San Andres, Romblon

San Andres, officially the Municipality of San Andres, (formerly Parpagoja, Salado, and Despujols), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 15,940 people. [3]

San Andres
Despujol
Municipality of San Andres
The eponymous shoe-shaped rock formation at Sapatos Point in San Andres
The eponymous shoe-shaped rock formation at Sapatos Point in San Andres
Map of Romblon with San Andres highlighted
Map of Romblon with San Andres highlighted
OpenStreetMap
San Andres is located in Philippines
San Andres
San Andres
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°32′00″N 122°01′30″E / 12.53333°N 122.025°E / 12.53333; 122.025Coordinates: 12°32′00″N 122°01′30″E / 12.53333°N 122.025°E / 12.53333; 122.025
CountryPhilippines
RegionMimaropa
ProvinceRomblon
District Lone district
Barangays13 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorArsenio G. Gadon
 • Vice MayorJoel G. Ibañez
 • RepresentativeEleandro Jesus F. Madrona
 • Councilors
  • Erwin Tangonan
  • Lynn Fondevilla
  • Bodit Fronda
  • Jovita Guro
  • Totong Guro
  • Edrul Galus
  • Ruben Mingoa
  • Johnny Galang
 • Electorate11,253 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total112.00 km2 (43.24 sq mi)
Elevation
38 m (125 ft)
Highest elevation
672 m (2,205 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total15,940
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
 • Households
3,544
Economy
 • Income class5th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence21.84% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱97,960,504.78 (2020)
 • Assets₱279,474,427.67 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱77,921,346.83 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱80,408,347.13 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityTablas Island Electric Cooperative (TIELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5501
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Native languagesOnhan
Tagalog

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

San Andres was originally a barangay of Odiongan which became a municipality on 1920. During the pre-Spanish era, it was a native settlement of nipa huts known as Parpagoja, named after a rare large bird that had its nest among the thicket along the river where settlement was located. Among the first Spaniards to reach Parpagoha during the later half of the 19th century was Don Jose de Tiran, a military commander of Romblon who set out an inspection trip of the surrounding villages. On reaching the place he ordered a civil guard to fetch a glass of water from nearby well. The water turned out to be salty and the Spaniard yelled "salado!", issuing an official order to that effect. Thus, Parpagoha came to be known as Salado.[5]

In 1882, a prominent resident of Salado named Rufino Leaño was accused of a crime by an influential Spaniard, Don Barcelo. He succeeded in having Leaño imprisoned without trial in the provincial jail of Capiz, to which Romblon then belonged to as a sub-province. Years later, the Spanish Governor-General Eulogio Despujol (1891-1893) visited Capiz, and Leaño successfully sought an audience with him. Governor Despujol found Leaño innocent and set him free. On reaching his hometown, he successfully petitioned the provincial governor to change the name of Salado to Despujols in honor of the Governor-General.[5]

Modern historyEdit

On 18 June 1961, during the late years of President Carlos P. Garcia's administration, the fourth change of name for the town came through the enactment of Republic Act No. 3358. The town was renamed San Andres in honor of the town's patron, Saint Andrew, patron of fishermen, since most of the people of San Andres are fisherfolk.[6]

GeographyEdit

 
The beach at San Andres, Romblon

San Andres is a coastal town on the north-west portion of Tablas Island. It is bounded on the north by the Calatrava, on the south by Odiongan, on the east by San Agustin and on the west by the Tablas Strait. San Andres has a land area of 11,200 hectares (28,000 acres). It has mountainous and stony areas.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for San Andres, Romblon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
29
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
25
(1.0)
39
(1.5)
152
(6.0)
269
(10.6)
314
(12.4)
285
(11.2)
303
(11.9)
208
(8.2)
95
(3.7)
70
(2.8)
1,811
(71.3)
Average rainy days 9.5 7.1 9.0 11.3 21.0 25.7 28.1 26.5 27.3 24.6 16.5 12.1 218.7
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[7]

BarangaysEdit

San Andres is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.

