General Trias

General Trias, officially known as the City of General Trias (Tagalog: Lungsod ng General Trias), is a 1st class component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 450,583 people. [3]

General Trias
City of General Trias
Camella Homes Tierra Nevada General Trias Cavite Aerial Photo.jpg
2560General Trias City Cavite Barangays Landmarks 46.jpg
8203General Trias Dasmariñas City Road 23.jpg
GeneralTrias,Cavitejf2960 14.JPG
GeneralTrias,Cavitejf2889 05.JPG
(From top, left to right) Aerial view of General Trias City showing one of its gated communities, Welcome arch, General Trias City Hall, Gen. Mariano Trias Monument, and St. Francis of Assisi Parish
Official seal of General Trias
Nickname(s): 
Gentri
Map of Cavite with General Trias highlighted
Map of Cavite with General Trias highlighted
OpenStreetMap
General Trias is located in Philippines
General Trias
General Trias
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°23′N 120°53′E / 14.38°N 120.88°E / 14.38; 120.88Coordinates: 14°23′N 120°53′E / 14.38°N 120.88°E / 14.38; 120.88
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceCavite
District 6th district
FoundedDecember 12, 1748
Renamed1914 (as Malabon)
1920 (as General Trias)
CityhoodDecember 13, 2015
Named forMariano Trías
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLuis A. Ferrer IV
 • Vice MayorJonas Porto Labuguen
 • RepresentativeAntonio A. Ferrer
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate169,045 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total81.46 km2 (31.45 sq mi)
Elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Highest elevation
426 m (1,398 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total450,583
 • Density5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Households
76,687
Demonym(s)Gentriseño
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence3.75% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱2,148,973,453.77 (2020)
 • Assets₱4,395,181,126.21 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱1,671,225,347.09 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱487,693,024.34 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4107
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)46
Native languagesTagalog
Major religions
Feast dateOctober 4
Catholic dioceseDiocese of Imus
Patron saintSaint Francis of Assisi
Websitegeneraltrias.gov.ph

EtymologyEdit

During the earlier part of the Spanish colonial period, General Trias was often referred to as Las Estancias (the ranches), which was once a part of Cavite el Viejo, the present-day Kawit. It was also called Malabón Grande. The name Malabón was speculated to have been derived from either the local term "maraming labong," due to the abundance of bamboo shoots in the area, which is a main ingredient in Filipino cuisine; or from "mayabong," referring to the trees and other plants once abundant in the place.

At any rate, the first reference seems to be more probable because General Mariano Trías, a noted writer, adopted the nom de guerre "Labong," a word he often used in his writing and conversation. Grande, on the other hand, was affixed to the appellation because at the time, the place was a vast wilderness covering Sitio Tejero, frequently called by the revolutionary as Salinas (present-day Rosario), Santa Cruz de Malabón or Malabón el Chico (present-day Tanza) and Tierra Alta (present-day Noveleta). When the town was made independent from Cavite el Viejo, it was finally called by its popular name San Francisco de Malabón, in honor of patron saint, Saint Francis of Assisi.

HistoryEdit

 
The old friar estate house in General Trias where the Tejeros Convention was held on March 22, 1897.
 
The Diego Mojica historical marker

First Cry of CaviteEdit

The first uprising in Cavite known as the "First Cry of Cavite" occurred in San Francisco de Malabón[5] about ten o’clock in the morning of August 31, 1896, when the town tribunal was attacked by Filipino revolutionaries led by Mariano Trías, Diego Mojica and Nicolas Portilla in Pasong Kalabaw (now known as Santa Clara).[6] The second incident followed at twelve noon at Tierra Alta and the third in Cavite el Viejo between two and three o’clock in the afternoon.

Tejeros ConventionEdit

A chapter of the Katipunan known as Balangay Mapagtiis had already been in existence in the place for sometime. The Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang headed by General Mariano Álvarez of Tierra Alta and the Sangguniang Bayang Mapagtiis of San Francisco de Malabón later merged under the name Magdiwang Council with General Alvarez as president. The Magdiwang Council hosted the Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897 in a friar estate house in Sitio Tejero wherein Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected president and Mariano Trías, then lieutenant general, as vice-president in a revolutionary government replacing the Katipunan.

RenamingEdit

On February 28, 1914, Act No. 2390 was passed by the Philippine Assembly, changing the town's name to Malabón.[7] On February 24, 1920, Act No. 2889 was approved, renaming the town after General Mariano Trías.[8][9]

CityhoodEdit

On August 19, 2015, President Benigno S. Aquino III signed Republic Act No. 10675 which converted the municipality of General Trias into a component city of Cavite.[10] The bill finally came into full effect after majority of the city's residents voted yes to cityhood through a plebiscite.[11] General Trias thus became the seventh city in the province and the 145th in the country.

Lone District of General TriasEdit

On September 14, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11069,[12] reapportioning the province of Cavite into eight legislative districts to make General Trias the province's sixth legislative district.

