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Socialistische Partij Anders

  (Redirected from SP.a)

Socialist Party Differently (About this soundSocialistische Partij Anders,[11] sp.a) is a social-democratic[3][4][5][6][7] Flemish political party in Belgium. The party, formerly known as the Belgische Socialistische Partij (BSP) 1978–80 and the Socialistische Partij (SP) 1980–2001, emerged from the Belgian Socialist Party linguistic and community split in 1978 which also produced the Parti Socialiste; the Belgian Socialist Party was itself formed by former members of the Belgian Labour Party. From December 2011 to September 2014, sp.a was part of the Di Rupo Government, along with its Francophone counterpart Socialist Party (PS). Sp.a has been part of the Flemish Government several times.

Socialist Party Differently

Socialistische Partij Anders
PresidentJohn Crombez
Founded1978
Preceded byBelgian Socialist Party
Headquartersnational secretariat
Grasmarkt 105/37 Brussels
Youth wingYoung Socialists
Membership (2014)Decrease 49,703[1][2]
IdeologySocial democracy[3][4][5][6][7]
Democratic socialism[8][9]
Political positionCentre-left[10]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
European Parliament groupProgressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Francophone counterpartSocialist Party
Colours     Red
Chamber of Representatives
(Flemish seats)
13 / 87
Senate
(Flemish seats)
5 / 35
Flemish Parliament
18 / 124
Brussels Parliament
(Flemish seats)
3 / 17
European Parliament
(Flemish seats)
1 / 12
Flemish Provincial Councils
18 / 175
Website
www.s-p-a.be

Contents

HistoryEdit

1885–1940Edit

1940–1978Edit

Since 1978Edit

The party was the big winner in the 2003 election, running on the SP.A-Spirit joint list (cartel) with the social-liberal party Spirit. Their share of the vote went up from 9% (of the total Belgian vote) to almost 15%, a second place in the number of votes. The main victim of this resurgence was the Green! party (formerly known as Agalev). The sp.a was part of the "purple" federal coalitions of Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt from 12 July 1999 until 10 June 2007, which contained both the Flemish and Francophone liberal and social-democratic parties.

In 2004, the sp.a along with its partner Spirit lost the elections for the Flemish Parliament. Although they won more seats in comparison to the Flemish elections of 1999, their percentage of the vote compared to the successful 2003 federal elections was considerably down. The reputation of then party leader Steve Stevaert took a beating too.

The party was briefly led by Caroline Gennez, after former president Steve Stevaert left to become governor of Limburg. Johan Vande Lanotte, who served as Minister of the Budget in the federal Government, was elected President and resigned as minister to become President on 17 October 2005. He resigned 11 June 2007, after sp.a-Spirit lost the elections for the federal parliament of 10 June 2007.[12] In these federal elections, the cartel won 14 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 4 out of 40 seats in the Senate. Afterwards, Caroline Gennez was elected President by the party members.

As of May 2009, sp.a was in opposition in federal politics; and unlike its Francophone counterpart the Socialist Party (PS), sp.a was not a participant in the Leterme II Government.

In January 2009 the party had apparently changed its name to Socialisten en Progressieven Anders. This name change was however retracted, and the party baseline instead was changed from "Sociaal Progressief Alternatief" to "Socialisten en Progressieven Anders".[13]

In the 2010 federal election sp.a won 13 seats with 9% of the overall vote. The party was a member of the Di Rupo Government formed on 6 December 2011, until the elections in 2014. In the elections for the Chamber of Representatives on 25 May 2014, sp.a scored again 9% and received 13 seats, in contrast to their francophone Socialist Party counterparts, who lost 3 seats and whose share of the vote decreased by 2%. In the Flemish Parliament sp.a have 18 representatives, deriving from around 14% of the vote - this is a small reduction on the 2009 parliament, where sp.a had 19 seats, deriving from 15% of the popular vote. From 2009-2014, sp.a participated in the Flemish Government, in an uneasy coalition with the CD & V and the N-VA. From 2014 onwards, sp.a formed part of the opposition in Flanders, as the regional government reflected the Flemish component of the federal administration, consisting of coalition of the Open-VLD, CD & V and the N-VA.

