States of South Sudan
The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces (and contemporary regions) of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast). The states are further divided into 180 counties.
|States of South Sudan|
|Location||Republic of South Sudan|
|Number||10 States |
2 administrative areas
1 area with special administrative status
In October 2015, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 previously established states. The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number[who?] of opposition parties challenged the constitutionality of this decree and the decree was referred to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment. In November the South Sudanese parliament approved the creation of the new states. In January 2017, President Salva Kiir decreed a further subdivision of the country from 28 into 32 states.
In February 2020, as a result of a peace agreement that ended the South Sudanese Civil War, the country returned to the original 10 states plus two administrative areas, Pibor and Ruweng, and the special administrative status area of Abyei.
As a result of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2005, the Abyei Area is considered to be simultaneously part of the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan, effectively a condominium. The Kafia Kingi area is disputed between South Sudan and Sudan and the Ilemi Triangle is disputed between South Sudan and Kenya.
10 states and three areas (2020–Present)Edit
Under the terms of a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020, South Sudan is divided into 10 states, two administrative areas and one area with special administrative status. The states of and administrative areas are grouped into the three former historical provinces of the Sudan: Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria, Greater Upper Nile. Each state is headed by a Governor and administrative areas are led by Chief Administrators.
32 states (2017–2020)Edit
On January 14, 2017, President Kiir issued a presidential decree that increased the number of federal states from 28 to 32.
- The now defunct Eastern Nile State was split into 2 individual states, Central Upper Nile State with Malakal as its capital city and Northern Upper Nile State with Renk as its capital city.
- Akobo State was formed and split from Bieh State, with Akobo as its capital. It comprises Akobo county in the Greater Upper Nile Region.
- Maiwut State was formed and split from Latjoor State in the Greater Upper Nile Region retaining Koma, Longuchuk, and Maiwut counties.
- Tambura State was formed and split from Gbudwe State, with Tambura as its capital. It comprises Tambura and Nagero counties in the Equatoria Region.
The 32 states were as follows:
|Greater Upper Nile Region (13 States)|
|Akobo State||Akobo||Akobo||Johnson Gony Bilieu||Jonglei|
|Waat||Moses Majiok Gatluak||Jonglei|
|Pibor||Sultan Ismail Konyi||Jonglei|
|Ayod||James Kok Ruea||Jonglei|
|Bor||Philip Agwer Panyang||Jonglei|
|Northern Liech State||Mayom
|Bentiu||Joseph Nguen Monytuil||Unity|
|Panriang||Thiaji de-Dut Deng||Unity|
|Southern Liech State||Mayendit
|Leer||Teker Riek Dong||Unity|
|Central Upper Nile State||Akoka
|Malakal||James Tor Monybuny||Upper Nile|
|Kodok||Johnson Olony||Upper Nile|
|Nasir||Peter Gatkuoth Khor||Upper Nile|
|Maiwut||Bol Ruach Rom||Upper Nile|
|Northern Upper Nile State||Renk
|Renk||Deng Akoi Gak||Upper Nile|
|Bahr El Ghazal Region (10 States)|
|Eastern Lakes State||Yirol East
|Yirol||Ring Tueny Mabor||Ring Tueny Mabor||Lakes|
|Gok State||Cueibet||Cueibet||Madang Majok Meen||Madang Majok Meen||Lakes|
|Western Lakes State||Rumbek North
|Rumbek||Abraham Makoi Bol||Abraham Makoi Bol||Lakes|
|Aweil East State||Aweil East||Wanjok||Deng Deng Akuei||Deng Deng Akuei||North Bahr el Ghazal|
|Aweil State||Aweil South
|Aweil||Ronald Ruai Deng||Ronald Ruai Deng||North Bahr el Ghazal|
|Gogrial State||Gogrial West
|Kuacjok||Abraham Gum Makuach||Gregory Deng Kuach Aduol||Warrap|
|Tonj State||Tonj North
|Tonj||Akech Tong Aleu||Akech Tong Aleu||Warrap|
|Twic State||Twic||Mayen-Abun||Bona Pariek Biar||Kon Manyiel Kuol||Warrap|
|Raja||Rizik Zachariah Hassan||Rizik Zachariah Hassan||West Bahr el Ghazal|
|Wau State||Jur River
|Wau||Elias Waya Nyipouch||Andrea Mayar Achor||West Bahr el Ghazal|
|Equatoria Region (9 States)|
|Jubek State||Juba*||Juba||Augustino Jadalla Wani||Augustino Jadalla Wani||Central Equatoria|
|Terekeka||Juma Ali Malou||Juma Ali Malou||Central Equatoria|
|Yei River State||Yei
|Yei||David Lokonga Moses||David Lokonga Moses||Central Equatoria|
|Torit||Natisio Loluke Manir||Natisio Loluke Manir||East Equatoria|
|Kapoeta State||Kapoeta North
|Kapoeta||Louise Lobong Lojore||Louise Lobong Lojore||East Equatoria|
|Mundri||Joseph Pachiko||Joseph Pachiko||West Equatoria|
|Yambio||Patrick Raphael Zamoi||Badagu Daniel Remposa||West Equatoria|
|Maridi||Africano Monday||Africano Monday||West Equatoria|
|Tambura||Patrick Raphael Zamoi||Patrick Raphael Zamoi||West Equatoria|
* - includes Bari, Lokoya and Nyangwara communities
28 states (2015–2017)Edit
Bahr el GhazalEdit
Greater Upper NileEdit
- – containing the national capital city of Juba
- – earlier called Eastern Bieh
- – earlier called Western Bieh
- – earlier called Western Nile
10 states (2011–2015)Edit
|Northern Bahr el Ghazal||Aweil||820,834||30,543.30||26.87||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Western Bahr el Ghazal||Wau||358,692||91,075.95||3.94||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Lakes||Rumbek||782,504||43,595.08||17.95||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Warrap||Kuajok||1,044,217||45,567.24||22.92||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Jonglei||Bor||1,443,500||122,580.83||11.78||Greater Upper Nile|
|Unity||Bentiu||645,465||37,836.39||17.06||Greater Upper Nile|
|Upper Nile||Malakal||1,013,629||77,283.42||13.12||Greater Upper Nile|
On 22 December 2014, opposition leader and former vice president Riek Machar declared the 10 states of South Sudan dissolved and the formation of 21 new states in a federal system. The declaration was not recognised by the South Sudanese government. The Sudan Tribune reported on 1 January 2015 that Machar appointed "military governors" for several of his declared states. These states became defunct when the SPLM-IO joined the unity government formed by the R-ARCSS in February 2020.
- "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08.
- "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
- "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune.
- "South Sudanese President creates four more states – Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
- "South Sudan Kiir agrees to re-establish the 10 states - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
- "Kiir agrees to relinquish controversial 32 states". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
- "Statistical Yearbook for Southern Sudan 2010" (PDF). Southern Sudan Centre for Census, Statistics and Evaluation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "The 32 Federal States of the Republic of South Sudan". paanluelwel.com. 22 January 2017.
- "Uganda: Citizens in Uganda Welcome Rebel Formation of 21 States". allAfrica.com. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "South Sudan: Machar Appoints Top Rebel Command, State Governors". allAfrica.com. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Subdivisions of South Sudan.|
Media related to Maps of states of South Sudan at Wikimedia Commons
- "States of South Sudan". Statoids.