Rabak (ربك) is a city in south-eastern Sudan and the capital of the Sudanese state of White Nile. It is one of the major cities of Sudan, an industrial city in which are located several factories, such as the Nile Cement Company factory, the Kenana sugar factory, and the Assalaya sugar factory.

The White Nile at Rabak

GeographyEdit

The city is located on the eastern bank of the White Nile, facing Kosti on the western bank. It lies some 362 meters above sea level. Rabak is approximately 260 kilometres (160 mi) south of Khartoum and 340 kilometres (210 mi) west of the Ethiopian border. It is linked to the north of Sudan via the Khartoum–Rabak road; and it is linked by road eastward to Sennar and westward to Al-Ubayyid.

ClimateEdit

Rabak has a hot arid climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), despite receiving over 350 millimetres or 14 inches of rainfall annually, owing to the extremely high potential evapotranspiration.

Climate data for Rabak (altitude 381 metres or 1,250 feet, 1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.0
(105.8)
42.8
(109.0)
46.0
(114.8)
47.5
(117.5)
46.2
(115.2)
44.4
(111.9)
45.0
(113.0)
41.0
(105.8)
44.0
(111.2)
42.5
(108.5)
42.2
(108.0)
40.5
(104.9)
47.5
(117.5)
Average high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
34.9
(94.8)
39.1
(102.4)
41.9
(107.4)
42.2
(108.0)
39.8
(103.6)
36.3
(97.3)
34.5
(94.1)
35.8
(96.4)
38.4
(101.1)
37.4
(99.3)
34.6
(94.3)
37.3
(99.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
25.8
(78.4)
29.3
(84.7)
32.6
(90.7)
33.6
(92.5)
32.3
(90.1)
29.8
(85.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.7
(85.5)
31.2
(88.2)
29.0
(84.2)
25.8
(78.4)
29.2
(84.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
17.0
(62.6)
20.3
(68.5)
23.5
(74.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.7
(74.7)
21.1
(70.0)
17.9
(64.2)
21.6
(70.9)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
7.4
(45.3)
12.0
(53.6)
11.9
(53.4)
16.3
(61.3)
15.0
(59.0)
17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63.0)
18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
12.0
(53.6)
7.5
(45.5)
7.4
(45.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.4
(0.02)
0.0
(0.0)
2.5
(0.10)
3.8
(0.15)
16.7
(0.66)
39.2
(1.54)
95.7
(3.77)
116.6
(4.59)
72.1
(2.84)
8.9
(0.35)
1.8
(0.07)
0.3
(0.01)
358
(14.1)
Source 1: Meteo Climat[1]
Source 2: Meteo Climat [2]

DemographicsEdit

Year Inhabitants
1973 (Census) 18,399
1983 (Census) 26,693
1993 (Census) 59,261
2007 (Estimate) 152,711

HistoryEdit

Rabak was made the capital of the White Nile State in 1994.

EconomyEdit

Rabak is one of major commercial cities in Sudan owing to its unique location in the country and its transportation links to the other major Sudanese states. In the city there is a cement processing company called the Nile Cement Company, which produced 50,200 tons in 2001 and 41,000 tons in 2002. There is also a calcite mine nearby, besides Kenana sugar factory, Asallaia sugar factory, oil refineries, and other factories.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Soudan moyennes 1981-2010 (Temperature Averages)" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  2. ^ "Station Rabak (Precipitation Normals (1971-2000) and Record High and Low Temperatures)" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 26 November 2016.

Coordinates: 13°11′06″N 32°44′38″E / 13.185°N 32.744°E / 13.185; 32.744