University of Karachi
The University of Karachi (UoK) (Urdu: جامعۂ كراچى; Sindhi: ڪراچي يونيورسٽي; informally Karachi University (KU)) is a public university located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is one of the oldest universities in Pakistan being established as a federal university in 1951. Its chief architect was Khan Bahadur Mirza Mohsin Baig.
|Motto||رَبِّ زدْنيِ عِلْماً (Arabic) اے میرے رب میرے علم میں اضافہ فرما (Urdu)|
Motto in English
|O my Lord! Advance me in Knowledge|
|Chancellor||Governor of Sindh|
|Vice-Chancellor||Professor Dr. Khalid M. Iraqi|
|Students||25,000+ (on-campus only)|
|Campus||1,279 acres (5.18 km2)|
|Affiliations||Higher Education Commission (Pakistan), Pakistan Engineering Council, Pharmacy Council of Pakistan, Pakistan Bar Council|
With a total student body of 51,380 full-time students and a campus size spanning over 1200 acres, Karachi University is Pakistan's largest university with a distinguished reputation for multi-disciplinary research in science and technology, medical research and social sciences. The university spans over 53 Departments and 19 world-class research institutes operating under nine faculties. There are over 893 academics and more than 2500 supporting staff working for the university.
In 2009, the university was named by now defunct THE-QS World University Rankings for the top 500 universities in the world, while it is ranked by QS ranking's in 2016 as among to the top 250 in Asia and among 701st in the world. In 2019 it was ranked 801st in the world and 251 in Asia. The research at the university is ranked as 'high'. The university has been affiliated with world-renowned and notable scholars have been associated and affiliated with the university as faculty, researchers, or alumni since its establishment.
At the time of establishment of Pakistan as a sovereign state in 1947, the means for higher education and research were negligible and diminished in the country. Responding to the impending requirement of higher learning, Pakistan Government started establishing relevant educational institutions of higher learning and research and thus underwent rapid modernization under a policy guided by Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. After a heavy political lobbying backed by the residents of Karachi, the University of Karachi was established through parliamentary authorization as a "Federal University" in 1951. On 23 October 1950, the Karachi University Act was authorized and after an amendment in 1951, it was enacted by the Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan. Its first Vice-chancellor was All India Muslim League activist and political scientist, Dr. ABA Haleem. In 1953 it started its teaching and research activities at two faculties: the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Science.
For the first two years, the University of Karachi remained as an examination university for the affiliated colleges. Over the years, the enrollment expanded so rapidly that its status was redefined by the government as a "federal research university" of Sindh, which was officially attained in 1962. Opened with an intake of 50 students, the university now has 53 academic departments and 20 Research Centers and Institutes, under faculties of Social Sciences, Science, Islamic Studies, Engineering, Law, Pharmacy, Management and Administrative Sciences and Medicines. The enrollment of regular students at the campus is around 28,000. There are about 1,000 faculty members and more than 3,000 supporting staff. On 18 January 1960, the university was shifted to the new campus on a plot of 1,279 acres (5.18 km2) located on the Country Club Road (now University Road, passing through the Gulistan-e-Jauhar), under the vice-chancellorship of Prof. Dr. Basheer Ahmad Hashmi on 22 June 1961.
Past appointed Vice-ChancellorsEdit
|Vice-Chancellors||Department Faculty||Tenure Starting-date||Tenure completed-date|
|Prof. Abu Bakr Ahmad Haleem||Political Science||23 June 1951||22 Jun 1957|
|Prof. Basheer Ahmad Hashmi||23 June 1957||22 June 1961|
|Prof. Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi||History||23 June 1961||2 August 1971|
|Prof. Mahmud Hussain||English Literature||3 August 1971||9 April 1975|
|Prof. Saleemuzzaman Siddiqui (Interim)||Chemistry||10 April 1975||16 January 1976|
|Prof. Ehsan Rasheed||Economics||7 January 1976||31 August 1979|
|Prof. S. Masum Ali Tirmizi||Physics||1 September 1979||31 August 1983|
|Prof. Jameel Jalibi||Urdu literature||1 September 1983||31 August 1987|
|Prof. Manzooruddin Ahmad||Philosophy||1 September 1987||7 July 1990|
|Prof. S. Irtafaq Ali||Botany||8 July 1990||6 July 1994|
|Prof. Abdul Wahab (educationist) (Acting)||Institute of Business Administration, Karachi||6 July 1994||4 April 1995|
|Prof. Abdul Wahab (educationist)||Institute of Business Administration, Karachi||5 April 1995||9 November 1996|
|Prof. Hafeez A. Pasha||Economics||10 November 1996||24 July 1997|
|Prof. Usama Abbasi||Economics||1 April 2006||24 July 2008|
|Prof. Zafar H. Zaidi||25 July 1997||7 January 2001|
|Prof. Zafar Saeed Saify (Interim)||12 January 2001||28 February 2001|
|Prof. Zafar Saeed Saify||1 March 2001||5 January 2004|
|Prof. Pirzada Qasim||Neuroscience||6 January 2004||9 February 2012|
|Prof. Dr. Muhammad Qaiser||Botany||10 February 2012||24 January 2017|
|Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ajmal Khan||Botany||24 January 2017||4 May 2019|
|Prof. Dr. Khalid M. Iraqi (Interim)||Public Administration||5 May 2019||till date|
The university campus is spread over 1,279 acres (5.18 km2) of land, situated 12 km away from the city center of Karachi. About four percent of the university's students are foreigners who come from 23 different countries in regions as diverse as Central Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Europe. The university has a high standard of teaching, with many professors being well-known scholars and academics of international repute and possessing Ph.D. and D.Sc. degrees from abroad. In a short span of 40 years, the university has risen to acquire a high status in the field of education in Pakistan as well as regionally.
