becomes Galactus the World Butcher. When Ego the Living Planet arrives, the All-Black goes to Ego and turns him into Ego the Necroplanet, who then eats Galactus. Then Ego is destroyed by this timelines Loki, who is disguised as a worm. Loki takes the Necrosword and becomes Loki the All-Butcher.
Mania Venom #31 (April 2013) First introduced in Venom #1, when Venom was fighting The Thing his tongue got cut off in the fight. Then the tongue got retrieved from a scientist who was working for the Arat corporation which was led by Bob – mini alien spider robots working together. They turned the tongue into an unstable clone of Venom which killed every human it saw. The clone got bonded to Patricia Robertson and became the second She-Venom but she got defeated by Eddie and the clone got absorbed into Venom. Then Eugene Thompson's neighbor in Philadelphia named Andy bonded with the clone by Flash to save her from Jack O'Lantern. In "Venom Inc" Lee Price who was bonded to Venom stole the Mania symbiote to become Maniac. He was later defeated by Spider-Man, Venom, Black Cat and Agent Anti-Venom, but the weakened clone remained bonded to Lee leaving Andy without a symbiote. Eventually, Cletus absorbed the symbiote, after killing Lee.
Marcus Deadpool: The Gauntlet #8 (February 2014) An ancient centaur/werewolf hybrid with a black symbiote and diabetes, Marcus was hired by Dracula to be a member of the New Frightful Four.
Endo-Sym Armor Superior Iron Man #1 (November 2014) When Tony Stark's personality was switched during The AXIS storyline he created the Armor Mark 50 or The Endo-Sym Armor. This armor was an artificial symbiote based on the Venom Symbiote but it didn't have any of the symbiotes weaknesses. Tony controlled the artificial symbiote through a device which it reads his thoughts. This symbiote didn't have a mind of his own like the original symbiotes. When Tony's mind got back to normal he got rid of this armor.
Agents of the Cosmos Guardians of the Galaxy #23 (March 2015) An organization of noble warriors from various species that were sought by symbiotes to act as champions dedicated in protecting those in need and capable of maintaining peace across the universe. Flash Thompson was formerly a member of this organization while possessing the Venom symbiote.
Karl Malus Captain America: Sam Wilson #3 (November 2015) Somehow surviving within the Carnage symbiote after being consumed by it during the events of Superior Carnage, Malus later emerged from it as a symbiote/human hybrid.
Tarna Venom Spaceknight #2 (February 2016) A female Skrull who was part of the Agents of Cosmos and was bonded to a purple symbiote. She assisted Flash Thompson with Venom and after an argument Venom nearly killed the purple symbiote. The symbiote would be separated from Tarna to be bonded to another host.
Raze Carnage #10 (September 2016) Spawned by Carnage and bonded with former FBI special agent Claire Dixon as part of a ritual involving the Darkhold. The symbiote was eventually absorbed into the Toxin symbiote so it could defeat the newly resurrected Chthon.
Killer Thrill X-Men Blue #21 (February 2018) A woman who bonded with a sadistic symbiote after purchasing it from a poacher. Before becoming Killer Thrill, she had came into conflict with Drax the Destroyer. She led her team of bounty hunters on a mission to kidnap the Starjammers and sell them to the highest bidder. Killer Thrill enjoyed torturing her captives with her symbiote powers, which enhances her telepathic abilities and allowed them to become more powerful when she gets excited. She was defeated during a battle with Venom and the X-Men and was killed when her symbiote was taken over by a Poison.
X-Men Blue X-Men Blue #21 (February 2018) When Cyclops' father and the Starjammers got captured from symbiote-bonded bounty hunters, the young X-Men forced Eddie Brock to help them since he was bonded to Venom. After going to space, they found a poacher who had sold the symbiotes to the bounty hunters and during the fight, the X-Men accidentally got bonded to symbiotes. When they started fighting the bounty hunters, Poisons arrived and consumed them. The X-Men survived and gave their symbiotes to the Starjammers to send them to their home.
Grendel Venom Vol. 4 #2 (July 2018) These symbiotes had arrived on earth in Northern Europe. At this time it was controlled by Knull to invade this planet as part of Knull's Imperium, until Thor arrived and defeated the symbiote dragon. This caused to destroy the connection between Knull and the symbiotes, but Knull had still full control of Grendel. These symbiotes remained trapped in ice for years until Nick Fury discovered it. He bonded the symbiotes to soldiers to create symbiote enhanced supersoldiers dubbed Sym-soldiers to fight in the Vietnam War. However the symbiotes under the control of Knull took over their hosts except one soldier named Rex Strickland who removed his symbiote from himself, but the others started killing everyone. Fury – as a Life Model Decoy – with the help of Logan – who briefly bonded to the removed symbiote in the fight – captured the symbiote infected soldiers except that one removed symbiote nicknamed Tyrannosaurus who escaped Knull's control and took the form of his original human host who got consumed by it in action.

The Tyrannosaurus symbiote after escaping Knull's control thank to Logan, saw how beautiful the light was and wanted show that to his friends. With the appearance of its host Rex, he started working for S.H.I.E.L.D. with no one noticing. He worked there for years until Secret Empire where S.H.I.E.L.D. got dismantled so he asked Eddie to free his friends. Unfortunately the symbiotes where still under the control of Knull and in dragon form started searching for Tyrannosaurus. Tyrannosaurus then merged with Venom and tricked the dragon to come to them. Tyrannosaurus went to the dragon and weakened it with sonic bombs. Then he ordered Eddie to put them inside the furnace and burn them denying Knull the chance to escape Klyntar. Their codex are eventually retrieved by Maker which are later stolen by Scorn's cult who implanted them into Cletus reviving him.

Sleeper Venom: First Host #3 (September 2018) First introduced in Venom #165, it's revealed that one seed inside Venom had remained after the Life Foundation extracted the seeds of Scream, Phage, Lasher, Agony and Riot. Venom after got "purified" wanted to keep his new offspring safe from people who would use it for bad things and wanted to make it a hero like itself instead of becoming another evil symbiote like Carnage so gave birth to it in Alchemax. After the Venom symbiote was stolen from its first host Tel-Kar, the offspring bonded to Eddie so they would save Venom with the help of the Skrull Warbride M'Lanz. In the battle against Tel-Kar, Sleeper briefly bonds to M'Lanz and her and Eddie with Venom return to Earth where she leaves them. When Tel-Kar returned to Earth and tried to kill Eddie, Sleeper intervened and bonded with Tel-Kar, lobotomizing him in the process as revenge for what he had done to the Venom symbiote and Eddie. Despite Brock being dismayed by this, Sleeper bid him farewell and set out to explore the cosmos.
N'Jadaka Black Panther Vol. 7 #4 (September 2018) After 2,000 years in the future, N'Jadaka – a man named after Erik Killmonger's real name – and his team were exploring the other planets to expand the Wakanda Empire in the Galaxy and while exploring a planet they were attacked by the Between. He and his men were trying to survive until he encountered a symbiote. He bonded to the symbiote since they had hatred against the current Wakandan Emperor who send N'Jadaka to get killed and had made the symbiotes an endangered species. With its power, he killed the Shadow People and the Emperor and became the new ruler of Wakanda. Then he with the symbiote killed the current Avatar of Bast and became the new Avatar.
Magic Venom Venom Vol. 4 #13 (June 2019) During the War of the Realms event, after Eddie Brock was separated from Venom, he with his son Dylan are approached by one of Malekith's War Witches. She gave Eddie one of the Dark Elves' Dreamstone in hopes of recruiting Eddie into Malekith's army. The Dreamstone turned into an artificial symbiote similar to Venom, but without a mind of its own. Eddie eventually bonded the pieces of the suit to civilians in order to save them from the invasion.
Void Knight Silver Surfer: Black #2 (September 2019) During a confrontation between Knull and the Silver Surfer, Knull infected the Surfer with his Abyss, turning him into his Void Knight. However, Ego freed the Silver Surfer from Knull's control, destroying the symbiote and allowing him to escape.