GeographyEdit

General Trias is an inland city of Cavite located 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Manila. It straddles the northeastern part of the province. The city is surrounded by the municipalities of Rosario and Noveleta in the north, by Tanza and Trece Martires in the west, by Amadeo in the south, Silang in the southeast, and the cities of Dasmariñas and Imus to the east.[13] General Trias has a total land area of 81.46 square kilometers (31.45 sq mi).[14]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for General Trias City, Cavite
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
10
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
27
(1.1)
94
(3.7)
153
(6.0)
206
(8.1)
190
(7.5)
179
(7.0)
120
(4.7)
54
(2.1)
39
(1.5)
1,094
(43)
Average rainy days 5.2 4.5 6.4 9.2 19.7 24.3 26.9 25.7 24.4 21.0 12.9 9.1 189.3
Source: Meteoblue [15]

BarangaysEdit

General Trias is politically subdivided into 33 barangays:[14][16]

  • Alingaro
  • Arnaldo
  • Bacao I
  • Bacao II
  • Bagumbayan
  • Biclatan
  • Buenavista I
  • Buenavista II
  • Buenavista III
  • Corregidor
  • Dulongbayan
  • Governor Ferrer
  • Javalera
  • Manggahan
  • Navarro
  • Panungyanan
  • Pasong Camachile I
  • Pasong Camachile II
  • Pasong Kawayan I
  • Pasong Kawayan II
  • Pinagtipunan
  • Prinza
  • Sampalucan
  • Santiago
  • San Francisco
  • San Gabriel
  • San Juan I (Poblacion)
  • San Juan II
  • Santa Clara
  • Tapia
  • Tejero
  • Vibora
  • 1896th (Poblacion)

DemographicsEdit

Population census of General Trias
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,515—    
1918 9,672+0.11%
1939 16,611+2.61%
1948 15,963−0.44%
1960 21,618+2.56%
1970 29,635+3.20%
1975 34,807+3.28%
1980 39,745+2.69%
1990 52,888+2.90%
1995 66,837+4.48%
2000 107,691+10.77%
2007 218,387+10.24%
2010 243,322+4.01%
2015 314,303+5.00%
2020 450,583+7.34%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[17][18][19][20]
 
1611 Saint Francis of Assisi Parish Church of General Trias

In the 2020 census, the population of General Trias, Cavite, was 450,583 people, [3] with a density of 5,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 14,000 inhabitants per square mile.

ReligionEdit

A vast majority of inhabitants are Roman Catholics while Protestanism is the second largest denomination in the city and some migrants from Mindanao practicing Islam.

LanguageEdit

General Trias is one of the Hispanic cities in the Philippines because of these Spanish speakers are present in the city. Filipino, English and Spanish are the most used language in the area specially in Buenavista (also known as Camaren) because this has been the hide out of the Spaniards during the colonial period.

EconomyEdit


GovernmentEdit

 
General Trias City Hall
City of General Trias
(2019–2022)
Mayor
Antonio Ferrer (NUP)
Vice Mayor
Maurito Sison (NUP)
Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
Jonas Labuguen Gary Grepo
Raymond Torres Jowie Carampot
Kristine Jane Perdito Major Gani Culanding
Jay Columna Tey Martinez
Florencio Ayos Vivencio Q. Lozares Jr.

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act No. 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[28] the city government is to be composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Panlungsod alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

ExecutiveEdit

As with every Philippine city, the city mayor serves as General Trias' chief executive. Elected to a term of three years and limited to three consecutive terms, he or she appoints the directors of each city department, which include the office of administration, engineering office, information office, legal office, and treasury office. The current mayor is Antonio Ferrer, brother of former mayor and incumbent 6th District congressman Luis "Jon-Jon" Ferrer IV.

The city's vice mayor performs duties as acting mayor in the absence of the mayor. He or she also automatically succeeds as mayor upon the death of the incumbent, or if the latter is unable to fulfil his/her duties. He or she also convenes the Sangguniang Panlungsod, the city's legislative body. The current vice mayor is Maurito Sison.

LegislativeEdit

Within the city, the City Board or Sangguniang Panlungsod crafts all city ordinances, performs appropriation of city funds, issues franchises and permits, impose fees on city services, and exercise other duties and powers as stipulated by the Local Government Code of 1991.

Under R.A. 10675 Article V Section 10 (a). General Trias is entitled to a City Board composed of 10 members.[29]

EconomyEdit

Industrial estatesEdit

 
Gateway Business Park

General Trias has been gradually undergoing industrialization since the turn of the 21st century. Several major industrial estates, such as Gateway Business Park, a world class business community in Javalera and the New Cavite Industrial City (NCIC) in Manggahan, have chosen General Trias to be their home base.

The Cavite Export Processing Zone (CEPZ) occupies about 0.60 square kilometers (0.23 sq mi) of land belonging to General Trias. 110 factories operate in the CEPZ. The others are the Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase I) in Buenavista II and Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase II) in Panungyanan while the rest are found at Barangay Manggahan, Barangay San Francisco and along Governor's Drive.

