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Social Christian Party (Brazil)

The Social Christian Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Cristão, PSC) is a conservative political party in Brazil.

Social Christian Party

Partido Social Cristão
PresidentEveraldo Pereira
Founded1970 (as Republican Democratic Party)[1]
1985 (as Social Christian Party)[2]
HeadquartersRio de Janeiro and Brasília, Brazil
Membership422,840[3]
IdeologySocial conservatism[4]
Christian ethics
Christian democracy[5]
Christian right[6]
Catholic social teaching
Brazilian-Catholic synthesis[7]
Political positionRight-wing[8]
ReligionChristianity
Colours         Green & white
TSE Identification Number20
Seats in the Federal Senate
1 / 81
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
9 / 513
Governorships
2 / 27
Seats in Legislative Assemblies
30 / 1,024
Mayors
87 / 5,568
Councilmen
1,525 / 56,810
Website
http://www.psc.org.br/

In the 2018 election, the party elected 2 Governors, 1 Senator, 9 Federal Deputies and 30 State Deputies.[9][10][11][12]

HistoryEdit

The party was founded in 1985, as a Christian democratic party.[13] The party supported Fernando Collor de Mello in the presidential election of 1989, and in 1990, the party won first place in the state election for Alagoas, the home state of then-President Collor.[14] However, from 1994, the party declined: its candidates repeatedly lost votes, surpassing only those from far-left parties, who originated from rebel wings of the Workers Party without popular support. The PSC did not elect more than 3 representatives in the three subsequent elections.

Incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro was a former member of the party.[15]

IdeologyEdit

The party is often associated with conservative evangelicalism because the leadership of the Pastor Everaldo Pereira, a national leader of Assemblies of God in Brazil, over the party. Despite this, the party does not have any affiliation with any church and many of the officials elected by the party, like the incumbents Governor and Vice Governor of Rio de Janeiri Wilson Witzel and Claudio Castro being practising catholics, with the latter being a well-know catholic music singer and activist.

The party is a vocal supporter of social conservatism, harsh opposing Abortion, LGBT rights, gender theory and legalization of marijuana. On economics, the party is more moderate, supporting a free-market system with privatization of many of the brazilian government-owned companies like Petrobrás with an extensive social safety net.

The party adopted a Hard-line stance against organized crime and drug trafficking in the governorship of Rio de Janeiro. Under Witzel's government, the number of police operations substantially grows, as the death of civilians and criminals in combats. Conversely, the number of the members of police which have deceased in combat has been fallen since the first day of Witzel's governorship, together with the number of manslaughteres, shots and robberies in the state of Rio de Janeiro, which numbers are in decay since the beginning of mandate. Nevertheless, Witzel has been criticized by the high number of civilian victims of the confrontational politics which he implemented, which includes poor children and elders.

Electoral resultsEdit

At the legislative elections of 6 October 2002, the party won 1 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. At the legislative elections of October 1, 2006, the party won 9 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. At the legislative elections of October 3, 2010, the party won 17 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 1 seat in the Senate. At the legislative elections of October 5, 2014, the party won 13 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 1 seat in the Senate. At the legislative elections of October 7, 2014, the party won 9 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 1 seat in the Senate.

Presidential electionsEdit

Year Candidate Votes %
1989 No candidate, endorsed Fernando Collor de Mello n/a n/a
1994 Hernani Fortuna 238,257 0.40%
1998 Sergio Bueno 124,546 0.20%
2002 No candidate, endorsed Anthony Garotinho n/a n/a
2010 No candidate, endorsed Dilma Rousseff n/a n/a
2014 Pastor Everaldo 780,513 0.75%
2018 No candidate, endorsed Álvaro Dias n/a n/a

ReferencesEdit

 
Pastor Everaldo Pereira (left)
  1. ^ https://www.estudopratico.com.br/conheca-a-historia-do-partido-social-cristao-psc/
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-28. Retrieved 2016-07-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (in portuguese)
  3. ^ http://inter04.tse.jus.br/ords/dwtse/f?p=2001:104:::NO::: (in portuguese)
  4. ^ "Missão e Valores".
  5. ^ "Qual é a ideologia de cada partido brasileiro?".
  6. ^ "A força dos evangélicos".
  7. ^ https://www.bemparana.com.br/noticia/popstar-vice-vira-primeiro-assessor-de-witzel#.XZPVLHFv-M8
  8. ^ "Conheça a história do Partido Social Cristão (PSC)".
  9. ^ "PT supera MDB e governará quatro estados; veja quem são os eleitos". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  10. ^ "Saiba como eram e como ficaram as bancadas no Senado, partido a partido". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  11. ^ "Saiba como eram e como ficaram as bancadas na Câmara dos Deputados, partido a partido". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  12. ^ "PSL multiplica por 4 número de deputados nas Assembleias; MDB é o que mais perde". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  13. ^ "Conheça a história do Partido Social Cristão (PSC)". Estudo Prático (in Portuguese). 2015-10-28. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  14. ^ Brasil, CPDOC-Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação História Contemporânea do. "PARTIDO SOCIAL CRISTAO (PSC)". CPDOC - Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  15. ^ "Deputado Jair Bolsonaro deixa o PSC e se filia ao PSL". pleno.news (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-01-13.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
19 - PODE
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
20 - SCP (PSC)
Succeeded by
21 - BCP (PCB)