Other versionsEdit

Ultimate MarvelEdit

In the Ultimate Marvel universe, the Venom suit is a man-made creation born of an experiment by Richard Parker and Edward Brock Sr. to develop a protoplasmic cure for cancer, while Bolivar Trask who was funding the research intended to weaponized it. It used Richard's Rna as the starting base for it, thus himself and Peter are "related" to it. When bonding to a host, the organic matter that comprises the suit envelops the host, regardless of resistance, temporarily blinding it, before encasing itself in a hard, casing, similar to a pupa. When the host emerges, the suit then shifts its appearance and function to assist its host, such as creating eyes for it to see through, or tries to take it over, inducing a homicidal rage and attempting to feed itself if bonded with an incompatible host. When bonded with a host and forcibly removed, the suit leaves trace amounts of itself in their bloodstream, which attracts other samples of Venom to itself, and can overload Peter's spider-sense. In the video game Ultimate Spider-Man, absorbing the trace amounts in Peter's blood allowed Eddie to take complete control of the suit, gaining a greater ability to talk and a spider symbol on his chest.

Venom's only known weakness is electricity, and larger amounts of the suit will need more electricity to kill, as varying amounts of the suit will be stunned or vaporized by electric shocks. This was first seen in Ultimate Spider-Man #38, when an electric wire got tangled around Venom's foot. An electrocution from live power-lines vaporised the smaller amount on Peter, while a similar amount disabled Eddie. Note in the video game Ultimate Spider-Man, when Electro electrocutes Venom during a cutscene, the suit is not affected by the shock like the live power-line did in the "Venom" arc. The suit can take the Shocker's vibro-shocks, and can protect its host from a bullet, who feels nothing more than a relaxing vibration. When worn by a host other than Richard's son Peter, the host is compelled to take the life energy of other human beings or else have their own be consumed by the suit instead. The original Spider-Man (Peter Parker) was able to control the suit to a greater extent than anyone because of his powers and because the suit was designed for his father.[104]

The Carnage symbiote also appears in the Ultimate universe as a parasite genetically engineered by Curt Conners and Ben Reilly from Peter's DNA based on Richard's research. Traces of the Venom suit remaining in Peter's blood give Carnage similar properties to those of the Venom suit. It also devours people, but does not require a host. When first introduced, the organism was a blob of instinct, with no intelligence or self-awareness, with its only aim to feed on the DNA of others, including Gwen Stacy, to stabilize itself. After feeding on multiple people, Carnage turns into a damaged form of Richard and Peter with the memories of itself as Spider-Man. Carnage tries to absorb Peter so it can become whole, but Peter throws Carnage into a smokestack, burning the beast. But it is revealed that the organism had survived and turned into a replica of Gwen's form with Gwen's memories.[105] During an encounter with Eddie Brock, the Venom suit absorbs the Carnage suit into itself making itself complete and leaving Gwen a normal human being.[106]


In Spider-Gwen's universe, Dr. Elsa Brock created a cure to Harry Osborn's Lizard DNA by using Spider-Gwen's radioactive isotopes given to her by S.I.L.K. Leader Cindy Moon. When Gwen injected the isotopes in Harry, the Lizard serum combined with the Spider isotopes and transformed into Venom which bonded to Spider-Gwen giving her powers back and becoming Gwenom. This symbiote in natural form is actually some spiders working together and is weak to sonic only when bonded to a host, otherwise is not affected by this weakness when without a host.[107]

Amalgam ComicsEdit

In the Amalgam Comics universe, the facility which created Spider-Boy, started experimenting on a substance which they got from an alien spaceship. Accidentally, they created a crystalline symbiote named Bizarnage (amalgamation of Carnage and Bizarro). It had the powers of Spider-Boy and started attacking everyone until Spider-Boy defeated it.[108]


In the alternate universe of the Marvel Comics 2, or MC2 imprint, Norman Osborn got Eddie's blood, who was still bonded to Venom at the time, and extracted the symbiote codex from the blood. Then, Norman combined the codexes with May's DNA and created a symbiote/human hybrid clone of Mayday Parker. The clone stayed in stasis inside a chamber, until Peter with Norman's mind became Goblin God and awakens the hybrid. When Peter got back to normal, the hybrid under the alias of Mayhem/Spider-Girl went to live with the Parker family, naming herself April Parker.[109]

In a later timeline, Mayhem accidentally kills the real Spider-Girl and became a murderous vigilante after killing American Dream. The government in an attempt to stop her, they used pieces of the dead Carnage symbiote (after being killed by Mayday) to create living weapons dubbed Bio-Predators. The Bio-preds run wild, however, decimating the world and its defenders. Mayhem, seeing the error of her ways, goes back in time and sacrifices herself to stop her past self from killing Spider-Girl, ensuring the events that led to the Biopreds' creation never occurred, even though she may have survived.[110]


During the 2014 "Spider-Verse" storyline, in Spider-Punk's universe, V.E.N.O.M, also known as Variable Engagement Neuro-sensitive Organic Mesh is created by Oscorp and is worn by the Thunderbolt Department, the police and fire department of President Osborn so he could have full control over the city, but they are all defeated by Spider-Punk using his guitar.[111]


During the 2018 "Spider-Geddon" storyline, in the universe of Peni Parker, aka SP//dr, VEN#m is a giant mech-suit, powered by a Sym Engine, created to serve as back-up in case the SP//dr failed. It was piloted by Addy Brock until in a battle against a technological monster named M.O.R.B.I.U.S., the suit gained a conscience and went rogue. Though SP//dr was able to defeat VEN#m, she was too late to stop it from consuming Addy as well as her version of Aunt May, who flew in to fix the problem manually.[112]

