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State Affairs Commission of North Korea

The State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (SAC) is defined by the 2016 constitution as "the supreme policy-oriented leadership body of State power."[1] The current chairman of the SAC, which is defined by the same constitution as the supreme leader of the nation,[2] is Kim Jong-un.

State Affairs Commission of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회
Emblem of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of North Korea.svg
Agency overview
Formed29 June 2016
Preceding agency
TypeSupreme policy-oriented leadership body in North Korea
JurisdictionGovernment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Agency executives
DPRK State Affairs Commission
Chosŏn'gŭl
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회
Hancha
朝鮮民主主義人民共和國國務委員會
Revised RomanizationJoseon minjujuui inmin gonghwaguk gungmu wiwonhoe
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn minjujuŭi inmin konghwaguk kungmu wiwŏnhoe

Contents

HistoryEdit

The National Defence Commission was created in 1972 as per the 1972 Constitution, originally the commission's mandate was to supervise national defence matters within North Korea.

Per the 4th plenary session of the Supreme People's Assembly in June 2016 the National Defence Commission was officially replaced by the State Affairs Commission, with an expanded focus towards other national concerns aside from defence and security.

Today, the state affairs commission serves to fund all branches of the military.[citation needed]

Powers and responsibilitiesEdit

Article 106 of the Constitution of North Korea defines the State Affairs Commission as the highest leadership body.[1] Article 109 of the Constitution states that the SAC’s powers are to:[3]

  • deliberate and decide on major policies of the State including defence;
  • exercise supervision over the fulfillment of the orders of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the decisions and directives of the Commission, and take measures for their fulfillment;
  • abrogate decisions and directives of State organs which run counter to the orders of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the decisions and directives of the Commission.

In practice, SAC supervises the Cabinet of North Korea. It also directly supervises the three ministries that are not under the Cabinet, namely the Ministry of People's Armed Forces, Ministry of State Security and the Ministry of People's Security. One additional entity, the State Physical Culture and Sports Guidance Commission, is also under the SAC as its Chairman is appointed by the Commission.[4]

MembersEdit

The following are the current members of the State Affairs Commission as of its election by the 14th Supreme People's Assembly on 11 April 2019:[5]

Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
Chairman Political party Member since Other positions
  Kim Jong-un
김정은
(born 1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
First Vice Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
First Vice Chairman Political party Member since Other positions
  Choe Ryong-hae
최룡해
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
Vice Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
Vice Chairman Political party Member since Other positions
  Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
Member of the State Affairs Commission
Member Political party Member since Other positions
  Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
  Ri Man-gon
리만건
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
  Ri Su-yong
리수용
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
  Kim Yong-chol
김영철
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
  Thae Jong-su
태종수
(born 1936)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018
  Ri Yong-ho
리용호
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
  Jong Kyong-thaek
정경택
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018
  Choe Pu-il
최부일
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
  Kim Su-gil
김수길
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
  No Kwang-chol
노광철
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
  Choe Son-hui
최선희
(born 1964)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019

List of members since 2016Edit

The following is the list of members of the State Affairs Commission since its first election on 29 June 2016. Names in bold indicates that they are a current member of the State Affairs Commission. Names are listed in their order of election.

No. Member Political party Term Position in the State Affairs Commission
1   Kim Jong-un
김정은
(born 1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Chairman
11 April 2019 Incumbent
2   Hwang Pyong-so
황병서
(born 1949)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Vice Chairman
3   Choe Ryong-hae
최룡해
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Vice Chairman
11 April 2019 Incumbent First Vice Chairman
4   Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Vice Chairman
11 April 2019 Incumbent
5   Kim Ki-nam
김기남
(born 1934)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Member
6   Pak Yong-sik
박영식
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
7   Ri Su-yong
리수용
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
8   Ri Man-gon
리만건
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
9   Kim Yong-chol
김영철
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
10   Kim Won-hong
김원홍
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Member
11   Choe Pu-il
최부일
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
12   Ri Yong-ho
리용호
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
13   Kim Jong-gak
김정각
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018 11 April 2019 Member
14   Thae Jong-su
태종수
(born 1936)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
15   Jong Kyong-thaek
정경택
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
16   Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member
17   Kim Su-gil
김수길
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member
18   No Kwang-chol
노광철
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member
19   Choe Son-hui
최선희
(born 1964)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2016, Article 106.
  2. ^ Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2016, Article 100.
  3. ^ Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2016, Article 109.
  4. ^ "Organizational Chart of North Korean Leadership" (PDF). Seoul: Political and Military Analysis Division, Intelligence and Analysis Bureau; Ministry of Unification. January 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  5. ^ "In full: promotions and demotions at North Korea's 14th SPA". NK PRO. Korea Risk Group. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.

Works citedEdit