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Savski Venac (Serbian Cyrillic: Савски Венац, pronounced [sâːv̞skiː v̞ě̞ːnat͡s]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 39,122 inhabitants.

Savski Venac

Савски Венац
Coat of arms of Savski Venac
Coat of arms
Location of Savski Venac within the city of Belgrade
Location of Savski Venac within the city of Belgrade
Coordinates: 44°41′N 20°24′E / 44.683°N 20.400°E / 44.683; 20.400Coordinates: 44°41′N 20°24′E / 44.683°N 20.400°E / 44.683; 20.400
Country Serbia
City Belgrade
StatusMunicipality
Settlements1
Government
 • TypeMunicipality of Belgrade
 • Mun. presidentIrena Vujović (SNS)
Area
 • Total14.07 km2 (5.43 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total39,122
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11000
Area code(s)+381(0)11
Car platesBG
Websitewww.savskivenac.rs

It is one of the three municipalities which constitute the very center of Belgrade, together with Stari Grad and Vračar.[2]

Savski Venac is located on the right bank of the Sava river. It stretches in the north-south direction for 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) (from downtown Belgrade, just 200 meters (660 ft) from Terazije, to Banjica) and east-west direction for 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) (from Senjak and the Sava bank to Autokomanda). It borders the municipalities of Stari Grad to the north, Vračar to the north-east, Voždovac to the east, Rakovica to the south and Čukarica to the west.

History and nameEdit

While Savski Venac and Stari Grad are often styled the oldest municipalities of Belgrade due to their inclusion of the oldest sections of urban Belgrade outside the walls of the Kalemegdan fortress, they are actually the most recently created municipalities of Belgrade. Both were formed in 1957 by merger of older, smaller municipalities; Savski Venac was formed in by merger of the municipalities of Zapadni Vračar (its main predecessor) and Topčidersko Brdo and a new, geographical name, Savski Venac, was coined for it.

(Venac is usually used in Belgrade's geography in term of a round street (Obilićev Venac, Kosančićev Venac) or a rim of the river (Dunavski Venac). In this case it was the "rim of the Sava".)

GeographyEdit

With an area of 14 square kilometers (5.4 sq mi), Savski Venac is the third smallest municipality of Belgrade after Vračar and Stari Grad. Despite being small in area, it includes several diverse geographical features:

  • the low section on the right bank of the Sava river (Savamala and Bara Venecija). Due to its low altitude toward the Sava, and lack of any protection, this is the only part of central urban area of Belgrade that gets flooded during the extremely high waters of the river. It was almost completely flooded in 1984 and during major floods in 2006.
  • southern slopes of the hill of Terazije (Terazijska Terasa) which descends from downtown Belgrade to the Sava.
  • entire western slope of the Vračar Hill (Karađorđev Park and former Zapadni Vračar) which also descends to the Sava.
  • southern slope of the Vračar Hill, known as the Guberevac Hill or Ludo Brdo ("Crazy Hill") as it is the location of the psychiatric hospital "Laza Lazarević".[3]
  • the former valley of the stream od Mokroluški Potok, now conducted underground. It is a route to the modern highway and the new railstation of Prokop.
  • the hill of Topčidersko Brdo which has a cliff-like edge above the Sava (Senjak).
  • the hill of Banjica in the extreme south of the municipality.
  • the upper valley of Topčiderska reka and the vast park-forest of Topčider.

NeighborhoodsEdit

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
194854,067—    
195365,366+3.87%
196174,971+1.73%
197163,531−1.64%
198153,374−1.73%
199147,682−1.12%
200242,505−1.04%
201139,122−0.92%
Source: [4]

According to the census of 2011, Savski Venac has a population of 39,122 inhabitants. As all the other central city municipalities, it has been depopulating for decades, however, it still remains one of the most densely populated: 2,445/km2 (6,330/sq mi) (4,686/km² or 12,136/sq mi back in 1961).

