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President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly

The President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the head of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, which is the highest institution of state power in North Korea when the Supreme People's Assembly is not in session. The President of the SPA Presidium is often considered the de facto head of state of North Korea as he is responsible for representing the state and receiving the credentials and letters of recall of foreign diplomatic representatives.

President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Choe Ryong-Hae.jpg
Incumbent
Choe Ryong-hae

since 11 April 2019
AppointerSupreme People's Assembly
Term lengthSame as the term of the Supreme People's Assembly
Inaugural holderKim Tu-bong
Formation9 September 1948

The current President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly is Choe Ryong-hae, who was elected on 11 April 2019.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The position was created on 9 September 1948 under the name Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly. The Chairman was the head of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly, which was given the power to ratify or annul treaties with foreign countries, appoint or recall ambassadors to foreign countries and receive letters of credentials or recall of foreign diplomatic representatives by the 1948 Constitution. This makes the Chairman of the SPA Standing Committee as the head of state of North Korea.

Following the introduction of the 1972 Socialist Constitution, the role of head of state was transferred to the President of North Korea. The SPA Standing Committee was removed of its powers to represent the state and was limited to doing legislative work, with the Chairman also serving as the Chairman of the Supreme People's Assembly.

The 1998 revision of the 1972 Constitution created the present office of the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly.[1]

PowersEdit

According to the North Korean constitution, the President of the SPA Presidium is given the responsibility of representing the state and receiving the letters of credentials and recall of foreign diplomatic representatives.

The president is also the head of the SPA Presidium, which its powers includes the ratification and annulment of treaties with foreign countries and the appointment or recall of ambassadors to foreign countries.

List of office holdersEdit

Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Chairman Political party Term Election Ref
  Kim Tu-bong
김두봉
1889–1958
Workers' Party of North Korea 9 September 1948 20 September 1957 1st SPA
Workers' Party of Korea
  Choe Yong-gon
최용건
1900–1976
Korean Democratic Party 20 September 1957 23 October 1962 2nd SPA
Workers' Party of Korea
23 October 1962 16 December 1967 3rd SPA
16 December 1967 28 December 1972 4th SPA
  Hwang Jang-yop
황장엽
1923–2010
Workers' Party of Korea 28 December 1972 16 December 1977 5th SPA
16 December 1977 6 April 1982 6th SPA
6 April 1982 7 April 1983 7th SPA
  Yang Hyong-sop
양형섭
(born 1925)
Workers' Party of Korea 7 April 1983 29 December 1986
29 December 1986 24 May 1990 8th SPA
24 May 1990 5 September 1998 9th SPA
President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
President Political party Term Election Ref
  Kim Yong-nam
김영남
(born 1928)
 
Workers' Party of Korea 5 September 1998 3 September 2003 10th SPA
3 September 2003 9 April 2009 11th SPA
9 April 2009 9 April 2014 12th SPA
9 April 2014 11 April 2019 13th SPA
  Choe Ryong-hae
최룡해
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent 14th SPA [2]

ReferenceEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Cha & Hwang 2008, p. 198.
  2. ^ "In full: promotions and demotions at North Korea's 14th SPA". NK PRO. Korea Risk Group. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.

SourcesEdit

Works cited
  • Cha, Victor D.; Hwang, Balbina Y. (2008). "Government and Politics". In Worden, Robert L. (ed.). North Korea: A Country Study (PDF) (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. pp. 187–234. ISBN 978-0-8444-1188-0.