General Trias ([hɛnɛˈɾal ˈtɾias]), officially the City of General Trias[5] (Filipino: Lungsod ng General Trias), formerly known as San Francisco de Malabon is a 1st class component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 450,583 people.[3]

General Trias
San Francisco de Malabon
City of General Trias
(From top, left to right: Aerial view showing gated communities, St. Francis of Assisi Parish, Gen. Mariano Trias Monument, City Hall, City Park)
Official seal of General Trias
Map of Cavite with General Trias highlighted
Map of Cavite with General Trias highlighted
General Trias is located in Philippines
General Trias
General Trias
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°23′N 120°53′E / 14.38°N 120.88°E / 14.38; 120.88
District 6th district
FoundedDecember 12, 1748
RenamedFebruary 28, 1914 (as Malabon)
February 24, 1920 (as General Trias)
CityhoodDecember 13, 2015
Named forMariano Trías
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLuis A. Ferrer IV
 • Vice MayorJonas Glyn P. Labuguen
 • RepresentativeAntonio A. Ferrer
 • City Council
 • Electorate193,284 voters (2022)
 • Total90.01 km2 (34.75 sq mi)
53 m (174 ft)
Highest elevation
426 m (1,398 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total450,583
 • Density5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2021)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 2,149 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 4,395 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 1,671 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 487.7 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
 • WaterGeneral Trias Water Corporation (GTWC)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)46
Native languagesTagalog
Major religions
Feast dateOctober 4
Catholic dioceseDiocese of Imus
Patron saintSaint Francis of Assisi



During the earlier part of the Spanish colonial period, General Trias was often referred to as Las Estancias (the ranches), which was once a part of Cavite el Viejo, the present-day Kawit. It was also called Malabón Grande. The name Malabón is derived from Tagalog, meaning "having many silt deposits".[6]

The first reference seems to be more probable because General Mariano Trías, a noted writer, adopted the nom de guerre "Labong," a word he often used in his writing and conversation. Grande, on the other hand, was affixed to the appellation because at the time, the place was a vast wilderness covering Sitio Tejero, frequently called by the revolutionary as Salinas (present-day Rosario), Santa Cruz de Malabon or Malabon el Chico (present-day Tanza) and Tierra Alta (present-day Noveleta). When the town was made independent from Cavite el Viejo, it was finally called by its popular name San Francisco de Malabon, in honor of patron saint, Saint Francis of Assisi.


The site of the now demolished friar estate house in then San Francisco de Malabon where the Tejeros Convention was held on March 22, 1897.
The Diego Mojica historical marker

First Cry of Cavite


The first uprising in Cavite known as the "First Cry of Cavite" occurred in San Francisco de Malabon[7] about ten o’clock in the morning of August 31, 1896, when the town tribunal was attacked by Filipino revolutionaries led by Mariano Trías, Diego Mojica and Nicolas Portilla in Pasong Kalabaw (now known as Santa Clara).[8] The second incident followed at twelve noon at Tierra Alta and the third in Cavite el Viejo between two and three o’clock in the afternoon.

Tejeros Convention


A town chapter of the Katipunan known as Balangay Mapagtiis had already been in existence in the place for sometime. The Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang headed by Gen. Mariano Álvarez of Tierra Alta and the Sangguniang Bayang Mapagtiis of San Francisco de Malabon later merged under the name Magdiwang Council with Álvarez as president. The Magdiwang Council hosted the Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897, in a friar estate house in Sitio Tejero (now part of Rosario) wherein Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected president and Mariano Trías, then lieutenant general, as vice-president in a revolutionary government replacing the Katipunan.

American occupation


On October 15, 1903, Act No. 947 was approved by the Philippine Commission, merging the adjacent town of Santa Cruz de Malabon (present-day Tanza) with San Francisco de Malabon, with the latter designated as the municipal seat.[9] In 1909, a resolution was passed by the San Francisco de Malabon municipal council to separate Santa Cruz de Malabon to become an independent municipality of its own; it took effect in 1910.[10]

On February 28, 1914, Act No. 2390 was passed by the Philippine Assembly, changing the town's name to Malabon.[11] On February 24, 1920, Act No. 2889 was approved, renaming the town after General Mariano Trías, who passed away six years earlier.[12][13]



On August 19, 2015, President Benigno Aquino III signed Republic Act No. 10675 which converted the municipality of General Trias into a component city of Cavite.[14] The bill finally came into full effect after majority of the city's residents voted yes to cityhood through a plebiscite.[15] General Trias thus became the seventh city in the province and the 145th in the country.