  • Agpudlos
  • Calunacon
  • Doña Trinidad Roxas (1953)[8]
  • Linawan
  • Mabini
  • Marigondon Norte
  • Marigondon Sur
  • Matutuna
  • Pag-Alad
  • Poblacion
  • Tan-Agan
  • Victoria
  • Juncarlo (1983)[9]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of San Andres
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,788—    
1939 5,634+1.97%
1948 5,256−0.77%
1960 6,480+1.76%
1970 8,634+2.91%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1975 8,964+0.76%
1980 9,529+1.23%
1990 11,570+1.96%
1995 13,204+2.51%
2000 13,460+0.41%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 14,120+0.66%
2010 15,028+2.29%
2015 15,589+0.70%
2020 15,940+0.44%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][11][12][13]

According to the 2015 census, San Andres has a population of 15,589 people. Majority of the population speak Onhan language, while some barangays near Odiongan and Calatrava speak the Asi language. The inhabitants are predominantly Roman Catholic, with a small number of Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Iglesia ni Cristo.

EconomyEdit


TourismEdit

 
Mablaran Falls in Barangay Linawan, San Andres

Some of the tourist attractions and other places of interest in San Andres, include:

  • San Andres Beach: Located at the town proper of San Andres. Fine gray sands line the three-kilometer stretch of the San Andres shoreline. During the months of June to December, the waters of San Andres beach are ideal for wind surfing.[5]
  • Mablaran Falls: Located at Barangay Linawan, San Andres, four and a half kilometers from the town proper. Mablaran falls, lies amidst lush greenery and wild foliage. The falls empties into a pool of cool, blue-green waters with a depth of about 20 feet.[5]
  • Sapatos Point: A big rock with a very peculiar shape like of a shoe or sapatos, which is located at Barangay Mabini.[5]
  • Cajil Cave: Located at Barangay Pag-alad.[5]
  • Bangko-Bangko Point: Located at Barangay Agpudlos. It is called Bangko-bangko because of the rare carving of the stones as if chairs.[5]
  • Bal-ong Falls: An enchanted falls located at Barangay Mari Sur. Cool waters runs through the big rocks at the foot of the falls and flows all the way down to the cool brook.[5]

GovernmentEdit

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[21] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Incumbent mayor and vice mayor of San Andres for the 2022–2025 term are Arsenio "Lolong" Gadon and Joel Ibañez of Nacionalista Party, respectively.

Term Mayor Vice Mayor
30 June 2010 - 30 June 2013 Geminiano G. Galicia, Jr. (NP)[22] Arsenio G. Gadon (NPC)
30 June 2013 – 30 June 2016 Fernald G. Rovillos (UNA)(NPC)[23] Rene Mingoa (NP)
30 June 2016 - 30 June 2019 Arsenio Gadon (LP)[24]
30 June 2019 - 30 June 2022[25] Arsenio "Lolong" Gadon Joel Ibañez
30 June 2022 - incumbent[26]

a Died in office.
b Served in acting capacity.
c Resigned.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of San Andres | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "MIMAROPA". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: San Andres". Romblon Travel Guide. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  6. ^ Congress of the Philippines. "An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Despujols, Province of Romblon, to San Andres". LawPH.com. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  7. ^ "San Andres: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Supra Source". source.gosupra.com.
  9. ^ "Supra Source". source.gosupra.com.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2000" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 29 November 2005.
  16. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2003" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 23 March 2009.
  17. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2006" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 3 August 2012.
  18. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2012" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 31 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 10 July 2019.
  20. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  21. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  22. ^ http://curry.ateneo.net/~ambo/ph2010/electionresults/res_reg5912000.html
  23. ^ http://election-results.rappler.com/2013/region-4b/romblon/san-andres
  24. ^ "San andres - romblon | City/Municipality Results | Eleksyon2016 | Results -".
  25. ^ https://halalanresults.abs-cbn.com/local/romblon/san-andres
  26. ^ "2022 ELECTION RESULTS: San Andres, Romblon".

External linksEdit