Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford is a particular church of the Latin Rite in Hartford, Litchfield and New Haven counties in the U.S. State of Connecticut. The archdiocese includes about 470,000 Catholics, more than 500 priests, 216 parishes and almost 300 deacons. This is roughly one-half the population of the three counties.
Archdiocese of Hartford
|Territory||Counties of Hartford, Litchfield, and New Haven|
|Ecclesiastical province||Province of Hartford|
|Established||November 28, 1843|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St. Joseph|
|Patron saint||St. Joseph|
|Archbishop||Leonard Paul Blair|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Juan Miguel Betancourt|
|Bishops emeritus||Daniel Anthony Cronin|
Henry J. Mansell
Peter A. Rosazza
History of Catholics in ConnecticutEdit
In 1780-1781, the small town of Lebanon, Connecticut, had the distinction of being the place in which the Catholic "Mass was first celebrated, continuously and for a long period, within the limits of the State of Connecticut." On June 26, 1881, St. Peter's parish, Hartford, celebrated "the centenary of the first Mass in Connecticut." 
The present territory of the archdiocese of Hartford was originally part of the Diocese of Boston until Bishop Benedict Joseph Fenwick of Boston expressed concern that there should be separate dioceses for Connecticut and Rhode Island in keeping with the growing Catholic population in those states.
On November 28, 1843, the Diocese of Hartford was established by Pope Gregory XVI with the Reverend Willam Tyler as its first bishop. At the time of its creation, there were 10,000 Catholics in the area. Bishop Tyler was able to petition successfully to move the See of Hartford to Providence, Rhode Island, in order to be nearer to the majority of the Catholics. He attended the Seventh Provincial Council of Baltimore which convened 5 May, 1849, but weakened by consumption died the following month, having served for 5 years.
The second bishop, Reverend Bernard O'Reilly, spent his time securing priests for the still young diocese all the while helping to curb the anti-Catholic movements of the time propagated by the Know Nothing Party. To provide for the education of the young, Bishop O'Reilly brought to his diocese the Sisters of Mercy, establishing them in his episcopal city in 1851. In January 1856, O'Reilly was lost at sea on board the steamer Pacific. It wasn't until two years later that the third bishop of the diocese was installed, the Reverend Francis Patrick McFarland, known as the "Civil War Bishop." It was during his time that the Diocese of Providence was created in 1872. Despite ill health, McFarland was able to participate in the First Vatican Council (1869-1870).
The Reverend Thomas Galberry, O.S.A., an Augustinian friar, and former president of Villanova College, was installed as the 4th bishop of Hartford in 1877. Galberry only served for two years before an abrupt death but he was able to lay down the cornerstone of the original cathedral. Galberry was followed by Reverend Lawrence S. McMahon. McMahon had served as chaplain with the 28th Massachusetts. Under his leadership of 14 years, 48 parishes as well as 16 school parishes were established. The sixth bishop, Father Michael Tierney, helped with the creation of 5 diocesan hospitals.
Father John Joseph Nilan became the seventh bishop while Father John Murray became the first auxiliary bishop of Hartford. Murray would later become the Archbishop of St. Paul. In 1945, Henry Joseph O'Brien was installed as the ninth bishop of Hartford. During his tenure the diocese became an archdiocese under Pope Pius XII, and thus O'Brien became the first archbishop of Hartford.
Reports of Sex AbuseEdit
There have been a number of trials concerning child abuse. On January 22, 2019, the Archdiocese of Hartford released a list of 48 clergy who "credibly accused" of committing acts of sex while serving in the Archdiocese. The Archdiocese also revealed that $50.6 million was paid to settle more than 140 claims of sexual abuse.
The following are the lists of ordinaries (bishops of the diocese) and auxiliary bishops, and their terms of service. They are followed by other priests of this diocese who became bishops.