Lone District of General Trias


On September 14, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11069,[16] reapportioning the province of Cavite into eight legislative districts to make General Trias the province's sixth legislative district.



General Trias is an inland city of Cavite located 33 kilometres (21 mi) southwest of Manila and 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Imus. It straddles the northeastern part of the province. The city is surrounded by the municipalities of Rosario and Noveleta in the north, by Tanza and Trece Martires in the west, by Amadeo in the south, Silang in the southeast, and the cities of Dasmariñas and Imus to the east.[17] General Trias has a total land area of 81.46 square kilometers (31.45 sq mi).[18]



Unlike the tropical weather of its lowlands and lower highlands, the upland villages of Panungyanan and Javalera enjoy tropical highland weather due to their nearness to Tagaytay and Amadeo, which is south of the city.

Climate data for General Trias, Cavite
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
Average rainy days 5.2 4.5 6.4 9.2 19.7 24.3 26.9 25.7 24.4 21.0 12.9 9.1 189.3
Source: Meteoblue[19]


Map showing the constituent barangays of General Trias.

General Trias is politically subdivided into 33 barangays:[18][20] Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

  • Alingaro
  • Arnaldo
  • Bacao I
  • Bacao II
  • Bagumbayan
  • Biclatan
  • Buenavista I
  • Buenavista II
  • Buenavista III
  • Corregidor
  • Dulongbayan
  • Governor Ferrer
  • Javalera
  • Manggahan
  • Navarro
  • Panungyanan
  • Pasong Camachile I
  • Pasong Camachile II
  • Pasong Kawayan I
  • Pasong Kawayan II
  • Pinagtipunan
  • Prinza
  • Sampalucan
  • Santiago
  • San Francisco
  • San Gabriel
  • San Juan I (Poblacion)
  • San Juan II
  • Santa Clara
  • Tapia
  • Tejero
  • Vibora
  • 1896th (Poblacion)


Population census of General Trias
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,515—    
1918 9,672+0.11%
1939 16,611+2.61%
1948 15,963−0.44%
1960 21,618+2.56%
1970 29,635+3.20%
1975 34,807+3.28%
1980 39,745+2.69%
1990 52,888+2.90%
1995 66,837+4.48%
2000 107,691+10.77%
2007 218,387+10.24%
2010 243,322+4.01%
2015 314,303+5.00%
2020 450,583+7.34%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[21][22][23][24]

In the 2020 census, the population of General Trias, Cavite, was 450,583 people,[3] with a density of 5,500 inhabitants per square kilometer or 14,000 inhabitants per square mile.



A vast majority of inhabitants are Roman Catholics while Protestanism is the second largest denomination in the city and some migrants from Mindanao practicing Islam.



Filipino, English are the most used language.



Local government

City of General Trias
Luis IV "Jon-Jon" Ferrer (NUP)
Vice Mayor
Jonas Glyn P. Labuguen (NUP)
Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
Jesse Raphael R. Grepo Isagani L. Culanding
Felix A. Grepo Jowie S. Carampot
Clarissel Campaña-Moral Kristine Jane P. Barison
Kyle Jassel J. Salazar Vivencio Q. Lozares Jr.
J-M Vergel M. Columna Richard R. Parin

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act No. 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[25] the city government is to be composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Panlungsod alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.



As with every Philippine city, the city mayor serves as General Trias' chief executive. Elected to a term of three years and limited to three consecutive terms, the mayor appoints the directors of each city department, which include the office of administration, engineering office, information office, legal office, and treasury office. The current mayor is Luis Ferrer IV.

The city's vice mayor performs duties as acting mayor in the absence of the mayor. The vice mayor automatically succeeds as mayor upon the death of the incumbent, or if the mayor is unable to fulfil their duties. The vice mayor also convenes the Sangguniang Panlungsod, the city's legislative body. The current vice mayor is Jonas Glyn Labuguen.



Within the city, the City Board or Sangguniang Panlungsod crafts all city ordinances, performs appropriation of city funds, issues franchises and permits, impose fees on city services, and exercise other duties and powers as stipulated by the Local Government Code of 1991.

Under R.A. 10675 Article V Section 10 (a). General Trias is entitled to a City Board composed of 10 members.[26]


General Trias Public Market

Poverty incidence of General Trias


Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34]

Industrial estates

Gateway Business Park

General Trias has been gradually undergoing industrialization since the turn of the 21st century. Several major industrial estates, such as Gateway Business Park, a world class business community in Javalera and the New Cavite Industrial City (NCIC) in Manggahan, have chosen General Trias to be their home base.

