The Sangguniang Barangay, also known as the Barangay Council, and formerly as the Rural Council and then the Barrio Council, is the legislative body of a barangay, the lowest form of government in the Philippines.
The term is coined from the Tagalog words sanggunian (literally, "advisory") and barangay.
Each council is headed by a barangay captain, and comprises seven members all titled Barangay kagawad (barangay councilor), and the chairman of the Sangguniang Kabataan, the barangay's youth council, for a total of eight members.
As a collegiate body, a barangay council primarily passes ordinances and resolutions for the effective administration of the barangay. Its powers and functions are defined by the Local Government Code of 1991.
During the American Colonial Period, appointed Rural Councils were created, with four councillors assisting the council's Barrio Lieutenant, now known as the Barangay Captain. The body was later renamed Barrio Council.
- DILG – Local Government Code of 1991 Archived May 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
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