Bishops of HartfordEdit
- William Tyler (1843–1849)
- Bernard O'Reilly (1849–1856)
- Francis Patrick McFarland (1858–1875)
- Thomas Galberry, O.S.A. (1877–1879)
- Lawrence S. McMahon (1879–1894)
- Michael Tierney (1894–1908)
- John J. Nilan (1910–1934)
- Maurice F. McAuliffe (1934–1944)
Archbishops of HartfordEdit
- Henry J. O'Brien (1945–1969), elevated to Archbishop in 1953
- John F. Whealon (1969–1991)
- Daniel Anthony Cronin (1992–2003)
- Henry J. Mansell (2003–2013)
- Leonard P. Blair (2013–present)
- John Gregory Murray (1920-1925), appointed Bishop of Portland and later Archbishop of Saint Paul
- Maurice F. McAuliffe (1925-1934), appointed Bishop of Hartford
- Henry Joseph O'Brien (1940-1945), appointed Bishop and later Archbishop of Hartford
- John Francis Hackett (1953-1986)
- Joseph Francis Donnelly (1965-1977)
- Peter A. Rosazza (1978-2010)
- Paul S. Loverde (1988-1993), appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg and later Bishop of Arlington
- Christie Macaluso (1997-2017)
- Juan Miguel Betancourt (2018-present)
Other priests of this diocese who became bishopsEdit
- Thomas Francis Hendricken, appointed Bishop of Providence in 1872
- Bonaventure Broderick, appointed auxiliary bishop of San Cristóbal de la Habana in Cuba in 1903
- Thomas Joseph Shahan, appointed Rector of The Catholic University of America, and in 1914 Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore
- Francis Joseph Tief, appointed Bishop of Concordia in 1920
- Joseph Edward McCarthy, appointed Bishop of Portland in 1932
- Francis Patrick Keough, appointed Bishop of Providence in 1934 and later Archbishop of Baltimore
- Matthew Francis Brady, appointed Bishop of Burlington in 1938 and later Bishop of Manchester
- Patrick Joseph McCormick, appointed Rector of The Catholic University of America twice and later, in 1950, Auxiliary Bishop of Washington
- Vincent Joseph Hines, appointed Bishop of Norwich in 1959
- Peter Leo Gerety, appointed Coadjutor Bishop (in 1966) and Bishop of Portland and later Archbishop of Newark
Elementary and Middle SchoolsEdit
The following is a list of the currently functioning elementary and middle schools run by the Archdiocese of Hartford. All information was gathered from the records of the Archdiocese's Office of Catholic Schools.
Dr. Dale R. Hoyt, Superintendent of Catholic Schools
St. Gabriel’s School in Milford opened in 1965; at the time clergy were the primary teachers. By the 2010s there were fewer clergy teachers, and lay teachers were more expensive; in addition fewer parishioners gave money to the church. By 2016 the school's budget was $111,709 in deficit. In 2008-2009 it had a peak enrollment of 219. In 2014 there was concern expressed about the school's survival expressed in the community, and in 2016 enrollment was down to 139, with 22 being in special education. The school directors chose to close the school in June 2016; the archdiocese did not order the closure.
St. Vincent de Paul School in East Haven closed in 2016. That year enrollment was 89.
Dr. Dale R. Hoyt, Superintendent of Catholic Schools
- Academy of Our Lady of Mercy, Lauralton Hall, Milford
- Canterbury School, New Milford
- East Catholic High School, Manchester
- Holy Cross High School, Waterbury
- Northwest Catholic High School, West Hartford
- Notre Dame High School, West Haven
- Sacred Heart Academy, Hamden
- Sacred Heart High School, Waterbury
- St. Paul Catholic High School, Bristol
- St. Thomas Seminary, Bloomfield
Province of HartfordEdit
- Catholic Church in the United States
- Ecclesiastical Province of Hartford
- Global organisation of the Catholic Church
- List of Roman Catholic archdioceses (by country and continent)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (alphabetical) (including archdioceses)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) (including archdioceses)
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
-  Web page titled "The Archdiocese of Hartford" at the Archdiocese of Hartford Web site, accessed June 17, 2007
- Right Rev. Thomas S. Duggan, D.D., The Catholic Church in Connecticut, 1930, p. 13
- Right Rev. Thomas S. Duggan, D.D., The Catholic Church in Connecticut, 1930, p. 14
- Duggan, Thomas. "Hartford." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 20 August 2019 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Archdiocese of Hartford: List of Churches and Dates of Establishment, Listed by City
- Mayko, Michael P. (2016-01-27). "Milford's St. Gabriel's School to close in June". Houston Chronicle.
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford Official Site
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford at the Wayback Machine (archive index)