Sushil Kumar Modi

Sushil Kumar Modi (born 5 January 1952) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party who is a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from Bihar. He is a former Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar as well as the Finance Minister of Bihar from 2005 to 2020.[1] He is a lifelong member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He was appointed the Chairman of the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers for the Implementation of Goods and Service Tax in July 2011.[2]

Sushil Kumar Modi
The Leader of Opposition, Bihar, Shri Sushil Kumar Modi in New Delhi on January 08 (cropped2).jpg
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
7 December 2020
Preceded byRam Vilas Paswan
3rd Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar
In office
27 July 2017 – 13 November 2020
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Preceded byTejashwi Yadav
Succeeded byRenu Devi, Tarkishore Prasad
In office
24 November 2005 – 16 June 2013
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Preceded byKarpoori Thakur
Succeeded byTejashwi Yadav
Cabinet Minister of Bihar,
Government of Bihar
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs3 March 2000 - 10 March 2000
Minister of Finance24 November 2005 - 16 June 2013
Minister of Finance27 July 2017 - 13 November 2020
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
Preceded bySubodh Ray
Succeeded bySyed Shahnawaz Hussain
Leader of the Opposition in
Bihar Legislative Council
In office
19 June 2013 – 27 July 2017
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Succeeded byRabri Devi
Leader of the Opposition in
Bihar Legislative Assembly
In office
Chief MinisterLalu Prasad Yadav
Rabri Devi
Preceded byYashwant Sinha
Succeeded byUpendra Kushwaha
Personal details
Born (1952-01-05) 5 January 1952 (age 69)
Patna, Bihar, India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Jessie George
(m. 1987)
ResidencePatna, Bihar, India
Alma materPatna University

Sushil Kumar Modi was Nitish Kumar’s deputy CM for around 11 years and they are often referred to as Ram-Laxman jodi in Bihar. [3][4]

Sushil Kumar Modi along with Nitish Kumar, often referred to as Ram-Laxman jodi .

Early and Personal lifeEdit

Sushil Modi was born on 5 January 1952. His father was Moti Lal Modi and his mother was Ratna Devi.[5] He has done BSc from B N College, Patna. He graduated Patna Science College and did Botany Hons in 1973. Later he left MSc Botany Course in Patna University, to join social movement started by Jai Prakash Narayan.

Modi married Jessie George in 1987.[6][7] Jessie George is a christian Keralite,[8] hails from Mumbai. George along with his family was settled in Mumbai at that time. Modi and Jessy were classmates during their research studies. During this time, they fell in love and decided to get married.[3]

His wife is a professor in a college.The couple has two sons Utkarsh tathagat and Akshay Amritanshu.[9][4]

He belongs to Modh community, a caste categorised as an OBC.[5][10]

Social ActivistEdit

During Sino-Indian War of 1962, Modi was active in organising and mobilising the school students and was appointed Commandment by the Civil Defence to train the civilians and students to maintain their physical fitness and teach them to parade. In 1962, Modi became a member of Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS). In 1968, he did a Three Year Officer's Training Course (OTC), the highest RSS training course. After Matriculation, he devoted a month as a Vistarak (Whole Time Worker) and worked in Danapur, Khagol starting various RSS branches at different places. Later, he was made the In-charge of evening branches of RSS Patna Town. Modi had a family business of ready-made garments. Against the family wishes of joining family business, he continued with his work for the people.

Sushil Modi performs Yoga, on the occasion of the 4th International Day of Yoga 2018 along with Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad and Ram Kripal Yadav

He has also been vocal in supporting the popularisation of yoga among Indians.

Early political careerEdit

Sushil Modi was a student leader at Patna University Students Union was General Secretary of Students' Union in 1973. Lalu Prasad Yadav was the President of the Union that time. In 1974 he became a Member of Bihar Pradesh Chaatra (Student) Sangharsh Samiti which spearheaded the famous Bihar Student's Movement of 1974.[11][12] Modi was arrested five times during JP Movement and the Emergency. First time he was arrested in 1974 during student movement in Bihar. He challenged constitutional validity of MISA and the Supreme Court struck down section 9 of MISA as unconstitutional. This was historic judgement. He was booked under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) and various other acts from 1973 to 1977. During emergency he was arrested on 30 June 1975 and kept in the prisons of Samastipur, Darbhanga, Buxar, Hazaribagh, Bhagalpur and also in the PMCH Prisoner Ward and remained in Jail for 19 months continuously. He was appointed the State Secretary of Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad after emergency was over. From 1977 to 1986, he held different posts including that of State Organising Secretary, Bihar, All India Secretary, in-charge of UP and Bihar and then the All India General Secretary of Vidyarthi Parishad. During this tenure at the top he led a movement against the declaration of Urdu as the second language of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Concerned about the issue of foreign infiltration from Bangladesh in the bordering districts of Bihar he raised the issue and after Assam, a movement against foreign infiltrators was launched in Bihar under his leadership.