PresidentsEdit

Presidents SP[14]
Period President
1978–1989 Karel Van Miert
1989–1994 Frank Vandenbroucke
1994–1998 Louis Tobback
1998–1999 Fred Erdman
1999–2001 Patrick Janssens
Presidents sp.a[14]
Period President Vice-President
2001–2003 Patrick Janssens
2003–2005 Steve Stevaert Caroline Gennez
2005 Caroline Gennez (ad interim) n/a
2005–2007 Johan Vande Lanotte Caroline Gennez
2007–2011 Caroline Gennez Dirk Van der Maelen
2011–2015 Bruno Tobback Joke Quintens
2015–... John Crombez Stephanie Van Houtven

Members holding notable public officesEdit

European politicsEdit

European Parliament
Name Committees
Kathleen Van Brempt Industry, Research and Energy

Federal politicsEdit

Senate
Type Name Notes
co-opted senator Bert Anciaux faction leader
community senator Rob Beenders replacing Ingrid Lieten, who left politics
community senator Katia Segers
community senator Güler Turan
community senator Bart Van Malderen

Regional politicsEdit

Flemish Parliament
Name Notes Name Notes Name Notes
  Rob Beenders Community Senator   Jan Bertels   Kurt De Loor
  Caroline Gennez   Michèle Hostekint   Yamila Idrissi
  Yasmine Kherbache   Renaat Landuyt mayor of Bruges   Bert Moyaers replaces Ingrid Lieten, who left politics
  Els Robeyns   Katia Segers Community Senator   Tine Soens
  Bruno Tobback   Güler Turan Community Senator   Freya Van den Bossche
  Bart Van Malderen Community Senator   Steve Vandenberghe replaces John Crombez, who left parliament when he became party leader   Joris Vandenbroucke faction leader replaces Daniël Termont, who decided not to combine his mandate as mayor of Ghent with a mandate as parliamentarian
Brussels Regional Government Vervoort I
Public Office Name Function
Minister Pascal Smet Transport and public works
Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region
Name Notes
Fouad Ahidar
Elke Roux
Jef Van Damme replaces Pascal Smet, who became minister in the Brussels Regional government

Provincial politicsEdit

Provincial Council
Province percentage seats
  Antwerp 12,80%
10 / 72
  Limburg 20,10%°
13 / 63
  East Flanders 12,70%
9 / 72
  Flemish Brabant 12,10%
8 / 72
  West Flanders 15,80%
12 / 72

° In Limburg sp.a formed a cartel with Groen.

Election resultsEdit

Federal ParliamentEdit

 
The main six Flemish political parties and their results for the Chamber of Representatives. From 1978 to 2014, in percentages for the complete 'Kingdom'.
Chamber of Representatives (Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers)
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1981 744,593 12.4
26 / 212
in opposition
1985 882,200 14.6
32 / 212
  6 in opposition
1987 915,432 14.9
32 / 212
  0 in coalition
1991 737,976 12.0
28 / 212
  4 in coalition
1995 762,444 12.6
20 / 150
20 / 91
  8 in coalition
1999 593,372 9.5
14 / 150
14 / 88
  6 in coalition
2003 * 979,750 14.9 24.9
23 / 150
23 / 88
  9 in coalition
2007 684,390 10.3 16.3
14 / 150
14 / 88
  9 in opposition
2010 602,867 9.24 14.6
13 / 150
13 / 88
  1 in coalition
2014 595,190 8.85 14.04
13 / 150
13 / 87
  0 in opposition
Senate (Senaat)
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/–
1981 732,126 12.3 13
1985 868,624 14.5 16   3
1987 896,294 14.7 17   1
1991 730,274 11.9 14   3
1995 792,941 13.2
6 / 40
6 / 25
  8
1999 550,657 8.9
4 / 40
4 / 25
  2
2003 * 1,013,560 15.5 24.9 (#1)
7 / 40
7 / 25
  3
2007 665,342 10.0 16.2
4 / 40
4 / 25
  3
2010 613,079 9.5 15.3
4 / 40
4 / 25
  0
2014 N/A N/A N/A

