Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea

The Central Military Commission of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (CMC) is an organ of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) which is responsible for coordinating the Party organizations within the Korean People's Army (KPA). One of the CMC's primary functions is to authorize defense and munitions spending and product orders, and to determine how natural resources and products from military-controlled production units are earmarked and distributed domestically and for sale abroad. According to the WPK Charter, the CMC directs WPK activities in the KPA and is chaired by the WPK Chairman.[not verified in body] The CMC relies on a number of organizations to carry out its mandate, including the KPA General Political Department, the WPK Military Department, and the WPK Machine-Building Department. The CMC also uses the WPK Military Affairs Department to transmit guidance and indoctrination of North Korea's reserve military training units.

HistoryEdit

The Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea was established at the 5th plenary meeting of the 4th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea held on 10–14 December 1962.[1][2] During its establishment, it was a committee subordinate to the WPK Central Committee under the full name Military Committee of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea.

The committee was organized to its present form at the 6th plenary meeting of the 6th WPK Central Committee held on 29–31 August 1982.[3] An amendment to the WPK charter in 1982 is believed to have made the CMC equal to the Central Committee, enabling it (among other things) to elect the WPK leader.[4] The last public listing of the CMC was at the 21st Plenary Session of the 6th Central Committee in December 1993.[5] By the 3rd Conference, seven of its nineteen 1993 members remained; the other twelve had either died, retired or were purged.[5] The CMC was revitalized at the 3rd Conference, with Kim Jong-un and Ri Yong-ho elected as deputy chairmen.[5] Except for his Central Committee membership, this was Kim Jong-un's only title at this time; in many ways, the CMC enabled him to develop a patronage network.[5] New members included Vice Marshal Kim Yong-chun (Minister of People's Armed Forces), General Kim Myong-ruk (Chief of the Operation Bureau of the General Staff), General Yi Pyong-chol (Commander of the Korean People's Air Force), Admiral Jong Myong-do (Commander of the Korean People's Navy), Lieutenant General Kim Yong-chol, Colonel General Choe Kyong-song (heads of the KPA's special forces) General Choe Pu-il and Colonel General Choe Sang-ryo (members of the General Staff).[5] Civilians, such as Jang Song-thaek (head of the Administrative Department), also had seats on the commission.[5] At the 4th Conference, Choe Ryong-hae was appointed CMC deputy chairman; Vice Marshal Hyon Chol-hae, General Ri Myong-su and Kim Rak-gyom were elected to the commission.[6]

Current membershipEdit

As of 10 January 2021, the Central Military Commission consists of the chairman, vice chairman, and 11 members.

Chairman
Chairman Other positions
  Marshal of the DPRK
Kim Jong-un
김정은
(born 1984)
Vice Chairman
Vice Chairman Other positions
Marshal of the KPA
Ri Pyong-chol
리병철
(born 1948)
Members
Member Other positions
Colonel General
Jo Yong-won
조용원
  Colonel General
O Il-jong
오일정
(born 1954)
  • Politburo Member
  • Secretary of the Central Committee
  • Director of the Military Leadership Department
  Kim Jo-guk
김조국
  • First Vice Department Director of the Central Committee
  Lieutenant General
Kang Sun-nam
강순남
  • Director of the Munitions Industry Department
  O Su-yong
오수용
(born 1944)
  • Politburo Member
  • Chairman of the Second Economic Committee
Marshal of the KPA
Pak Jong-chon
박정천
  • Politburo Member
  • Chief of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army
  Colonel General
Kwon Yong-jin
권영진
  • Politburo Member
  • Director of the General Political Bureau of the Korean People's Army
General
Kim Jong-gwan
김정관
  • Politburo Member
  • Minister of Defence
Colonel General
Jong Kyong-thaek
정경택
(born 1961)
  • Politburo Member
  • Minister of State Security
General
Ri Yong-gil
리영길
(born 1955)
  • Politburo Member
  • Minister of Public Security
  General
Rim Kwang-il
림광일
(born 1965)
  • First Vice Chief of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army
  • Chief of the Reconnaissance General Bureau

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "당중앙군사위원회". NKchosun. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "당중앙위원회 전원회의 - 제4기". NKchosun. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  3. ^ "[조선노동당] 조선노동당 중앙군사위원회". NK Watch. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  4. ^ Gause 2013, p. 43.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Gause 2013, p. 35.
  6. ^ "Kim Jong Un Appointed "First Secretary" of Korean Workers' Party". North Korea Leadership Watch. April 11, 2012. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.

SourcesEdit

Journal entries
Books