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Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence (Latin: Dioecesis Providentiensis) is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. The diocese was erected by Pope Pius IX on February 17, 1872 and originally comprised the entire state of Rhode Island and the counties of Bristol, Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket in the state of Massachusetts. On March 12, 1904, those four counties were separated from the Diocese of Providence to form the Diocese of Fall River, Massachusetts, leaving the Diocese of Providence with just the state of Rhode Island.

Diocese of Providence

Dioecesis Providentiensis
CoA Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence.svg
Location
Country United States
TerritoryState of Rhode Island
Ecclesiastical provinceArchdiocese of Hartford
MetropolitanProvidence, Rhode Island
Coordinates41°49′11″N 71°25′00″W / 41.8197°N 71.4168°W / 41.8197; -71.4168Coordinates: 41°49′11″N 71°25′00″W / 41.8197°N 71.4168°W / 41.8197; -71.4168
Population
- Catholics

679,000 (67.5%)
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteRoman Rite
EstablishedFebruary 17, 1872
CathedralCathedral of Saints Peter and Paul
Patron saintSS. Peter and Paul
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopThomas J. Tobin
Metropolitan ArchbishopLeonard Paul Blair
Archbishop of Hartford
Auxiliary BishopsRobert C. Evans
Map
Diocese of Providence map.png
Website
dioceseofprovidence.org
Diocese building
Cathedral of SS. Peter and Paul, the mother church of the Diocese of Providence

The diocese is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Hartford and a part of the ecclesiastical province that includes that archdiocese and the suffragan dioceses of Bridgeport and Norwich. The Cathedral of SS. Peter and Paul in Providence is the mother church of the diocese of Providence. The Most Reverend Thomas Joseph Tobin, former Bishop of Youngstown, Ohio, is the eighth, and current, Bishop of Providence.

HistoryEdit

Before its creation as a separate diocese, the area that is now the Diocese of Providence was part of the Diocese of Hartford. The first bishop was Irish-born Thomas Francis Hendricken, former pastor of the Church of the Immaculate Conception in Waterbury, Connecticut. He set to work at once to build an episcopal residence and a suitable cathedral. It was during his episcopate that the French Canadian Catholics began to come to the diocese in considerable numbers, first to Woonsocket and then to the various mill towns along the little streams of the Blackstone and the Pawtucket, and above all to Fall River.[1]

Rt. Rev. Matthew Harkins succeeded Bishop Hendricken. Born in Boston November 17, 1845, he was ordained in Paris in 1869. The Vatican Council took place while he was continuing his studies in Rome. Formerly pastor of St. James' parish, Boston, he was consecrated on April 14, 1887, in the new Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul in Providence. He instituted a parochial assessment for the support of the orphan asylum. Through the generosity of Joseph Banigan the Home for the Aged in Pawtucket was built in 1881. Mr. Banigan also built the large St. Maria Working Girls' Home in Providence in 1894. St. Joseph's Hospital was begun in 1891 and the St. Vincent de Paul Infant Asylum in the following year; the Working Boys' Home began in 1897, the House of the Good Shepherd in 1904, Nazareth Home (a day-nursery, that also supplied nurses in the homes of the poor) in 1906. In Woonsocket and Newport and other parts of the diocese similar charitable institutions were erected at the suggestion and advice of Bishop Harkins. His episcopacy saw the growth of national parishes serving a particular ethnicity, as more immigrants arrived in the diocese. Almost twenty parishes out of a total of seventy-nine were exclusively French Canadian, while there were a few small parishes of mixed French and English-speaking Catholics. Two churches for Italian Catholics were dedicated in Providence in 1910. Four Polish parishes were erected, as well as one serving the Portuguese in Providence. There was also a Syrian parish in Central Falls.[1]

Bishop William Hickey was born in Worcester, Massachusetts and held a variety of pastoral roles throughout Worcester County. He was fluent in English, French, Polish and Lithuanian. On January 16, 1919, Hickey was appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Providence, Rhode Island and Titular Bishop of Claudiopolis in Isauria by Pope Benedict XV. He was immediately pronounced Apostolic Administrator for the diocese by the incumbent Bishop Matthew Harkins, whom Hickey succeeded as the third Bishop of Providence upon Harkin's death on May 25, 1921. Hickey founded a diocesan high school and a diocesan newspaper.[1]

Francis Patrick Keough was born in New Britain, Connecticut, on December 30, 1890 and named after Bishop of Hartford Francis Patrick McFarland. He studied at the Seminary of St. Sulpice in France until in 1914, he was called home due to the outbreak of World War I. Ordained in 1916, he served as curate in Meriden, and then was made assistant chancellor of the Diocese of Hartford. Keough was ordained Bishop of Providence on May 22, 1934, at a time when most of the population was still dealing with the effects of the depression. He assigned chaplains to the units of the Civilian Conservation Corps working in Rhode island. In the fall of 1939, he purchased the Nelson W. Aldrich estate at Warwick Neck, Rhode Island, which had suffered damage in the 1938 New England hurricane and erected Our Lady of Providence Seminary. In 1947, Robert Wilson Goelet donated the family estate, Ochre Court to the Sisters of Mercy, who founded Salve Regina University there. [2]

