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Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui

Saeed Uz Zaman Siddiqui (1 December 1937 – 11 January 2017) (pronunciation 'sa'eed -uz- zam'an'; alternatively Saiduzzaman Siddiqui) was a Pakistani jurist and legislator of great prominence who formerly served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan at the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[1]

Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui
سعید الزمان صدیقی
31st Governor of Sindh
In office
11 November 2016 – 11 January 2017
PresidentMamnoon Hussain
Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
Preceded byIshratul Ibad
Agha Siraj Durrani (Acting)
Succeeded byMuhammad Zubair Umar
15th Chief Justice of Pakistan
In office
1 July 1999 – 26 January 2000
Appointed byMuhammad Rafiq Tarar
Preceded byAjmal Mian
Succeeded byIrshad Hasan Khan
Chief Justice Sindh High Court
In office
5 November 1990 – 21 May 1992
Preceded bySajjad Ali Shah
Succeeded byNasir Aslam Zahid
Personal details
Born(1938-12-01)1 December 1938
Lucknow, British India
(now India)
Died11 January 2017(2017-01-11) (aged 78)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
ChildrenAfnan Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui
Alma materUniversity of Dhaka
University of Karachi


Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui was born in a middle-class, educated Urdu-speaking family and received his school education at Lucknow (in modern Uttar Pradesh) and also was educated at Calcutta. Justice Siddiqui passed Matriculation from the Board of Secondary Education from Dhaka, East-Pakistan in 1952. In 1954, Justice Siddiqui obtained intermediate in Engineering sciences from the University of Dacca. Siddiqui worked at the Physics Department, and taught undergraduate physics laboratory courses. Thereafter, Siddiqui moved to Karachi, West-Pakistan and attended Karachi University in 1954. There, at Karachi University, Siddiqui obtained B.A. in Philosophy and L.L.B from the University of Karachi in 1958. In 1960, Justice Siddiqui started legal practice at the Sindh High Court.

Justice Siddiqui was awarded honorary membership of the Judicial fraternity of Australia and Canada after the news of his resignation from the office of the Chief Justice was made public in January 2000, after his refusal to take the Oath under the PCO (Provisional Constitutional Order), which was an extra-constitutionally prescribed Oath for the Judges by the military regime of Pervez Musharraf. Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui received a letter of commendation from the Judiciary of the United Kingdom and was inducted in the roles of Judges of imminence by the British Judiciary for his stand in the cause of the independence of Pakistan's Judiciary, his stand was later glorified by the lawyers movement in Pakistan which helped Chief Justice Ifthikar Chaudhary's restoration.


Justice Saeeduzzaman joined the Bar (February 1961); enrolled as Advocate of High Court of West Pakistan (November 1963); enrolled as Advocate of Supreme Court of Pakistan (November 1969); elected Joint Secretary, Karachi High Court Bar Association (1967); elected Member of Managing Committee of Karachi High Court Bar Association (1968–69); elected Honorary Secretary of High Court Bar Library (1977) and continued as such until elevated as Judge of Sindh High Court on 05-05-1980.He was appointed as Chief Justice of the Sindh High Court on 05-11-1990. Appointed as Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan on 23-05-1992. Appointed as Chief Justice of Pakistan/Chairman Pakistan Law Commission w.e.f. 01-07-1999 till 1 December 2005.

He was the Chief Justice of Pakistan when the 1999 military coup d'état was staged by then-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf. Notably, he defied the request given by Musharraf via the Law Minister and Legal Adviser Sharifuddin Pirzada to take a new oath under the Provisional Constitutional Order (PCO) saying that: "Taking an oath under the PCO, in my opinion, will be a deviation from the oath I had taken to defend the constitution of 1973". The PCO not only negated the independence of the judiciary and democratic norms, but also prolonged the martial law by nullifying the effect of any judgement given against President Pervez Musharraf's government.

As a consequence of this, he was forced to step down from his position, by the military regime. The tenure time period was shortened due to his refusal to take the Provisional Constitutional Order (PCO) Oath, prescribed by General Pervez Musharraf to legitimize the LFO. After a long discussion with 4 Army generals sent to his residence by General Musharraf; namely, Lieutenant-General (Retired) Moinuddin Haider, who was Interior Minister, then-Lieutenant-General Ehsan ul Haq, Core-commander of the XI Corps, Lieutenant-General (retired) Mahmud Ahmed, then-Director General of the ISI and Brigadier-General (retired) Javed Ashraf Bajwa; Chief Justice Siddiqui refused to take the Oath after which the Generals left and on orders of the GHQ was executed, which had authorized the house arrest of him and his family.