The Cavite Export Processing Zone (CEPZ) occupies about 0.60 square kilometers (0.23 sq mi) of land belonging to General Trias. 110 factories operate in the CEPZ. The others are the Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase I) in Buenavista II and Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase II) in Panungyanan while the rest are found at Barangay Manggahan, Barangay San Francisco and along Governor's Drive.

Private subdivisions


General Trias is considered one of the new frontiers of growth and development in the Calabarzon area as attested by the giant industrial subdivisions located in the city. Many of these are in the highland barangay of Manggahan, located along Governor's Drive, the barangays of San Francisco, Santiago on the Arnaldo Highway, and barangay Pasong Camachille II on Open Canal Road.

Township Developments


From small private subdivisions, General Trias has been a leading destination for large scale township developments in recent years. To date, a total of 5 townships under construction and development in the city namely:

  • The 140 hectare Maple Grove, situated on Brgys. Bacao 1 and 2, San Juan II, and Tejero.
  • The 2500 hectare Lancaster New City, covering the Brgys. of Navarro, Bacao 1, Pasong Camchille 1 & 2, Pasong Kawayan 1, Santiago, Sta. Clara, Tapia.
  • The 300 hectare Riverpark North, on Brgys. Pasong Camchille 1 & 2. and
  • The 300 hectare Riverpark South, on Brgys. Pasong Kawayan 1 & 2 and Santiago.
  • The 200 hectare Allegria, located in Brgy. San Francisco.

These townships helps generate jobs and contribute with General Trias' Tax Revenues to be one of the highest in the Province of Cavite.

Leisure and shopping malls

Robinsons Place General Trias in 2018

Located at the Tejero intersection and opened in May 2016, the 55,000-square-meter (590,000 sq ft) Robinsons Place General Trias (now Robinsons General Trias) is Robinson's fourth shopping mall in the province and the first full-scale mall in General Trias.[35][36][37]

On the southern part of the city, lies one of the biggest Golf and Country residential estate Eagle Ridge Golf and Country Club. It covers about 700 hectares (1,700 acres), which makes it one of the largest residential estate in the Country. The Golf & Country Club, which is one of the component of Eagle Ridge development, is nearing its completion with three playable golf courses and two operational satellite clubhouses.

The 300-hectare (740-acre) Eagle Ridge Residential expanse features a very upscale housing community, the integral component of the project will make up the whole concept of Eagle Ridge as a golf and residential site.

Since the fourth quarter of 2017, a number of shopping malls and areas are currently being built, including Vista Mall General Trias.



General Trias celebrates its Valenciana Festival every year.[38] Valenciana, a variation of the Valencian paella, was first popularized in General Trias and became part of their culture.



Local government projects

General Trias Convention/Cultural Center

The master plan for General Trias is to achieve an agro-industrial and residential balance. The City of General Trias already have its recreational amenities like a Convention/Cultural Center, Sports Center, Sports Park w/ Grandstand (popular called Track 'n field), and a City Park at Barangay San Juan 2. Since its cityhood numerous renovations of public infrastructure are underway including the building of General Trias City Hall-Manggahan Annex and the takeover of the General Trias Medicare Hospital run by the provincial government [39] converted into the City of General Trias Medicare Hospital run by the city government.[40] The road-widening activities conducted to fill the increasing number of vehicles that passed through its roads especially in Arnaldo Highway, Governor Ferrer Drive, Crisanto M. De Los Reyes Avenue, and Governor's Drive. It also invested on making Diversion Roads to ease traffic congestion problem and provides an easy and better access of transportation to its constituents who live in remote areas of the city like the road connecting Governor Ferrer Drive of Barangay Buenavista 1 to Arnaldo Highway of Barangay Santiago (Mayor's Drive).


Jeepneys plying Governor's Drive in Barangay Manggahan

General Trias would soon be more accessible with the C-6 Expressway's construction connecting North and South Luzon and the Cavite–Laguna Expressway's development connecting CAVITEX to SLEX. The expansion of the LRT Line 6 from Bacoor to Dasmariñas would also provide fast access from General Trias to Metro Manila.



Several hospitals, both private and government-owned, have also sprouted throughout General Trias ranging from government health centers to private clinics to complete hospitals. GenTri Medical Center and Hospital Inc. and Gentri Doctors Medical Center to name a few are among the biggest hospitals in the entire province of Cavite.