The most prestigious research center of the university is the International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences which has over 500 students enrolled for PhD in organic chemistry, biochemistry, molecular medicine, genomics, nanotechnology and other fields. The Husein Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry, Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Development and the Jamil-ur-Rahman Center for Genome Research are an integral part of this multi-disciplinary research centre. It was selected as the UNESCO Center of Excellence in 2016. The university's physics and statistics departments are well known departments and its research output plays a vital role in the development of science and technology in the country.
Furthermore, the department of mathematical sciences is one of the largest departments in the Faculty of Science, which has a three-floor building consisting of an electronic laboratory for computational mathematics.
The department of architecture (or visual studies) has produced award-winning designers, architects and artists, who are making their mark in the professional world.
The University of Karachi's library, known as "Dr. Mahmud Hussain Library", has houses well over 400,000 volumes dating back to the 1600s, for researchers as well as for use by students of advance studies and faculty members. The library became the depository of the personal book collection of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Established and constructed in 1952, the Dr. Mahmud Hussain Library is an imposing five story and basement structure firmly placed in the center of campus activities. Teachers from over 100 affiliated colleges frequent the university, along with scholars from 19 research institutions. A loan and resource sharing system exists with other academic entities in the Karachi area. A digital library enables the scholars and students to access online books and journals. 25 librarians, 10 assistant librarians and around 90 nonprofessional staff help maintain the library. The building includes six reading rooms for general purposes and six for research. The International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences has within it the Latif Ebrahim Jamal Science Information Centre which is the national focal point for distance education
Previously called the Karachi University Library, it was renamed the Dr. Mahmud Hussain Library by unanimous resolution of the Karachi University Syndicate on 12 April 1976— the first death anniversary of Prof. Dr. Mahmud Hussain Khan. Mahmud Hussain served the university's Vice-Chancellor from 1971 to 1975 and the library was named in recognition of his contribution to the teaching of social sciences in Pakistan. Dr. Hussain was the first professor the university appointed to its faculty of International Relations and History. He introduced library science to Pakistan by instituting the Faculty of Journalism and Library Science at the university. He also actively worked to improve the status and pay scales of the library staff to make them at par with the university's other faculty members.
Karachi University PressEdit
The university publishes books, texts, periodicals and other academic materials in-house through the Bureau of Composition, Compilation and Translation (BCC&T).
Faculties and DepartmentsEdit
The University of Karachi has 9 faculties:
|Faculty||The listed active Academic department(s) and the academic Chair(s) of the University of Karachi (KU)|
|Faculty of Social Sciences||
|Faculty of Engineering||
|Faculty of Management &
|Faculty of Engineering||
|Faculty of Education|
|Faculty of Islamic studies||
|Faculty of Law||
|Faculty of Medicine|
|Faculty of Pharmacy|
|Faculty of Science||
Research institutes and centresEdit
- Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Applied Economics Research Centre
- Area Study Center for Europe
- Center for Digital Forensic Science and Technology
- Center of Excellence for Women Study
- Center of Excellence in Marine Biology
- Center for Molecular Genetics
- Centre for Plant Conservation
- Confucius Institute
- Hussain Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry
- Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine
- Jamil-ur-Rahman Center for Genome Research
- Dr. A.Q. Khan Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
- Institute of Clinical Psychology
- Institute of Environmental Studies
- Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Department of Main Communication Network
- Institute of Marine Science
- M.A.H.Q Biological Research Centre
- National Center for Proteomics
- National Nematological Research Centre
- Pakistan Study Center
- Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre
- Institute of Space and Planetary Astrophysics
- Institute for Sustainable Halophyte Utilization
- Marine Reference & Research Collection Center
Alumnus and peopleEdit
Since its establishment in 1951, the university has attracted prominent scholars and renowned educationist as its faculty members, researchers and associated scholars. Ravindra Kaushik , Scholars and educationists such as Iqbal Hussain Qureshi, Rafiuddin Raz, Mahmud Hussain, Saleemuzzaman Siddiqui, Abdul Qadeer Khan, I H Qureshi, Raziuddin Siddiqui, Atta-ur-Rahman, Prof.Khursheed Ahmed are few that have been affiliated with the institution. The faculty was drawn not only from Pakistan but also included eminent educationists from the United Kingdom and the United States.
- Introduction – Karachi University
- Rizwan-ul-Haq (June 17, 2013). "2013 rank: Three Pakistani universities among world's top 200". Express Tribune. Haq. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
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