States of Sudan
Below is a list of the 18 states of Sudan, organized by their original provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Arabic language versions are, as appropriate, in parentheses. Prior to 9 July 2011, the Republic of Sudan was composed of 25 states. The ten southern states now form part of the independent country of South Sudan. Two additional states were created in 2012 within the Darfur region, and one in 2013 in Kordofan, bringing the total to 18.
الولايات السودانية (Arabic)
|Location||Republic of the Sudan|
|Number||18 States (5 Province)|
|Populations||832,112 (Blue Nile) – 5,274,371 (Khartoum)|
|Areas||22,140 km2 (8,549 sq mi) (Khartoum) – 348,770 km2 (134,659 sq mi) (Northern)|
States of the Republic of SudanEdit
The following 18 states form the territory of the Republic of Sudan.
- Khartoum State (ولاية خرطوم Wilāyat Kharṭūm) (1)
- North Kordofan (ولاية شمال كردفان Wilāyat Shamāl Kurdufān) (2)
- Northern (ولاية الشمالية Wilāyat ash-Shamāliyyah) (3)
- Kassala (ولاية كسّلا Wilāyat Kassalā) (4)
- Blue Nile State (ولاية النيل الأزرق Wilāyat an-Nīl al-Azraq) (5)
- North Darfur (ولاية شمال دارفور Wilāyat Shamāl Dārfūr) (6)
- South Darfur (ولاية جنوب دارفور Wilāyat Janūb Dārfūr) (7)
- South Kordofan (ولاية جنوب كردفان Wilāyat Janūb Kurdufān) (8)
- Al Jazirah (ولاية الجزيرة Wilāyat al-Jazīrah) (9)
- White Nile (ولاية النيل الأبيض Wilāyat an-Nīl al-Abyaḍ) (10)
- River Nile (ولاية نهر النيل Wilāyat Nahr an-Nīl) (11)
- Red Sea (ولاية البحر الأحمر Wilāyat al-Baḥr al-Aḥmar) (12)
- Al Qadarif (ولاية القضارف Wilāyat al-Qaḍārif) (13)
- Sennar (ولاية سنّار Wilāyat Sinnār) (14)
- West Darfur (ولاية غرب دارفور Wilāyat Gharb Dārfūr) (15)
- Central Darfur (ولاية وسط دارفور Wilāyat Wasṭ Dārfūr) (16)
- East Darfur (ولاية شرق دارفور Wilāyat Sharq Dārfūr) (17)
- West Kordofan (ولاية غرب كردفان Wilāyat Gharb Kurdufān) (18) (disestablished in 2005; reestablished in 2013)
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan had eight mudiriyat, or provinces, which were ambiguous when created but became well defined by the beginning of World War II. The eight provinces were: Blue Nile, Darfur, Equatoria, Kassala, Khartoum, Kurdufan, Northern, and Upper Nile. In 1948, Bahr al Ghazal split from Equatoria.
There were numerous new provinces created on 1 July 1973. North and South Darfur were created from Darfur, while Kurdufan divided into North and South Kordofan. Al Jazirah and White Nile were split off from Blue Nile. River Nile split off from Northern. Red Sea was split off from Kassala.
A further fracturing of provinces occurred in 1976. Lakes split from Bahr al Ghazal, and Jonglei split off from Upper Nile. Equatoria divided into East and Western Equatoria. There were thus eighteen provinces. In 1991, the government reorganized the administrative regions into nine federal states, matching the nine provinces that had existed from 1948 to 1973. On 14 February 1994, the government reorganized yet again, creating twenty-six wilayat (states). The majority of the wilayat were either the old provinces or administrative subregions of a province. As part of the new government structure in South Sudan in 2005, Bahr al Jabal was renamed Central Equatoria. In 2006, West Kurdufan was split and merged with North Kurdufan and South Kordofan.