Regional parliamentsEdit

Brussels ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1995 9,987 2.4
2 / 75
1999 13,223 3.1
2 / 75
  0
In cartel with Agalev
2004 11,052 17.7 (#3)
3 / 89
3 / 17
  1 in coalition
In cartel with Spirit
2009 10,085 19.5 (#2)
4 / 89
4 / 17
  1 in opposition
2014 10,450 19.54 (#2)
3 / 89
3 / 17
  1 in opposition

Flemish ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1995 733,703 19.45 (#3)
25 / 124
in coalition
1999 582,419 15.00 (#4)
19 / 124
  6 in coalition
2004 799,325 19.66 (#4)
22 / 124
  3 in coalition
In cartel with Spirit; 25 seats won by SP.A/Spirit
2009 627,852 15.27 (#3)
19 / 124
  3 in coalition
2014 587,903 13.99 (#4)
18 / 124
  1 in opposition

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/–
1979 698,889 12.84 20.90
3 / 24
3 / 13
1984 979,702 17.12 28.13
4 / 24
4 / 13
  1
1989 733,242 12.43 20.04
3 / 24
3 / 13
  1
1994 651,371 10.92 17.63
3 / 25
3 / 13
 
1999 550,237 8.84 14.21
2 / 25
2 / 14
  1
2004 716,317 11.04 17.83
3 / 24
3 / 14
  1
In cartel with Spirit
2009 539,393 8.22 13.23
2 / 22
2 / 13
  1
2014 555,354 8.33 13.18
1 / 21
1 / 12
  1

SymbolsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Johan Vande Lanotte (2010), Vlugschrift – over welvaart en geluk, (retrievable on the website sp.a-ledenbeheer[permanent dead link]), 96 p., ISBN 978-90-486-0629-0.
  • Patrick Vander Weyden & Koen Abts (2010), De basis spreekt — onderzoek naar de leden, mandatarissen en kiezers van sp.a (research on members sp.a by Ghent University), Acco (Leuven/Den Haag), 239 p., ISBN 978-90-334-7571-9.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Open VLD heeft de meeste leden en steekt CD&V voorbij". deredactie.be. 30 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Open Vld telt meeste leden". De Morgen. 30 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2014). "Flanders/Belgium". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  4. ^ a b Hans Slomp (30 September 2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 465. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  5. ^ a b Dimitri Almeida (27 April 2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. CRC Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 397. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  7. ^ a b Cas Mudde; Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser (28 May 2012). Populism in Europe and the Americas: Threat Or Corrective for Democracy?. Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-107-02385-7. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  8. ^ https://www.rtbf.be/info/belgique/detail_le-sp-a-pour-un-nouveau-socialisme-de-nouvelles-egalites-et-une-nouvelle-protection?id=9817476
  9. ^ https://www.levif.be/actualite/belgique/le-sp-a-pour-un-nouveau-socialisme/article-normal-787271.html
  10. ^ Josep M. Colomer (24 July 2008). Comparative European Politics. Taylor & Francis. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-203-94609-1. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  11. ^ Dutch pronunciation: [soːʃaː'lɪstisə pɑrˈtɛi̯ ˈɑndərs]
  12. ^ "Vande Lanotte gooit handdoek in de ring" (in Dutch). VRT. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 12 June 2007.
  13. ^ Naam van sp.a verandert niet, begeleidende slogan wel Archived 20 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (Sp.a name doesn't change, baseline does), GvA, 17 January 2009
  14. ^ a b "sp.a partijvoorzitters". Tijdslijn.s-p-a.be. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010.

External linksEdit