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General elections were held in Belgium on 13 October 1985. The Christian People's Party emerged as the largest party, with 49 of the 212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 25 of the 106 seats in the Senate. Elections to the nine provincial councils were also held.

1985 Belgian general election

← 1981 13 October 1985 1987 →

212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
  First party Second party Third party
  Wilfried Martens Blank.png style="text-align:center;border-bottom: 6px solid
  1. REDIRECT Template:Socialist Party Differently/meta/color"| Karel Van Miert
Leader Wilfried Martens Guy Spitaels Karel Van Miert
Party CVP PS SP
Leader since Candidate for PM 1981 1978
Last election 43 seats, 19.34% 35 seats, 12.17% 26 seats, 12.36%
Seats won 49 35 32
Seat change Increase 6 Steady Increase 6
Popular vote 1,291,244 834,488 882,200
Percentage 21.29% 13.76% 14.55%
Swing Increase 1.95% Increase 1.59% Increase 2.19%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Louis Michel.jpg Guy Verhofstadt Gerard DEPREZ (16039228164).jpg
Leader Louis Michel Guy Verhofstadt Gérard Deprez
Party PRL PVV PSC
Leader since 1982 1982 1981
Last election 24 seats, 7.97% 28 seats, 12.89% 18 seats, 6.49%
Seats won 24 22 20
Seat change Steady Decrease 6 Increase 2
Popular vote 619,390 651,806 482,254
Percentage 10.21% 10.75% 7.95%
Swing Increase 2.24% Decrease 2.14% Increase 1.50%

Belgian federal election 1985 - Chamber - circumscriptions.svg
Colours denote the winning party in each electoral district (for the Chamber of Deputies).

Government before election

Martens V
CVP-PSC-PVV-PRL

Elected Government

Martens VI
CVP-PSC-PVV-PRL

Prime Minister Martens

The incumbent government was a coalition of Christian democrats (CVP/PSC) and liberals (PVV/PRL) led by Prime Minister Wilfried Martens. Following the elections, the same parties formed a new Martens Government. Guy Verhofstadt, PVV leader since 1982, was elected for the first time as representative. Despite PVV being the only governing party to lose seats, he was able to weigh on the government agreement and he became Deputy Prime Minister in the Martens VI Government. The government would fall two years later due to the Voeren issue; distrust of labour unions in Verhofstadt proved to be a factor as well.

ResultsEdit

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian People's Party (CVP) 1,291,244 21.29 49 +6
Socialistische Partij (SP) 882,200 14.55 32 +6
Parti Socialiste (PS) 834,488 13.76 35 0
Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV) 651,806 10.75 22 –6
Liberal Reformist Party (PRL) 619,390 10.21 24 0
Social Christian Party (PSC) 482,254 7.95 20 +2
People's Union (VU) 477,755 7.88 16 –4
Agalev 226,758 3.74 4 +2
Ecolo 152,483 2.51 5 +3
Vlaams Blok 85,391 1.41 1 0
Fédéralistes Démocrates Francophones (FDF) 72,361 1.19 3
Communist Party of Belgium 71,695 1.18 0 –2
UDRT/RAD 69,707 1.15 1 –2
Workers' Party of Belgium 46,034 0.76 0 0
SEP 31,983 1.53 0 New
SAP/POS 13,681 0.23 0 New
Groen 9,719 0.16 0 New
PW 9,284 0.15 0 New
Forces 8,221 0.14 0 New
UND 6,609 0.11 0 New
Party of German-speaking Belgians 5,228 0.09 0 0
NF–FN 3,738 0.06 0 New
PLC 3,442 0.06 0 New
NCP/PCN 1,763 0.03 0 New
Zomaar 1,630 0.03 0 New
PFU 1,201 0.02 0 0
UPW 828 0.01 0 New
VVP 678 0.01 0 New
Charlier 655 0.01 0 New
GIOT 640 0.01 0 New
HP–PH 518 0.01 0 New
AAT 464 0.01 0 New
SDU-USD 412 0.01 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 487,974
Total 6,552,234 100 212 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,001,297 93.59
Source: Belgian Election Results

SenateEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian People's Party 1,260,113 21.02 25 +3
Socialistische Partij 868,624 14.49 16 +3
Parti Socialiste 832,792 13.89 18 0
Party for Freedom and Progress 637,776 10.64 11 –3
Liberal Reformist Party 588,373 9.82 13 +2
People's Union 484,996 8.09 8 –2
Social Christian Party 475,119 7.93 10 +2
Agalev 229,206 3.82 2 +1
Ecolo 163,361 2.73 2 –1
Vlaams Blok 90,120 1.50 0 0
UDRT/RAD 73,045 1.22 0 –1
Communist Party of Belgium 71,020 1.18 0 –1
Fédéralistes Démocrates Francophones 70,239 1.17 1
Workers' Party of Belgium 44,799 0.75 0 0
SEP 33,554 0.56 0 New
SAP/POS 16,786 0.28 0 New
Groen 10,988 0.18 0 New
PW 10,539 0.18 0 New
Forces 9,318 0.16 0 New
UND 7,200 0.12 0 New
Party of German-speaking Belgians 5,364 0.09 0 New
NF–FN 4,201 0.07 0 New
PLC 3,267 0.05 0 New
PFU 1,430 0.02 0 0
NCP/PCN 1,312 0.02 0 New
VVP 446 0.01 0 New
Paix 443 0.01 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 558,259
Total 6,552,690 100 106 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,001,297 93.59
Source: Election Results

ReferencesEdit