Ethnic structureEdit

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[5]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 34,742
Yugoslavs 394
Montenegrins 369
Croats 251
Romani 237
Macedonians 191
Muslims 68
Slovenians 58
Hungarians 49
Russians 44
Bosniaks 38
Slovaks 33
Romanians 29
Bulgarians 27
Albanians 23
Germans 21
Others 2,548
Total 39,122

AdministrationEdit

Recent Presidents of the municipality (since 2000):

  • 2000–2004: Branislav Belić
  • 2004–2012: Tomislav Đorđević
  • 2012–2016: Dušan Dinčić
  • 2016–present: Irena Vujović

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 122
Mining 1
Processing industry 2,818
Distribution of power, gas and water 74
Distribution of water and water waste management 273
Construction 1,846
Wholesale and retail, repair 4,697
Traffic, storage and communication 3,971
Hotels and restaurants 1,955
Media and telecommunications 3,246
Finance and insurance 2,025
Property stock and charter 309
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 4,148
Administrative and other services 4,846
Administration and social assurance 43,453
Education 4,543
Healthcare and social work 19,249
Art, leisure and recreation 1,208
Other services 866
Total 99,651

SportEdit

Sportsko Selo ("Sport Village") – In the early 1970s a football pitch was built at the end of the Deligradska street, right above the highway. It was adapted into the Yugoslav People's Army Reserve Officers' Training Ground, but in the early 1990s the location was abandoned. The lot was left unattended and gradually turned into a rubbish dump. In 2009 a project for the ground was jointly drafted by the city and the municipality with the working title "Ada Ciganlija u malom". After two years of construction, the new complex was opened on 30 May 2011. It covers an area of 85 ares (91,000 square feet) and contains one volleyball, three basketball and four tennis courts, children playgrounds and a fitness plateau. There are also a futsal and bocce courts, outdoor gym, walking paths, rest areas, wooden ice-cream kiosk and a parking lot. The complex is situated in a wooded area and includes an amphitheater suitable for the theatrical performances in the open. Invited to choose the name for the complex between the originally proposed "Ada Ciganlija u malom" and "Sportsko Selo" which appeared during the construction, citizens picked the latter.[7][8]

FeaturesEdit

Savski Venac constitutes the western section of the downtown Belgrade. Most government offices and administrative buildings are located in the municipality, including:

 
The building of the National Bank of Serbia, near Slavija Square

AdministrationEdit

TrafficEdit



Savski venac railway map
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
to Beograd Donji grad
Čukarica
Savski venac
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
Beograd glavna  
Topčider
 
 
Senjak tunnel
Savski venac
Rakovica
 
 
 
Beograd centar
Dedinje tunnel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karađorđev park
to Košutnjak
 
5
 
 
  1. New Railroad Bridge
  2. Old Railroad Bridge
  3. New Belgrade  /Čukarica | S.venac border
  4. S. venac \ Stari grad border
  5. S. venac / Vračar border

Economy and tourismEdit

HealthEdit

  • Clinical Centre of Serbia, with 24 clinics and hospitals (beginning at Karađorđev park); two skyscrapers, which were to become one single Clinical Centre, a joint location for all the existing separate clinics, was planned, but by 1987 only one building was constructed, and only the lower floors became operational. Remainder of the building was left unfinished and left to the elements since. In March 2019, the Health ministry announced that the renovation of the operational part, revitalization of the empty building and construction of the twin tower, will all be finished by 2022.[9]
  • City ambulance (Mostar)
  • Hospital Dragiša Mišović (Dedinje)
  • Železnička hospital (Dedinje)
  • Orthopaedic hospital (Banjica)
  • Vojnomedicinska akademija ("VMA", Banjica)

Culture and educationEdit

ParksEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Насеља општине Савски Венац" (pdf). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ Savski Venac - Official Profile in English
  3. ^ Marija Brakočević (21 May 2014). "Beograd leži na 23 brda" [Belgrade lays on 23 hills]. Politika (in Serbian).
  4. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  5. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  6. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Sportski tereni umesto deponije", Politika (in Serbian), 18 May 2011
  8. ^ M.S.M. (31 May 2011), "Od deponije - sportska oaza", Politika (in Serbian)
  9. ^ Danijela Davidov Kesar (8 March 2019). "На лечење у обновљени КЦС тек 2022. године" [Treatments in the renovated CCS only in 2022]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 8.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Savski Venac at Wikimedia Commons