On 25 August 2008, Nawaz Sharif announced that Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui would be Pakistan Muslim League (N) and Jamaat-e-Islami nominee to replace Pervez Musharraf as President of Pakistan.[2] He lost the 6 September 2008 2008 Pakistani presidential election, by 153 votes to Asif Ali Zardari, who was elected President of Pakistan.[3][4] The PML-N although in power wanted Siddiqui as a unanimous candidate as he was the only nonpartisan candidate contesting this election of 2008. Justice Siddiqui was again selected for running as the candidate for the Presidential Election in the 2013 Pakistani presidential election, but at the last moment his name was replaced with Mamnoon Hussain as Siddiqui never joined the PML-N and was a neutral candidate.[5] He was supported by the Baloch nationalists.[6]

On 9 November 2016, Nawaz Sharif contacted Justice Siddiqui and asked him to accept the position of the Governor, in the wake of event which followed the dismissal of Dr. Ishrat ul Ibad Khan. Justice Siddiqui was sworn in as the 31st Governor of Sindh on 11 November 2016.



  • Appointed as Member of 3-men Contact Group, by Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Conference to investigate the plight of Muslim minority in Bulgaria in May 1986. He presented the first report of the group to the 17th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held at Amman, Jordan, in March 1988, a second report to the 18th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers at Riyadh in March 1989, and the third report to the 19th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers at Cairo in July 1990.
  • Also presented a preliminary report on the plight of Muslim minority in Bulgaria in the Extraordinary Session of Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers in New York in October, 1989. Attended the 17th, 18th, 19th and the Extraordinary Session of Islamic Conferences of Foreign Ministers in Amman, Riyadh, Cairo and New York on special invitation of Secretary-General of Organization of Islamic Conference.
  • He is presently the Chairman of numerous organizations, some of which are The Council for Foreign Relations Economic Affairs and Law and President of the Poor Patient's Society of Pakistan. He is the Chairman of the World Bank supported Organization for Alternative Dispute Resolution (Pakistan).
  • He is also the nominee judge for the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at Hague, from Pakistan.
  • On 25 August 2008, Nawaz Sharif announced that Justice Siddiqui would be Pakistan Muslim League (N) and Jamaat-i-Islami's joint candidate to replace Pervez Musharraf as President of Pakistan, he also received popular support from the Balouch Nationalist parties, although he had never joined any political party even after being approached by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan in 2007 and again in 2010. He choose to remain a nonpartisan individual. His name has been suggested by JUI and Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf for the Prime Minister candidate when the interim government comes into power after March 2013.
  • On 9 November 2016, Mamnoon Hussain in consultation with Nawaz Sharif appointed him as the Governor of Sindh province.

Illness and deathEdit

Siddiqui contracted pneumonia and was hospitalised in early November 2016. He returned to the Governor House on the 11 December 2016 and died on 11 January 2017 as a serving Governor when he contracting another pneumonia on his healthy right lung. His state funeral was organised in the Governor House making him the second person in the history to receive a state funeral after Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan.[7][8]

On 11 January 2017, Governor Sindh Siddiqui died at the age of 79 in Karachi.[9]

In 2018, Siddiqui was posthumously awarded the Sitara-i-Imtiaz - Pakistan's third highest civilian honour - by President Mamnoon Hussain.[10]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "عشرت العباد کی جگہ سعید الزماں صدیقی گورنر سندھ" (in Urdu). 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016 – via
  2. ^ CNN Wire: Sharif withdraws party from Pakistan ruling coalition Archived 16 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "BBC NEWS – South Asia – Bhutto's widower wins presidency". Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Bhutto's Widower Wins Pakistani Presidency". The New York Times. 7 September 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Recorder, Business. "Will Justice Siddiqui be PML-N's presidential candidate again? – Business Recorder". Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Governor Sindh Saeed-u-Zaman Siddiqui passes away – The Sindh Times". The Sindh Times. 11 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  10. ^ "President Mamnoon confers civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn. 23 March 2018.
Preceded by
Ishratul Ibad
Governor of Sindh
Succeeded by
Muhammad Zubair Umar
Legal offices
Preceded by
Ajmal Mian
Chief Justice of Pakistan
Succeeded by
Irshad Hasan Khan
Preceded by
Sajjad Ali Shah
Chief Justice of the Sindh High Court
5 November 1990 – 21 May 1992
Succeeded by
Nasir Aslam Zahid