Bishop Russell J. McVinney studied at the Grand Seminary of Montreal in Quebec, Canada. After World War I, he complete his studies at the American College at Louvain in Belgium, where he ordained on July 13, 1924. He served as curate at a number of parishes before studying journalism at the University of Notre Dame in 1935. He the became associate editor of the Providence Visitor and as rector of Our Lady of Providence Seminary. He was consecrated fifth Bishop of Providence on the following July 14 1948. from Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, with Bishops Henry Joseph O’Brien and James Louis Connolly serving as co-consecrators. During his tenure in Providence, McVinney established 28 new parishes, and opened Our Lady of Fatima Hospital. He founded the Sisters of Our Lady of Providence in 1955 and later the Brothers of Our Lady of Providence in 1959. He attended all four sessions of the Second Vatican Council in Rome.[3] He was instrumental in the establishment of the American College at Louvain after World War II..[4]



BishopsEdit

The lists of associated bishops and their tenures of service as bishops in this diocese:

Bishops of ProvidenceEdit

  1. Thomas F. Hendricken (1872–1886)
  2. Matthew Harkins (1887–1921)
  3. William A. Hickey (1921–1933)
  4. Francis Patrick Keough (1934–1947), appointed Archbishop of Baltimore
  5. Russell Joseph McVinney (1948–1971)
  6. Louis Edward Gelineau (1972–1997)
  7. Robert Edward Mulvee (1997–2005)
  8. Thomas Joseph Tobin (2005–present)

Coadjutor BishopsEdit

Auxiliary BishopsEdit

Other priests of this diocese who became BishopsEdit

Diocesan OfficesEdit

The following is a list of some of the offices of the diocese.

  • Catholic Marriage, Diocese of Providence[5]
  • Catholic School Office[6]
  • Catholic Youth Ministry[7]
  • Office of Catholic Cemeteries[8]
  • Office of Ongoing Formation for Priests[9]
  • Office of Religious Education[10]
  • Office of Stewardship and Development[11]
  • Office of Vocations[12]

EducationEdit

High schools

List of churchesEdit

PublicationsEdit

Established in 1875, the Rhode Island Catholic is the official newspaper of the Diocese of Providence. It is published weekly with 48 issues per year.[13]

Reports of sex abuseEdit

On July 1, 2019, the Diocese of Providence released a list of 50 clerics, religious order priests and deacons who were accused of committing acts of sex abuse.[14] Many were actively removed from ministry between the years 1971 and 2016, though some were removed in the time after they left the Diocese of Providence[15][14] One accused priest resigned in 1979 before he could be removed. One priest listed was Irishman John Gerard Brendan, who became a priest in the Diocese of Providence in 1965,[16] but was later granted leave from the Diocese of Providence in 1968. Brendan was later convicted of sex abuse in Belfast, Northern Ireland and died in prison in 1997.

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence
 
Notes
Arms was designed and adopted when the diocese was erected
Adopted
1872
Escutcheon
The arms of the diocese are composed of three silver (white) moline crosses on a blue field.
Symbolism
The arms of the diocese are composed of a blue field on which are placed three silver (white) crosses with arms that appear to terminate in anchors. These crosses, heraldically known as “moline crosses,” are used to signify, by employing the symbol of the State of Rhode Island, the anchor, that the Diocese of Providence encompasses all of the state it was established to serve. The crosses, in the number that signifies The Trinity, are rendered in the traditional colors of water (blue and silver (white)) because of the importance that water plays in the life of “The Ocean State.” These colors are also the traditional colors for the representation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, who, in her title of Our Lady of Providence, is Patroness of the Diocese and of the See City.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Dowling, Austin. "Diocese of Providence." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 20 August 2019  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Hayman, Peter. "History of the Diocese of Providence"
  3. ^ Most Rev. Russell J. McVinney, D.D., LL.D.", Diocese of Providence
  4. ^ Codd, Kevin, and Brian Dick: The American College of Louvain: America's Seminary in the Heart of Europe, page 67. Peeters, nv, 2007.
  5. ^ Catholic Marriage, Diocese of Providence
  6. ^ Catholic School Office
  7. ^ Catholic Youth Ministry
  8. ^ Office of Catholic Cemeteries
  9. ^ Office of Ongoing Formation for Priests
  10. ^ Office of Religious Education
  11. ^ Office of Stewardship and Development
  12. ^ Office of Vocations
  13. ^ "Rhode Island Catholic". Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  14. ^ a b McDermott, Jennifer. "Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence releases list of ‘credibly accused’ clergy", Hatford Courant, July 1, 2019
  15. ^ "List of Credibly Accused Clergy", Diocese of Providence
  16. ^ https://dioceseofprovidence.org/brendan-smyth

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Diocese of Providence". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

External linksEdit