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Silang, officially the Municipality of Silang, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Silang), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 248,085 people.
|Municipality of Silang|
Food Bastion for Metro Manila
Map of Cavite with Silang highlighted
|Region||Calabarzon (Region IV-A)|
|Barangays||64 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Socorro Rosario Poblete|
|• Vice Mayor||Aidel Paul G. Belamide|
|• Congressman||Dahlia A. Loyola|
|• Electorate||118,959 voters (2016)|
|• Total||209.43 km2 (80.86 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)46|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||530.4 million (2016)|
With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of the Manila's conurbation which spans southward toward Lipa City.
The municipality of Silang is 43 kilometres (27 mi) south of Manila. General Trias, Dasmariñas and General Mariano Alvarez (GMA) bound it on the north and on the west by Amadeo, Tagaytay on the south. Silang is noted for its relatively cool and invigorating climate.
- Barangay Celia
- Anahaw 1 (disputed from GMA)
- Anahaw 2 (disputed from GMA)
- Balite 1
- Balite 2
- Banaba (disputed from GMA)
- Sitio Ilang-Ilang
- Sitio Kasuyan
- Biga 1
- Biga 2
- Bulihan (disputed from GMA)
- Ipil 1 (disputed from GMA)
- Ipil 2 (disputed from GMA)
- Lalaan I
- Lalaan II
- Sitio Lingat
- Sitio Balayunan
- Sitio Maynilaan
- Malaking Tatiao
- Mataas Na Burol
- Munting Ilog
- Narra 1 (disputed from GMA)
- Narra 2 (disputed from GMA)
- Narra 3 (disputed from GMA)
- Pasong Langka
- Poblacion Barangay 1
- Poblacion Barangay 2
- Poblacion Barangay 3
- Poblacion Barangay 4
- Poblacion Barangay 5
- Pooc 1
- Pooc 2
- Pulong Bunga
- Pulong Saging
- Puting Kahoy
- San Miguel 1
- San Miguel 2
- San Vicente 1
- San Vicente 2
- Tubuan 1
- Tubuan 2
- Tubuan 3
- Yakal (disputed from GMA)
The name Silang was derived from the Tagalog word silanganan meaning "eastern", because the town is seated at the eastern portion of Cavite. A legend claims that it was coined from the Tagalog word isinilang or "given birth to", referring to the sudden and unusual emergence of the parish church. It may also refer to the new emergence of the land from the eruption of Taal Volcano on May 15, 1754. Whereas, three barangays of Silang are called Tubuan I, II & III.
The traditional origins of the town are attributed to ten Bornean datus who sailed northward on board balangays and ended in Silang through Taal Lake. Its first settlers were Gat Hingiw, his wife Gat Kaliwanag, and their seven children, who later moved to different parts of the town and established their respective barangays. Gat Pandan stayed in the original community and developed the area.
Spanish colonial era
During the start of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, tracts of land were given by the King of Spain to the conquistadores and their descendants, who collected tributes from the people residing in their acquired lands. Silang originally belonged to the encomienda (land grant) of Diego Jorge de Villalobos; his claim extended to what is today the towns of Carmona, Amadeo, Indang, Alfonso, General Trias, and Tanza.
The Silang encomienda was later purchased from King Ferdinand VI of Spain for 2,000 pesetas on March 9, 1746 to prevent it from becoming a "friar land" like the other towns of Cavite, executed through the representation of Bernabe Javier Manahan and Gervacio dela Cruz.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Silang, Cavite, was 248,085 people, with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile.
The majority of the people in Silang are adherents of the Christian Faith, composed of Roman Catholics, Protestants, and members of independent Christian groups. Majority of the Christian population is composed of Roman Catholics.
With the influx of migrants from other provinces, other non-Christian faiths, particularly Islam, is practiced in the town.
Silang, like most of the towns in the province of Cavite, depends on a mainly agricultural economy. The primary crops grown in the area are coconut, coffee, corn, banana, pineapple, and tree crops like mango, lansones, caimito, santol, jackfruit, guava, and avocado. Fertile soils and abundant water sources make Silang suitable not only for common commercial crops but also for high value and exotic crops production. Most of the local farmers practice intercropping to increase land productivity and lessen soil erosion. Fruit production exceeds the demand of the municipality's population, thus, supply excesses are marketed to Metro Manila and neighboring urban centers. A number of poultry and swine farms are also located in some rural barangays.
Manufacturing and trade are Silang’s other major sources of income. Trade and investments grew tremendously with the influx of both Manila-based and foreign investors. Total investments were estimated at P2.5 billion between 1996 and 2004, which helped bring about the employment of 3,000 people. Despite the slow down of progress in 2004, Land Value still soared, allowing investors to infiltrate and start business. The investment trend resulted in the increase in the price of prime realty from P3,000 to P15,000 per square meter and from P150 to P500 per square meter for raw lots in interior barangays. Trade establishments in Silang include gasoline stations, convenience stores, lumber/hardware traders, groceries, resorts, and hotels.
The dry goods section of the Silang Public Market can now accommodate 228 stalls.
Silang houses the Maguyam Industrial Complex and the Daichi Industrial Complex in addition to a total of ten factories operating outside the export processing zone.