Gen. Artemio Ricarte Elementary School, located in the city proper

General Trias is home to several educational institutions, notably Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite campus,[41] Cavite State University-General Trias campus, which was established in 2012, and the AMA Computer University located inside Ara Vista Village in Barangay Biclatan. Also in General Trias there are several private and public elementary and high schools which is supervised by its own DepEd City School Division.[42]

Notable personalities


Sister cities


See also



  1. ^ City of General Trias | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. April 2, 2024. Retrieved April 28, 2024.
  5. ^ "History « Official Website of General Trias :: Province of Cavite". Retrieved November 7, 2022.
  6. ^ Lesho, Marivic; Sippola, Eeva (2018). "Toponyms in Manila and Cavite, Philippines". Vergleichende Kolonialtoponomastik Strukturen und Funktionen kolonialer Ortsbenennung. De Gruyter. pp. 317–332. ISBN 9783110608618.
  7. ^ "Cavite town marks 262nd anniversary - Yahoo! News Philippines". Yahoo!. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  8. ^ "Heritage Town: General Trias, Cavite". LegendHarry. February 11, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
  9. ^ Act No. 947 (October 15, 1903), An Act Reducing the Twenty-Three Municipalities of the Province of Cavite to Eleven, retrieved June 17, 2023
  10. ^ "History". Tanza. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
  11. ^ Act No. 2390 (February 28, 1914), An Act Changing the names of the municipalities of Santo Niño and Mawanan, Province of Cagayan; San Isidro Labrador and San Isidro de Potot, Province of Pangasinan; San Francisco de Malabon and Santa Cruz de Malabon, Province of Cavite; Nagpartian and San Miguel, Province of Ilocos Norte; Langaran, Province of Misamis; San Pedro Tunasan, Province of Laguna; Cabagan Nuevo, Province of Isabela; Nueva Caceres, Province of Ambos Camarines; San Pedro Macati, Province of Rizal; San Juan de Bocboc, Province of Batangas; San Juan, Province of Nueva Ecija; township of Barrit - Luluno, Province of Ilocos Sur, and of the Barrios of Tublijon and Gibigaan, Municipality of Sorsogon, Province of Sorsogon, retrieved May 1, 2022
  12. ^ "Gen. Trias City pays tribute to local hero". Retrieved February 24, 2021.
  13. ^ Act No. 2889 (February 24, 1920), An Act Changing The Name of the Municipality of Malabon, Province of Cavite, to General Trias, and for Other Purposes, retrieved February 24, 2021
  14. ^ Republic Act No. 10675 (August 19, 2015), "An Act Converting the Municipality of General Trias in the Province of Cavite Into a Component City to Be Known as the City of General Trias", Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines
  15. ^ "General Trias in Cavite now a city". Rappler. December 13, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  16. ^ Republic Act No. 11069 (July 23, 2018), "Amending Section 1 of Republic Act No. 9727, Reapportioning the province of Cavite into eight (8) legislative districts", Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines
  17. ^ "Geography: Municipality of General Trias". Trece Martires City: The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  19. ^ "General Trias: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  20. ^ "Component Barangays". General Trias, Cavite: The Municipality of General Trias Official Website. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
  21. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  22. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  23. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  25. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  26. ^ "Republic Act No. 10675 | GOVPH". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. August 19, 2015.
  27. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  28. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  29. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  30. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  31. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  32. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  33. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  34. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. April 2, 2024. Retrieved April 28, 2024.
  35. ^ "Robinson Place General Trias: Cavite's newest shopping & lifestyle destination opens". Manila Bulletin. May 31, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  36. ^ "Time to celebrate homegrown tastes at Robinsons General Trias". Manila Bulletin. June 5, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  37. ^ Austria, Jenniffer (October 22, 2015). "Robinsons bullish, plans 10 new malls -". The Standard. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  38. ^ "Cavite celebrates 3rd Valenciana Festival". Tempo. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  39. ^ "Turnover ng GenTri Medicare Hospital, aprubado na. « Official Website of General Trias :: Province of Cavite".
  40. ^ "Gen. Trias inaugurates P63M 1st public hospital". The Manila Times. December 22, 2019.
  41. ^ "Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite (Course Offerings and Contact Information)". WowCavite. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  42. ^ "Division of General Trias City".
  43. ^ "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country)". Clair Singapore. Archived from the original on October 23, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2017.