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Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea

The Presidium of the Political Bureau of the Workers' Party of Korea, or simply the Presidium, is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea. Historically it has been composed of one to five members, and currently has five members.[1] Its officially mandated purpose is to conduct policy discussions and make decisions on major issues when the Politburo, a larger decision-making body, is not in session. While the Presidium in theory reports into the Politburo, which in turn reports into the larger Central Committee, in practice the Presidium acts as the most powerful decision-making body in North Korea, and its decisions de facto have the force of law.[2] Its role is roughly analogous to that of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China.

Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationChosŏn Rodongdang Chungang Wiwŏnhoe Chŏngch'igung Sangmu Wiwŏnhoe
McCune–ReischauerJoseon Rodongdang Jungang Wiwonhoe Jeongchigung Sangmu Wiwonhoe

The Presidium was revitalized at the 3rd Conference, with four new members appointed: Kim Yong-nam (President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, head of state), Choe Yong-rim (Premier, head of government), Vice Marshal Jo Myong-rok (Director of the General Political Bureau of the Korean People's Army) and Vice Marshal Ri Yong-ho (Chief of the General Staff).[3] The appointment of two military officers was considered by outside observers to be in line with Kim Jong-il's military-first politics.[3] It was believed that Ri Yong-ho was Kim Jong-un's personal military escort at the time, similar to Oh Jin-u's role during Kim Jong-il's early rule.[3] At the 4th Conference, Chasu Choe Ryong-hae was appointed to the Standing Committee.[4]

Contents

KeysEdit

Abbreviations
K Keys
CIM Central institution membership, which in this instance means membership in the Presidium, PB, ST and CMC
Pres Presidium of the Political Bureau
PB Political Bureau
EPB Secretariat
CMC Central Military Commission
SPA Supreme People's Assembly
SL Supreme Leader
Adm. Admiral
V-Adm. Vice-Admiral
Gen. General
Lt. Gen. Lieutenant General
Maj. Gen. Major General
Keys
Indicates that the individual is a member of the Kim family, either through marriage or blood.
Indicates that the individual was removed as a Pres member.
Indicates that the individual is military personnel.
Note If two keys are used in the same column it indicates that the individual is both of something. For instance,
"♮♣" indicates that the individual was removed from the Pres (♮) and military personnel (♣).

CompositionEdit

Name
(birth–death)
Hangul K Took office Left office Tenure Central Committee
Choe Ryong-hae
(born 1950)
최룡해 12 April 2012
6 years and 247 days 6th7th
Choe Yong-rim
(born 1930)
최영림 28 September 2010 1 April 2013 2 years and 185 days 6th
Hwang Pyong-so
(born 1949)
황병서 9 May 2016
1 year and 176 days 7th
Jo Myong-rok
(1928–2010)
조명록 28 September 2010 6 November 2010 39 days 6th
Kim Il
(1910–1984)
김일
14 October 1980 9 March 1984 3 years and 147 days 6th
Kim Il-sung
(1912–1994)
김일성 14 October 1980 8 July 1994 13 years and 267 days 6th
Kim Jong-il
(1941–2011)
김정일 14 October 1980 17 December 2011 31 years and 64 days 6th
Kim Jong-un
(born 1982/84)
김정은 11 April 2012
6 years and 248 days 6th7th
Kim Yong-nam
(born 1928)
김영남
28 September 2010
8 years and 78 days 6th7th
O Jin-u
(1917–1995)
오진우 14 October 1980 25 February 1995 14 years and 134 days 6th
Pak Pong-ju
(born 1939)
박봉주
9 May 2016
2 years and 220 days 6th7th
Ri Yong-ho
(born 1942)
리영호 ♣♮ 28 September 2010 20 July 2012 1 year and 296 days 6th
Ri Jong-ok
(1916–1999)
리정옥 14 October 1980 17 June 1983 2 years and 246 days 6th

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "金正恩、朝鮮労働党に新しく設置された党委員長に就任". Xinhua News Agency. 2016-05-09.
  2. ^ "金正恩が党委員長に就任(名簿)". Phoenix Television. 2016-05-09.
  3. ^ a b c Gause 2011, p. 148.
  4. ^ "Kim Jong Un Appointed "First Secretary" of Korean Workers' Party". North Korea Leadership Watch. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2014.

BibliographyEdit

  • Gause, Ken E. (2011). North Korea Under Kim Chong-il: Power, Politics, and Prospects for Change. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0313381755.