Silang can be reached by bus, or by jeepney. Coming from Manila, it will take 2 hours to reach the town proper. Silang is accessible by land transportation. Major road networks to and from Laguna and Batangas traverse it making the town a potential trading center for agricultural products while enjoying an environment that is free of traffic and pollution problems. Commuters are assured of smooth travel within the borders of the municipality with of its good road networks of approximately 187.83 km. Six major road projects were completed in 1996. These are the Bulihan Resettlement Area Road, the 8-km Kaong-Maguyam Road, the Caramanzana Drive connecting the Silang Public Market with Aguinaldo Highway, the 2-km Sabutan-Iba Road, the DPWH funded Sta. Rosa-Silang-Tagaytay Road, and the Malabag Road
- Mayor: Emilia Lourdes "Omil" F. Poblete
- Vice Mayor: Belamide, Aidel Paul Garcia
- Sangguniang Bayan Members:
- Doneza, Ronilo Aracacap
- Amutan, Ferdinand Cabrera
- Toledo, Mark Anthony Alcaraz
- Batingal, Luis Jr. V.
- Patawe, Nestor Vicente
- De Jesus, Luciano Jr. Palmero
- Tolentino, Allan Amon
- Poblete, Nolasco C.
- LNB President: Ortega, Domingo
List of former executives
Gobernadorcillo (Leader of 'pueblo' or bayan during Spanish Era):
- Don Teodoro de Leon 1850–1852
- Anastacio Medina 1852–1858
- Codrato Mercado 1858–1872
- Severino Belarmino 1872
- Ancelmo Belardo 1875
- Julio Medina 1877–1878
- Lazaro Kiamzon 1879–1880
- Ignacio Ambalada 1881
- Angel Belardo 1881–1882
- Ignacio Ambalada (new term) 1883–1884
- Benito Gonzales 1884
- Vito Belarmino 1885–1886
- Lazaro Kiamzon (new term) 1887
- Benito Gonzales 1887–1888
- Gaspar Medina 1889–1890
- Marcelo Madlansacay 1891–1892
As the effect of the Maura Law in 1893, the tribunal del pueblo was changed to tribunal municipal and leaders of municipalities were called Capitan Municipal:
- Victor Belardo 1893–1894
- Nicolas Montoya 1895–1896
- Martin Medina 1896
- Isidoro Montoya 1896–1897
- Marcelo Madlansacay (former gobernadorcillo) 1897
- Vicente Poblete 1897–1898
- Jose Kiamzon 1898–1901
During the American Period, the 2nd commission passed the Municipal Code (Act No. 82) that created Municipalities. The leaders were called Presidente Municipal: First Elections were held 1903. (Silang Historical Society)
- Isaias Benjamin (appointed) 1901–1903
- Nicolas Madlansacay (elected) 1903–1904
- Primo Villanueva 1905–1906
- Pedro Laviña 1907–1908
- Isaias Benjamin (new term) 1909–1912
- Jose Kiamzon (former Capitan Municipal) 1912–1916
- Victor Kiamzon 1916–1919
- Epifanio Montoya 1919–1922
- Victor Kiamzon 1922–1925
- Venancio Toledo 1926–1931
- Victor Kiamzon 1931–1934
- Martin Torres – Feb–Aug 1934
- Jose Kiamzon 1934–1937
- Martin Torres 1937–1940
- Miguel Kiamzon 1940–1943
- Dominador Kiamzon 1943–1945
- Martin Torres 1946–1948
- Mariano Belen 1949–1953
- Zacarias Batingal – January–October 1954
- Martin Torres 1954–1955
- Zacarias Batingal March 1955
- Martin Torres April–October 1955
- Pedro Caragao Nov–December 1955
- Enrique Asuncion 1956–1971
- Edgardo Mercado 1972–1986
- Clarito Amabalada Poblete 1986–1995
- Ruben Montoya Madlansacay 1995–2004
- Clarito Ambalada Poblete (2nd term) 2004–2013
- Emilia Lourdes Fule Poblete 2013–Present
Public high schools:
- Kaong National High School
- Lumil National High School
- General Vito L. Belarmino National High School
- Malabag National High School
- Munting Ilog National High School – Main
- Bulihan National High School
- Emilia Ambalada Poblete National High School (Formerly: Munting Ilog National High School- Silang West Annex)
- New Life Christian School of Cavite
- Cavite Institute
- La Belle Montessori School
- AIIAS Academy
- Lora Carnig School of All Nations
- Little Heirs Academy
- Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary Academe of Cavite
- Westridge Academy
- St.Scholastica's College-Westgrove
- Our Lady Of Peace Academy Of Cavite
- Mission and Vision Reformed Christian Academy
- Biga Achievers' Learning Institute
- Infant Jesus Academy of Silang
- Living Lamp Academy
- Imperial Learning Center
- Taguig City University
- Father Michael Donoher Memorial School
- The Sisters of Mary School – Boystown (Adlas Campus)
- The Sisters of Mary School – Girlstown (Biga Campus)
- Father Michael Donoher Memorial School
- Rogationist College
- Sacred Heart Villa School
- St. Scholastica's College – Westgrove
- Infant Jesus Academy of Silang
- Risen Christ Catholic School
- Paraclete Foundation Community School
Colleges, state colleges and universities:
- Sisters of Mary Technical Education Institute Cavite Inc.
- Adventist University of the Philippines
- Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies
- Imus Computer College (ICC) – Silang Branch
- Cavite State University (Silang satellite campus)
- Far Eastern University (Silang satellite campus)
- Philippine Missionary Institute
- Unida Biblical Seminary
- Rogationist College
- PNPA (Public Safety College)
- St. Benilde Montessori College
- Saint Paul Seminary
- Our Lady of La Salette Seminary
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Silang Archived 2016-12-24 at the Wayback Machine – National Statistical Coordination Board
- "History of Silang". Museo de Silan. Retrieved on 2013-06-18.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- User, Super. "Silang". DILG CALABARZON.