What If...Edit

...Spider-Man had rejected the Spider?Edit

"What if?: The Other", set during "The Other" storyline, features an alternative version of Peter who abandons the Spider when given the choice. Some time afterward, the Venom symbiote leaves its current host Mac Gargan and merges with Peter, who was inside a cocoon to become Poison. Poison now calling himself "I", chooses Mary Jane to be his companion. He fails to gain her affection and instead, he digs up the grave of Gwen Stacy. The last images reveals Poison watching over a new cocoon like his own, as it bursts forth showing a hand similar to Carnage's, even though the normal symbiotes are unable to bond with dead hosts.[113]

"Age of Apocalypse"Edit

In a "What if?" "Age of Apocalypse" reality, in which both Charles Xavier and Eric Lensherr were killed, Apocalypse is served by clones of a symbiote Spider-Man, although the clones seem to be more symbiote than man.[114]

Spider-Man: IndiaEdit

In Spider-Man: India, the symbiotes are parasitic demons with outward tusk-like fangs, who had ruled the world in the past, but got trapped inside an amulet. The amulet was eventually found by Nalin Oberoi and transformed him into the Green Goblin. During a fight with Spider-Man, the Green Goblin releases a demon to possess Spider-Man, but is expelled. After the defeat of Green Goblin, the amulet is thrown into ocean, leaving Venom the only demon alive.[115]

What The--?!Edit

In the What The--?!, "The Bee-Yonder" gives Spider-Ham a version of the black uniform, but Spider-Ham loved his classic suit more, so he got rid of it.[116] In #20, Pork Grind, a pig version of Venom is introduced as an enemy of Spider-Ham.

Contest of ChampionsEdit

In the 2016 Contest of Champions series, where Maestro and Collector use the heroes of different worlds to battle with each other. After this version of Venom was killed by Punisher 2099, the remnants fused with the remains of the Void creating the Symbioids.[117]

Earth XEdit

In the universe of Earth-9997, the symbiotes, like all sentient life, were created by the Celestials as "antibodies" to protect the embryos which resided in the core of the planets. Like the Asgardians and Mephisto, the symbiotes eventually reached the third stage of metamorphosis and apotheosized into metaphysical entities given physical form by what others believed them to be and required of them.[118][119] The Venom symbiote was given form by Spider-Man, who believed it to be a symbiotic living costume; and after being bonded to Eddie Brock for years, it bonded to Peter's daughter May Parker, who managed to tame and rehabilitate it to start her career as the superhero Venom.[120]

Spider-Man UnlimitedEdit

In the Spider-Man Unlimited series, a Synoptic is introduced. Synoptic are parasites that can control organic beings by touch. Venom and Carnage, who acted as double agents to the High Evolutionary, were able to revive the Synoptic.[121]

In other mediaEdit


  • Symbiotes appear in the 1990s Spider-Man animated series primarily Venom and Carnage. In the conclusion of The Alien Costume, Venom is defeated by Spider-Man and sent into space, however Dormammu and Baron Mordo divert the rocket allowing Venom back to Earth. When Venom fails to get a Stark Industries portal device for Mordo, they bond Venom's offspring who Cletus Kasady coins Carnage and send him to help Venom. With help from Iron Man, Eddie Brock willingly separates from Venom, after having a change of heart. When Carnage kidnaps Ashley Kafka who Eddie is in love with Eddie rejoins with the symbiote and helps Spider-Man, Iron Man and War Machine. When Carnage attempts to throw Kafka into limbo the place between portals Venom stops him and knocks them both into limbo, foiling Dormannu's plans for good. During the Spider Wars season finale, Carnage bonds with an alternate dejected Spider-Man to create Spider Carnage.
  • In Spider-Man Unlimited, Venom and Carnage are primary villains, who in the pilot episode board a shuttle piloted by John Jameson for Counter-Earth to start a new empire of Symbiotes. Here the symbiotes are more amorphous creatures that rely on stretching bodies then webbing, and are more exaggerated such as Carnage sporting spikes. The in-universe explanation is that the Symbiotes have bonded completely with their hosts, although under the Synoptic's guide Venom & Carnage learned their shapeshifting abilities (into liquid, etc.) as Spidey referred to that as "new powers".
  • Venom appears in The Spectacular Spider-Man, with Spider-Man's version voiced by Josh Keaton, and Eddie Brock's version voiced by Benjamin Diskin. In the episode "The Uncertainly Principle", the Symbiote arrives on Earth by stowing away on the space shuttle. After being rejected by Spider-Man, it bonds with Eddie in the episode "Intervention", and is ultimately defeated in the episode "Nature vs. Nurture". Venom reappeared in the Season Two episodes "First Steps", "Growing Pains", and "Identity Crisis", where he attempts to expose Spider-Man's secret identity but his plans are foiled. Carnage was also set to appear in the third season.
  • The Venom, Carnage, and Anti-Venom Symbiotes appear in Ultimate Spider-Man. Venom and Anti-Venom are created by Doctor Octopus for Oscorp. Venom was created by altering a sample of Spider-Man's DNA and Anti-Venom was created from the Venom sample used to counter and destroy the Venom Symbiote. The Carnage symbiote is created by Green Goblin and later recreated by Michael Morbius of HYDRA from the Venom symbiote he obtained.
  • In the Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. episode "The Venom Within," Doctor Octopus creates "Gamma Venom" by having the Venom Symbiote combine with each members of the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. This version of the Venom Symbiote is destroyed by the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. and Spider-Man.
  • The Symbiotes appear in the animated Guardians of the Galaxy series that debuted in 2015. Their origins revealed in the three-part "Symbiote War" as originally Klyntar who were altered by Thanos in his experiments on the mining planet later revealed to be what remained of Groot's homeworld. The Exolons are also referenced inhabiting Wraith's body.
  • The Venom Symbiote appears in the animated Spider-Man series, referred to as the V-252 during the first season before assuming the name Venom in the second season. In this series, Horizon High headmaster Max Modell acquires the symbiote from the space program in hopes of discovering a new element for the periodic table. The V-252 first appeared in the episode "A Day in the Life", in which Black Cat steals the symbiote as a means to sell it to the black market, but Spider-Man recaptures and returns the V-252 to Horizon High. He briefly merged with Spider-Man from "Sandman" and "Stark Expo", and Flash Thompson during "Venom". In Season 2, the V-252 merges with Eddie Brock in "Dead Man's Party" but is incapacitated by an experimental sonic device in "Venom Returns". Venom is eventually reawakened by experimentation that ultimately alters his genealogy, enabling him to survive without the need for a host, yet is defeated by Spider-Man shortly after Otto Octavius undoes their body-swap in "Superior". Venom is slated to return during season 3, subtitled Maximum Venom, in which he unleashed a new threat upon humanity from his home planet, hinting the appearances of more symbiotes.


Sam Raimi film seriesEdit

The Venom symbiote appears in Spider-Man 3. In this version, instead of brought to Earth in a human spaceship, it came from space after it landed on Earth inside a meteorite. The symbiote fused with the sleeping Peter Parker / Spider-Man's suit enhancing his powers, abilities and his anger. A small is studied and analyzed by Curt Conners. After being rejected by Parker following the dark influence it had on him at the church when ringing the bell, the alien attaches to Eddie Brock (Topher Grace). Later, both are killed in an explosion at the climax.

