Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea

The Presidium of the Political Bureau of the Workers' Party of Korea, or simply the Presidium, and formerly known as the Standing Committee (1946–61), is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea. Historically, it has been composed of one to five members, and currently has five members.[1] Its officially mandated purpose is to conduct policy discussions and make decisions on major issues when the Politburo, a larger decision-making body, is not in session. While the Presidium in theory reports to the Politburo, which in turn reports to the larger Central Committee, in practice the Presidium is supreme over its parent bodies and acts as the most powerful decision-making body in North Korea.[1] As North Korea is a one-party state, the Presidium's decisions de facto have the force of law.[2] Its role is roughly analogous to that of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.

Presidium of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

Highest body of the Central Committee between sessions, Workers' Party of Korea
Elected by
Responsible to
Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea
Revised RomanizationJoseon Rodongdang Jungang Wiwonhoe Jeongchigung Sangmu Wiwonhoe
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn Rodongdang Chungang Wiwŏnhoe Chŏngch'igung Sangmu Wiwŏnhoe

History edit

The Presidium was revitalized at the 3rd Conference, with four new members appointed: Kim Yong-nam (President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, head of state), Choe Yong-rim (Premier, head of government), Vice Marshal Jo Myong-rok (Director of the General Political Bureau of the Korean People's Army) and Vice Marshal Ri Yong-ho (Chief of the General Staff).[3] The appointment of two military officers was considered by outside observers to be in line with Kim Jong Il's military-first politics.[3] It was believed that Ri Yong-ho was Kim Jong Un's personal military escort at the time, similar to O Jin-u's role during Kim Jong Il's early rule.[3] At the 4th Conference, Chasu Choe Ryong-hae was appointed to the Standing Committee.[4]

Current members edit

Member Member since Other positions
  Kim Jong Un
(born 1984)
11 April 2012
  Choe Ryong-hae
(born 1950)
11 April 2012
Ri Pyong-chol
(born 1948)
13 August 2020
  • Secretary of the Central Committee
  • Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
  • Member of the State Affairs Commission
Kim Tok-hun
(born 1962)
13 August 2020
Jo Yong-won
10 January 2021[5]
  • Secretary of the Central Committee
  • Member of the Central Military Commission

References edit

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ a b Pinkston, Daniel (30 April 2020). "Leadership, guns, and money in North Korea: what happens if Kim Jong Un goes". NK News. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ "金正恩が党委員長に就任(名簿)". Phoenix Television. 9 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Gause 2011, p. 148.
  4. ^ "Kim Jong Un Appointed "First Secretary" of Korean Workers' Party". North Korea Leadership Watch. 11 April 2012. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Press Release of First Plenary Meeting of 8th Central Committee of WPK Issued". KCNA Watch. KCNA Watch. Retrieved 11 January 2021.

Bibliography edit