Political careerEdit

Sushil Modi addressing a rally in Nayagaon, Sonpur in 2015

In 1990, he joined active politics and successfully contested from Patna Central Assembly (now known as Kumhrar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)).[13] He was re-elected in 1995 & 2000. In 1990, he was made the Chief Whip of the BJP Bihar Legislature Party. From 1996 till 2004 he was the Leader of Opposition in the State Assembly. He filed the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Patna High Court against Lalu Prasad Yadav, which was later known as Fodder Scam. He became a member of Lok Sabha in 2004 representing the constituency of Bhagalpur.

Modi was the Minister for Parliamentary Affairs in a short-lived Nitish Kumar government in 2000. He supported the formation of the State of Jharkhand.

In 2005 Bihar election, NDA came to power and Modi was elected the leader of Bihar BJP Legislature Party. He subsequently resigned from the Lok Sabha and took over as the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar. He was given the Finance Portfolio along with a number of other departments. After NDA victory in 2010 Bihar elections, he continued to be the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar. Modi did not contest the 2005 and 2010 Bihar Assembly elections to be able to campaign for BJP.[14]

Sushil Modi with Narendra Modi and Rajnath Singh at Hunkar Rally

In 2017, Sushil Modi was the main player behind the fall of the JDU-RJD Grand Alliance government in Bihar, with his continuous tirade against RJD chief Lalu Prasad and his family for four months over his alleged benami properties and irregular financial transactions.[15]

On 8 December 2020, he was elected unopposed to the Rajya Sabha from Bihar to fill the vacant seat after the demise of Ram Vilas Paswan. He became the only leader from Bihar to have been a member of the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, Bihar Legislative Council and Bihar Legislative Assembly.[16]

Positions heldEdit

Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar & Convener of the GoM, Shri Sushil Kumar Modi addressing a press conference after the 7th Meeting of the Group of Ministers on IT (GoM on IT) for GST Implementation, in New Delhi
Period Positions Note
1973–77 General Secretary, Patna University Students Union
1983–86 All India General Secretary, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad
1995–96 Secretary, Bharatiya Janata Party
1996–2004 Leader of Opposition Bihar Legislative Assembly
2000 Minister, Parliamentary Affairs Government of Bihar
2004 Member, Lok Sabha 14th Lok Sabha
1990–2004 Member, Bihar Legislative Assembly 3rd term
November 2005 – June 2013 Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar Chief Minister of Bihar
November 2005 – June 2013[17] Finance Minister of Bihar Finance Minister of Bihar
2017– 13 November 2020 Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar Chief Minister of Bihar
07 December 2020 Member, Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Bihar elections: Sushil Modi tops BJP's list of CM probables".
  2. ^ The Hindu- 19 July 2011. New Delhi: Sushil Modi elected new chief of Empowered Committee on GST He is a leader without having support of popular mass.[1]
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b Upper castes, OBCs, Dalits and BJP
  6. ^ "No 'band, baaja, baaraat' for SuMo son's wedding".
  7. ^ "Political way to nurture love".
  8. ^ "When Atal Bihari Vajpayee 'refused' to bless Sushil Kumar Modi".
  9. ^ "Cool leaders see off 2012 with relatives Most ministers retire to bed before midnight, Bhim Singh stays up late".
  10. ^ Mishra, Dipak (16 September 2019). "Why senior BJP leader Sushil Modi is under attack from his own partymen in Bihar". ThePrint. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  11. ^ Official Website Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Early Years in Public Life
  12. ^ Profile of Deputy Chief Minister 1971 [2] Early Years in Public Life
  13. ^ "BJP's Vote Winner Profile of Bihar Deputy CM Sushil Kumar".
  14. ^ "Minorities may be allergic to the BJP, but not to me".
  15. ^ "SuMo: Architect of grand alliance fall".
  16. ^
  17. ^

External linksEdit