Marc Webb filmsEdit

In trailers for The Amazing Spider-Man 2, the Venom symbiote appeared briefly among various elements of supervillain technology seen in the Gustav Fiers / The Gentleman's agency. In the final cut of the film the symbiote was replaced by the Rhino's armor as Richard Parker has a strong connection with Oscorp's Special Projects equipment used by many Spider-Man villains. Sony Pictures had plans to create a Spider-Man cinematic universe with various spin-off films including a Venom film, but those plans were abandoned following the studio agreement reached with Marvel Studios.[citation needed]

Marvel Cinematic UniverseEdit

  • In Guardians of the Galaxy, the Exolons are referenced via the Exolon Monks, who serve Ronan the Accuser.[122]
  • In Thor: Ragnarok, Hela uses a weapon called the Necrosword which is based on All-Black the Necrosword. However, in the movie there is no mention that the weapon is a symbiote, because, similar to the Exolons, in its introduction All-Black wasn't intended to be a symbiote before a retcon in the comics, hence why Marvel Studios has the rights of All-Black.[123]

Sony's Marvel UniverseEdit

Following the success of reintroducing Spider-Man in film with Captain America: Civil War (2016) and the expected reception of Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Sony Pictures stated that they were moving forward with Venom, written by Scott Rosenberg and Jeff Pinkner, and directed by Ruben Fleischer, released on October 5, 2018, with Tom Hardy portraying Eddie Brock / Venom. While initial reports stated that the film would be separate from the MCU, instead set within its own continuity entitled Sony's Marvel Universe, with no connections to the Spider-Man character, in June 2017, Amy Pascal revealed in an interview that the film would have connections to Spider-Man: Homecoming and the rest of the Marvel Cinematic Universe as an "adjunct" film, with Tom Holland possibly reprising his role as Spider-Man in Venom as well as future spin-off films.[124] In the international teaser trailer, the Venom symbiote was seen in a glass capsule, before Venom himself is revealed at the end of the first trailer. Riot appeared as the film's main antagonist, played by Riz Ahmed.[125]

Video gamesEdit

  • In the arcade title Spider-Man: The Video Game after the defeat of Dr. Doom, the final boss fight consists of a battle against an infinite number of Doom-created symbiote clones. All the clones can be killed, but there is one "prime clone" with much more life. Defeating this clone is the only way to win.
  • In the N64/PlayStation title Spider-Man, the symbiotes become the more common enemy after the player rescues Mary Jane and heads back to the Daily Bugle. The fastest way to kill these symbiotes is to find a fire-imbued web cartridge. It is revealed that Doctor Octopus and Carnage plan to unleash the symbiotes on all of humanity and rule a new world order.
  • The symbiote family are major characters in the video game Venom/Spider-Man: Separation Anxiety.
  • Venom appears as the final boss in Spider-Man: The Animated Series.
  • Venom appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man video game (for Game Boy Advance) as a playable character. Carnage appears too, but as a boss, Venom also appears as a boss a few times when playing as Spider-Man.
  • Venom is a playable character in Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects.
  • In the Spider-Man 3 video game, Shriek appears. Shriek's powers come from a symbiote in this game which is also black in color. However, the symbiote only covers half of her body. This is only found on the Wii/PS2 versions of the game.
  • In Spider-Man: Web of Shadows, Venom returns to New York. During a fight with Venom, the Symbiote suddenly reproduces and the spawn bonds with Spider-Man creating a replica of the Black Suit, but with considerably more Carnage-like abilities such as projecting bladed tentacles. Over the course of the game, Venom creates symbiote "seed-pods" in various locations around the city which absorb passing civilians and infect them with various types of symbiote ranging from Snatcher Symbiotes (the small black Symbiotes that drag unsuspecting victims to the "seed-pods"), Zombie Symbiotes (the weak white Symbiotes), Berserker Symbiotes (the red shiny Symbiotes), Grappler Symbiotes (black and red versions of the Berserkers), and Slasher Symbiotes (the white and pink Symbiotes). The Symbiotes even manage to infect Electro, Vulture, Black Cat and Wolverine. Symbiote-Electro and Symbiote-Vulture go on to spawn other symbiotes with powers similar to their hosts resulting in Electrolings and Vulturelings. All are eventually defeated by Spider-Man and the symbiotes are separated from them.
  • In Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions, the Ultimate Marvel version of Spider-Man in his symbiote suit is a playable character. Madame Web had restored the black suit as it provides this world's Peter Parker with additional abilities that he will require to succeed in his mission, while she uses her psychic abilities to prevent the suit attempting to take over his mind. However, Madame Web's abilities do not seem to be absolute, as Ultimate Spider-Man experiences occasional bouts of anger. Also, the Ultimate version of Carnage appears as the final boss in the Ultimate levels where it was granted the ability to reanimate its victims into symbiotic zombie-like creatures thanks to the powers of a fragment of the Tablet of Order and Chaos when S.H.I.E.L.D. are foolishly mixing the fragment with Carnage.
  • In Spider-Man: Edge of Time, it is revealed that the brainwashed Anti-Venom is responsible for killing present-day Spider-Man, altering the future of the Marvel 2099 timeline and prompting Spider-Man 2099 to tamper with the timeline further in order to save his predecessor's life and repair the timestream. In one of their battles, Anti-Venom, Doctor Octopus (who in the new timeline was never a villain, but still uses his trademark arms) and game exclusive villain Dr. Walker Sloan (the man from 2099 who tried to alter the timeline) are knocked into a portal and become Atrocity (vocal effects provided by Fred Tatasciore), a bloated version of Anti-Venom with tentacles. Both Atrocity and the future Peter Parker are defeated with the time resetting presumably separating Atrocity back into Walker Sloan, Anti-Venom, and Doctor Octopus.
  • Two versions of the black suit appear as an optional costume in The Amazing Spider-Man video game, based on its appearance in the Spider-Man 3 film, and a modified version of Spider-Man's costume from The Amazing Spider-Man film. Backstory for the game also reveals that the game version of the Symbiote is based on a "black goo" recovered from space and that it is bonded with the game's version of the Scorpion. This is an allusion to the comics, where Mac Gargan briefly assumed the role of Venom.
  • In The Amazing Spider-Man 2, a version of Venom exists in the secret Oscorp experiment run in Ravencroft called "The Venom Project", using nanites as a regenerating body armor. It is used on notorious serial killer Cletus Kasady/"Carnage Killer" which transforms him under the direction of Donald Menken and Kingpin.
  • Symbiote Scientists appear in Lego Marvel Super Heroes.
  • Various Symbiote characters are featured in the mobile game Spider-Man Unlimited with the Symbiote World featured as a level.
  • Various Symbiotes appear in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance: Venom, Agent Venom, Anti-Venom, Scream and Hybrid.
  • Symbiotes "connect together" in a Marvel Puzzle Quest storyline. Besides Mac Gargan and Eddie Brock as Venom and Cletus Kasady's Carnage, there are four new Symbiotes: A green male named Carrier, an orange female named Horror, a teal teethy creature named Demolisher, and a magenta dog-like creature named Mutation.
  • In Marvel Avengers Academy, the symbiotes appear which were taken from their home planet by Oscorp. Spider-Man tried to save the symbiotes, but got bonded to them and then they tried to take over the Academy. They failed, but decided to remain on Earth.
  • The Symbiotes appears in Marvel vs. Capcom Infinite. In the game's story, Jedah Dohma uses the Soul Stone to steal a million souls from Earth and feed them to a Giant Symbiote, planning to strengthen it and use it as a weapon against Ultron Sigma. He gives pieces of the symbiotes to A.I.M.brella to bond the pieces to virus-infected subjects to stabilize them. In a battle against Jedah the heroes are successful, but then he unleashes the creature on the New Metro City. When Chris Redfield tries attacking it, he accidentally causes part of the symbiote to bond to Spider-Man, forcing the latter to fight against Frank West and Mike Haggar against his will (though the symbiote is removed after Frank causes some car alarms to go off). The creature is unleashed on New Metro City, but is destroyed by the heroes using three of the Infinity Stones. Venom also appears as a playable character via downloadable content.
  • In Spider-Man, during a conversation between Spider-Man and Yuri Watanabe, she quickly ask Spider-Man as a joke if he has a black and white suit indicating that Spider-Man at some point had a black suit but he got rid of it. In the post credit scene Norman Osborn goes into a secret lab inside his house where it shows his son Harry Osborn, inside a chamber labeled G-35 with black web-like substance attached to his body. When Spider-Man looks through certain windows there is a few collectibles on a shelf, including a black suit Spider-Man figure.
  • In the 2014 fighting video game Marvel: Contest of Champions, the Symbioids are symbiotes merged with the Adaptioids. Venom, Carnage and Agent Venom appear as playable characters. Also featured are also VenomPool (amalgamation of Deadpool and Venom), Venom the Duck (amalgamation of Howard the Duck and Venom) and Symbiote Supreme (amalgamation of Doctor Strange and Venom).



