Eastern Equatoria

Eastern Equatoria is a state in South Sudan. It has an area of 73,472 km².[2] The capital is Torit. On October 1, 1972, the state was divided into Imatong and Namorunyang states and was re-established by a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020.[3]

Eastern Equatoria
Eastern Equatoria State
Flag of Eastern Equatoria
Flag
Location in South Sudan.
Location in South Sudan.
Coordinates: 04°45′N 33°11′E / 4.750°N 33.183°E / 4.750; 33.183Coordinates: 04°45′N 33°11′E / 4.750°N 33.183°E / 4.750; 33.183
Country South Sudan
RegionEquatoria
No. of counties:8
CapitalTorit
Government
 • TypeGovernment
 • GovernorLouis Lobong Lojore
Area
 • Total73,472.01 km2 (28,367.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2008 census)
 • Total906,126
 • Density12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
HDI (2018)0.400[1]
low · 5th of 10

GeographyEdit

The state shares international borders with Uganda in the south, with Kenya in the south-east and with Ethiopia in the north-east. Domestically, it is bordered by Central Equatoria in the west and Jonglei in the north. The Ilemi Triangle in the east, between Eastern Equatoria and Lake Turkana, is or has been disputed among all three abutting states (South Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia).

PopulationEdit

 
Peace agreement dancers in Kapoeta, Eastern Equatoria

The state had 906,126 people in 2008 (32/sq mi). Eastern Equatoria state was home to several different ethnic groups. The Toposa, Jie and Nyangathom live in the Kapeota counties in the east of the state. The Didinga, Dodoth and Boya live in Budi county around Chukudum. Further west, Lopa, Torit and Ikwoto counties are inhabited by the Otuho, Lopit, Lango, Pari, and Tenet people who inhabit a portion of Lopit hills after they split from Didinga and Murle early in the 19th century and Lokoya of Lowoi. The Acholi, Madi, Iyire and Ofiriha people live in the westernmost Magwi county.[4]

Most of the inhabitants of Eastern Equatoria live by subsistence farming, and also raise cattle, sheep and goats. Some of the crops are sold, while most are consumed locally. The Didinga Hills in Buda county have rich and fertile soil that is used for cultivation of tobacco, potatoes, maize, and Dura.[4]

GovernmentEdit

The executive head of the State was the Governor, who was elected. The Governor was appointing ministers, advisors, and the Executive Directors to the Counties. The Counties in turn, were ruled by the democratically elected Local Government Councils headed by the County Commissioner [5] The state legislature was elected, with the first elections being held in April 2010.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Eastern Equatoria, like other states in South Sudan, was sub-divided into counties. These were further divided into Payams, then Bomas. Each county was headed by a County Commissioner, elected by the people of a County as the head of the local government in the County.

Counties were originally larger, but were subdivided in part to ensure that the different communities have full representation. Thus Torit County was subdivided into Torit, Lopa and Ikwoto counties, and Greater Kapoeta was divided into Budi County and Kapoeta county, which in turn was divided into Kapoeta North, South and East counties.

Counties and their commissioners as of 2011 were:[6]

County Capital Commissioner
Torit County Torit Virmo Oleo Isara
Lopa County Imehejek Hon Severino Loful
Magwi County Magwi Hon. Ben Loduk
Ikotos County Ikwoto Salvatore Abdallah
Torit East County Hiyala Hon. Albino Lima
Kidepo Valley County Chahari Hon. Claudio Opwanya
Lopit East County Imehejek Hon. General Marino
Ayaci County Ayaci Hon. Ben Onek
Pageri County Pageri Hon. Emilio Igga
Geria County Geria Hon. Onyu
Torit West County Kudo Hon. Vigilio
Lopit West County Logiro Hon. Lino Atari

HealthEdit

As of 2014, this was one of the last areas in the world where cases of Guinea worm disease are found, with twelve of the 17 reported cases occurring "in one small pocket of Eastern Equatoria State," according to NPR.[7]

GovernorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  2. ^ "South Sudan at GeoHive". Archived from the original on 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
  3. ^ https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/6-years-war-peace-finally-south-sudan-200223114919537.html
  4. ^ a b "Focus On South: Facts About Eastern Equatoria State". Sudan Vision Daily. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
  5. ^ Local Government Bill 2009
  6. ^ "Eastern Equatoria State". Gurtong. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
  7. ^ Doucleff, Michaeleen (2014-07-08). "Going, Going, Almost Gone: A Worm Verges On Extinction". NPR : Goats and Soda. Retrieved 2014-07-09.

External linksEdit