Open main menu

Upper Nile was one of the ten states of South Sudan. The only governor of Upper Nile since the independence of South Sudan was Simon Kun Puoch[2] The White Nile flowed through the state, giving it its name. The state also shared a similar name with the region of Greater Upper Nile, of which it was part along with the states of Unity and Jonglei. It had an area of 77,823 square kilometres (30,048 sq mi). Malakal was the capital of the state. The town of Kodok, the location of the Fashoda Incident that ended the "Scramble for Africa", was located in the state. Upper Nile seceded from Sudan as part of the Republic of South Sudan on 9 July 2011.

Upper Nile State
State of Sudan (1994–2011)
State of South Sudan (2011–2015)

Flag of Upper Nile

Location of Upper Nile
Location in South Sudan
Capital Malakal
 •  Creation as a state of Sudan[1] 1994
 •  Became a state of South Sudan after independence from Sudan 2011
 •  Reorganisation of states 2015
77,823.42 km2 (30,048 sq mi)
 •  2008 964,353 

In October 2015, the states of South Sudan were reorganized into 28 states by President Salva Kiir.



Newspapers and televisionEdit

Most Upper Nile State citizens had limited access to news and other media information. In cities like Malakal, only few officials could read weekly newspaper bulletins. However, the Juba based 'Citizen' was widely read around the town on a regular basis. Meanwhile, on the eve of Independence day on July 9, 2011, a digital newspaper called The Upper Nile Times was launched in Malakal to cater news stories on the State and Southern Sudan as whole. This online digital newspaper is widely read around the town of Malakal and other former state counties with access to the internet. The newspaper also is one of the most rated in Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan and around the world. Moreover, the only TV station for the people of Upper Nile State was South Sudan Television. Although the Station works for only few hours, it was widely popular in the state capital. Some foreign TV stations were also broadcast in the area using portable satellite dishes.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan". p. 142.
  2. ^ Upper Nile State. Gurtong. Retrieved July 18, 2011
  3. ^ Upper Nile. UNHCR, South Sudan. Retrieved July 18, 2011