  1. ^ "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed Extra: Randy Schueller's Brush With Comic History | Comics Should Be Good!". 16 May 2007. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  2. ^ "The Impact of Venom's Grand New Origin". IGN. 2 March 2019. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  3. ^ Cates, Donny (26 July 2018). "Yep! The severed celestial head in VENOM #4 would someday erode and decay and become Knowhere! Good catch!". Twitter. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b Donny Cates (w), Ryan Stegman (p), JP Mayer (i), Frank Martin (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis (ed). "Rex" Venom v4, #4 (25 July 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  5. ^ Jason Aaron (w), Esad Ribic (p), Tom Palmer (i), Ive Svorcina (col), VC's Joe Sabino (let). Thor: God of Thunder #6 (June 2013), United States: Marvel Comics
  6. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Valerio Schiti (p), Valerio Schiti (i). Guardians of the Galaxy v3, #23 (21 January 2015), United States: Marvel Comics
  7. ^ David Michelinie (w), Kyle Hotz (p). Venom Super Special #1 (1 August 1995), United States: Marvel Comics
  8. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Joe Bennett (p), Bud LaRosa (i). "Savage Rebirth!/The Carnage Cosmic" The Amazing Spider-Man #430-431 (1998 January–February), United States: Marvel Comics
  9. ^ Silver Surfer: Black #2
  10. ^ Christopher Yost (w), Dustin Weaver (p), Victor Olazaba and Jaime Mendoza (i). X-Men: Kingbreaker #2 (2009 March), United States: Marvel Comics
  11. ^ Christopher Yost (w), Reilly Brown and Khoi Pham (p), Tom Palmer (i), Edgar Delgado (col). Scarlet Spider v2, #11 (7 November 2012), United States: Marvel Comics
  12. ^ Gerry Duggan (w), Mike Deodato Jr. (a), Frank Martin (col), Travis Lanham (let), Tom Brevoort, Alanna Smith and Shannon Andrews (ed). "Death Proof" Savage Avengers #2 (June 2019), United States: Marvel Comics
  13. ^ "Donny Cates responds to a Venom Fan Theory". Marvel Comics. 24 April 2019.
  14. ^ Mike Costa (w), Mark Bagley (p), Andrew Hennessy (i), Dono Sánchez-Almara (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Lauren Amaro and Nick Lowe (ed). Venom First Host #1-3 (29 August 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  15. ^ Saladin Ahmed (w), Gerry Brown (p). Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1 (19 September 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  16. ^ a b c David Michelinie (w), Todd McFarlane (a). "Venom" The Amazing Spider-Man 300 (May 1988), Marvel Comics
  17. ^ Rick Remender (w), Tony Moore (p), Crimelab Studios (i), John Rauch (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Alex Alonso (ed). Venom v2, #4 (29 June 2011), United States: Marvel Comics
  18. ^ Robbie Thompson (w), Kim Jacinto (p), Java Tartaglia (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Jake Thomas and Kathleen Wisneski (ed). Venom: Space Knight #8 (8 June 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  19. ^ a b c Elliott Kalan (w), Marco Failla (p), Marco Failla (i), Ian Herring (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Katie Kubert (ed). Spider-Man and the X-Men #5 (15 April 2015), United States: Marvel Comics
  20. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Ario Anindito and Edgar Salazar (p), Alan Martinez (i), Dono Sanchez-Almara (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). "Poison X" Venom #163 (7 March 2017), United States: Marvel Comics
  21. ^ a b Cullen Bunn (w), Iban Coello (p), Matt Yackey (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). Venomized #1-5 (4 April 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  22. ^ Donny Cates (w), Juanan Ramirez (p). "Ve'nam" Web of Venom #1 (29 August 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  23. ^ Donny Cates (w), Ryan Stegman (p), JP Mayer (i), Frank Martin (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). "Rex" Venom v4, #3 (27 June 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  24. ^ Donny Cates (w), Ryan Stegman (p), JP Mayer (i), Frank Martin (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). Venom v4, #6 (19 September 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  25. ^ a b c Donny Cates (w), Iban Coello (p), VC's Clayton Cowles (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). "Project Oversight" Venom v4, #8 (14 November 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  26. ^ Donny Cates (w), Danilo S. Beyruth (p), Cristiane Peter (col), VC's Clayton Cowles (let). "Carnage Born" Web of Venom #1 (21 November 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  27. ^ Absolute Carnage #5
  28. ^ Venom Vol 4 #1. Marvel Comics.
  29. ^ Venom Vol 3 #3. Marvel Comics.
  30. ^ Annihilation: Conquest Wraith #2. Marvel Comics.
  31. ^ Venom #12. Marvel Comics.
  32. ^ Venom Lethal Protector #5. Marvel Comics.
  33. ^ Spider-Man: Brand New Day Yearbook-2008. Marvel Comics
  34. ^ Mike Costa (w), Gerardo Sandoval (a), Dono Sánchez-Almara (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis and Allison Stock (ed). Venom v3, #1 (January 2017), United States: Marvel Comics
  35. ^ Paul Jenkins (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Wayne Faucher (i). "The Hunger: Part 5" The Spectacular Spider-Man v2, #5 (December 2003), United States: Marvel Comics
  36. ^ Evan Skolnick (w), Patrick Zircher (p), Greg Adams (i). "Fusion" Venom: Along Came a Spider #2 (February 1996), United States: Marvel Comics
  37. ^ Annihilation Conquest #6. Marvel Comics.
  38. ^ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update #1. Marvel Comics.
  39. ^ a b c d e David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Savage Alliance" The Amazing Spider-Man #361-362 (April–May 1992), United States: Marvel Comics