Private SubdivisionsEdit

General Trias is considered one of the new frontiers of growth and development in the Calabarzon area as attested by the giant industrial subdivisions located in the city. Many of these are in the highland barangay of Manggahan, located along Governor's Drive, the barangays of San Francisco, Santiago on the Arnaldo Highway, and barangay Pasong Camachille II on Open Canal Road .

Leisure and shopping mallsEdit

Located at the Tejero intersection and opened in May 2016, the 55,000-square-meter (590,000 sq ft) Robinson's Place General Trias is Robinson's fourth shopping mall in the province and the first full-scale mall in General Trias.[30][31][32]

On the southern part of the city, lies one of the biggest Golf and Country residential estate Eagle Ridge Golf and Country Club. It covers about 700 hectares, which makes it one of the largest residential estate in the Country. The Golf & Country Club, which is one of the component of Eagle Ridge development, is nearing its completion with three playable golf courses and two operational satellite clubhouses.

The 300-hectare (740-acre) Eagle Ridge Residential expanse features a very upscale housing community, the integral component of the project will make up the whole concept of Eagle Ridge as a golf and residential site.

Since the fourth quarter of 2017, a number of shopping malls and areas are currently being built, including Vista Mall General Trias.

FestivalEdit

General Trias celebrates its Valenciana Festival every year.[33] Valenciana, a variation of the Valencian paella, was first popularized in General Trias and became part of their culture.

InfrastructureEdit

 
Jeepneys plying Governor's Drive in Barangay Manggahan

Local government projectsEdit

The master plan for General Trias is to achieve an agro-industrial and residential balance. Current developments include the construction of the General Trias Auditorium and Sports Complex at General Trias Memorial Elementary School Grounds in Barangay San Juan I, road-widening of Arnaldo Highway and Governor Ferrer Drive, Diversion Road connecting Governor Ferrer Drive of Barangay Buenavista 1 to Arnaldo Highway of Barangay Santiago, the building of General Trias City Hall-Manggahan Annex, completion of a 2-storey Training Center Building at Barangay Pinagtipunan, and City Park at Barangay San Juan 2. After the cityhood in December 2015, Many renovation projects is make including renovation of the city plaza, Sports Center, and making a stadium in Sports Complex (or popular called Track 'n field).

TransportationEdit

General Trias would soon be more accessible with the C-6 Expressway's construction connecting North and South Luzon and the Cavite–Laguna Expressway's development connecting CAVITEX to SLEX. The expansion of the LRT Line 6 from Bacoor to Dasmariñas would also provide fast access from General Trias to Metro Manila.

HealthcareEdit

Several hospitals, both private and government-owned, have also sprouted throughout General Trias ranging from government health centers to private clinics to complete hospitals. GenTri Medical Center and Hospital Inc. and Gentri Doctors Medical Center to name a few are among the biggest hospitals in the entire province of Cavite.

EducationEdit

General Trias is home to several educational institutions, notably Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite campus,[34] Cavite State University-General Trias campus, which was established in 2012, and the future AMA Computer University located inside Ara Vista Village and set to open its doors in May 2019. Also in General Trias are several private and public elementary and high schools.

Notable personalitiesEdit

Sister citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ City of General Trias | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Cavite town marks 262nd anniversary - Yahoo! News Philippines". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Heritage Town: General Trias, Cavite". LegendHarry. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  7. ^ Act No. 2390 of February 28, 1914. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  8. ^ "Gen. Trias City pays tribute to local hero". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
  9. ^ "AN ACT CHANGING THE NAME OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF MALABON, PROVINCE OF CAVITE, TO GENERAL TRIAS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES". Act No. 2889 of February 24, 1920. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
  10. ^ Republic Act No. 10675 (19 August 2015), An Act Converting the Municipality of General Trias in the Province of Cavite Into a Component City to Be Known as the City of General Trias
  11. ^ "General Trias in Cavite now a city". Rappler. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
  12. ^ Republic Act No. 11069 (23 July 2018), Amending Section 1 of Republic Act No. 9727, Reapportioning the province of Cavite into eight (8) legislative districts
  13. ^ "Geography: Municipality of General Trias". Trece Martires City: The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  15. ^ "General Trias: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Component Barangays". General Trias, Cavite: The Municipality of General Trias Official Website. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
  17. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  18. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  19. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  20. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  21. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  22. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  24. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  25. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  26. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  27. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  28. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  29. ^ "Republic Act No. 10675 | GOVPH". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines.
  30. ^ "Robinson Place General Trias: Cavite's newest shopping & lifestyle destination opens". Manila Bulletin. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  31. ^ "Time to celebrate homegrown tastes at Robinsons General Trias". Manila Bulletin. 5 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  32. ^ Austria, Jenniffer (22 October 2015). "Robinsons bullish, plans 10 new malls -". The Standard. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  33. ^ "Cavite celebrates 3rd Valenciana Festival". Tempo. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  34. ^ "Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite (Course Offerings and Contact Information)". WowCavite. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  35. ^ "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country)". Clair Singapore.

External linksEdit