  40. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Mark Bagley and Ron Lim (p), Sam de la Rosa and Jim Sanders III (i), John Kalisz (col), Chris Eliopoulos (let), Danny Fingeroth and Mike Lackey (ed). "Maximum Carnage" Spider-Man Unlimited #2 (August 1993), United States: Marvel Comics
  41. ^ Zeb Wells (w), Clayton Crain (a), Clayton Cowles (let), Stephen Wacker (ed). Carnage, U.S.A. #1 (February 2012), United States: Marvel Comics
  42. ^ Daniel Way (w), Francisco Herrera (p), Carlos Lobo Cuevas (i). "Patterns. Part 2" Venom 12 (2003), Marvel Comics
  43. ^ Venom The Mace #2. Marvel Comics
  44. ^ Larry Hama (w), Joe St. Pierre (p), Randy Emberlin (i), Tom Smith (col), Susan Crespi (let), Tom Brevoort (ed). Venom: Along Came A Spider #2 (February 1996), United States: Marvel Comics
  45. ^ Nova Vol. 3 #7. Marvel Comics
  46. ^ Tom DeFalco and Roger Stern (w), Ron Frenz (p), Brett Breeding (i), Glynis Wein (col), Joe Rosen (let), Danny Fingeroth (ed). "Homecoming" Amazing Spider-Man #252 (May 1984), United States: Marvel Comics
  47. ^ Jim Shooter (w), Mike Zeck (p), John Beatty, Jack Abel and Mike Esposito (i), Christie Scheele (col), Joe Rosen (let), Tom DeFalco (ed). Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #8 (December 1984), United States: Marvel Comics
  48. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Steven Butler (p), Randy Emberlin (i), Kevin Tinsley (col), Steve Dutro (let), Eric Fein and Danny Fingeroth (ed). Web of Spider-Man #118 (November 1994), United States: Marvel Comics
  49. ^ Donny Cates (w), Iban Coello (a), Andres Mossa (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Lauren Amaro and Nick Lowe (ed). "Project Oversight" Venom v4, #7 (December 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  50. ^ Peter David (w), Andrew Wildman (p), Stephen Baskerville (i), Megan McDowell, Foodhammer! and Malibu Color (col), Ken Lopez (let), Joey Cavalieri and Lia Pelosi (ed). Spider-Man 2099 #35 (September 1995), United States: Marvel Comics
  51. ^ Jason Aaron (w), Esad Ribic (a), Ive Svorcina (col), Joe Sabino (let), Wil Moss and Jon Moisan (ed). Thor: God of Thunder #23 (August 2014), United States: Marvel Comics
  52. ^ Howard Mackie (w), Graham Nolan (p), Scott Koblish (i), Mark Bernardo (col), Benchmark Productions (let), Ralph Macchio (ed). "The Time Before" Web-Spinners: Tales of Spider-Man #14 (February 2000), United States: Marvel Comics
  53. ^ @cullenbunn (12 April 2018). "Cullen Bunn on Twitter: "ascha-vovina said: I've noticed a lot of writers seem to treat the current Carnage symbiote as the same..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  54. ^ Annihilation Conquest - Wraith #2-3. Marvel Comics.
  55. ^ Venom Vol 4 #10. Marvel Comics.
  56. ^ a b David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Sam de la Rosa and Al Milgrom (i), Marie Javins (col), Richard Starkings (let), Danny Fingeroth (ed). Venom Lethal Protector #1 (February 1993), United States: Marvel Comics
  57. ^ Donny Cates (w), Ryan Stegman (p), JP Mayer (i), Frank Martin (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Lauren Amaro and Nick Lowe (ed). Venom v4, #5 (October 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  58. ^ Robbie Thompson (w), Ariel Olivetti (a), Ariel Olivetti (col), Joe Caramagna (let), Jake Thomas, Kathleen Wisneski and Tom Brevoort (ed). Venom: Space Knight #2 (February 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  59. ^ Donny Cates (w), Joshua Cassara (a), Rain Beredo (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Lauren Amaro, Danny Khazem and Nick Lowe (ed). "Abyss" Venom v4, #12 (May 2019), United States: Marvel Comics
  60. ^ Howard Mackie (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Cliché" Spider-Man v2, #16 (April 2000), United States: Marvel Comics
  61. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Edgar Salazar and Ario Anindito (p), Edgar Salazar and Ario Anindito (i), Dono Sánchez-Almara (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Thomas Groneman, Nick Lowe, Christina Harrington, Chris Robinson, Darren Shan and Mark Paniccia (ed). "Poison-X" Venom #162 (April 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  62. ^ Howard Mackie (w), Adam Kubert (p), Bill Reinhold (i), Gregory Wright (col), Michael Heisler (let), Bobbie Chase (ed). "Spirit of Venom" Ghost Rider/Blaze: Spirits of Vengeance #5 (December 1992), United States: Marvel Comics
  63. ^ Christos N. Gage and Dan Slott (w), Jorge Molina (p), Jay Leisten, Craig Yeung and Roberto Poggi (i), David Curiel (col), Travis Lanham (let), Nick Lowe and Kathleen Wisneski (ed). Spider-Geddon #2 (December 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  64. ^ Tom DeFalco andRoger Stern (w), Ron Frenz (p), Brett Breeding (i), Glynis Wein (col), Joe Rosen (let), Danny Fingeroth (ed). Amazing Spider-Man #252 (May 1984), United States: Marvel Comics
  65. ^ Zeb Wells (w), Clayton Crain (a), Clayton Cowles (let), Stephen Wacker and Alejandro Arbona (ed). "Family Feud" Carnage #4 (June 2011), United States: Marvel Comics
  66. ^ 'Nick Spencer (w), Daniel Acuña and Mike Choi (a), Joe Caramagna (let), Tom Brevoort, Katie Kubert and Alanna Smith (ed). Captain America: Sam Wilson #3 (January 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  67. ^ David Michelinie (w), Joe St. Pierre (p), Greg Adams (i), Tom Smith (col), Bill Oakley and NJQ (let), Tom Brevoort and Danny Fingeroth (ed). Amazing Spider-Man Super Special #1 (July 1995), United States: Marvel Comics
  68. ^ Robbie Thompson (w), Gerardo Sandoval (p), Gerardo Sandoval (i), Dono Sánchez-Almara (col), Joe Caramagna (let), Jake Thomas and Kathleen Wisneski (ed). Venom: Space Knight #12 (November 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  69. ^ a b Dan Slott (w), Nick Bradshaw, Humberto Ramos, Stuart Immonen and Mike Hawthorne (p), JP Mayer, Victor Olazaba, Wade Von Grawbadger, Marcos Martin and Cam Smith (i), Marte Gracia, Jordie Bellaire, Javier Tartaglia, Muntsa Vicente and Edgar Delgado (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Nick Lowe (ed). "Go Down Swinging" Amazing Spider-Man #799-800 (30 May 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  70. ^ Jeff Christiansen, Mike O'Sullivan, Michael Hoskin, Sean McQuaid, Madison Carter, Rob London, Kevin Garcia, Gabriel Shechter, Ronald Byrd, David Wiltfong, Chris Biggs, Jeph York and Matt Forbeck (w), Gus Vazquez (p), Tom Chu (i), Tom Smith (col), Jeff Youngquis (ed). Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update #5 (February 2011), United States: Marvel Comics
  71. ^ Cary Bates (w), Paul Gulacy (p), Paul Gulacy (i), Rain Beredo (col), Dave Lanphear (let), Molly Lazer and Bill Rosemann (ed). True Believers #1 (September 2008), United States: Marvel Comics
  72. ^ Donny Cates (w), Ryan Stegman (p), JP Mayer (i), Frank Martin (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Lauren Amaro and Nick Lowe (ed). Venom v4, #4 (September 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  73. ^ Ryan Stegman (w), Kyle Hotz and Juan Gedeon (p), Marc Deering, Scott Hanna, Livesay, Roberto Poggi, Victor Olazaba and Juan Gedeon (i), Dan Brown, Matt Yackey, Andrew Crossley and Carlos Cabrera (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Devin Lewis, Lauren Amaro and Nick Lowe (ed). "Unleashed" Web of Venom #1 (March 2019), United States: Marvel Comics
  74. ^ Jason Aaron (w), Esad Ribic (a), Ive Svorcina (col), Joe Sabino (let), Lauren Sankovitch (ed). Thor: God of Thunder #2 (January 2013), United States: Marvel Comics
  75. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Ron Frenz (p), Josef Rubinstein (i). "The Sinister Secret of Spider-Man's New Costume" The Amazing Spider-Man #258 (November 1984), Marvel Comics
  76. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Mark Bagley (p), Danny Miki, Allen Martinez and Victor Olazaba (i), Justin Ponsor and Stephane Peru (col), Dave Lanphear (let), Tom Brevoort (ed). Mighty Avengers #8 (30 January 2008), United States: Marvel Comics
  77. ^ Larry Hama (w), Josh Hood (p), Derek Fisher (i). "On Trial : Part 1 – Law & Order" Venom #1 (March 1997), United States: Marvel Comics
  78. ^ David Michelinie (w), Erik Larsen (p), Mike Machlan (i). "Stalking Feat!" The Amazing Spider-Man #333 (July 1990), Marvel Comics
  79. ^ Jeff Lemire (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Victor Olazaba (i), Edgar Delgado and Dono Sánchez-Almara (col), Joe Caramagna (let), Daniel Ketchum, Chris Robinson and Mark Paniccia (ed). "Apocalypse Wars" Extraordinary X-Men #12 (27 July 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  80. ^ Len Kaminski (w), Ted Halsted (p), Scott Koblish (i), Tom Smith (col), Ken Lopez (let), Tom Brevoort (ed). Venom the Hunger #1 (August 1996), United States: Marvel Comics
  81. ^ Javier Grillo-Marxuach (w), Kyle Hotz (p), Kyle Hotz (i), Gina Going (col), Cory Petit (let), Bill Rosemann (ed). Annihilation: Conquest - Wraith #2 (October 2007), United States: Marvel Comics
  82. ^ David Michelinie (w), Todd McFarlane (p), Bob Sharen (col), Rick Parker (let), Jim Salicrup (ed). Amazing Spider-Man #317 (July 1989), United States: Marvel Comics
  83. ^ Dan Slott and Mike Costa (w), Ryan Stegman (p), Brian Leber (col), Joe Caramagna (let), Devin Lewis, Nick Lowe, Allison Stock and Thomas Groneman (ed). "Venom Inc Alpha" Amazing Spider-Man and Venom #1 (6 December 2017), United States: Marvel Comics
  84. ^ David Michelinie (w), Steve Lightle (p), Bill Oakley (i), Marie Javins (col), VC's Jonathan Babcock (let), Bob Budiansky (ed). "Planet of the Symbiotes; Growing Pain" Web of Spider-Man Super Special #1 (October 1995), United States: Marvel Comics
  85. ^ Larry Hama (w), Duncan Rouleau (p), John Stangeland (i), Tom Smith and Malibu Color (col), VC's Ken Lopez (let), Tom Brevoort (ed). "He who Eats" Venom: The Hunted #1-3 (May 1996), United States: Marvel Comics
  86. ^ Donny Cates (w), Ryan Stegman (p), JP Mayer (i), Frank Martin (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). Venom v4, #2 (13 June 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  87. ^ Danny Fingeroth (w), Mark Bagley (p), Williams, Keith (i). "What if the Alien costume had possessed Spider-Man?" What If v2, 4 (October 1989), United States: Marvel Comics
  88. ^ Jay Faerber (w), Gregg Schigiel (p), Jose Marzan Jr. (i), Paul Tutrone (col), Chris Eliopoulos (let), Frank Pittarese (ed). "What if the heroes had remained on Battleworld?" What If... v2, #114 (November 1998), United States: Marvel Comics
  89. ^ Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i), Dean White (col), Cory Petit (let), Tom Brennan, Stephen Wacker and Tom Brevoort (ed). "New Ways To Die, Part Two: The Osborn Supremacy" The Amazing Spider-Man #569 (October 2008), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
  90. ^ Dan Slott and Mike Costa (w), Ryan Stegman and Gerardo Sandoval (p), Jay Leisten (i), Brian Leber (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Nick Lowe (ed). "Venom Inc Omega" Amazing Spider-Man and Venom #1 (17 January 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  91. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Iban Coello (p), Matt Yackey (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Edward Devin Lewis (ed). Venomized #3-4 (18 April 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  92. ^ X-Men: Blue Annual #1. Marvel Comics
  93. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Iban Coello (p), Matt Yackey (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Devin Lewis (ed). Venomverse #1 (6 September 2017), United States: Marvel Comics
  94. ^ Mark Millar (w), Terry Dodson (p), Rachel Dodson (i). Spider-Man Ultimate Collection (December 2011), Marvel Comics
  95. ^ a b Rick Remender (w), Lan Medina (p), Nelson Decastro, Terry Pallot (i). "Home Again" Venom 15 (June 2012), Marvel Comics
  96. ^ "Dan Slott's Formspring account". Archived from the original on 2012-10-07.
  97. ^ Stuart Vandal. ComixFan Forum – "Things people keep getting wrong", p. 5, X-World Comics Presents . . . Comixfan, the #1 Online Comics Resource! October 13, 2011. Accessed November 24, 2011.
  98. ^ a b Zeb Wells (w), Clayton Crain (a), VC's Clayton Cowles (let). Carnage U.S.A. #2 (11 January 2011), United States: Marvel Comics
  99. ^ Rick Remender (w), Lan Medina (p), Nelson DeCastro and Terry Pallot (i), Andres Mosa (col), VC's Joe Caramagna (let), Tom Brennan (ed). Venom v2, #15 (4 April 2012), United States: Marvel Comics
  100. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Salvador Espin (a). Deadpool vs. Carnage #3 (7 May 2014), United States: Marvel Comics
  101. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Salvador Espin (a). Deadpool vs. Carnage #4 (25 June 2014), United States: Marvel Comics
  102. ^ Donny Cates (w), Geof Shaw (p), Marte Gracia (col), Cory Petit (let), Darren Shan, Danny Khazem and Lauren Amaro (ed). Guardians of the Galaxy v5, 3 (May 2019), United States: Marvel Comics
  103. ^ Marvel Fact Files #18. Marvel Comics.
  104. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Mark Bagley (p), Art Thibert and Rodney Ramos (i), Transparency Digital (col), VC's Chris Eliopoulos (let), Ralph Macchio, Brian Smith, C.B. Cebulski and Stephanie Moore (ed). Ultimate Spider-Man #33-36 (April 2003), United States: Marvel Comics
  105. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Mark Bagley (p), Scott Hanna and John Dell (i), J.D. Smith (col), Virtual Calligr (let), Ralph Macchio (ed). Ultimate Spider-Man #62 (7 July 2004), United States: Marvel Comics
  106. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Stuart Immonen (p), Wade Von GrawBadger (i), Justin Ponsor (col), Cory Petit (let), Mark Paniccia and Lauren Sankovitch (ed). "War of the Symbiotes" Ultimate Spider-Man #128 (26 November 2008), United States: Marvel Comics
  107. ^ Jason Latour (w), Robbie Rodriguez (p), Clayton Cowles (let), Nick Lowe, Kathleen Wisneski and Devin Lewis (ed). "Predators" Spider-Gwen v2, #24 (27 September 2017), United States: Marvel Comics
  108. ^ Karl Kessel (w), Mike Wieringo (p), Karl Kessel (i), Joe Rosas (col), Bill Oakley (let). Spider-Boy #1 (April 1996), United States: Amalgam Comics
  109. ^ Tom DeFalco and Ron Frenz (w), Ron Frenz (p), Sal Buscema (i), Bruno Hang and Impacto Studios (col), Dave Sharpe (let), Molly Razer (ed). Amazing Spider-Girl #20 (July 2008), United States: Marvel Comics
  110. ^ Tom DeFalco and Ron Frenz (w), Tom DeFalco and Ron Frenz (p), Sal Buscema (i), Bruno Hang and Sotocolor (col), Dave Sharpe (let). Spider-Girl: The End (25 August 2010), United States: Marvel Comics
  111. ^ Dan Slott and Kathryn Immonen (w), Mark Brooks and David Lafuente (a). Spider-Verse #2 (14 January 2015), United States: Marvel Comics
  112. ^ Loonie Nadler, Zac Thompson and Gerard Way (w), Alberto Jimenez Alburquerque (a). Edge of Spider-Geddon #2 (29 August 2018), United States: Marvel Comics
  113. ^ David, Peter (w), Pham, Khoi (p), Florea, Sandu (i). "What if Spider-Man had rejected the Spider? - Poison Selves" What If v3, 2 (November 2006), New York: Marvel Comics
  114. ^ Rick Remender (w), Dave Wilkins (a), Anthony Washington (col), Nate Piekos (let), Mark Paniccia and Nathan Cosby (ed). "...What If Legion Had Killed Xavier and Magneto?" What If? X-Men Age of Apocalypse #1 (February 2007), United States: Marvel Comics
  115. ^ Suresh Seetharaman, Sharad Devarajan and Jeevan J. Kang (w), Gotham Entertainment Group (col). Spider-Man: India #1-4 (17 November 2004), United States: Marvel Comics
  116. ^ Mike Carlin (w), Joe Albelo (p), Pierre Fournier (i), Juliana Ferriter (col), Janice Chiang (let), Larry Hama (ed). "Pig's Out" Spider-Ham #17 (September 1987), United States: Star Comics
  117. ^ Al Ewing (w), Paco Medina (p), Mark Paniccia (ed). Contest of Champions #6 (23 March 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  118. ^ Earth X #X. Marvel Comics.
  119. ^ Universe X #2. Marvel Comics.
  120. ^ Earth X #1. Marvel Comics.
  121. ^ Spider-Man Unlimited Vol 2 #½. Marvel Comics.
  122. ^ Mike O'Sullivan, Rob Bock, Anthoney Cotilletta, Pat Duke, Mike Fichera, Daron Jensen, Rob London, Chris McCarver, Jacob Rougemont and Stuart Vandal (w), Wellinton Alves, Simone Bianchi, Nick Bradshaw, Sal Buscema, John Byrne, Roberto Castro, Paul Catling, Jim Cheung, Gene Colan, Gabriele Dell'Otto, Steve Ditko, Andrea Di Vito, Jack Dudman, Anthony Francisco, Javier Garrón, Adi Granov, Bob Hall, Scott Hepburn, Dave Johnson, Gil Kane, Jack Kirby, Nic Klein, José Ladrönn, Bob Larkin, Aaron Lopresti, Jorge Lucas, Chris Marrinan, Francesco Mattina, Mike Mayhew, Steve McNiven, Gray Morrow, Rudy Nebres, Ariel Olivetti, Paul Pelletier, George Pérez, Keith Pollard, Olivier Pron, Joe Quinones and Humberto Ramos (p), Mark D. Beazley, Jennifer Grunwald, Sarah Brunstad, Jeff Youngquist and Alex Starbuck (ed). Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe - Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy 1 (September 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  123. ^ "Thor: Ragnarok: What Is Hela's Sword?". Comic Book. 13 April 2017. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
  124. ^ "Venom & Black Cat Movies Will Be 'Adjuncts' to the MCU's Spider-Man". Screen Rant. 2017-06-18. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  125. ^ Couch, Aaron (July 20, 2018). "'Venom' Unveils Villain at Comic-Con". hollywoodreporter. Retrieved July 20, 2018.

External linksEdit